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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Stúfr Stúfdr 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattar, Stúfsdrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 354.

Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattarStúfsdrápa
345

Mægð gat ǫðlingr eiga
ógnar mildr, þás vildi;
gulls tók gauta spjalli
gnótt ok bragnings dóttur.

Ógnar mildr ǫðlingr gat eiga mægð, þás vildi; {spjalli gauta} tók gnótt gulls ok dóttur bragnings.

The battle-generous monarch got the marriage he desired; {the confidant of the people} [KING] took plenty of gold and the ruler’s daughter.

Mss: Mork(3r) (Mork); Flat(194rb) (Flat); H(28v), Hr(21ra) (H-Hr); FskBˣ(64v), FskAˣ(243) (Fsk); Kˣ(531v), 39(21ra), F(43vb), E(13r), J2ˣ(263v) (Hkr)

Readings: [1] ǫðlingr eiga: ǫðlingr Egða H, Hr, eðlingr eiga FskBˣ, allvaldr Egða Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ    [3] gauta: gumna Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ    [4] gnótt: gnógt Hr, FskBˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 405, Skj BI, 374, Skald I, 186; Mork 1867, 16, Mork 1928-32, 87, Andersson and Gade 2000, 150, 473 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 306 (MH); Fms 6, 172 (HSig ch. 16); ÍF 29, 238 (ch. 51); ÍF 28, 90 (HSig ch. 17), F 1871, 202, E 1916, 44.

Context: During his stay in Russia (1043-4), Haraldr married Ellisif (Elizabeth), the daughter of Jaroslav of Novgorod and Ingigerðr, the daughter of the Swed. king Óláfr inn sœnski ‘the Swede’ Eiríksson.

Notes: [1] mægð ‘the marriage’: Lit. ‘in-lawship’. This refers to Haraldr’s ties to Jaroslav. — [1] ǫðlingr ‘monarch’: The Hkr variant allvaldr Egða ‘the mighty ruler of the Egðir’ is equally possible but could have been occasioned by the attempt to improve the internal rhyme (-ægð : Egð- rather than -ægð : eig-). — [3] spjalli gauta ‘the confidant of the people [KING]’: The Hkr variant spjalli gumna ‘the confidant of the people’ is possible both metrically and syntactically. The variant gumna ‘of the people’ could have been chosen because it is less ambiguous than gauta ‘of the people’, which could have been understood as the ethnic Gauta ‘of the Gautar’ (Haraldr was not the confidant of the Swed. Gautar) or as m. gen. sg. of the Óðinn-heiti Gauti. See LP: Gautar; Gautr 1; Gauti.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  5. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  6. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  8. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  11. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  12. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  13. Internal references
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  16. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  17. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Gautreks saga 1 (Gauti konungr, Lausavísa 1)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 245.
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