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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Gyð 4VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Gyðingsvísur 4’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 520-1.

Anonymous PoemsGyðingsvísur
345

Ófs ‘excessive’

ofs (adj.): [excessive]

Close

sem ‘as’

sem (conj.): as, which

[2] sem vildi: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘s[...]llde’ B, ‘s[...]illde’ BRydberg, BFJ

Close

vildi ‘he wanted’

vilja (verb): want, intend

[2] sem vildi: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘s[...]llde’ B, ‘s[...]illde’ BRydberg, BFJ

Close

gráns ‘of the grey’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

gráns ‘of the grey’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

gráns ‘of the grey’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

graf ‘grave’

grǫf (noun f.): grave < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

graf ‘grave’

grǫf (noun f.): grave < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

graf ‘grave’

grǫf (noun f.): grave < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

þveings ‘thong’

þvengr (noun m.; °; -ir): thong < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

þveings ‘thong’

þvengr (noun m.; °; -ir): thong < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

þveings ‘thong’

þvengr (noun m.; °; -ir): thong < grafþvengr (noun m.)

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

boði ‘The offerer’

boði (noun m.; °-a; -ar): messenger, breaker

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

veingis ‘of the land’

vengi (noun n.): land, field

[4] veingis: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘v[...]ngiss’ B

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

veingis ‘of the land’

vengi (noun n.): land, field

[4] veingis: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘v[...]ngiss’ B

kennings

Boði veingis gráns grafþveings,
‘The offerer of the land of the grey grave-thong, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the grey grave-thong, → SNAKE
the land of the SNAKE → GOLD
The offerer of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

vell ‘gold’

vell (noun n.): gold

[6] vell: ‘ve[...]’ all

notes

[6] vell: Sveinbjörn Egilsson (note to 444ˣ transcription) suggests reconstruction to vell, which has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

Close

…dr ‘the …’

(non-lexical)

[6] …dr: ‘[...]dr’ B, 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, ‘[...]ndr’ BFJ

kennings

…dr svellir ímu
‘the … sweller of battle ’
   = WARRIOR

the … sweller of battle → WARRIOR

notes

[6] …dr: The beginning of this word is lost in a large hole, though ‘dr’ is certain. Finnur Jónsson (Skj A) indicated that ‘ndr’ were visible to him. The essential sense of the st. is clear from the remaining words, and the most likely loss is therefore some monosyllabic adj. qualifying svellir ímu or an additional part of the determinant of the warrior-kenning. Jón Sigurðsson, in a n. to his 444ˣ transcript, suggests that the missing word might be mildr but this seems unlikely, since that word occupies the corresponding position in the first helmingr. Kock (NN §2980) reconstructs endr, which, he claims, acts in conjunction with the pret. to form a version of the pluperfect tense. He construes þvít ímu svellir veitti endr vell ‘because the sweller of battle had given out gold’.

Close

ímu ‘of battle’

íma (noun f.): ember, battle, dusky one

kennings

…dr svellir ímu
‘the … sweller of battle ’
   = WARRIOR

the … sweller of battle → WARRIOR
Close

svellir ‘sweller’

svellir (noun m.): increaser, sweller

kennings

…dr svellir ímu
‘the … sweller of battle ’
   = WARRIOR

the … sweller of battle → WARRIOR
Close

runni ‘bush’

runnr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): bush, tree

kennings

runni Hamdis bríkr
‘bush of Hamðir’s board ’
   = MAN

Hamðir’s board → SHIELD
bush of the SHIELD → MAN

notes

[7-8] runni Hamðis bríkr ‘bush (dat. sg.) of Hamðir’s board [SHIELD > MAN]’: The story of the hero Hamðir and his brother Sǫrli, sons of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir by Jónakr, is recounted in a number of ON poems and prose texts, e.g. Hamð, Bragi Rdr 3-7III; Skm (SnE 1998, I, 49-50); Vǫls, chs 41-4. The name Hamðir occurs frequently in kennings for stone, mailcoat and, here, for shield (LP: Hamðir). On the gen. sg. of brík, f., which may be in -ar or -r, see LP: brík and Thomson 1987, 148.

Close

Hamdis ‘of Hamðir’s’

Hamðir (noun m.): Hamðir

[8] Hamdis: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘hamd[...]ss’ B

kennings

runni Hamdis bríkr
‘bush of Hamðir’s board ’
   = MAN

Hamðir’s board → SHIELD
bush of the SHIELD → MAN

notes

[7-8] runni Hamðis bríkr ‘bush (dat. sg.) of Hamðir’s board [SHIELD > MAN]’: The story of the hero Hamðir and his brother Sǫrli, sons of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir by Jónakr, is recounted in a number of ON poems and prose texts, e.g. Hamð, Bragi Rdr 3-7III; Skm (SnE 1998, I, 49-50); Vǫls, chs 41-4. The name Hamðir occurs frequently in kennings for stone, mailcoat and, here, for shield (LP: Hamðir). On the gen. sg. of brík, f., which may be in -ar or -r, see LP: brík and Thomson 1987, 148.

Close

Hamdis ‘of Hamðir’s’

Hamðir (noun m.): Hamðir

[8] Hamdis: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘hamd[...]ss’ B

kennings

runni Hamdis bríkr
‘bush of Hamðir’s board ’
   = MAN

Hamðir’s board → SHIELD
bush of the SHIELD → MAN

notes

[7-8] runni Hamðis bríkr ‘bush (dat. sg.) of Hamðir’s board [SHIELD > MAN]’: The story of the hero Hamðir and his brother Sǫrli, sons of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir by Jónakr, is recounted in a number of ON poems and prose texts, e.g. Hamð, Bragi Rdr 3-7III; Skm (SnE 1998, I, 49-50); Vǫls, chs 41-4. The name Hamðir occurs frequently in kennings for stone, mailcoat and, here, for shield (LP: Hamðir). On the gen. sg. of brík, f., which may be in -ar or -r, see LP: brík and Thomson 1987, 148.

Close

bríkr ‘board’

brík (noun f.; °-ar; -r): plank

[8] bríkr: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘brik[...]’ B

kennings

runni Hamdis bríkr
‘bush of Hamðir’s board ’
   = MAN

Hamðir’s board → SHIELD
bush of the SHIELD → MAN

notes

[7-8] runni Hamðis bríkr ‘bush (dat. sg.) of Hamðir’s board [SHIELD > MAN]’: The story of the hero Hamðir and his brother Sǫrli, sons of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir by Jónakr, is recounted in a number of ON poems and prose texts, e.g. Hamð, Bragi Rdr 3-7III; Skm (SnE 1998, I, 49-50); Vǫls, chs 41-4. The name Hamðir occurs frequently in kennings for stone, mailcoat and, here, for shield (LP: Hamðir). On the gen. sg. of brík, f., which may be in -ar or -r, see LP: brík and Thomson 1987, 148.

Close

bríkr ‘board’

brík (noun f.; °-ar; -r): plank

[8] bríkr: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘brik[...]’ B

kennings

runni Hamdis bríkr
‘bush of Hamðir’s board ’
   = MAN

Hamðir’s board → SHIELD
bush of the SHIELD → MAN

notes

[7-8] runni Hamðis bríkr ‘bush (dat. sg.) of Hamðir’s board [SHIELD > MAN]’: The story of the hero Hamðir and his brother Sǫrli, sons of Guðrún Gjúkadóttir by Jónakr, is recounted in a number of ON poems and prose texts, e.g. Hamð, Bragi Rdr 3-7III; Skm (SnE 1998, I, 49-50); Vǫls, chs 41-4. The name Hamðir occurs frequently in kennings for stone, mailcoat and, here, for shield (LP: Hamðir). On the gen. sg. of brík, f., which may be in -ar or -r, see LP: brík and Thomson 1987, 148.

Close

af ‘on account’

af (prep.): from

Close

slíku ‘of such’

2. slíkr (adj.): such

Close

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