TDCJ 1995 Anual Report Table of Contents

Introduction ......................................................................... ii
Letter from the Chairman .................................................... 01
Message from the Director ................................................. 02
The Board of Criminal Justice ............................................. 03
TDCJ Organizational Chart ................................................ 04
TDCJ: An Overview .......................................................... 05
TDCJ Facilities .................................................................. 15
l Institutional Division Prison Units ...................................... 16
l Pre-Release Centers ........................................................ 39
l State Jails ......................................................................... 41
Statistical Information ......................................................... 45


Introduction

If bigger is better, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice ranks among the best of its kind in the nation. How big is the agency responsible for the supervision of some 700,000 adult offenders?

The TDCJ...

Mission Statement

"The mission of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice is to provide public safety, promote positive change in behavior, and reintegrate offenders into society."

Philosophy Statement

"The Texas Department of Criminal Justice will be open, ethical and accountable to our fellow citizens and work cooperatively with other public and private entities. We will foster a quality working environment free of bias and respectful of each individual. Our program will provide a continuum of services consistent with contemporary standards to confine, supervise and treat criminal offenders in an innovative, cost-effective and efficient manner."

Page ii


Letter from the Chairman Allan B. Polunsky

The year 1995 was a historic one for the Department of Criminal Justice and the State of Texas. We completed the nation’s largest prison construction program on time and under budget. We brought an end to the overcrowding which had plagued county jails since the 1980s. And we clearly and convincingly demonstrated to Texans that parole decisions are no longer influenced by a lack of prison capacity.

But this is no time to dwell on past achievements. There are many challenges ahead. First and foremost, the Department must maintain its exemplary record in prison management at a time when more and more inmates are serving longer sentences with no prospect of early release. The Department is responding to this issue through a variety of innovative construction and management practices, and will continue to constantly re-evaluate our procedures in light of the hardening inmate population.

No less important are the agency’s efforts to combat recidivism. Fortunately, with a substance abuse treatment initiative which is unparalleled among state criminal justice agencies, one of the finest educational programs of any correctional department and the nation’s only state jail system specifically designed for non-violent criminals, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice is now capable of addressing many of the social problems which contribute to recidivism.

We look forward to serving you and the people of Texas with new goals, new strategies and new optimism for the future.

Sincerely,

Allan B. Polunsky
Chairman

Page 1


Message from the Executive Director Wayne Scott


Dear Chairman Polunsky:

Unprecedented growth has transformed the Texas Department of Criminal Justice into a multi-faceted criminal justice agency second to none in the United States.

But TDCJ’s expansion is only one of the many success stories written into the annals of Texas criminal justice. As a result of the increased bed space, a substantial county jail backlog was eliminated. Subsequently, the citizens of Texas were spared millions of dollars in compensation to counties for housing inmates we were previously unable to accept.

Expansion also allowed the Board of Pardons and Paroles to better scrutinize parole applicants, as evidenced by a drop in the parole approval rate from 75 percent to just 21 percent this year. Meanwhile, the State Jail Division completed its first full year of operation with 11 facilities housing predominantly young, non-violent first-time offenders. The division is also now responsible for the operation of eight 500-bed substance abuse treatment centers in the state.

A number of well-received community service projects were launched during the year, including Operation Fresh Approach, an innovative program in which TDCJ provides land and labor for the growing of fresh produce for local food banks. Other community service projects include a partnership with Habitat for Humanity to build homes for the needy and assisting local governments in community clean-up and restoration projects.

The year 1995 and the preceding years have brought change and unprecedented growth to the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. As we prepare to meet the challenges of the years ahead, we must continue to seek new and innovative ways to manage our vast agency. The reputation of TDCJ as a leader in the field of criminal justice will continue. With the support of our elected officials, the Board of Criminal Justice and a staff of true criminal justice professionals, TDCJ is prepared to meet the challenges of 1996 and beyond.

Sincerely,

Wayne Scott
Executive Director

Page 2


The Board of Criminal Justice

Texas Board of Criminal Justice (seated from left): Chairman Allan B. Polunsky of San Antonio; Vice-Chair Ellen J. Halbert of Austin; Carol S. Vance of Houston; and R.H. Duncan of Lufkin. (standing from left): Secretary John R. Ward of Gatesville; Nancy Patton of Lubbock; John David Franz of McAllen; Carole S. Young of Dallas; and Joshua W. Allen of Beaumont.


The Texas Board of Criminal Justice is composed of nine non-salaried members appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Governor designates one member of the board to serve as chairman.

Currently serving on the Board are: Allan B. Polunsky of San Antonio, Chairman; Ellen J. Halbert of Austin, Vice-Chair; John R. Ward of Gatesville, Secretary; Joshua W. Allen, Sr. of Beaumont; R.H. Duncan of Lufkin; Carole S. Young of Dallas; John David Franz of McAllen; and Nancy Patton of Lubbock.

The Board meets, at a minimum, once per calendar quarter and usually more frequently as issues and circumstances dictate. The statutory role of the Board is to govern the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. It employs the Department’s executive director and develops and implements policies that clearly define the respective responsibilities of the Board and staff of the Department.

Page 3


TDCJ Organizational Chart

Page 4


TDCJ: An Overview

The final half of the decade leading to the 21st Century finds the Texas Department of Criminal Justice in a new era with a new focus on reducing recidivism and protecting the public from violent, hard-core offenders requiring long-term incarceration.

The agency is in position to accomplish those tasks thanks to completion in Fiscal Year 1995 of the largest prison expansion program in history.

The need for new focus has never been greater. One of every 25 Texans is under some form of adult criminal supervision in Texas. That’s 700,000 people in prison, on parole or on probation. Appropriately, then, this 1995 Annual Report of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice is not the report of one year in one agency, but rather it is an assessment of TDCJ in the context of a new era in the overall adult criminal justice system in Texas.

Texas Criminal Justice: Five Years of Amazing Change

One need go back only five years to see changes which have totally transformed the adult criminal justice system in Texas. Since 1990:

A new criminal code was written to create a special class of felony offense for non-violent property and drug crimes and 25,000 beds in newly-constructed state jails were dedicated to such offenders.

Prisons: Ten Years of Amazing Growth

Indeed, what has happened to the Texas prison system in the past 10 years is amazing. In that time, the system quadrupled in size, going from 37,000 prisoners to a bed capacity of 145,000, an increase of 108,000 beds. The increase alone is larger than any other state prison system in America today, except California.

Page 5


The Impact on Texas

The prison expansion program of the past five years isn’t the whole story of the changes TDCJ and Texas have experienced. In addition:

Construction Achievements

What the Texas Department of Criminal Justice accomplished in the prison expansion program deserves mention if not praise.

Page 6


An Engineering Marvel

It was considered an engineering marvel at the time. Still is. The idea of building 75,000 prison beds in two short years was a stretch even for those in the construction business. But to do it at a cost less than half that of the national average for prison construction was downright unthinkable.

But then, Texans have always done things in a big way.

This challenge was put to a staff of engineering professionals working for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. And they were more than up to the job, completing 94 different building projects ahead of schedule and under budget.

Components of the grandiose construction program included 10 state prisons, 4 transfer units, 14 substance abuse treatment facilities, 18 state jails, 4 private prisons, 3 medical centers, and a single intermediate sanction facility for parole violators. The Facilities Division also oversaw the addition of 13,876 beds at 29 existing units in an emergency building program that spanned only 16 months.

So brisk was the pace of construction that during the 1995 calendar year, nearly one prison unit a week was being completed and turned over to the TDCJ for occupancy.

How did they do it? Good planning, good management, and good help.

The Facilities Division is responsible for the concept, design and contract administration of approved construction projects performed by both in-house construction and outside contractors. Facilities is involved in all stages of the construction project, beginning with the selection of an architect and the creation of the construction bid documents. Facilities bids the project, awards it, and then manages the project to its completion.

Not resting on its accomplishments of the past two years, Facilities is gearing up to meet the new challenge of adding up to 12,000 high security beds over the next two years at a rock bottom cost of $26,000 per cell, fully 20 percent less than 1994 prices. To accomplish the task, Facilities will make use of a simple building design, inmate laborers and building components provided by prison industries. The nine facilities will utilize closed circuit TV monitoring, motion detection sensors, and a taught wire perimeter to reduce operational costs. Cell blocks will be self- contained, reducing inmate movement within the facility.

Page 7


Facts About Prison Life

So, today Texas has a prison system which has 114 units, a capacity for 145,000 inmates, and runs on a budget of almost $2 billion a year. TDCJ has more than 40,000 dedicated employees, including 32,000 correctional officers who work for less than $25,000 a year. A look inside those big numbers reveals:

Page 8


Typical On-Hand Inmate Profile

Gender • Race • Age

l 93% of inmates are male
l 47% are black
l 28% are white
l 25% are Hispanic
l 33 years is the average age

Education • I.Q.

l 10th grade is the average school year claimed completed.
l 60% never finished high school or passed the GED.
l 7th grade is the average educational achievement score.
l 92 is the average I.Q.

Offense of Record

l 38% committed violent offenses
l 30% committed property offenses
l 25% committed drug offenses
l 7% other and unclassified

Sentence Length/Time Served

l 20 years is the average sentence length
l 33% is the average percent of sentence served
l 50% have been in prison previously

Myths About Prison

Texas prisons do not mirror the myths so often ascribed to life behind the walls.

Page 9


Parole and Probation

There’s more to the adult criminal justice system than just the prisons.

Page 10


Victims are an Important Part of the Equation

TDCJ’s Victim Services Office provides help to crime victims and their families after the offender is prosecuted and begins to serve his or her sentence.

The office is responsible for a 35-point victim notification program to keep crime victims informed of the status of the offender in the post-court disposition process, maintaining a confidential notification data base of more than 25,000 victims.

Victim impact panels are used when appropriate, and a mediation program is available upon request to provide crime victims the opportunity to have a structured face-to-face meeting with their offenders in a secure, safe environment in order to facilitate healing and recovery.

In addition, a one-of-a-kind "behind the walls" Crime Stoppers program has been implemented to obtain information from incarcerated offenders that would lead to the resolution of unsolved criminal cases. The Victim Services Office also tracks cases for victims who request personal interviews with the Board of Pardons and Paroles.

A free 1-800 status hot line for victims is also provided through the Victim Services Office. During Fiscal Year 1995, nearly 24,000 calls were answered.

Where Do We Go From Here

Obviously, crime cannot be eradicated simply by building more and more prisons. Taxpayers can’t afford it. Prison, parole and probation will always be mainstays in the world of adult criminal justice, but there has to be something else, something more constructive.

Page 11


Volunteers Play an Essential Role
in Rehabilitation of Offenders

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice has placed a new focus on volunteer services with the realization that it is an essential element in the management and rehabilitation of criminal offenders.

Clearly, volunteers can often be effective in influencing offenders because many who volunteer have "walked a mile in their shoes" and know firsthand what the offenders are going through. This element can restore hope and bring assistance and training to inmates so that they too can become productive citizens.

The role of the volunteer is to provide guidance in specific activities and programs; promote personal growth and development; provide support and assistance to inmates and their families; and to help ease an offender’s re-entry into the community.

Presently, more than 8,000 citizens volunteer their services to the prison system on a monthly basis, with the majority working with the chaplaincy and substance abuse treatment programs.

During the past year, some 43,550 citizens and 234 agency employees gave of themselves in an effort to redirect the lives of offenders. An estimated 240,000 hours have been donated by volunteers, which represents more than $1 million in cost benefits to the state.

Page 12


An Educating Experience

Accredited academic and post-secondary programs are provided to inmates in the Institutional and State Jail division through the Windham School District and the Continuing Education Division. Windham provides programs of basic literacy through GED preparation that also prepare inmates for employment after release.

Additionally, career and technology education and pre-release training are offered for eligible inmates. Remedial and compensatory education programs offered include Special Education for the handicapped and English as a Second Language for the non-English speaking inmate.

Inmates are eligible for Windham programs if they do not have a high school diploma. Participation is mandatory for those who cannot read at the sixth grade level. Participation is voluntary for those deemed literate, but who have less than a high school diploma.

During the 1994-95 school year, there were 50,345 participants in Windham programs in the Institutional Division and 2,204 participants in the State Jail Division. Windham awarded 5,350 GED certificates and 7,475 vocational certificates of completion.

The Continuing Education Division provides appropriate post-secondary academic and vocational programs which lead to certificates and/or associate, baccalaureate or master’s degrees. A total of 12,546 students participated during the last school year.

Project RIO is also supervised by the Continuing Education Division. Project RIO works to establish a linkage system for offenders between training and services provided in TDCJ to training services and job placement provided by other agencies once the offender is released.

The ultimate goal of Project RIO, as well as that of the Windham School District as a whole, is to reduce recidivism, thereby reducing the cost of confinement and increasing the success of former inmates in obtaining and maintaining employment.

Page 13


Some Final Thoughts

In the big picture, prison is humane. It is sanitary. The food may not be gourmet, but it is a balanced and nutritious diet. But still, prison is not a nice place to be. It can be a dangerous place, for prisoner and officer alike. Prisons are filled with men and women not wanted in communities and neighborhoods; people who have shown a propensity to make bad choices and do mean and ugly things.

They don’t change the day they come to prison, and that’s why inside prison there is virtually every crime known in the freeworld, from rapes to theft to assaults and bribery. It is the daily challenge of prison management to keep that to a minimum, to stop it and to enforce appropriate punishment on those who commit such acts.

Prison management will become a tougher job now that more and more inmates will be serving longer and longer minimum terms. There is little incentive for good behavior from an offender who is 32 years old and looking at 40 hard years and knowing he would be 72 years old if and when he finally gets out.

That is what is called the hardening of the system and it presents special challengers to prison management, particularly while committed to reducing recidivism among those offenders who will be getting out before they are old.

It is both challenge and opportunity on a grand scale.

Page 14



Capacity of Texas Department of Criminal Justice facilities has surpassed 145,000 beds, making it the largest penal system in the nation. During FY 95, 30 units were constructed and brought on-line, increasing capacity by 36,356 beds. At the close of the fiscal year, 98 units were operational, with others ready to be opened when needed. Up to 12,000 high security beds are authorized for construction at existing units over the next two years.

Unit: Allred
Namesake: James V. Allred, former Texas governor
Date Established: 1995
Address: 2101 FM 369 North, Iowa Park, TX 76267
Telephone: (817) 855-7477
Location: Approximately 2 miles north of U.S. Highway 287 on FM 369
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,832
Number of Employees: 651
Approximate Acreage: 320
Agricultural Operations: edible crops, field crops

Unit: Beto
Namesake: Dr. George C. Beto, former Texas prison director
Date Established: 1980
Address: P.O. Box 128, Tennessee Colony, TX 75880
Telephone: (903) 928-2217
Location: 6 miles south of Tennessee Colony on FM 645 in Anderson County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 3,150
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 781
Approximate Acreage: 3,774
Agricultural Operations: Beef cattle, hogs, field crops and edible crops
Industrial Operations: Metal sign shop, concrete/block plant
Construction Operations: Headquarters for Northern Area Construction
Special Operations: Regional medical facility

Unit: Boyd
Namesake: William R. Boyd, first mayor of Teague and presidential medal recipient
Date Established: 1992
Address: Rt. 2, Box 500, Teague, TX 75860
Telephone: (817) 739-5555

Page 16



Location: Midway between the cities of Teague and Fairfield on Hwy. 84 in Freestone County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,330
Number of Employees: 322
Approximate Acreage: 734
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, forage crops, peach orchard, brush clearing and fencing projects
Industrial Operations: Stainless steel factory

Unit: Briscoe
Namesake: Dolph Briscoe, former Texas governor
Date Established: 1992
Address: Rt. 1, Box 4, Dilley, TX 78017
Telephone: (210) 965-4444
Location: Site fronts on IH 35 and State Highway 85 approximately 1-1/2 miles southwest of Dilley in Frio County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,342
Number of Employees: 291
Approximate Acreage: 426
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops
Industrial Operations: Furniture factory
Special Operations: Seasonal wilderness work camp operation

Unit: Burnet
Namesake: City of Burnet
Date Established: 1995
Address: P.O. Box 923, Burnet, TX 78611
Telephone: (512) 756-6171
Location: 2 miles east of U.S. Hwy. 281 on Ellen Halbert Drive in Burnet
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 127
Approximate Acreage: 330
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility for women

Unit: Central
Namesake: Name evolved from the fact that the unit was the central farming and distribution point for prison agricultural products for many years
Date Established: 1908
Address: One Circle Drive, Sugar Land, TX 77478
Telephone: (713) 491-2146
Location: 2 miles south of Sugar Land on Highway 90A in Fort Bend County


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Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 941
SAFP Capacity: 200
Number of Employees: 300
Approximate Acreage: 534
Agricultural Operations: Field, forage and vegetable crops, beef cattle, swine finishing, big commissary warehouse, combine fleet
Industrial Operations: Soap and detergent factory, regional transportation center
Special Operations: Central Industrial Distribution Warehouse, 200-bed Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility

Unit: Clemens
Namesake: William C. Clemens, former chairman of the Penitentiary Board
Date Established: 1901
Address: Rt. 1, Box 1077, Brazoria, TX 77422
Telephone: (409) 798-2188
Location: 5 miles south of Brazoria on Highway 36 in Brazoria County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 894
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 325
Approximate Acreage: 8,116
Agricultural Operations: Field, forage and vegetable crops, beef cattle, hogs
Special Operations: Seasonal wilderness work camp operation

Unit: Clements
Namesake: William P. Clements, Jr., former Texas governor
Date Established: 1990
Address: 9601 NE 24th Street in Potter County
Telephone: (806) 381-7080
Location: 3 miles north of Interstate 40 at the intersection of Loop 335
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 3,150
Number of Employees: 1,044
Approximate Acreage: 592 (shared with Neal)
Agricultural Operations: edible and field crops, beef processing plant
Industrial Operations: Shoe factory
Special Operations: 450-bed psychiatric treatment beds

Unit: Coffield
Namesake: H.H. Coffield, former Board of Corrections chairman
Date Established: 1965
Address: Rt. 1, Box 150, Tennessee Colony, TX 75884
Telephone: (903) 928-2211


Page 18


Location: 5 miles southwest of Tennessee Colony of FM 2054 in Anderson County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 3,762
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 949
Approximate Acreage: 17,300
Agricultural Operations: Beef cattle, hog finishing floors, field crops, edible crops, feedlot, feed mill, poultry house
Industrial Operations: Records conversion facility, metal fabrication plant

Unit: Connally
Namesake: John B. Connally, Jr., former Texas governor
Date Established: 1995
Address: HC 67, Box 115, Kenedy, TX 78119
Telephone: (210) 583-4003
Location: Approximately 2 miles south of Kenedy, 1-1/2 miles off U.S. Business 181 in Karnes County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,848
Number of Employees: 663
Approximate Acreage: 818
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops

Unit: Cotulla
Namesake: City of Cotulla
Date Established: 1992
Address: Rt. 1, Box 100, Cotulla, TX 78014
Telephone: (210) 879-3077
Location: On outskirts of Cotulla on FM 624 in LaSalle County
Custody Level: Minimum (transient)
Unit Capacity: 606
Number of Employees: 108

Unit: Dalhart
Namesake: Unit named in memory of longtime Dallam County sheriff R.C. Johnson and slain DPS trooper Steve Booth
Date Established: 1995
Address: HCR 4, Box 4000, Dalhart, TX 79022
Telephone: (806) 249-8655
Location: 3 miles southwest of Dalhart off FM 988 in Hartley County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,356
Number of Employees: 276
Approximate Acreage: 300
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops, packing center and vegetable storage

19

Unit: Daniel
Namesake: Price Daniel, former Texas governor
Date Established: 1989
Address: 938 South FM 1673, Snyder, TX 79549
Telephone: (915) 573-1114
Location: 4 miles east of Snyder on U.S. 180 and 1 mile north on County Road 173 in Scurry County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,342
Number of Employees: 294
Approximate Acreage: 599
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, regional warehouse distribution center
Industrial Operations: Modular furniture factory/upholstery, regional warehouse

Unit: Darrington
Namesake: Believed named for original landowners
Date Established: 1918
Address: Rt. 3, Box 59, Rosharon, TX 77583
Telephone: (713) 595-3465
Location: 4 miles north of Rosharon on FM 521 in Brazoria County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 1,610
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 590
Approximate Acreage: 6,770
Agricultural Operations: Field crops, edible crops, beef cattle, hogs, livestock, laying hen operation, grain dryer, cold storage warehouse
Industrial Operations: Tire recapping plant

Unit: Diagnostic
Namesake: Unit’s function
Date Established: 1964
Address: P.O. Box 100, Huntsville, TX 77342
Telephone: (409) 295-5768
Location: 1 mile north of Huntsville on FM 247 in Walker County
Custody Level: Primary reception center for males. Medium custody
Unit Capacity: 1,321
Number of Employees: 325
Approximate Acreage: 50
Special Operations: All male inmates are tested and classified at the unit before their transfer to a permanent unit

Unit: Diboll
Namesake: City of Diboll
Date Established: 1992
Address: 1502 South First Street, Diboll, TX 75941

Page 20



Location: Within city limits of Diboll on South First Street
Telephone: (409) 829-2616
Custody Level: Minimum (transient)
Unit Capacity: 606
Number of Employees: 106

Unit: Eastham
Namesake: Eastham family, original landowners
Date Established: 1917
Address: P.O. Box 16, Lovelady, TX 75851
Telephone: (409) 636-7321
Location: 13 miles west of Trinity on FM 230 in Houston County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,153
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 661
Approximate Acreage: 13,074
Agricultural Operations: Field crops, edible crops, beef cattle, gin, feed mill, poultry house, swine farrowing, swine finishing, facilities for swine and beef heifer management
Industrial Operations: Garment factory

Unit: Ellis
Namesake: O.B. Ellis, former Texas prison director
Date Established: 1963
Address: Huntsville, TX 77343
Telephone: (409) 295-5756
Location: 12 miles north of Huntsville on FM 980 in Walker County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,015
Trusty Camp Capacity: 192
Number of Employees: 725
Approximate Acreage: 11,772
Agricultural Operations: Field crops, beef cattle, cotton gin, swine farrowing, swine finishing
Industrial Operations: Woodworking shop, bus repair facility, garment factory
Construction Operations: Headquarters for Central Area Maintenance, Central Area Region and Safety Office
Special Operations: Death row for males

Unit: Estelle
Namesake: W.J. Estelle, former Texas prison director
Date Established: 1983
Address: Huntsville, TX 77340
Telephone: (409) 291-4200

21

Location: 10 miles north of Huntsville on FM 980 in Walker County
Custody Level: Maximum, medical and mental health patients
Unit Capacity: 2,260
SAFP Capacity: 192
Number of Employees: 556
Approximate Acreage: 7,009
Agricultural Operations: Forestry program, beef cattle
Industrial Operations: Textile mill
Special Operations: Regional medical facility and mental health treatment center, Substance Abuse Felony Punishment beds for special needs offenders

Unit: Ferguson
Namesake: James E. Ferguson, former Texas governor
Date Established: 1962
Address: Rt. 2, Box 20, Midway, TX 75852
Telephone: (409) 348-3751
Location: 20 miles northeast of Huntsville on FM 247 in Madison County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,205
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 609
Approximate Acreage: 4,355
Agricultural Operations: Field crops, edible crops, beef cattle, swine farrowing, swine finishing, facilities for swine and bull management
Industrial Operations: Mop and broom factory, records conversion facility
Special Operations: Headquarters for Central Area Construction

Unit: Fort Stockton
Namesake: City of Fort Stockton
Date Established: 1992
Address: 1500 East Interstate 10, Fort Stockton, TX 79735
Telephone: (915) 336-7676
Location: East of Fort Stockton off Interstate 10 in Pecos Co.
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 606
Number of Employees: 108

Unit: Garza East & West
Namesake: Raul "Rudy" Garza, Sr., former Beeville city councilman and longtime employee of Chase Naval Air Station
Date Established: 1994
Address: HC02 Box 1000, Beeville, TX 78102
Telephone: (512) 358-9880 (East Side); (512) 358-9890 (West Side)
Location: Approximately four miles south of Beeville on State Highway 202 in Bee County

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Custody Level: Medium (transient)
Unit Capacity: Garza East, 2,330; Garza West, 2,150
Number of Employees: Garza East, 503; Garza West, 426
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops, regional warehouse
Special Operations: Headquarters for Southwestern Area Maintenance, headquarters for TDCJ training division

Unit: Gatesville
Namesake: City of Gatesville
Date Established: 1980
Address: 1401 State School Road, Gatesville, TX 76599
Telephone: (817) 865-8431
Location: 3 miles north of Gatesville on Highway 36 in Coryell County
Custody Level: Female reception center, multilevel custody
Unit Capacity: 2,000
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
SAFP Capacity: 144
Number of Employees: 735
Approximate Acreage: 1,244
Special Operations: Only women are housed here. All female inmates are tested and classified at the Gatesville Reception Center before being transferred to their permanent satellite unit
Regional medical facility, Mentally Retarded Offender Program,
Substance Abuse Felony Punishment beds, In-Prison Therapeutic Community Program, Special Alternative Incarceration Program (boot camp) for women

Unit: Glossbrenner
Namesake: Ernestine Glossbrenner, former Texas House member
Date Established: 1995
Address: 623 South FM 1329, San Diego, TX 78384
Telephone: (512) 279-2705
Location: Approximately 2 miles south of San Diego on FM 1329 in Duval County
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 123
Approximate Acreage: 308
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility

Unit: Goodman
Namesake: Glen Ray Goodman, former TDCJ chemical dependency counselor
Date Established: 1995
Address: Route 1, Box 273, Jasper, TX 75951
Telephone: (409) 383-0012

23

Location: Less than one mile east of Jasper on Hwy. 190 in Jasper County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 144
Approximate Acreage: 513
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops

Unit: Goree
Namesake: Maj. Thomas J. Goree, prison system superintendent in the late 1800s
Date Established: 1900
Address: P.O. Box 38, Huntsville, TX 77344
Telephone: (409) 295-6331
Location: 4 miles south of Huntsville on Highway 75 in Walker County
Custody Level: Secondary reception center for males, medium security
Unit Capacity: 1,000
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 380
Approximate Acreage: 889
Agricultural Operations: Horse breeding and training, fencing project

Unit: Gurney
Namesake: Joe F. Gurney, Texas correctional officer killed in the line of duty
Date Established: 1993
Address: P.O. Drawer 6400, Tennessee Colony, TX 75861
Telephone: (903) 928-3118
Location: Adjacent to Beto I Unit six miles south of Tennessee Colony on FM 645 in Anderson County
Custody Level: Medium (transient)
Unit Capacity: 2,000
Number of Employees: 437
Special Operations: Seasonal wilderness work camp operation

Unit: Havins
Namesake: Thomas R. Havins, historian, college professor and former Texas prison board member
Date Established: 1994
Address: 500 FM 45 East, Brownwood, TX 76801
Telephone: (915) 643-5575
Location: 7 miles south of Brownwood off State Hwy. 377 on FM 45 in Brown County
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 144
Approximate Acreage: 73
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, pecan production
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility

24
Unit: Henley
Namesake: Dempsie Henley, former Liberty County judge and mayor of the city of Liberty
Date Established: 1995
Address: Route 3, Box 7000, Dayton, TX 77535
Telephone: (409) 258-5545
Location: Less than one mile off Hwy. 321 on FM 686 in Liberty County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 141

Unit: Hightower
Namesake: L.V. Hightower, former Liberty County sheriff
Date Established: 1990
Address: Rt. 3, Box 9800, Dayton, TX 77535
Telephone: (409) 258-8013
Location: Approximately 4 miles north of Dayton, 1.5 miles west of
Highway 321 on FM 686 in Liberty County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,342
Number of Employees: 297
Approximate Acreage: 394
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, forage crops
Industrial Operations: Garment factory

Unit: Hilltop
Namesake: So named because the unit is located at the highest point in the area
Date Established: 1981
Address: 1500 State School Road, Gatesville, TX 76598
Telephone: (817) 865-8901
Location: 3 miles north of Gatesville on Highway 36 in Coryell County
Custody Level: Medium custody female offenders
Unit Capacity: 799
SAFP Capacity: 200
Number of Employees: 384
Approximate Acreage: 1,240
Agricultural Operations: Hogs, edible crops
Industrial Operations: Garment factory
Construction Operations: Satellite headquarters for Northern Area Maintenance, Hilltop Construction
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility for women

Unit: Hobby
Namesake: William P. Hobby, former Texas lieutenant governor
Date Established: 1989
Address: Rt. 2, Box 6000, Marlin, TX 76661
Telephone: (817)-883-5561

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Location: 1 mile south of Marlin city limits on Business Highway 6 and 2 1/2 miles west on FM 712 in Falls County
Custody Level: Medium custody female offenders
Unit Capacity: 1,342
Number of Employees: 328
Approximate Acreage: 385
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Industrial Operations: Print shop

Unit: Hodge
Namesake: Jerry Hodge, former Texas Board of Criminal Justice vice-chairman
Date Established: 1995
Address: P.O. Box 999, Rusk, TX 75785
Telephone: (903) 683-5781
Location: U.S. Highway 69, just north of Rusk State Hospital complex in Cherokee County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 989
Number of Employees: 391
Approximate Acreage: 58
Special Operations: Mentally Retarded Offender Program for males

Unit: Holliday
Namesake: Rev. C.A. Holliday, former member of the Texas Board of Corrections
Date Established: 1994
Address: 600 I-45 Box A, Huntsville, TX 77340
Telephone: (409) 295-8200
Location: Within Huntsville city limits off Interstate 45 service road in Walker County
Custody Level: Medium (transient)
Unit Capacity: 2,000
Number of Employees: 486

Unit: Hospital at Galveston
Namesake: Geographic location
Date Established: 1983
Address: P.O. Box 48 Sub Station #1 Galveston, TX 77550
Telephone: (409) 772-2875
Location: East side of John Sealy Hospital on Strand Street, Galveston County
Custody Level: Multilevel (transient)
Unit Capacity: 273
Number of Employees: 253
Special Operations: Inmates requiring specialized treatment, major surgery or acute care are treated here


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Unit: Hughes
Namesake: Alfred D. Hughes, former Texas Board of Criminal Justice chairman
Date Established: 1990
Address: Rt. 2, Box 4400, Gatesville, TX 76528
Telephone: (817) 865-6663
Location: 4 miles northeast of Gatesville city limits on FM 929 in Coryell County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,900
Number of Employees: 824
Approximate Acreage: 390
Industrial Operations: Garment factory

Unit: Huntsville
Namesake: City of Huntsville
Date Established: 1849
Address: P.O. Box 99, Huntsville, TX 77342
Telephone: (409) 295-6371
Location: 815 12th St., Huntsville, Walker County
Custody Level: Maximum, medium
Unit Capacity: 1,705
Number of Employees: 471
Approximate Acreage: 140
Industrial Operations: Textile mill, garment factories warehouse, mechanical department
Construction Operations: Maintenance warehouse operations
Special Operations: Windham School District Media Center, state execution chamber

Unit: Jester I, II, III
Namesake: Beauford H. Jester, former Texas governor
Date Established: Jester I and II, 1885; Jester III, 1982
Address: Rt. 2, Richmond, TX 77469
Telephone: Jester I and II, (713) 277-3030; Jester III (713) 277-7000
Location: 4 miles east of Richmond on Highway 90A in Fort Bend County
Custody Level: Jester I, substance abuse clients, medium custody; Jester II, medium custody; Jester III, recidivists, medium custody
Unit Capacity: Jester I, 323; Jester II, 378; Jester III, 802
Jester III Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: Jester I, 127; Jester II, 112; Jester III, 309
Approximate Acreage: 2,880
Agricultural Operations: Field and vegetable crops, cattle, hogs
Industrial Operations: Furniture factory on Jester III
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility for males at Jester I. Mobility impaired inmates are housed at Jester III

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Unit: Jester IV
Namesake: Beauford H. Jester, former Texas governor
Date Established: 1993
Address: Richmond, TX 77469
Telephone: (713) 277-3700
Location: 4 miles east of Richmond on Highway 90A in Fort Bend County
Custody Level: Acute and intermediate level psychiatric care patients, medium custody
Unit Capacity: 550
Number of Employees: 538
Approximate Acreage: 5,012 (shared with Jester I)

Unit: Johnston
Namesake: Clyde M. Johnston, former TDCJ administrator of chaplains
Date Established: 1995
Address: 703 Airport Road, Winnsboro, TX 75494
Telephone: (903) 342-3694
Location: Just outside city of Winnsboro off FM 312, FM 852 and FM 515 near the municipal airport
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 504
Number of Employees: 126
Approximate Acreage: 364
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Special Operations: Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility

Unit: Jordan
Namesake: Rufe Jordan, former Gray County sheriff
Date Established: 1992
Address: 1992 Hilton Road, Pampa, TX 79065
Telephone: (806) 665-7070
Location: 5 miles east of the city of Pampa in Gray County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,008
Number of Employees: 250
Approximate Acreage: 1,211
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops
Industrial Operations: Sewing factory

Unit: LeBlanc
Namesake: Richard LeBlanc, Jefferson County judge
Date Established: 1995
Address: Route 4, Box 4000, Beaumont, TX 77705
Telephone: (409) 724-1515
Location: Co-located with Stiles Unit approximately 5 miles south of Beaumont off U.S. Highway 69 in Jefferson County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,008
Number of Employees: 214

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Unit: Lewis
Namesake: Gib Lewis, former Texas House speaker
Date Established: 1990
Address: P.O. Box 9000, Woodville, TX 75990
Telephone: (409) 283-8181
Location: Approximately 1 mile east of Woodville, 6/10ths of a mile north of State Highway 190 east on FM 3497 in Tyler County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,342
Number of Employees: 311
Approximate Acreage: 360
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Industrial Operations: Woodworking shop

Unit: Luther
Namesake: O.L. Luther, former Texas Ranger
Date Established: 1982
Address: Rt. 1, Box 1000, Navasota, TX 77868
Telephone: (409) 825-7547
Location: 10 miles southwest of Navasota on Highway 2 in Grimes County
Custody Level: Minimum
Unit Capacity: 1,102
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 314
Approximate Acreage: 2,090
Agricultural Operations: Field crops, edible crops, beef cattle
Industrial Operations: Stainless steel factory

Unit: Lynaugh
Namesake: James A. Lynaugh, former TDCJ executive director
Date Established: 1994
Address: Route 1, Box 150, Fort Stockton, TX 79735
Telephone: (915) 395-2938
Location: 10 miles southwest of Fort Stockton off Belding Highway
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 1,374
Number of Employees: 286
Approximate Acreage: 1,305 (shared with transfer facility)
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops, pecan production

Unit: McConnell
Namesake: William G. McConnell, former Beeville chief of police
Date Established: 1992
Address: 3001 S. Emily Drive, Beeville, TX 78102
Telephone: (512) 362-2300
Location: Approximately 1/2 mile south of Beeville on Emily Drive
Custody Level: Maximum

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Unit Capacity: 2,900
Number of Employees: 739
Approximate Acreage: 300
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops
Industrial Operations: Garment factory

Unit: Michael
Namesake: Mark W. Michael, Texas prison warden who died of cancer in 1986
Date Established: 1987
Address: P.O. Box 4500, Tennessee Colony, TX 75886
Telephone: (903) 928-2311
Location: 5 miles southeast of Tennessee Colony off FM 2054 in Anderson County
Custody Level: Maximum
Unit Capacity: 2,900
Trusty Camp Capacity: 214
Number of Employees: 852
Approximate Acreage: 17,300 (shared with Coffield Unit)
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, pork processing plant
Industrial Operations: Metal fabrication plant

Unit: Middleton
Namesake: John Middleton, former Taylor County sheriff
Date Established: 1994
Address: 13055 FM 3522, Abilene, TX 79601
Telephone: (915) 548-9075
Location: Adjacent to Robertson Unit approximately 11 miles northeast of Abilene off County Road 303 in Jones County
Custody Level: Medium (transient)
Unit Capacity: 2,000
Number of Employees: 455

Unit: Montford
Namesake: John Montford, Texas state senator
Date Established: 1994
Address: 8602 Peachtree Street, Lubbock, TX 79404
Telephone: (806) 748-1831
Location: South of Lubbock off U.S. Hwy. 84 in Lubbock County
Custody Level: Medium
Unit Capacity: 950
Number of Employees: 445
Approximate Acreage: 1,304
Agricultural Operations: Edible crops, field crops
Special Operations: Psychiatric facility


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Last update: August 12, 1997