The Next Generation of Space Companies

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Last Updated: September 21, 1999

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   Constellation Services International, Inc. added!
NEW! Space Stock Index!

Note: this list does not constitute a recommendation to purchase these stocks!

LEO Comsat Companies





Leo One



Date of First Launch







New Space Launch Services companies:

  Beal Aerospace:  "Beal Aerospace will break the satellite launch bottleneck by building and operating a commercially financed large launch vehicle designed for both LEO and GTO launches. The rocket is simple in design, expendable, three-stage, and inherently low-risk. Beal Aerospace is fully financed, up to $250M, and is proceeding rapidly along its business plan. Beal rockets will launch from Sombrero Island (Anguilla) starting in October 2000. "
  Kelly Space and Technology, Inc.: an engineering design and technology development company incorporated in April 1993 under the laws of the State of California for the purpose of developing a family of low cost, reusable, commercial sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicles.
  Kistler Aerospace Corporation: "... is embarking on an historic journey to create the world's first fully reusable aerospace vehicles. Our goal is to become a delivery service to low earth orbit that will radically realign the economics of doing business in space. Satellites will be our parcels; our vehicles will be operated in repeated flights with air freight efficiency. In essence, we are creating the "UPS" of space." 2 stage, partially reusable system.
  Microcosm, Inc.: "Scorpius is a family of low-cost launch vehicles under development whose goal is to reduce the cost of access to space by a factor of 10!" Recent succesful launch attempt from White Sands!
  Pioneer Rocketplane: Uses in-air refueling to enable a piloted spaceplane to orbit small payloads, or to serve the point to point package delivery market. Recently announced plans to operate from the California Spaceport.
  Rotary Rocket Company: developing SSTO vehicle, using rotor assisted landing system. Headed by Gary Hudson.
  SeaLaunch Co.: "Sea Launch Co., LDC, the U.S.-based multi-national commercial satellite launching venture led by Boeing, continues its march toward a first lift-off in June 1998 from its unique ocean-going launch complex in June 1998." Will use Ukrainian built Zenit rockets. First test - March, 1999!
  Space Access, LLC.: Recent recipient of $1 Million NASA grant - site under construction. Developing reusable spaceplane.
  Space America, Inc.: "Space America, Inc. provides low cost, high quality launch service of commercial space payloads; for the personal communications industry, for space based manufacturing, and scientific markets of the world."

Space Launch Price Index:

Iridium/Globalstar class payload price - by launcher

Updated - February, 1999

Russian space companies:

Khrunichev State Research And Production Space Center 


Molniya Research & Industrial Corporation

Other companies marketing Russian launchers:

Space Tourism Companies (and those offering zero-G flights):


Bigelow Aerospace: General Contractor providing design, engineering, and assembly of space complexes.
Constellation Services International, Inc.: The future of orbital commerce.
California Spaceport: "facility is designed as a cost-effective solution for military / government, civilian, academic and commercial needs. Located on Vandenberg Air Force Base, the Spaceport provides turnkey services for a wide variety of satellite and booster requirements."
Tethers Unlimited: is an aerospace R&D company developing long life and high strength space tether technology such as the Hoytether™, the Terminator Tether™, and Tether Transport Systems. A space tether is a long cable used to couple spacecraft to each other or to other masses, such as a spent booster rocket, space station, or an asteroid.
Founded by aerospace pioneer Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr., Universal Space Network, Inc. (USN) is an innovative company which has built a ground network of tracking stations to provide "cost-effective" space operations and telemetry, tracking and control (TT&C) services to support "earth-orbiting" assets. The USN team consists of industry professionals with broad aerospace experience, ensuring that customers receive the highest quality technical expertise and customer service available.

Emerging Space Markets:

Commercial Space Exploration:

(with comments by David Anderman, which do not represent the views of the Space Frontier Foundation).



Applied Space Resources: "Our focus is to deliver spacecraft to any destination with precision, and return resources and information with equal precision, for a profit. Organized in 1997, ASR publicly announced in January 1998 its intent to return to the Moon in the year 2000." Very active - made an announcement at Space Frontier Conference VII in Los Angeles on October 10, 1998 concerning sales of services at the Moon. 


LunaCorp: "..... was formed in 1989 by a group of ex-NASA officials, businessmen and space activists with the common goal of finding non-traditional funding mechanisms for space exploration and development. From this link you can learn more about LunaCorp, its principals, its current CD-ROM products, its future on-line products, and its planned mission to the Moon in 1999." Remains active, the 'dean' of space exploration companies, recently started working with Dr. Alan Binder (of Lunar Prospector).

Lunar Resources Company: the corporate arm of the Artemis Society, planning a commercial lunar base.

Recently featured in Discover magazine, still looking for funding. Formerly very active on the Internet with an extensive volunteer base.

SpaceDev: SpaceDev is publicly traded, founded in 1997, has two subsidiaries and about 70 employees. SpaceDev specializes in designing low cost missions, producing microsatellites and their subsystems, and performing aerospace and rocket engineering services. SpaceDev is planning NEAP, the world's first commercial deep space science mission, and is exploring development of three small, low cost commercial launch vehicles.

Publicly traded, ticker symbol: SPDV.

May benefit greatly from enactment of the Commercial Space Act of 1998 and/or HR-1654.

TransOrbital Inc. is a commercial venture dedicated to the development of space transportation technologies. We work in concert with others to facilitate the colonization and commercial development of space in the 21st Century.

New company, related to the Artemis Society. Plans robotic lunar orbiters.

Space Launch companies looking for financing:

Publicy traded new space companies, established in the 1980's:

Spacehab: the company that makes the Shuttle add-on modules does a lot more these days.
Orbital: Since Orbital's founding in 1982, we have focused on one overriding objective -- making space more affordable, accessible and useful to millions of people on Earth.

Commercial Space Information

(Links to studies, papers and text of legislation)

Please direct comments, additions or deletions to: David Anderman

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