Democide in Nazi Germany
21 million people killed

"Overall, by genocide, the killing of hostages, reprisal raids, forced labor, 'euthanasia,' starvation, exposure, medical experiments, terror bombing, and in the concentration and death camps, the Nazis murdered from about 15,000,000 to over 31,600,000 people, most likely closer to 21 million men, women, handicapped, aged, sick, prisoners of war, forced laborers, camp inmates, critics, homosexuals, Jews, Slavs, Serbs, Czechs, Italians, Poles, Frenchmen, Ukrainians, and so on. Among them were 1 million children under eighteen years of age."
-R.J. Rummel, Death by Government

Of all the homicidal governments in history, the Nazi death machine is the best known. The estimated total of 21,000,000 people murdered in cold blood places the Nazis in third place as the most democidal government of the century, behind the Soviets and the Chinese communists.

But there are reasons to consider Nazi Germany the worst killer of all. For one thing, while the Soviets murdered for 74 years, and the Chinese communists for nearly as long, the Nazis lasted in power for only 12 years, and for only 6 years in non-German Europe, where they did the bulk of their killing.

In any given year in the Soviet Union, perhaps 1 in every 222 people were murdered by the government. In communist China, perhaps 1 in every 833 people were murdered per year. In countries occupied by the Germans, from 1939-1945, an estimated 1 in 93 people were murdered per year by the Nazi regime, nearly 21 million people, apart from those killed in battle.

Additionally, there were an estimated 760,000 Germans killed in cold blood, including German Jews. Around 1 in every 100 Germans (including Jews) was murdered by the Nazis, besides the 5.2 million Germans killed in battle. In the 12 years and 2 months the Nazis ruled Germany, approximately 1 of every 11 Germans died a violent death.

The Nazi death toll
Democide total: 20,946,000
Genocide: 16,315,000
Homosexuals: 220,000
Gypsies: 258,000
Jews: 5,291,000
Slavs (Eastern): 10,547,000
Institutional killing:
(includes Jews, Gypsies, etc.)
Forced Euthanasia: 172,500
Forced Labor: 1,861,000
Prisoners of War: 3,100,000
Concentraion/Death Camps: 6,063,000

Nazi democide by country
Total killed: 19,315,000
Denmark 700
Norway 1,500
Luxembourg 2,000
Bulgaria 7,000
Belgium 51,000
Italy 64,000
Rumania 70,000
Austria 133,000
Greece 140,000
Netherlands 176,000
Czechoslovakia 214,000
Baltic States 255,000
France 256,000
Hungary 406,000
Yugoslavia 625,000
Poland 5,400,000
USSR 12,250,000
Compare to European war dead 28,736,000

(Figures from Rummel, Death By Government)

20th century democide | Rummel main page

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