ISO symbol
ISO/TC 46/SC 9 Home Page

Excerpts from
Final Draft International Standard ISO 690-2

Information and documentation - Bibliographic references -
Electronic documents or parts thereof

ISO 690-2 specifies the data elements and their prescribed order in bibliographic references to electronic documents.

You are welcome to make links to this document but please do not copy or redistribute it from this Web site:

  • this document may be subject to change;
  • this is a copyright document of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

    ISO uses the revenue from the sale of its standards to support its standardization work. ISO standards and Draft International Standards are available for purchase from the member bodies of ISO.

    This International Standard was prepared by ISO Technical Committee (TC) 46, Subcommittee (SC) 9 which develops International Standards for the presentation, identification and description of documents. ISO 690-2 will be available in print form as an International Standard later in 1997.

    We welcome your comments on ISO 690-2.


    List of the full contents of ISO 690-2

    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 References
    3 Definitions
    4 Sources of information
    5 Outline of bibliographic references
    5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs
    5.1.1 Entire document
    5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or computer programs
    5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or computer programs
    5.2 Electronic serials
    5.2.1 Entire serial
    5.2.2 Articles and other contributions
    5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic messages
    5.3.1 Entire message system
    5.3.2 Electronic messages
    Supplement: Additional examples of references to electronic documents
    6 General conventions
    6.1 Transliteration or romanization
    6.2 Abbreviation
    6.3 Capitalization
    6.4 Punctuation
    6.5 Typeface
    6.6 Additions or corrections
    7 Specification of elements
    7.1 Primary responsibility
    7.1.1 Persons and corporate bodies
    7.1.2 Presentation of names
    7.1.3 Corporate bodies
    7.1.4 Two or three names
    7.1.5 More than three names
    7.1.6 Primary responsibility unknown
    7.2 Title
    7.2.1 Presentation
    7.2.2 Translation
    7.2.3 More than one title
    7.2.4 Subtitle
    7.2.5 Abridgement
    7.2.6 Title unknown
    7.3 Type of medium
    7.4 Subordinate responsibility
    7.4.1 Persons or corporate bodies with subordinate responsibility
    7.4.2 Presentation
    7.5 Edition
    7.5.1 Presentation
    7.5.2 Abbreviations and numeric terms
    7.6 Issue designation for serials
    7.6.1 Presentation
    7.6.2 Designation of the first issue only
    7.6.3 Designation of a complete or partial run
    7.7 Place of publication
    7.7.1 Presentation
    7.7.2 More than one place
    7.7.3 Place of publication unknown
    7.8 Publisher
    7.8.1 Presentation
    7.8.2 More than one publisher
    7.8.3 Publisher unknown
    7.9 Dates
    7.9.1 Presentation
    7.9.2 Date of publication
    7.9.2.1 Electronic documents spanning more than one date
    7.9.2.2 Date of publication unknown
    7.9.3 Date of update/revision
    7.9.4 Date of citation
    7.10 Series
    7.11 Notes
    7.11.1 Physical description
    7.11.2 Accompanying material
    7.11.3 System requirements
    7.11.4 Frequency of publication
    7.11.5 Language
    7.11.6 Other notes
    7.12 Availability and access
    7.12.1 Online documents
    7.12.2 Other availability information
    7.13 Standard number
    7.14 Component parts and contributions
    7.14.1 Parts of electronic documents
    7.14.2 Contributions in electronic documents
    7.14.3 Numeration within host document or system
    7.14.4 Location within host document
    8 Relationship between references and text citations
    Annex A Bibliography

    Excerpts from ISO 690-2

    Information and documentation --
    Bibliographic references -- Electronic documents or parts thereof

    Introduction

    An increasing number of publications and other documents are appearing in electronic form and are created, maintained, and disseminated on a computer system. An electronic document may be fixed and unchangeable, or it may take advantage of its computer environment to allow modifications in both form and content. An electronic document may or may not have a paper or other form of equivalent. In spite of the complexity of these documents, scholars, researchers, and others need to create references to these electronic resources in order to document their research. This International Standard provides guidance on the creation of those bibliographic references.

    Although an electronic document may stylistically resemble a print publication (such as a monograph, a serial, or an article or chapter), the physical characteristics inherent in printed publications may not appear in the electronic form. For instance, the existence of volumes, issues, and pages is essential to print formats, but not to electronic ones. A growing amount of scholarly communication through large telecommunications networks seems to fall somewhere between published articles and personal correspondence. Features that allow a user to move at will from one point in an electronic document to another point, or even to another document, add a complication not found in the traditional linear nature of print formats.

    Although a correspondence may be made between some print publications and some electronic documents, electronic documents have their own identity as computer programs, databases, files, or records which exist in a machine-readable format, such as online, on CD-ROM, on magnetic tape, on disk, or on another electronic storage medium. Bibliographic references to these electronic documents must reflect that identity, not one of paper surrogates.

    New formats and technologies for electronic documents will continue to develop. As such developments evolve into widespread international usage, ISO 690, Part 2 will be amended, where necessary, to accommodate new forms and features of electronic documents.


    1 Scope

    Part 2 of ISO 690 specifies the elements to be included in bibliographic references to electronic documents. It sets out a prescribed order for the elements of the reference and establishes conventions for the transcription and presentation of information derived from the source electronic document.

    This International Standard is intended for use by authors and editors in the compilation of references to electronic documents for inclusion in a bibliography, and in the formulation of citations within the text corresponding to the entries in that bibliography. It does not apply to full bibliographic descriptions as required by librarians, descriptive and analytic bibliographers, indexers, etc.

    ... some text omitted here ....

    4 Sources of information

    The principal source of data contained in a reference is the item itself. The elements of the reference come from the electronic document itself or from accompanying documentation; in no case shall the reference require information that is not available from the source consulted.

    The data recorded in the reference shall refer to the specific copy of the document that was seen or used. For example, the data in a bibliographic reference to a document on the Internet shall reflect the title, dates, location information, etc. for the particular version that was seen and the particular network location from which that version was accessed.

    The preferred source of data within the item is the screen that displays the title or its equivalent (e.g., the initial screen display that follows sign-on or that carries the copyright notice). If the electronic document lacks such a screen, the necessary data may be taken from an alternative source, such as accompanying documentation or the container.

    5 Outline of bibliographic references

    The outlines that follow are designed to identify the constituent elements of bibliographic references to electronic documents and to establish a standard order or sequence for the presentation of those elements. The outlines cover references to databases, computer programs, electronic monographs, serials, bulletin boards and other electronic message systems, and parts of or contributions thereto. The same general framework applies to all these documents but those that have characteristics which are peculiar to their form of publication are dealt with in separate sections.

    Required and optional bibliographic elements are indicated as such in parentheses following the name of the element.

    Elements are required only if they are applicable to the item being cited and the information is readily available from the document itself or its accompanying material. It is recommended that elements listed as optional should also be included in the reference if the information is readily available.

    Specifications relating to each of the elements listed in these outlines are given in clause 7.

    5.1 Electronic monographs, databases and computer programs

    5.1.1 Entire document

    Element:

    Primary responsibility (Required)
    Title (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Subordinate responsibility (Optional)
    Edition (Required)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    Date of update/revision (Required)
    Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Series (Optional)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Standard number (Required)

    SELECTED EXAMPLES (see print version for additional examples)

    • CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo ed. 2.1. [Dortmund, Germany] : WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 10 February 1995]. Available from World Wide Web: <URL;:http://www.germany.eu.net/books/carroll/alice.html>.; Also available in PostScript and ASCII versions from Internet: <URL;:ftp://ftp.Germany.EU.net/pub/books/carroll/>.;

    • Meeting Agenda [online]. Gif-sur-Yvette (France) : Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires, Saclay Service de Documentation, March 1991- [cited 30 September 1992]. Updated bimonthly. ASCII format. Available from QUESTEL.

    • Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology [online]. 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley, 1984 [cited 3 January 1990]. Available from: DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

    • AXWORTHY, Glenn. Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? [disk]. Version for IBM/Tandy. San Rafael (Calif.) : Broderbund Software, 1985. 1 computer disk; 5 1/4 in. Accompanied by: 1986 World Almanac and Book of Facts. System requirements: IBM/Tandy compatibles; 128 kB RAM; MS DOS 2.0, 3.0 series; graphics adapter required. Designers: Gene Portwood and Lauren Elliott.

    5.1.2 Parts of electronic monographs, databases or computer programs

    In general, parts are dependent portions of a document which require the context supplied by the host document. If the item being referenced can be treated as an independent unit without loss of meaning, it should be referenced as a contribution (see clause 5.1.3).

    Element:

    Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
    Title (of host document) (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Subordinate responsibility (of host document) (Optional)
    Edition (Required)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    Date of update/revision (Required)
    Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Chapter or equivalent designation (of part) (Required)
    Title (of part) (Required)
    Numeration within host document (Optional)
    Location within host document (Required)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Standard number (Required)

    SELECTED EXAMPLES (see print version for additional examples)

    • ICC British Company Financial Datasheets [online]. Hampton (Middlesex, U.K.) : ICC Online, 1992, updated 3 March 1992 [cited 11 March 1992]. Robert Maxwell Group PLC. Accession no. 01209277. Available from: DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

    • CARROLL, Lewis. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [online]. Texinfo. ed. 2.2. [Dortmund, Germany] : WindSpiel, November 1994 [cited 30 March 1995]. Chapter VII. A Mad Tea-Party. Available from World Wide Web: <URL;:http://www.germany.eu.net/books/ carroll/alice_10.html#SEC13>.;

    5.1.3 Contributions to electronic monographs, databases or computer programs

    Element:

    Primary responsibility (of contribution) (Required)
    Title (of contribution) (Required)
    Primary responsibility (of host document) (Required)
    Title (of host document) (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Edition (Required)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    Date of update/revision (Required)
    Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Numeration within host document (Optional)
    Location within host document (Required)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Standard number (Required)

    SELECTED EXAMPLES (see print version for additional examples)

    • Belle de Jour. In Magill's Survey of Cinema [online]. Pasadena (Calif.) : Salem Press, 1985- [cited 1994-08-04]. Accession no. 0050053. Available from: DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.).

    • MCCONNELL, WH. Constitutional History. In The Canadian Encyclopedia [CD-ROM]. Macintosh version 1.1. Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, c1993. ISBN 0-7710-1932-7.

    Additional examples are available in a supplement.

    5.2 Electronic serials

    5.2.1 Entire serial

    Element:

    Title (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Edition (Required)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Series (Optional)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Standard number (Required)

    EXAMPLES

    • Journal of Technology Education [online]. Blacksburg (Va.) : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1989- [cited 15 March 1995]. Semi-annual. Available from Internet <URL;:gopher://borg.lib.vt.edu:70/1/jte>.; ISSN 1045-1064.

    • Profile Canada [CD-ROM]. Toronto : Micromedia, 1993- . The Canadian Connection. Accompanied by: user's guide. System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; MPC Standard CD-ROM drive; DOS 3.30 or higher; 490 kB RAM; MS-DOS Extensions 2.1 or higher. Quarterly.

    5.2.2 Articles and other contributions

    Element:

    Primary responsibility (of contribution) (Required)
    Title (of contribution ) (Required)
    Title (of serial) (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Edition (Required)
    Issue designation (Required)
    Date of update/revision (Required)
    Date of citation (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Location within host document (Required)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access (Required for online documents; Optional for others)
    Standard number (Required)

    EXAMPLES

    • STONE, Nan. The Globalization of Europe. Harvard Business Review [online]. May-June 1989 [cited 3 September 1990]. Available from: BRS Information Technologies, McLean (Va.).

    • PRICE-WILKIN, John. Using the World-Wide Web to Deliver Complex Electronic Documents: Implications for Libraries. The Public-Access Computer Systems Review [online]. 1994, vol. 5, no. 3 [cited 1994-07-28], pp. 5-21. Available from Internet: <URL;:gopher://info.lib.uh.edu:70/00/articles/e-journals/uhlibrary/pacsreview/v5/
      n3/pricewil.5n3>
      . ISSN 1048-6542.

    5.3 Electronic bulletin boards, discussion lists and electronic messages

    5.3.1 Entire message system

    Element:

    Title (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    Date of citation (Required)
    Notes (Optional)
    Availability and access (Required)

    SELECTED EXAMPLES (see print version for additional examples)

    • PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum) [online]. Houston (Tex.) : University of Houston Libraries, June 1989- [cited 17 May 1995]. Available from Internet: listserv@uhupvm1.uh.edu.

    5.3.2 Electronic messages

    Element:

    Primary responsibility (of message) (Required)
    Title (of message) (Required)
    Title (of host message system) (Required)
    Type of medium (Required)
    Subordinate responsibility/Recipient(s) (Optional)
    Place of publication (Required)
    Publisher (Required)
    Date of publication (Required)
    NOTE - For personal or unpublished communications, give the date the message was sent.
    Date of citation (Required)
    Numeration within host message system (Optional)
    Location within host message system (Required)
    Availability and access (Required, except for personal or unpublished communications)

    EXAMPLE

    PARKER, Elliott. Re: Citing Electronic Journals. In PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum) [online]. Houston (Tex.) : University of Houston Libraries, 24 November 1989; 13:29:35 CST [cited 1 January 1995; 16:15 EST]. Available from Internet: <URL;: telnet://brsuser@a.cni.org>.;

    Additional examples are available in a supplement.

    Supplement: Additional examples

    Additional examples of references to electronic documents, using the format recommended by ISO 690-2, are available as a special supplement to this Web version of the International Standard. Suggestions for examples to add to the supplement are welcomed.

    ... some text from ISO 690-2 omitted here ....

    7.3 Type of medium

    The type of electronic medium shall be given in square brackets after the title. The following words or their equivalent should be used:

    [online]
    [CD-ROM]
    [magnetic tape]
    [disk]

    If desired, the type of publication (e.g. monograph, serial, database, computer program) may also be specified in the type of medium designator.

    EXAMPLES:

    [database online]
    [database on magnetic tape]
    [monograph on CD-ROM]
    [serial online]
    [computer program on disk]
    [bulletin board online]
    [electronic mail]

    ... some text omitted here ....

    7.7.3 Place of publication unknown

    If no place of publication is found on the electronic document or on accompanying material but it can be reasonably inferred, the place name shall be given in square brackets.

    If no place of publication can be ascertained, a phrase such as "place of publication unknown", "sine loco" or an equivalent abbreviation (e.g. "s.l.") should be recorded in lieu of a place name. For online documents that are accessed by means of a computer network, the place of publication element may be omitted if it can not be determined from other information in the source. In these cases, however, the network location of the document shall be given (see clause 7.12.1).

    ... some text omitted here ....

    7.8.3 Publisher unknown

    If no publisher's name is given in the source, a phrase such as "publisher unknown" or an equivalent abbreviation (e.g. "s.n.") should be recorded in lieu of a name. For online documents that are made available by means of a computer network, the publisher element may be omitted if it can not be determined from other information in the source. In these cases, however, the network address from which the specific document was accessed shall be given (see clause 7.12.1).

    7.9 Dates

    7.9.1 Presentation

    If it is deemed necessary because of the frequency of updates or revisions to an electronic document, the dates of publication, update, revision or citation may include the day, month, year, and time of day (e.g. 18 February 1992; 14:04:28 EST).

    Years shall be transcribed in arabic numerals.

    Dates that are transcribed completely in numeric form shall be in accordance with ISO 8601 (e.g. 1990-01-20).

    7.9.2 Electronic documents spanning more than one date

    If an electronic document spans more than one date and is complete, such as a database to which no records are being added or an online serial that is no longer being published, the beginning and ending dates should be given (e.g. "September 1975-August 1984"). If the beginning and ending dates are not found on the opening screen(s) of the document or in its documentation, the dates of the earliest and latest entries in the document should be used, if known.

    If an electronic document spans more than one year and is not yet complete, such as a database that is still being updated or an active serial, the beginning date of the document shall be given followed by a hyphen and one space, e.g. "June 1991- ". If the beginning date is not found on the opening screen(s) of the document or in its documentation, the date of the earliest entry in the document should be used, if known.

    7.9.2.2 Date of publication unknown

    If the date of publication cannot be determined from the source, the date of copyright shall be recorded in its place. If no date of copyright is available and there are no other reliable indications of the date of publication for the electronic document, the phrase "date unknown" or its equivalent shall be recorded in lieu of a date.

    Optionally, for online documents that span more than one date (e.g. an entire database, electronic bulletin board or other electronic message system), the date of publication element may be omitted if it can not be determined from the source. In such cases, a date of citation shall be supplied in square brackets (see 7.9.4).

    7.9.3 Date of Update/Revision

    Electronic documents may be frequently updated or revised between editions or versions. Even when a document is closed to the addition of new records, it may still be updated for error correction or other maintenance. Where applicable, the date of the update or revision being cited shall be given after the date of publication using the terms given in the source (e.g. "updated January 1990" or "rev. 1 March 1989").

    7.9.4 Date of citation

    The date on which the electronic document was actually seen shall be given in square brackets for documents which may be subject to changes (e.g. online documents) or when no other reliable date can be found in the source or the documentation. The date of citation shall be preceded by the word "cited" or an equivalent term.

    EXAMPLES

    [cited 3 September 1990]
    [cited 1994-07-28]
    [cited 17 May 1996; 16:15 EST]

    ... some text omitted here ....

    7.11 Notes

    7.11.1 Physical description

    Information that describes the format of the document or the number and type of physical pieces associated with the electronic document should be given as a note.

    EXAMPLES

    • 1 magnetic tape: 9 track, 6250 bpi, EBCDIC
    • ASCII format

    7.11.2 Accompanying material

    Information about any items accompanying the electronic document, such as user manuals or audiocassettes, may be recorded in a note. This information shall be preceded by the words "Accompanied by" or an equivalent phrase.

    7.11.3 System requirements

    Information concerning system requirements should be recorded in a note. System requirements include the specific make and model of computer on which the document is designed to run; the amount of memory required; the name of the operating system and its version; the software requirements; and the kind and characteristics of any required or recommended peripherals. The wording supplied by the electronic document or its documentation should be used. To reduce ambiguity, it is suggested that the words "System requirements:" or an equivalent phrase precede this information.

    EXAMPLE

    System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; MPC Standard CD-ROM drive; DOS 3.30 or higher; 490 kB RAM; MS-DOS Extensions 2.1 or higher.

    7.11.4 Frequency of publication

    If an electronic document, such as a database, is still being updated, the frequency with which it is updated should be given in a note, e.g. "Updated weekly"; "Reloaded annually"; "Continually updated"; "Quarterly".

    ... some text omitted here ....

    7.12 Availability and access

    7.12.1 Online documents

    Information for identifying and locating the source of the document cited shall be provided for online documents. This information should be identified by the words "Available from" or an equivalent phrase.

    The location information for online documents within a computer network such as the Internet shall refer to the copy of the document that was actually seen and should include the method of access to the document (e.g. FTP) as well as the network address for its location. The elements of location information (e.g. address of the host computer, directory name, file name) shall be transcribed with the same punctuation, upper case and lower case letters as given in the source.

    EXAMPLES

    1. Available from Internet: listserv@uhupvm1.uh.edu by sending command GET PRICEWIL PRV5N3 F=MAIL.
    2. Available from Internet via anonymous FTP to: BORG.LIB.VT.EDU.
    3. Available from Internet: <URL;:gopher://info.lib.uh.edu:70/00/articles/e-journals/uhlibrary/
      pacsreview/v5/n3/pricewil.5n3>.;
    4. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Palo Alto (Calif.)
    5. Available from TELESYSTEMES QUESTEL.
    6. Available from World Wide Web: <URL;:http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/iso/tc46sc9/standard/690-2e.htm>.;

    7.12.2 Other availability information

    Information on any other locations or forms of the document may also be given. This information should be clearly separated from information that refers to the location of the actual document cited and should be preceded by the words "Also available" or an appropriate equivalent phrase.

    EXAMPLE

    Also available in HTML version from <URL;:http://info.lib.uh.edu/pacsrev.html>.;

    ... some text omitted here ....

    7.14 Component parts and contributions

    7.14.1 Parts of electronic documents

    In a reference to a part of an electronic document, which is not a separate contribution, the details unique to the part (e.g. chapter or part designation and title) and its numeration and location within the host document shall be placed after the bibliographic data for the work as a whole and preceding the notes, statement of availability and standard number, if applicable.

    7.14.2 Contributions in electronic documents

    In a reference to a separate contribution in an electronic document, the details relating to the contribution (e.g. its author and title) shall precede the details referring to the host document as a whole, and shall be clearly distinguished from it by typography, punctuation or a word such as "In". The numeration and location of the contribution within the host document shall be placed after the bibliographic data for the host and preceding the notes, statement of availability and standard number, if applicable.

    7.14.3 Numeration within host document or system

    The record number or other numbers assigned to a part or contribution as its identifier within the host document or system should be recorded when such numeration will remain constant each time the part or contribution is retrieved from the host. This number should be preceded by a descriptive phrase, such as "Record no.", "Item no.", "Accession no.", or an equivalent phrase appropriate to the document.

    7.14.4 Location within host document

    The location of the part or contribution within the host document shall be given if the format of the document includes pagination or an equivalent internal referencing system. This specification of location should be designated in this order of preference:

    1) page, screen, paragraph, or line number when these features are fixed features of the part or contribution or of the database (e.g. "pp. 5-21"; "lines 100-150)";
    2) labeled part, section, table, scene, or other text-related designation;
    3) any host-specific designation.

    If the document does not include pagination or an equivalent internal referencing system, the extent of the item may be indicated in square brackets in terms such as the total number of lines, screens, etc. (e.g. "[35 lines]" or "[approx. 12 screens]").

    ... some text omitted here ....


    Annex A
    (informative)
    Bibliography

    BERNERS-LEE, T.; MASINTER, L.; MCCAHILL, M., ed. Uniform Resource Locators (URL). [Place of publication unknown] : Internet Engineering Task Force, December 1994 [cited 15 October 1996; 14:17 EST]. Request for Comments: 1738. [25 pp.] Available from Internet: <URL;:ftp://ds.internic.net/rfc/rfc1738.txt>.; Also available from Internet: <URL;:ftp://nic.nordu.net/rfc/rfc1738.txt>.

    ISO 5127-1:1983, Documentation and information -- Vocabulary -- Part 1: Basic concepts

    ISO/TR 9544:1988, Information processing -- Computer-assisted publishing -- Vocabulary


    Do you have comments or suggestions about this ISO standard?

    ISO/TC 46/SC 9 welcomes comments, suggestions and examples for future revisions of this ISO standard. Although we may not reply to each message, suggestions will be kept on file for consideration during the next revision of ISO 690-2.
    Comments should be sent to:

    ISO/TC 46/SC 9 Secretariat
    National Library of Canada
    395 Wellington Street
    Ottawa K1A 0N4
    Canada
    Internet: iso.tc46.sc9@nlc-bnc.ca

    ISO symbol
    ISO/TC 46/SC 9 Home Page

    Copyright © ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 1997
    Last updated: 1997-04-25