Mythology holds the first truths of a culture and often may be the basis for gender roles in society. Set down in print around 1556, more than twenty years after the Spanish Conquistadors had overthrown the Inca Empire, this story was given to an Incan Princess and one of the Spanairds.

Thus our imperial city came into existence, and was divided into two halves: Hanan-Cuzco, or Upper-Cuzco, and Hurin-Cuzco, or Lower-Cuzco. Hanan-Cuzco was founded by our king and Hurin-Cuzco by our queen, and that is why the two parts were given these names, without the inhabitants of one possessing any superiority over those of the other, but simply to recall the fact that certain of them had been originally brought together by the king, and certain others by the queen. There existed only one single difference between them, ... that the inhabitants of Upper-Cuzco were to be considered as the elders ... for the reason that those from above had been brought together by the male, and those below by the female element.


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