The Peoples Republic of China MFN Trade Status




Never forget the way China treated its own students
at Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989


Click for Tiananmen Massacre

Click for PLA Companies in US(from AFL-CIO)

Click for Campaign to Kick PLA Out of America

Click for Long Beach 98

Northern Marianas Slave Labor

Gephardt Opposes China MFN


"The United States has no business playing business-as-usual with a Chinese tyranny that persecutes Muslim leaders and leaders from many other faiths, precludes tens of millions from practicing their religion, sells the most lethal weapons to the most dangerous of nations, profits off slave labor, and engages in the utter evil of forced abortion," Gephardt said.

"Basic human rights are universal aspirations, not a cultural preference," he said.

Gephardt also condemned Chinese arms sales to Iran and cited reports that China is developing an intercontinental ballistic missile "that could threaten the Pacific Basin and the continental United States."

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U.S. Catholic Bishops Oppose China MFN


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American Traders
In the same manner American corporations did "business" with
Nazi Germany, they are now "doing business" with China.
These killings do not stop the traders
Motorola
"What you never thought possible"(Motorola motto)
$1.2 billion including new semiconductor plant in Tianjin,
as it downsizes and begs for tax abatements in U.S.
Motorola Facilities in China
Motorola Manufacturing in China
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Atlantic Richfield
"A Global Energy Corporation"
ARCO in China
George Bush - disgrace
Atlantic Richfield Co., which contributed $1.4 million to campaigns in 1995-96 and has major investments in a refinery and a gas pipeline in China.

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Boeing
Boeing in China
Boeing donated $755,000 to political campaigns for the 1996 elections.

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IBM
Six joint ventures - software, computers, etc.
IBM in China
Coca-Cola
Amoco
Ford Motor
United Technologies
Pepsico
Lucent Technologies
General Electric
Hewlett-Packard
Click for Traders' Political Contributions- Philadelphia Inquirer
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Some American Companies Doing Business with China's Military Companies

Baskin-Robbins
Lucent Technologies
Hughes Electronics
Intel
Visa
Motorola
Citibank

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China MFN Issues

May 3, 1997

The Most Favored Nation (MFN) trade status with China should be strongly opposed. In recent years we have given China market share and technology, and more than $30 billion a year in the form of the trade deficit, millions of jobs, and received nothing in return.

MFN trade status is basically the best and normal tariff status and diplomatic relations. It is the trade agreement type that generally comes closest to a free and open type of trade.The original purpose of the current MFN was to produce agreements with countries for mutual reduction of tariffs.

China, however does not act normally in its trade or other relations with other countries. While the US has reduced traiffs on Chinese goods, China continues high tariffs and other barriers on U.S. imports. Also, China currently has disputes with more than twenty other countries.

In addition to keeping U.S. out, China also encourages foreign companies to manufacture products in China and export all of the products, mostly to the U.S.

It is estimated that during the Clinton first term, the total trade deficit with China was more than $100 billion and the loss of jobs amount to more than 2 million.

On this basic violation of the purpose of MFN, the MFN status for China should not be renewed. However, the are other potentially more important issues on which to deny this status to China.

The reasons generally given for granting MFN trade status involve the following:

(1) Economic
(2) Military and strategic
(3) Human rights
(4) Political

(1) Economic
A primary reason advanced for extending MFN trade status is the theory that American jobs will be created by exporting to China.

U.S. exports to China are not improving, and in fact exports to Asia may actually be decreasing. Only 2% of U.S. exports are to China, whereas 40% of China's exports are to the U.S. And foreign companies in China account for almost half of China's exports.

Even as the economy of China expands at remarkable rates, U.S. exports to China remain approximately constant. The low wages of the Chinese do not allow them to afford American products.

Trade with China costs American jobs and a money transfer in the form of the trade deficit. This deficit has increased from about $5 billion in 1989 to almost $40 billion. This transfer of money out of the American economy is the most destructive aspect of our trade with China and effects all parts of our standard living. Eliminating the trade deficit with China may provide enough economic stimulus to our economy to balance the federal budget.

There are two additional destructive practices by China. One is the requirement of foreign companies to teach Chinese workers the skills and to turn over the technoloy needed for China to do the manufacturing themselves. The other is allowing companies to build factories in China but to export all their products, mostly to the U.S.

It is estimated the 2 million jobs were lost to China during the first Clinton term. Astoundingly, there were more American Fortune 500 company net new jobs created in Shanghai than the U.S. during this period.

China is in to violations of the current trade agreement in a big way. In addition to being a leading software pirate, it engages in making hundreds of millions of dollars worth of illegal transshipments of textile goods through the port of Hong Kong by falsely labeling goods made in China with Hong Kong labels.

It is clear that MFN status should be denied on economic grounds alone.

(2) Miliary and Strategic
Our current trade relations with China have had no effect on the activities of the Chinese military. For example, China contiunes to sell Iran weapons including cruise missles. The Clinton Adminstraation on April 10, 1997 said China is likely to ignore U.S. compliants and continue selling the weapons to Iran.

This after China sold weapons to Iraq during the Gulf War which were used against American forces.

A more disturbing example of China's conduct is the report of China's military setting up operations in the U.S. In addition to a Chinese military company taking control of the former naval station at Long Beach, the New York Times on March 2, 1997 reported

" By some estimates, China's military has set up dozens of companies in the United States to both obtain technology and earn profits that flow directly to the military's coffers. Their operations are an increasing focus of attention at the CIA."

Last year China threatened Taiwan with missile attacks for its leadership promoting independence.

And from Jim Hoagland, in the Washington Post March 23, 1997 "China has amassed more than $100 billion in foreign reserves, second only to Japan, and will acquire $60 billion more when it takes control of Hong Kong in July. This money is being used not to better the lives of all of its citizens but to fund a menacing arsenal and the establishment of an industrial base that will make China independent of external constraints throughout the next century."
(3) Human Rights

The U.S. has extended MFN status to China since 1980, with minor economic sanctions after the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre. MFN status has not improved the human rights abuses and the argument can be made that conditions for these categories has gotten worse.

All active dissidents in China were either exiled or in jail at the end of 1996, according to a new Clinton administration report detailed in the January 28, 1997 New York Times. China has completed "an accomplishment even post-Stalinist Russia could not achieve," the Times quoted one official as saying.

On April 14, 1997 the United States requested the United Nations to condemn China because of its human rights record.

On April 16, 1997 State Department spokesman Nicholas Burns said about the Chinese government:

"The big losers are the more than 1.2 billion people who have to live under an authoritarian regime which denies basic civil and political liberties" in China.

"We're a country founded on the principle of human rights, so we're going to be the last country in the world to ever deny the primacy of human rights internationally." Burns said.

The Chinese themselves say that noting we do will change their system.

On April 15, 1997 at the U.N. Human Rights Commission in Geneva, Chinese ambassador Wu Jianmin said "The Chinese people have followed their own way for 5,000 years. Nothing can turn them away, certainly not a few anti-China resolutions. No force on earth can stop 1.2 billion Chinese people from advancing."

One of the most outrageous abuses of human rights ever, is what China has done in respect to its takeover of Hong Kong. The U.S. House of Representatives on March 11, 1997 on a vote of 416 - 1 found that China had broken its treaty agreement as follows:

1. The decision of the Government of the People's Republic of China to dissolve the democratically elected Legislative Council on July 1, 1997, and the appointment of a provisional legislature in December of 1996;

2. The delineation by officials concerning the types of speech and association which will be permitted by the Government of the People's Republic of China after the reversion;

3. Initial warnings, which were later withdrawn, to religious institutions not to hold certain gatherings after the reversion; and

4. The decision on February 23, 1997, of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China to repeal or amend certain Hong Kong ordinances, including the Bill of Rights Ordinance, the Societies Ordinance of 1992 (relating to freedom of association), and the Public Order Ordinance of 1995 (relating to freedom of assembly). Hong Kong Freedom Network

Additional human rights abuses by China include slave laborers used in Chinese manufacturing, the one-child policy, coerced abortion, state run selected death orphanages, organ sales, persecution of Tibetans, jailing Christian clergy, and raiding house churches and arresting worshipers.

China has done nothing to elimante the more than 3,000 gulog prisons in its forced labor system.

By granting MFN status we are supporting these abuses with our money tranfered to China via the $30-40 trade deficit.
(4) Political

The current MFN trade status with China has not improved the poltical system and may have made it worse.

Activism in pro-democracy movements can still be considered conspircy to subvert the government. And the government continues to beleive that religious beleivers are a destabilizing influence and strictly controls religious expression.

Some pro-democracy activists fear a form of fascism is developing which inviolves the government, the Chinese Communist Party, the military and financial interests. This same type of fascism is now moving in to take over Hong Kong.

The following excerpt from the March 30, 1997 New York Times, William Safire, describes this and American financial interests involvement as follows:

" That's why the "Singapore model" is so instructive. Its economic flexibility and political rigidity -- drawing strength from Western investment while reviling our democratic values -- shows us what can happen, on a huge scale, in China.

The same American business executives who like doing business in ultra-orderly Singapore are eager to build up China as an authoritarian superpower. Example: Maurice Greenberg, the insurance tycoon who led the Nixon Center's recent obeisance to Lee Kuan Yew is on the board of advisers to China's Citic; that's the military-industrial empire whose shining light and leading arms dealer, Wang Jun, was ushered by an Asian agent of influence into the White House to be greeted by the U.S. President.

Harry Lee, the man these misguided Americans think of as their friend, must be transfixed by this summer's takeover of Hong Kong by China.

Harry Lee, his U.S. business friends, China's despots and nepots, and Nixon-Clinton Sinophiles make strange bedfellows. Fortunately for freedom, an equally motley opposition is beginning to take shape."

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End the Beijing Love Affair Now

The United States Should Use MFN to Entice Real Gains in Human Rights and Freedom in China

By Rep. Chris Smith

The time has come for a new China policy. The threat of trade sanctions appears to have worked with respect to intellectual property. We have never fairly tested it with respect to human rights. We have tested the policy of strategic appeasement. We know the results of that policy -- the imprisonment, torture, and death of thousands of Chinese, the absence of political and religious liberty, and the proliferation of nuclear materials and technologies to rogue nations.

Meanwhile, the United States' trade deficit with China will soon exceed $50 billion.

MFN for Beijing is just too expensive, not only for American national interests, but also for American values.

Complete Article

Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) is the chairman of the International Relations subcommittee on international operations and human rights.

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April 25, 1997 NY Times

ON MY MIND / By A.M. ROSENTHAL

The Double Crime

The suffering or death of any human being of any or no religion is as offensive to God and as demeaning to us as is the suffering and death of Christians. However, to act is to act on something particular -- and the persecution of Christians worldwide is massive, underreported, largely unknown and when known is often passed by in silence."

That comment leads this column because of what it says and where it was made.

Paul Marshall, a writer and teacher on religious persecution, said it at a New York City Council hearing. The Council is considering legislation to take billions in municipal contracts, bank deposits and pensions away from business in the China trade.

If enough states, cities and stockholders take action the Chinese Government and Christians it persecutes will know there is more to America than Washington's trade-driven sycophancy. Local and individual action can be a response to the challenge in the title of Mr. Marshall's new book: "Their Blood Cries Out."

A double crime is being committed. The crime of persecution: by Communist regimes and those Islamic governments and movements that consider freedom of religion a danger to them. The crime of the accepting witness: free nations that look away out of greed for trade, or political cowardice. Complete Article

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Disgrace in Beijing


March 25, 1997
Vice President Gore drank toasts with Butchers of Beijing
and put business ahead of human rights. Gore gave away more technology and market share, gets nothing in return.
Al will not let a few thousand murders stop him.
Gore fails in getting any improvement in human rights. While the Justice Department investigates possible espionage and bribery charges, Gore tells "butchers of Beijing", investigations will not affect relations.

Beijing police ordered all dissidents in the city not to leave their homes while Gore talked to the Butchers about pollution.

Gore made his trip to Beijing after pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong begged him not to go.
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More Evidence Trade does not help Human Rights in China

Chinese Police Raid Bishop Home
March 24,1997

BEIJING - Police ransacked the home of an underground Roman Catholic Church bishop, seizing money, Bibles and religious artifacts, a U.S.-based Catholic group said today.

Bishop Joseph Fan Zhongliang, 79, has been closely watched by police since eight officers searched his Shanghai apartment on March 4, the Cardinal Kung Foundation said.


March 2, 1997, NY Times
"Here is the problem," said Gephardt, the Democratic minority leader, who has openly split with the White House on China policy and is leading this effort.
"In the case of China you have a country that does not have the rule of law, that does not abide by the trade agreements we already have with them. You have a country we have tried to change through 'commercial engagement,' and we have gotten nowhere. You have a country where we lurch from one crisis to another, and when we reach an 11th-hour settlement we say 'Whew, at least we preserved the relationship.'


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