University of Hawai'i, Center for Labor Education and Research
Phone: (808) 956-7145; FAX: (808) 956-2023; E-Mail: CLEAR; or return to Rice & Roses Catalog

Why "Rice & Roses"?
    On Tuesday, December 15th, 1970 a special advisory committee representing a cross-section of Hawai'i's unions first met to develop plans for the opening programs of a new weekly public television series designed for the working people of the islands. It was decided at that meeting that the title of series would be Rice & Roses, from an idea that occurred to David Thompson of the ILWU when he read the famous, old IWW poem "Bread & Roses." The poet James Oppenheim had taken his title from a banner he had seen carried by young mill girls in the 1912 Lawrence textile strike in Massachusetts.

    The mill girls banner said, "We want bread and roses too." Oppenheim's poem was later set to music and the poem has since become almost a labor union anthem of the East Coast garment workers. It emphasizes the call of the working men and women for more than just survival wages, more than just bread alone. As the poem asserts "Our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes; Hearts starve as well as bodies; give us bread, but give us roses!"

    The image of "roses" symbolizes all the things that can nourish the mind and soul of the worker. And, though in the poem "bread" symbolizes the basic necessities that nourish and sustain the body, for Hawai`i's workers it was decided that "rice" instead of "bread" better expressed this metaphor.

    For more information, check out these two videos from CLEAR's video library:


WHY RICE AND ROSES? (1981, 30 min.)
    How did Rice and Roses get its name? Filmclips from the 1912 "Bread and Roses" strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts help to answer this question. Max Roffman and Ah Quon McElrath discuss the labor history in Hawai'i. They describe the labor conditions during the 1946 sugar strike and the part played by the various ethnic groups in the development of the labor unions.


    The story of the famous "Bread & Roses" strike of the Lawrence textile mill workers and the IWW organizing that led 25,000 strikers through three months of conflict to victory.

Produced by the Massachusetts AFL-CIO, the Office of the Massachusetts Secretary of State and The Commonwealth Museum.


Rice & Roses Series History:
    The series first went on the air in 1971 with thirteen programs beginning Wednesday, February 10, at 6:30pm. It was from the start a series by and about Hawai`i's labor movement produced by Hawai`i ETV in cooperation with the University of Hawai`i's College of Continuing Education and Community Service. Guy Nunn, director of the Center for Labor-Management Education was the host of the first series which employed a magazine style format.

    The second series was produced/directed by Monte Hickock by agreement with the Labor Advisory Council (LAC). Air-time: alternate Mondays at 6:30pm, repeated the following Sunday at 5pm. An old KHET press release describes the series starting on February 26, 1973, but the actual program descriptions in our files don't start until April 2nd.

    A third series was produced by Bob Miller and funded by a specific legislative grant to Hawai`i Public Television. Air-time: Wednesday nights at 8:30, repeated on Sundays at 5:30pm. Between 1978 and 1981, KHET presented a Rice & Roses bulletin/newsletter produced and hosted by Max Roffman and directed by Larry Sichter. Air-times: Mondays at 7pm repeated on Sundays at 5pm. In June of 1980, the Monday air-time was moved to 7:30pm.

Chris Conybeare began as producer/host in the Fall of 1981, Joy Chong directing. Air-time: Mondays at 7:30pm then 7pm, repeated on Sundays at 5pm. In 1986, the time-spot shifted to Tuesdays at 7:30pm, repeated Fridays at 1:30pm; in 1987 the repeat broadcast was moved to Wednesday at 8:30pm.

    Regular programming as a series ceased after 1987. In 1988 only 2 were produced; in 1989 just one. No shows were on in 1990 or 1991. One special was produced in '92; three shows in FY93-94; and one in 1996 making a total production of 310 shows in the 25 years between 1971-1996.

How to Order Copies of Rice & Roses Programs:

To obtain a VHS copy of an available Rice & Roses production, call, write or E-Mail us at:

University of Hawai'i, CLEAR
1420A Lower Campus Drive
Honolulu, HI 96822-2313
phone: (808) 956-7145;
FAX: (808) 956-2023

[rev. 1-26-97]

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