For Release

January 29, 1996 AAAAI

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
611 E. Wells Street
Milwaukee, WI 53202-3889

Contact: Linda Bleimehl
414/272-6071
Fax 414/272-6070
e-mail lbleimehl@aaaai.org



Below are highlights of studies published in the December 1995 issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, the peer-reviewed, scientific journal of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI). The full text of these studies may be obtained through the AAAAI public relations office.

LOW ALLERGEN DIET IMPROVES INFANTILE COLIC

MILWAUKEE - Dietary modification, particularly a low allergen diet, helps reduce distress in healthy infants with colic, a recent study finds. Infantile colic affects approximately 15-40% of infants in the first four months of life, with colic at its worst in the first six weeks of life. The study, conducted at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, found that of 115 infants, 61% on a low allergen diet improved (33 of 54) compared with 43% of those on a control diet (26 of 61).

Mothers in the test group who were breast-feeding were given a low allergen diet that also excluded food dyes, additives, and preservatives. The control diet for nursing mothers included a normal intake of cow's milk, meat, eggs, wheat, nuts, and a wide range of fruits and vegetables. Infants in the test group who were bottle-fed were given a hypoallergenic casein hydrolysate preparation; infants in the control group received a modified cow's milk preparation.

"Our findings suggest that diet is one factor that contributes to distress in infants with colic," the researchers conclude. "It is not clear whether this effect of diet is global or whether there is a subpopulation of distressed infants responsive to it, but the results suggest that in particular, breast-fed infants younger than six weeks of age may benefit from this intervention."

The AAAAI is the largest national medical organization representing allergists, clinical immunologists, and allied health professionals. Established in 1943, the Academy has more than 5,000 members in the United States, Canada, and 41 other countries.

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EDITOR'S NOTE: These studies were published in the peer-reviewed, scientific journal of the AAAAI, but do not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of the AAAAI.


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