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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 23VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur I
222324

móður ‘of the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

móður dróttins
‘of the mother of the Lord ’
   = Mary

the mother of the Lord → Mary
Close

dróttins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

móður dróttins
‘of the mother of the Lord ’
   = Mary

the mother of the Lord → Mary
Close

mjög ‘The very’

mjǫk (adv.): very, much

Close

sýndr ‘revealed’

sýna (verb): show, seem

Close

óska ‘The wish’

ósk (noun f.; °-ar; dat. -um): wish, desire < óskamær (noun f.)

kennings

Óskamey dróttins
‘The wish-maiden of the Lord ’
   = Mary

The wish-maiden of the Lord → Mary

notes

[6] óskamey dróttins ‘the wish-maiden of the Lord [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 95).

Close

mey ‘maiden’

mær (noun f.; °meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar): maiden < óskamær (noun f.)

kennings

Óskamey dróttins
‘The wish-maiden of the Lord ’
   = Mary

The wish-maiden of the Lord → Mary

notes

[6] óskamey dróttins ‘the wish-maiden of the Lord [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 95).

Close

dróttins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Óskamey dróttins
‘The wish-maiden of the Lord ’
   = Mary

The wish-maiden of the Lord → Mary

notes

[6] óskamey dróttins ‘the wish-maiden of the Lord [= Mary]’: For terms of this type, see Schottmann (1973, 95).

Close

hosk ‘the wise’

horskr (adj.; °compar. -ari): wise

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN
Close

sat ‘remained’

sitja (verb): sit

Close

Bil ‘Bil’

Bil (noun f.): Bil

[7] Bil: brúðr 721

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN

notes

[7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’).

Close

í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[7] í báli ‘in the fire’: The noun is missing in 721 and must be supplied from the context. Skj B suggests í báli ‘in the fire’, which is supported by the parallel construction in st. 19/7-8 above: sat í báli miðju ‘sat in the middle of the fire’. The present emendations to Bil and í báli ‘in the bonfire’ have the advantage of restoring the missing internal rhymes. Kock (Skald; NN §2867) assumes that the alliteration in ll. 7-8 is on the letter h- (hosk ‘wise’) rather than on b- (alleged scribal confusion between <b> and <h>) and he restores the ll. as follows: hosk sat brúðr í háska | haukstalds um dag allan ‘the wise bride of the warrior sat in danger all day’.

Close

báli ‘the fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire

[7] báli: om. 721

notes

[7] í báli ‘in the fire’: The noun is missing in 721 and must be supplied from the context. Skj B suggests í báli ‘in the fire’, which is supported by the parallel construction in st. 19/7-8 above: sat í báli miðju ‘sat in the middle of the fire’. The present emendations to Bil and í báli ‘in the bonfire’ have the advantage of restoring the missing internal rhymes. Kock (Skald; NN §2867) assumes that the alliteration in ll. 7-8 is on the letter h- (hosk ‘wise’) rather than on b- (alleged scribal confusion between <b> and <h>) and he restores the ll. as follows: hosk sat brúðr í háska | haukstalds um dag allan ‘the wise bride of the warrior sat in danger all day’.

Close

baug ‘of the ring’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < baugstallr (noun m.): [ring-support]

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN

notes

[7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’).

Close

baug ‘of the ring’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < baugstallr (noun m.): [ring-support]

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN

notes

[7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’).

Close

stalls ‘seat’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < baugstallr (noun m.): [ring-support]

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN

notes

[7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’).

Close

stalls ‘seat’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < baugstallr (noun m.): [ring-support]

kennings

hosk Bil baugstalls
‘the wise Bil of the ring-seat ’
   = WOMAN

the ring-seat → ARM
the wise Bil of the ARM → WOMAN

notes

[7, 8] Bil baugstalls ‘the Bil <goddess> of the ring-seat [ARM > WOMAN]’: This emendation is conjectural. Baugstalls ‘of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is clearly a determinant in a kenning for woman (see Meissner 420). However, brúðr ‘woman’ (so 721) cannot function as a base-word in such a kenning. Skj B emends to brú ‘bridge’ and reads brú baugstalls ‘the bridge of the ring-seat’ (i.e. ‘woman’), but brú ‘bridge’ is unattested as a base-word in a kenning for woman (see LP: brú). Bil, on the other hand, is a common base-word in such kennings (see LP: Bil) and in keeping with the other woman-kennings in Mv I (see also st. 14/6: auðar-Bil ‘wealth-Bil’ i.e. ‘woman’).

Close

allan ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

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