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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magn 2II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 89.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi
123

hafa ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

[1] hafa Sveins at sýnu: hefir Sveinn enn sína Hr;    hafa: ha(fa)(?) H

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Sveins ‘Sveinn’s’

2. Sveinn (noun m.): Sveinn

[1] hafa Sveins at sýnu: hefir Sveinn enn sína Hr

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at ‘’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[1] hafa Sveins at sýnu: hefir Sveinn enn sína Hr;    at sýnu: at sǫnnu F, ‘ok sinna’ H

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sýnu ‘clearly’

sýnn (adj.): visible

[1] hafa Sveins at sýnu: hefir Sveinn enn sína Hr;    at sýnu: at sǫnnu F, ‘ok sinna’ H

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sverð ‘sword’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword < sverðgautr (noun m.)

kennings

sverð-Gautr;
‘sword-Gautr; ’
   = WARRIOR

sword-Gautr; → WARRIOR
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Gautr ‘Gautr’

2. Gautr (noun m.): Gautr, Óðinn < sverðgautr (noun m.)

[2] Gautr: ‑gautar E, J2ˣ, ‘gotv’ H

kennings

sverð-Gautr;
‘sword-Gautr; ’
   = WARRIOR

sword-Gautr; → WARRIOR
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hǫrð ‘harsh’

harðr (adj.; °comp. -ari; superl. -astr): hard, harsh

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

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es ‘has’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

heldr ‘rather’

heldr (adv.): rather

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

orðin ‘turned out’

1. verða (verb): become, be

[3] orðin: so 39, F, E, Hr, orðinn Kˣ, J2ˣ, hǫrðin H

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

kvômu ‘coming’

kváma (noun f.; °-u; -ur): coming < heimkváma (noun f.): [his homecoming]

[4] ‑kvômu: ‑kváma 39, F, ‘kva[…]’ H

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fǫr ‘expedition’

fǫr (noun f.): journey, fate; movement

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

beima ‘the men’s’

beimi (noun m.; °; -ar): man

notes

[3, 4] fǫr beima es of orðin heldr hǫrð ‘the men’s expedition has turned out rather harsh’: The beima, m. gen. pl. ‘men’, are not identified, but since the remainder of the st. gloats over the misfortunes of Sveinn’s forces, this reference is presumably also to them. ÍF 28 favours the interpretation vér höfum heldur staðið í harðræðum ‘we have been in rather a difficult situation’, though a translation similar to the one adopted here is also offered.

Close

Hrœrir ‘tosses’

2. hrœra (verb): move

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hreggi ‘by the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

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œst ‘stirred up’

[6] œst (‘o᷎st’): ‘ast’ E, J2ˣ

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sær ‘the sea’

sjór (noun m.): sea

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þýtr ‘roars’

þjóta (verb): roar

[7] þýtr: þytir E

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auðs ‘of wealth’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth

kennings

ôrum auðs.
‘the envoys of wealth.’
   = GENEROUS MEN

the envoys of wealth. → GENEROUS MEN
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ôrum ‘the envoys’

1. árr (noun m.; °dat. ár; ǽrir/árar, acc. áru): messenger

kennings

ôrum auðs.
‘the envoys of wealth.’
   = GENEROUS MEN

the envoys of wealth. → GENEROUS MEN
Close

unnr ‘The wave’

2. unnr (noun f.): wave

Close

á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[8] á grunni sanda ‘on the floor of the sands’: This is taken literally, rather than as a kenning for ‘sea’ (so previous eds, and Meissner 93, who cites sanda land ‘land of sands’ and sandheimr ‘sand-world’ as true sea-kennings), and the sense ‘sandy sea-floor’ seems supported by the sea roaring of ‘over’ the grisly remains in l. 7. Finnur Jónsson takes it as a reference to the sandy bottom of the sea (sandbund), and ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991 to the shore-line or tide-mark.

Close

sanda ‘of the sands’

sand (noun n.): sand

notes

[8] á grunni sanda ‘on the floor of the sands’: This is taken literally, rather than as a kenning for ‘sea’ (so previous eds, and Meissner 93, who cites sanda land ‘land of sands’ and sandheimr ‘sand-world’ as true sea-kennings), and the sense ‘sandy sea-floor’ seems supported by the sea roaring of ‘over’ the grisly remains in l. 7. Finnur Jónsson takes it as a reference to the sandy bottom of the sea (sandbund), and ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991 to the shore-line or tide-mark.

Close

grunni ‘the floor’

1. grunnr (noun m.): bottom, shallows

notes

[8] á grunni sanda ‘on the floor of the sands’: This is taken literally, rather than as a kenning for ‘sea’ (so previous eds, and Meissner 93, who cites sanda land ‘land of sands’ and sandheimr ‘sand-world’ as true sea-kennings), and the sense ‘sandy sea-floor’ seems supported by the sea roaring of ‘over’ the grisly remains in l. 7. Finnur Jónsson takes it as a reference to the sandy bottom of the sea (sandbund), and ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991 to the shore-line or tide-mark.

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