Democide in Nazi Germany
21 million people killed
"Overall, by genocide, the killing of hostages, reprisal raids, forced labor, 'euthanasia,' starvation, exposure, medical experiments, terror bombing, and in the concentration and death camps, the Nazis murdered from about 15,000,000 to over 31,600,000 people, most likely closer to 21 million men, women, handicapped, aged, sick, prisoners of war, forced laborers, camp inmates, critics, homosexuals, Jews, Slavs, Serbs, Czechs, Italians, Poles, Frenchmen, Ukrainians, and so on. Among them were 1 million children under eighteen years of age."
-R.J. Rummel, Death by Government
Of all the homicidal governments in history, the Nazi death machine is the best known. The estimated total of 21,000,000 people murdered in cold blood places the Nazis in third place as the most democidal government of the century, behind the Soviets and the Chinese communists.
But there are reasons to consider Nazi Germany the worst killer of all. For one thing, while the Soviets murdered for 74 years, and the Chinese communists for nearly as long, the Nazis lasted in power for only 12 years, and for only 6 years in non-German Europe, where they did the bulk of their killing.
In any given year in the Soviet Union, perhaps 1 in every 222 people were murdered by the government. In communist China, perhaps 1 in every 833 people were murdered per year. In countries occupied by the Germans, from 1939-1945, an estimated 1 in 93 people were murdered per year by the Nazi regime, nearly 21 million people, apart from those killed in battle.
Additionally, there were an estimated 760,000 Germans killed in cold blood, including German Jews. Around 1 in every 100 Germans (including Jews) was murdered by the Nazis, besides the 5.2 million Germans killed in battle. In the 12 years and 2 months the Nazis ruled Germany, approximately 1 of every 11 Germans died a violent death.
|The Nazi death toll|
(includes Jews, Gypsies, etc.)
|Prisoners of War:||3,100,000|
|Nazi democide by country|
|Compare to European war dead||28,736,000|
20th century democide | Rummel main page