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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bǫlv Hardr 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 289.

Bǫlverkr ArnórssonDrápa about Haraldr harðráði
234

Snjallr ‘The valiant’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold

[1] Snjallr: snjall Flat

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rauð ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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styr ‘battle’

styrr (noun m.; °dat. -): battle

[1] styr: ‘stor’ Flat

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gekk ‘entered’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

notes

[2] gekk á mála ‘entered paid service’: Kock (NN §2036) translates ganga á mála as bryta fredsfördraget ‘break the peace settlement’. However, both Fms (6, 134) and Flat (1860-8, III, 290) paraphrase the st. in the prose and state explicitly that Haraldr entered the service (gekk á mála) of the emperor: Geck Haralldr þegar med o᷎llu ꜳ konungs mala ‘Haraldr at once entered the paid service of the king eagerly’ (Flat 1860-8, III, 290). For máli ‘payment, remuneration’, see Fritzner: máli 2 and Jesch 2001a, 194. For Haraldr’s service in the Greek army, see Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 56-102.

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á ‘’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[2] gekk á mála ‘entered paid service’: Kock (NN §2036) translates ganga á mála as bryta fredsfördraget ‘break the peace settlement’. However, both Fms (6, 134) and Flat (1860-8, III, 290) paraphrase the st. in the prose and state explicitly that Haraldr entered the service (gekk á mála) of the emperor: Geck Haralldr þegar med o᷎llu ꜳ konungs mala ‘Haraldr at once entered the paid service of the king eagerly’ (Flat 1860-8, III, 290). For máli ‘payment, remuneration’, see Fritzner: máli 2 and Jesch 2001a, 194. For Haraldr’s service in the Greek army, see Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 56-102.

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mála ‘paid service’

2. máli (noun m.; °-a; dat. -um): agreement

notes

[2] gekk á mála ‘entered paid service’: Kock (NN §2036) translates ganga á mála as bryta fredsfördraget ‘break the peace settlement’. However, both Fms (6, 134) and Flat (1860-8, III, 290) paraphrase the st. in the prose and state explicitly that Haraldr entered the service (gekk á mála) of the emperor: Geck Haralldr þegar med o᷎llu ꜳ konungs mala ‘Haraldr at once entered the paid service of the king eagerly’ (Flat 1860-8, III, 290). For máli ‘payment, remuneration’, see Fritzner: máli 2 and Jesch 2001a, 194. For Haraldr’s service in the Greek army, see Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 56-102.

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síðan ‘thereafter’

síðan (adv.): later, then

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sjalfir ‘you yourself’

sjalfr (adj.): self

[4] sjalfir vilduð: sjalfr vildi Hr, sjalfir vildu Flat

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vilduð ‘wanted’

vilja (verb): want, intend

[4] sjalfir vilduð: sjalfr vildi Hr, sjalfir vildu Flat

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Haraldr entered the service of the Byzantine emperor as a mercenary and campaigned in Greece as commander of the Varangian army.

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