PC Industry Specifications
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ATAPI Removable Media Device BIOS Specification, Ver. 1.0 provides the pseudo code for all INT 13 services that a BIOS must provide for an ATAPI controller to boot a Big Floppy drive (2.88 MB) and provide Removable Media Run Time Services to DOS 95 and Windows 95. Today's standard 1.44-MB floppy diskette has become inadequate as executables, data, and program files continue to increase in size. To meet this need, several manufacturers have developed high-capacity removable media , which cannot use existing floppy controllers. This new specification is now the industry standard for accessing the data on ATAPI Removable Media devices.
The BIOS Boot Specification Version 1.01 is an emerging standard co-developed by Phoenix, Compaq, Intel, and Microsoft. The purpose of this new functionality is to allow the end user selection of multiple boot devices and the ability to change the boot order. In addition, this functionality utilizes Plug and Play technology to identify boot devices.
This BIOS Run-Time Service (standard in PhoenixBIOS 4.0) provides a single searchable signature for all those services in the BIOS that are designed for BIOS clients running in a 32-bit code segment, such as 32-bit operating systems and 32-bit device drivers. The BIOS32 Service Directory itself is a 32-bit BIOS service that provides the entry points for the other 32-bit services. The providers of this service are BIOS vendors that implement one or more 32-bit BIOS services. This document is the Standard BIOS 32-Bit Service Directory Proposal, Rev 0.4 published by Phoenix on May 24, 1993.
The EDD Specification Ver. 3.0 builds on EDD Specification Ver. 1.1 (See below). It provides a linkage between the device assignments of the BIOS and the drive-letter assignments of the Operating System. The benefits include:
The EDD specification describes the Phoenix implementation of ATA drives with more than 1024 cylinders, Mode 3/4 PIO, DMA and the Microsoft/IBM INT 13 Extensions
The El Torito specification provides information for making a bootable CD-ROM, and the services a BIOS must provide to boot from a CD-ROM in the "El Torito" format.
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Plug and Play (PnP) automatically configures PC hardware and attached devices without requiring changes in the device jumpers or Setup. You can install a new device such as sound or fax card and start using it immediately.
To work properly, however, Plug and Play must be supported in the hardware and software, including the BIOS, the operating system (such as Microsoft Windows 95), and the hardware drivers. Each Plug-and-Play device must have all of the following capabilities:
There are a variety of Plug-and-Play technologies, including BIOS, ISA, SCSI, IDE, CD-ROM, LPT, COM, PCMCIA, and drivers. To download PnP BIOS Specification Ver. 1.0a and the other PnP specifications supported by Phoenix, click on the above link.
To register a new unique vendor ID or manufacturer ID for a new Plug-and-Play device, send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The growing number of add-in cards has created a need for a memory manager to control access to RAM during POST (Power On Self Test), which initializes system hardware. Option ROMs, like those on SCSI and Network-Interface cards, often require the use of a dedicated memory buffer during POST. The POST Memory Manager (PMM) Specification defines a method for allocating RAM buffers that do not collide with one another or the system BIOS. The PMM specification allocates buffers in both conventional (0-640 KB) and extended (1 MB and up) memory. Phoenix is currently developing a BIOS that is compliant with this new specification. Updated 1/8/98.
Smart Battery and SMBus Specifications
Previously known as the Desktop Management BIOS Specification, this paper describes the BIOS component of the Desktop Management Interface (DMI). DMI is a method of managing computers throughout an enterprise. Using DMI, a system administrator can obtain the types, capabilities, operational status, installation date, and other information about the system components.
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