Orwell's Allegorical Animals 

| Lesson Objectives | Orwell Biography and Links | Russian Links |
| Orwell's Allegorical Animals Internet Activity | Classroom Activities and Lessons |
| Orwell 's Animal Fable | Student Projects |


Nicholas II
Karl Marx
Leon Trotsky
Joseph Stalin
The Russian Orthodox Church 
The Proletariat 
The Bolsheviks 
The Mensheviks 
V. I. Lenin
The "Internationale"
Rasputin
The Kremlin
The Duma
Pravda
Communism

Student Activites on the Internet

The students will search the internet for information on Orwell's life and the people, ideas, and events of the Russian Revolution from 1917 to 1943.


Orwell's Allegorical Animals

Animal Farm is an allegory, a story in which the characters and events represent real-life people, ideas, or historical events. Many of the novel's characters and "happenings" on the farm have direct parallels with the Russian Revolution and the years following from 1917 to 1943. Orwell uses his farm animals as characters to create humor that turns on human weaknesses. Orwell satirizes twentieth-century Soviet totalitarianism to show that, contrary to the nineteenth-century belief in the perfectibility of humanity, utopia is impossible.


Researching Orwell's Allegories in Animal Farm
     
  1. To keep track of the allegories in Animal Farm and the meanings associated with them, create three columns on a sheet of paper (or, print my Allegory Handout). The titles for each column are: "Referent in Russian History", "Allegory", and "Notes". The first column will contain people, ideas, or historical events from Russia's history. The second column will contain the names of characters or things from the novel (see #4). The third column will be used for personal notes or definitions (for a group presentation) on the Russian references.
  2. After writing each Russian referent down listed below column 1, "click" on each link listed below each Russian person, idea, or historical event. If you are assigned one specific referent, please use the table below by "clicking" on your referent.
  3. Next, read and scan each web site and review (or take notes under column 3) the new information you discover.
  4. Then under column 2, see if you can guess who's who from the novel!
  5. After you have reviewed all the links, "click" on the link, "Allegory Answers", and see if you guessed right!

Orwell's Allegorical People, Places, Ideas, and Events
(This list goes under column 1)

     
  1. Czar Nicholas II
  2. Karl Marx
  3. Leon Trotsky
  4. Joseph Stalin
  5. The Proletariat
  6. The Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority")
  7. The Mensheviks (Russian for "minority")
  8. The Russian Orthodox Church
  9. "The Internationale"
  10. The Kremlin
  11. Communism
  12. The Duma
  13. Rasputin
  14. Vladimir Lenin
  15. Pravda


"Stump the Animal Farm Expert" Referents
Here are a few additional referents you will probably find information on while scanning the many links listed below. Long live Snowball!
     
  1. The White Russians
  2. The Red Russians
  3. The Communist Manifesto
  4. The Bourgeoisie
  5. Hitler's Germany during World War II
  6. England and France during World War II
  7. The Bolshevik Revolution (February and October, 1917)
  8. The Russian Civil War
  9. Stalin's Great Purge
  10. Others? E-mail me: dstruitt@rice.edu

Nicholas II
Karl Marx
Leon Trotsky
Joseph Stalin
The Russian Orthodox Church 
The Proletariat 
The Bolsheviks 
The Mensheviks 
V. I. Lenin
The "Internationale"
Rasputin
The Kremlin
The Duma
Pravda
Communism
Nicholas Romanov II (1868-1918)

Russian Czars, 1613-1917-The Romanov Dynasty

Face To Face With the Czars-Czar Timeline

Nickolas Alexandrovich Romanov - Biography from The Alexander Palace Time Machine

"The Tzar and the Tzarina" - from Leon Trotsky's The History of the Russian Revolution.

Playground of the Czars

The Abdication of Nicholas II

Trenches on the Web Biography: Czar Nicholas II of Russia

Photos of Czar Nicholas II with Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany during World War I

Royal Genealogies - This site presents the genealogical path of the Romanovs allowing you to discover the many connections they had with other royalty in Europe.

Paul Hubbard's Individual Research Project: The Russian Revolution-
The Fall of the House of Romanov

The Romanov Execution - (July 16, 1918)

The Discovered Remains of the Czar of Russia - An amazing story of DNA!

The Reign of the Romanovs

The Downfall of Czar Nicholas II

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

The Marx/Engels Internet Archive - The Internet's oldest and largest archive of the works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels.

The Marxism/Leninism Project and Image Archive

The Marx/Engels Archive

The Marxism Page

The Communist Manifesto and Capital Volume 1

Yahoo! Karl Marx Links

Karl Marx - Images, biographical information, and writings.

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels' Top 10 List

More Karl Marx Links

The LOGOS Collection of Electronic Books: Karl Marx's Works

Karl Marx Quotes

The Death of Karl Marx - (March 17, 1883)

Karl Marx's Grave

Leon Trotsky (1879-1940)

The Trotsky Internet Library

The Leon Trotsky Internet Archive

Biography of Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky: Biographical information, images and writings

Leon Trotsky's "The History of the Russian Revolution"

Trotsky's Home in Mexico (1938)

"Fascism--What It Is and How To Fight It" - from Leon Trotsky's 1930-32 pamphlet.

Image Archive - The Marxism/Leninism Project.

Joseph Stalin (1879-1953)

Joseph Stalin: Military and diplomatic biography

Biography of Joseph Stalin

The Joseph Stalin Internet Archive

World War II Commemoration: Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin: "Die, But Do Not Retreat" - (January 4, 1943)

Stalin in Control: The Great Terror

The History Place: World War Two in Europe - Photo of Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin.

Freedom's Nest: The 20th Century's "Death by Government"

"Life" Magazine's Man of the Year-1943 - (Cover photo)

Joseph Stalin: Biographical information, images and writings

Image Archive - The Marxism/Leninism Project.

The Russian Orthodox Church

Holy Russia: One thousand years of history of the Russian Orthodox Church

Collection of Links from the Orthodox Christian Page

The Russian Church: An Overview - (900-1700)

Round Table: World Council of Churches-Russian Orthodox Church

The Orthodox Christian

The Seattle Times, 1996.10.16, Sainthood for the Last Russian Czar? - Orthodox church wants to canonize "martyred" Nicholas II and family.

The Russian Orthodox Church in America

The Proletariat

What Is the Proletariat? - Principles of Communism by Friedrich Engels, 1847.

Workers Control in the Russian Revolution

"The Proletariat and the Peasantry" - From Leon Trotsky's The History of the Russian Revolution.

The Communist Manifesto-I. Bourgeois and Proletarians - Read Part I carefully!

The Bolsheviks (see also, the Duma)

Definition - The History Channel: U.K. Classroom - The Russian Revolution.

Majority

October 1917, Was Stalinism implicit in the Boshevik Revolution?

Workers Control in the Russian Revolution

Beyond Kronstadt - The Bolsheviks in power!

Mensheviks' Critique of Bolshevism - Argues that as Marxists the Mensheviks couldn't be democrats. Also a reply.

The Mensheviks (see also, the Duma)

Definition - The History Channel: U.K. Classroom - The Russian Revolution.

Minority

October 1917, Was Stalinism implicit in the Boshevik Revolution?

Mensheviks' Critique of Bolshevism - This web site argues that as Marxists the Mensheviks could not be democrats. Also contains a reply.

The Duma

The Abdication of Nicholas II - Look under "Chain of Events" for information.

Duma Approves Rights Law - What's new with the Duma!

Russia's Parliament and Russia's Parliament Part II - Look carefully for information!

V. I. Lenin (1870-1924)

The Marxism/Leninism Project and Image Archive

The Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Internet Archive

V. I. Lenin - Contains: texts, archives, and secondary sources.

"The Internationale"

International - Hear and read the lyrics to the hymn for all Workers of the World, anthem of the Communist Parties of the World.

The Internationale

Grigory Rasputin (1872-1916)

Gregoriy Yefimovich Rasputin - The Alexander Palace biography.

The Mad Monk - (Picture)

Yusupov Palace: Grigory Rasputin

Rasputin Biography

Rasputin - By Robert D. Warth.

The Kremlin

The Palaces of the Moscow Kremlin

The Moscow Kremlin: An Historic Tour

The Kremlin On-Line - Yes, it's Russian, "click" on "Choose Language" and select English!

Moscow's Kremlin

The Kremlin Tour

Photos: Kremlin (No, that is NOT my family!), The Kremlin Complex, Millerink Virtual Gallery: The Kremlin Chapel, St. Basil's Cathedral and The Kremlin from the Moscow River

Communism:

The Principles of Communism

A Lesson in Political Science - Really, this is a joke!

WWWebster's Dictionary - Look it up!

The Communist Manifesto

What Is Communism? - Principles of Communism by Friedrich Engels, 1847.

Pravda

Pravda Piat (Daily) - Formerly the main paper of the Communist Party, and still one of the most important daily newspapers.

Pravda (The Truth) - Russia's best known newspaper of the Soviet era is modern Russia's voice of opposition in politics, economics, and social change.

Nicholas II
Karl Marx
Leon Trotsky
Joseph Stalin
The Russian Orthodox Church 
The Proletariat 
The Bolsheviks 
The Mensheviks 
V. I. Lenin
The "Internationale"
Rasputin
The Kremlin
The Duma
Pravda
Communism

| Lesson Objectives | Orwell Biography and Links | Russian Links |
| Orwell's Allegorical Animals Internet Activity | Classroom Activities and Lessons |
| Orwell 's Animal Fable | Student Projects |

Copyright. All Rights Reserved - Creator: D. S. Truitt
E-mail comments or suggestions to: dstruitt@outreach.rice.edu
The Rice School/La Escuela Rice - HISD and Rice University
Project OWLink - Summer '97 Training
Sic 'em Bears!
http://outreach.rice.edu/~dstruitt/Lessons/Orwell/allegory.html
1997.10.23
Mr. Truitt's Literary Lessons 

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