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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Sturl Hákkv 5II

[2] höfuðskepnur ‘the chief elements’: Lit. ‘the main creations’, i.e. earth, air, fire and water. This term occurs as early as in the ON Elucidarius (c. 1200) and it is also used in SnE (Fritzner: höfuðskepna 2.; see also Clunies Ross 1987, 134-7, 155-73 on the knowledge of encyclopedic literature in the Scandinavian Middle Ages).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Clunies Ross, Margaret. 1987. Skáldskaparmál: Snorri Sturluson’s ars poetica and Medieval Theories of Language. VC 4. [Odense]: Odense University Press.
  3. Internal references
  4. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  5. Not published: do not cite (RunVI)


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