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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 17II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 773.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal

Tók harðráðr
ept Harald fallinn
Hôkon jarl
við Hárs vífi.
Sá réð tyggi
ok tuttugu
þrettán vetr
Þundar beðju.

Harðráðr Hôkon jarl tók við {vífi Hárs} ept Harald fallinn. Sá tyggi réð {beðju Þundar} þrettán ok tuttugu vetr.

Harsh-ruling Hákon jarl received {Hárr’s <= Óðinn’s> wife} [= Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)] after Haraldr’s death. That lord ruled {Þundr’s <= Óðinn’s> bedmate} [= Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)] for thirteen and twenty years.

Mss: Flat(144va)

Editions: Skj AI, 581, Skj BI, 578, Skald I, 280, NN §§2120, 3244; Flat 1860-8, II, 522.

Notes: [All]: There is some discrepancy between sources as to the length of Hákon’s reign. Theodoricus (MHN 11) gives thirty years, HN (MHN 115) and Oddr Snorrason (ÓTOdd 1932, 114) thirty-three years. Ágr (ÍF 29, 16) states that he ruled for twenty years after the death of Haraldr. It appears that the thirty-three years assigned to the length of his rule also include the thirteen years he was jarl in Trøndelag after the death of his father (see ÍF 26, 239; Ólafía Einarsdóttir 1964, 177-80). — [5] sá réð tyggi ‘that lord ruled’: The l. is in fornyrðislag rather than in kviðuháttr metre. Kock (NN §3244) suggests the emendation of tyggi ‘lord’ to the unattested adj. týgildr (lit. ‘god-splendid’). — [8] beðju Þundar ‘Þundr’s <= Óðinn’s> bedmate [= Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to st. 8/1-2.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Ágr = [Anonymous] Ágrip af Nóregs konunga sögum.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. ÓTOdd 1932 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1932. Saga Óláfs Tryggvasonar af Oddr Snorrason munk. Copenhagen: Gad.
  7. MHN = Storm, Gustav, ed. 1880. Monumenta historica Norvegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen. Kristiania (Oslo): Brøgger. Rpt. 1973. Oslo: Aas & Wahl.
  8. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  9. HN = Historia Norwegiæ. In MHN 69-124.
  10. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  11. Theodoricus = Theodrici monachi historia de antiquitate regum Norwagiensium. In MHN 1-68.
  12. Internal references
  13. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Biography of) Oddr Snorrason’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 890.

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