Humanities computing units
and institutional resources

Willard McCarty (King's College London)
Matthew Kirschenbaum (University of Kentucky)

Version 1 (4/10/99); latest rev. 21/3/2000;
new links marked by .


  1. Research, teaching and collegial service
  2. Research and teaching
  3. Teaching programmes
  4. Research and collegial support
  5. Research
  6. Research projects infrastructure
  7. Teaching and support
  8. Specific disciplinary or pedagogical focus
  9. Technological research and support
  10. Technological resource and support
  11. Related programmes and forums
  1. Online resource directories
  2. Professional societies, national and international organisations
  3. Discussion groups
  4. Journals and series
  5. Bibliographies


The following is a structured list of humanities computing units and institutional resources, with links to their sites on the WWW and a brief description of each. This list represents an attempt to reduce a complex variety of activities to a few basic types by major institutional activities and place within the academic/administrative infrastructure. Despite the fact that national academic conventions vary quite widely and cultural differences make comparisons difficult if not hazardous, no attempt has been made here to account for them. The intention is not to define what is happening in the field world-wide, rather it is to provoke discussion leading either to consensus or at least to an improved understanding of the conditions under which computing humanists work. Constructive criticisms and clarifications are not merely welcome, they are to the point.

In discriminating one institutional unit from another, we have asked the following questions:

No judgment is expressed or implied as to the worth of the units under consideration; rather our attempt here is to provide some measure of their participation in the fundamental activities of institutionalised scholarship.

Our listings are arranged relative to the disciplinary perspectives of humanities computing as these have traditionally been understood. One practical consequence of this is that we have sometimes chosen to subordinate an organization or centre's institutional status or structural identity to its topical focus; a case in point would be the listing for the Alliance for Computers and Writing, where an emphasis on teaching and instruction seemed more important to us in our contexts than the ACW's status as an organization per se.

Beyond humanities computing proper, the scope of these listings is, of course, potentially vast. We have been necessarily subjective and selective in choosing the list's additional areas of emphasis. For example, new media arts and design are fairly heavily represented; fields such as instructional technology and distance learning are not. We are aware of such shortcomings in the coverage we present.

For a discussion of exclusively European centres with links, see Tito Orlandi et al., "European studies on formal methods in the humanities", in Koenraad de Smedt et al., Computing in Humanities Education: A European Perspective (Bergen: aco*hum, 1999) [X].

Corrections, additions and suggestions most welcome, to Willard McCarty, willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk.

BACK to top

  1. Research, teaching and collegial service
  2. Units listed here conduct research and offer academic courses and programmes in the field; they also provide collegial support for and collaboration with members of other academic departments. Some members of these units hold academic appointments either in or primarily associated with humanities computing.

    1. Alfa Informatica, Groningen (Netherlands) [X], the study of language, history and culture from a computational perspective, integrating theoretical, experimental and practical aspects of this study; very strong emphasis on computational linguistics.
    2. Canadian Institute for Research Computing in the Arts, Alberta (Canada) [X], an institute within the Faculty of Arts at the University of Alberta whose purpose is to investigate applied computing in research and teaching; promote and facilitate the development of computer-based projects; develop courses within the graduate and undergraduate programmes; and evaluate the applicability of new tools and techniques.
    3. Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London (U.K.) [X], operates as an academic department with an undergraduate minor programme and postgraduate courses; a research centre promoting the appropriate application of computing in humanities research; and as a unit providing collegial support to its sister departments in the School of Humanities.
    4. Centro Interdipartimentale Servizi Automazione Discipline Umanistiche, Rome [X] serves the departments of the Faculty of "Lettere e Filosofia"; it aims to develop computer-assisted research projects and software-application courses for the staff of the Faculty; to provide access to the networks and help with formatting and printing; and to support the Centre's academic course in applied computing.
    5. Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute, Glasgow (U.K.) [X], offers an academic programme in humanities computing at introductory, honours, and postgraduate levels and organises a summer school on digitisation for heritage professionals; operates departmentally-based computer teaching classrooms and laboratories of the Faculties of Arts and Divinity; supports collaborative research projects and manages its own research programme.
    6. Humanities Computing Centre, McMaster (Canada) [X], offers academic courses in humanities computing; provides support for administrative, research and instructional computing within the Faculty of Humanities; introduces and encourages initiatives for instructional and research computing; represents the Faculty of Humanities on University and external committees.
    7. Seksjon for humanistisk informatikk, Bergen (Norway) [X], a small research and teaching unit specialising in digital culture (media, history, aesthetics, philosophy), learning tools and environments, and machine translation; three tenured professors, two reseach fellows; BA and Ph programmes, an MA currently being planned.

    BACK to top

  3. Research and teaching
  4. These offer academic courses and colloquia, conduct research and publish. Some members hold academic appointments either in or closely associated with humanities computing.

    1. Cultures Anglophones et Technologies de l'Information, Sorbonne (Paris, France) [X], conducts computer-assisted research in the humanities, specifically the history of representation with a focus on urban life; conducts courses and colloquia; publishes proceedings, research results, multimedia products.

    BACK to top

  5. Teaching programmes
  6. Teaching programmes that offer a humanities computing option or specialisation; to be distinguished from non-major courses, a.k.a. "computer science for poets".

    1. Computer Studies Program, Trent (Canada) [X], a combined technical and humanistic approach to computers achieved through an inter-disciplinary curriculum involving a joint major with another discipline.
    2. Diplôme d'études spécialisées en documentation et sciences de l'information, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres, Liège (Belgium) [X], "comprend trois orientations principales, à savoir 'sciences et métiers du livre', 'archivistique et sciences documentaires' et 'informatique appliquée aux études de philosophie et lettres'."
    3. Humanities Information Technology, North London (U.K.) [X], an undergraduate academic programme offering Joint Honours or Minor Honours options.
    4. Informatics Certificate, Kentucky (U.S.) [X], interdisciplinary certificate program administered by the Computer Science department in conjunction with participating faculty from other arts and sciences departments. Objective is to "train graduate and professional-degree students in the uses of computational and information processing technology in their own fields." Electives in humanities computing, bio-informatics, linguistics.
    5. Information Technology Programme, Faculty of Arts, York (Canada) [X], "housed in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. The Programme aims to provide students with a sound education concerning modern computer technology and its uses, impacts and effects in our society. The unique multi-disciplinary core of the programme combines the applied aspects of computer systems with the historical, social and ethical contexts of computing and information processing."
    6. Third Stream Computing, Computer Science Department, Oberlin (U.S.) [X], an academic minor offered by the Oberlin Computer Science Program, focusing on the development, writing, and use of computer applications by persons who themselves are primarily expert in some specialty other than computer science; strong emphasis on instruction in the use of high-level programming and authoring systems.

    BACK to top

  7. Research and collegial support
  8. These conduct research and provide collegial support but that do not offer academic courses or programmes. Some members hold academic appointments in or closely associated with humanities computing.

    1. Die Abteilung Literarische und Dokumentarische Datenverarbeitung des Zentrums für Datenverarbeitung, Tübingen (Germany) [X], an academic department within the university computing centre concerned primarily with textual computing, headed by Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Ott; developer of the Tübinger System von Textverarbeitungs-Programmen (TUSTEP); since 1973 has held the "Kolloquium über die Anwendung der Elektronischen Datenverarbeitung in den Geisteswissenschaften".
    2. Centre Informatique de Philosophie et Lettres, Liège (Belgium) [X]. "Son objectif général est de « promouvoir et coordonner l'utilisation de l'informatique au sein de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres ». "
    3. Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, Virginia [X], explores and expands the potential of information technology as a tool for humanities research by appointing academic Fellows, who are provided with consulting, technical support, applications programming, and networked publishing facilities; by cultivating partnerships in humanities computing initiatives with libraries, publishers, information technology companies, scholarly organizations, and others interested in the intersection of computers and cultural heritage.
    4. Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities [X], aims to generate and foster the development of projects in applied computing, to communicate new technological approaches within and outside the University and to provide resources for technologically-based scholarship and instruction; appoints resident fellows.

    BACK to top

  9. Research
  10. These conduct research and disseminate the results but do not offer courses or support. Members hold academic appointments in or closely associated with humanities computing.

    1. Centre de traitement électronique des documents, Louvain (Belgium) [X], "Le CETEDOC, centre d'informatique en sciences humaines, se définit comme un laboratoire de recherches méthodologiques, d'enseignement et de service en vue de l'utilisation scientifique de l'ordinateur pour tout ce qui concerne l'étude des textes ou de tout document apparenté."
    2. Istituto di Linguistica Computazionale, Pisa (Italy) [X], conducts interdisciplinary, theoretical and applied research activities in the field of linguistic data processing.
    3. Le Laboratoire d'Analyse Statistique des Langues Anciennes, Liège (Belgium) [X], develops databases of texts in Latin and Greek, software for analysis of ancient and modern languages, publishes concordances and other lexical reference works and the journal Revue. Informatique et Statistiques dans les Sciences Humaines.

    BACK to top

  11. Research project infrastructure
  12. Umbrella infrastructures that provide a focus for computing-related research projects conducted by members of other departments but that do not engage in their own research.

    1. Computer Science and English Initiative, University College Dublin (Ireland) [X], founded to begin the task of establishing UCD as a centre for humanities computing by facilitating specific research projects.
    2. Humanities Electronic Media Project, Claremont[X], designed to provide humanities faculty and students across the Claremont Colleges with the support necessary to allow widespread access to new modes of representing and analyzing traditional and non-traditional subjects.
    3. Humanities Research Institute, Sheffield (U.K.) [X], a consortium of technology-related research projects from within the Faculty of Arts, with an independent steering group dedicated to driving, maintaining and overseeing the development of the Institute.
    4. Research in Computing for the Humanities, Kentucky [X], a "collaboratory" for research projects in the humanities, with 20 participants across the disciplines; sponsors a lecture series in conjunction with the Center for Computational Sciences.

    BACK to top

  13. Teaching and support
  14. Units that offer academic programmes and offer support but that do not themselves conduct research in humanities computing. Some of their members hold academic appointments, not necessarily in humanities computing.

    1. Humanities Research Center, Brigham Young (U.S.] [X], provides computer support, network support, training, scanning, language testing and the Computers and the Humanities Program [X], which offers courses on the use of computer technology in humanities disciplines, with two intersecting minor programmes; jointly supported by the Department of Linguistics and the Humanities Research Center.
    2. Pallas, Exeter (U.K.) [X], a team dedicated to teaching undergraduate and postgraduate degree-level courses in humanities computing and providing IT support for the Arts-based Schools of the University of Exeter.

    BACK to top

  15. Specific disciplinary or pedagogical focus
  16. These are devoted to a specific discipline or teaching activity, whether within a particular department or shared among a small group of departments. Some members hold academic appointments.

    1. Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities, Stanford (U.S.) [X], encourages and facilitates the beneficial use of computers in humanities scholarship, primarily in music and musicology.
    2. Center for Computing in Art and Archaeology (CARTA, U.S.) [X], a non-profit foundation established to develop software for Art History and related fields.
    3. Center for Electronic Projects in American Culture Studies (CEPACS) (Georgetown, U.S.) [X], founded in 1994 to coordinate and develop a range of electronic projects related to interdisciplinary studies in the culture and history of the United States. CEPACS supports a range of projects affiliated with the American Studies Program and English Department at Georgetown University.
    4. Center for History and New Media (George Mason, U.S.) [X], produces historical works in new media, tests the effectiveness of these products in the classroom, and reflects critically on the promises and pitfalls of new media in historical practice.
    5. Center for Literary Computing, West Virginia (U.S.) [X], a research lab and instructional support center in the Department of English, providing a collaborative, interdisciplinary environment to support research and instruction.
    6. Center for the Advancement of Applied Ethics, Carnegie Mellon (U.S.), [X], a research and development environment that focuses on teaching people practical methods for analyzing and responding to real ethical problems; the Center has explored abortion, conflict resolution, euthanasia, forgery, counterfeiting and other ethical problems through multimedia technologies.
    7. Computerunterstützte Interpretation von Texten Münster (Germany) [X], a project in the theological faculty focused on New Testament studies.
    8. Concentration in Computers and English Studies, Department of English, Texas at Austin (U.S.) [X], seeks to develop and sustain a dialogue between print-based culture and the emergent culture(s) of electronic information; students develop both theoretical and practical understanding of print and electronic textuality, expertise in applying contemporary technology to more traditional problems in rhetoric or literary scholarship and teaching, and have the opportunity to explore new modes of research and instruction, continually assessing the impact of the technologies they use upon the construction of their objects of study and finally, of the field of inquiry itself.
    9. Historical Information Processing Postgraduate Programme, Leiden (The Netherlands) [X], a one-year course meant especially for unemployed historians; offers a followup to the study of history and aims to teach postgraduate students skills in data-processing and analysis, as well as the application of modern information technology to documentary information in general, using historical sources in the field of urban and regional history.
    10. Language Centre, Victoria (Canada) [X], provides resources for instruction in numerous languages and in linguistics.
    11. Media Center for Art History, Columbia (U.S.) [X], considers the application of imaging and information technologies for research, teaching, and publishing in art history­and particularly the innovative analysis of architecture and the constructed environment.
    12. Research Center for Scripture and Media, American Bible Society (U.S.) [X], supports applied and theoretical research into the theoretics of new media Bible translation and communication.
    13. Virginia Center for Digital History, Virginia (U.S.) [X], an outgrowth of the popular Valley of the Shadow American Civil War project. Goal is to develop high-quality, well-researched, and reliable history materials for the World Wide Web and deliver them to schools, colleges, libraries, historical societies, and the general public.

    BACK to top

  17. Technological research and support
  18. Units that provide technological support to research and teaching taking place in or governed by members of academic departments; they also engage in research of a technological nature independently, in concert with academic departments, by contract with external organisations or are funded to develop resources on a national level.

    1. Humanistiska fakultetens dataservice, Göteborg (Sweden) [X], ansvarar för fakultetens nätverk, servrar och annan gemensam utrustning samt för gemensamma datorsalar, som är tillgängliga främst för studenter.
    2. Humanities Computing Unit, Oxford (U.K.) [X], provides advice and training within the humanities disciplines at Oxford, with particular reference to their teaching and research needs; facilitates and promotes access to resources, advises upon and assists in their creation and encourages their integration into teaching and research activities; carries out research and development of applied computing in collaboration with academic staff; disseminates the work of the Unit.
    3. Humanities Information Technologies Centre, Bergen (Norway) [X], a service unit that caters to the needs of all projects using humanities information technologies; assists in the planning and implementation of projects initiated by the various departments, and also initiates projects on its own initiative with the aim of establishing both national and international cooperation on a high level.
    4. Scholarly Technology Group, Brown (U.S.) [X], supports the development and use of advanced information technology in academic research, teaching, and scholarly communication. STG pursues this mission by exploring new technologies and practices, developing specialized tools and techniques, and providing consulting and project management services to academic projects.

    BACK to top

  19. Technological resource and support
  20. Units specifically dedicated to providing electronic resources, tools and assistance to students and members of academic departments, here sorted by their administrative unit.

    1. Arts faculty centres
      1. Computing in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Toronto (Canada) [X], a computing facility in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences that promotes computing in research and teaching within the humanities and social sciences departments; supports a number of institutes, centres, and other units within the University; maintains and operates the highly successful CHASS Data Centre, a collection of social sciences and general interest databases.
      2. Humanities Computing, Dartmouth (U.S.) [X], runs a faculty lab, provides workshops, tutorials, one-on-one advising, technical support.
      3. Humanities Computing and Technology, Arizona (U.S.) [X], serves graduate students, staff, and faculty of the College of Humanities and assists them in examining the processes and culture in which we work and developing creative ways to learn, teach, and work that may be, or may not be, facilitated by technology; collaborates with other units on campus to develop and explore technology-rich environments.
      4. Humanities Computing Facility, Duke (U.S.) [X], supports academic technology on campus and around the world; strong emphasis on CALL.
      5. Humanities Computing Facility, University of California at Irvine (U.S.) [X], provides Web development, computing labs, computer accounts and technical support.
      6. Humanities Computing Facility, UCLA (U.S.) [X], supports computing within the Humanities Division at UCLA and maintains the Humanities computer network [HUMnet]; provides, inter alia, computing support, access to HUMnet, electronic mail accounts and through HUMnet, access to the Internet, for faculty and staff in the Humanities.
      7. Humanities Computing Project, Witwatersrand (South Africa) [X, aims to promote computer-assisted learning, teaching and research within the Arts Faculty in line with developments in the humanities at many universities in other parts of the world, and with global trends to use information technology for academic work; serves all 24 departments of the Faculty.
      8. Humanities Computing Services, Chicago (U.S.) [X], provides support services to faculty and staff of the Humanities Division.
      9. Humanities Computing Team, Rice (U.S.) [X], enhances the work of the faculty, staff, and graduate students in the Rice University School of Humanities by supporting their computing needs.

    2. Computing centre groups and divisions
      1. Humanities Computing Group, New York University (U.S.) [X], a subject-specific group at NYU's Academic Computing Services that supports the use of new technologies in humanities teaching and research.
      2. Humanities Research Computing, Northwestern (U.S.) [X], focuses on technological support for humanities research; relational and SGML data modeling; WWW delivery of SGML and RDBMS based e-text and media archives; custom integration of networked resources.
      3. Literary and Linguistic Computing Centre, Cambridge (U.K.) [X], a small team within the Computing Service which provides specialised support for postgraduate and established scholars in the Arts and Humanities departments.

    3. Library-based units
      1. Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities, Rutgers (U.S.) [X], sponsors and supports computing-related projects, including provision of electronic source materials; holds technical workshops.
      2. Digital Knowledge Center, Johns Hopkins (U.S.) [X], provides equipment and expertise to facilitate the development and creation of digital curricular, instructional and informational resources which further instruction, research and scholarship.
      3. Digital Library and Archives, Virginia Polytechnic Institute (U.S.) [X], assists in the creation of online resources such as electronic journals, and use of electronic library services; designs and maintains systems including those for electronic theses and dissertations and digital images.
      4. Digital Library Project, Berkeley (U.S.) [X], develops the tools and technologies to support highly improved models of the "scholarly information life cycle"; its goal is to facilitate the move from the current centralized, discrete publishing model, to a distributed, continuous, and self-publishing model, while still preserving the best aspects of the current model such as peer review.
      5. Digital Resources Center, Pennsylvania State University (U.S.) [X], collects and provides access to electronic text and multimedia materials in the Arts and Humanities.
      6. Electronic Text Center, Cornell (U.S.) [X], provides access to scholarly electronic text and multimedia documents; helps to identify, acquire, and organize electronic texts, text analysis, and multimedia programs; instructs and consults with users; supports students and faculty.
      7. Electronic Text Center, Rice (U.S.) [X], functions as an alternative computing space, where faculty, students, staff, and others can explore new electronic resources; makes available electronic texts as well as hardware and software for the creation and analysis of electronic texts.
      8. Electronic Text Center, Virginia (U.S.) [X], builds and maintains an internet-accessible collection of SGML texts and images and a user community adept at the creation and use of these materials.
      9. Electronic Text Center, Yale (U.S.) [X], provides members of the Yale community with access to electronic texts, multi-media resources, and web development tools.
      10. Electronic Text Centre, Dalhousie (Canada) [X], a service that provides WWW access to full-text documents, a computer-accessible archive for faculty and student research projects in the humanities, scholarly publications, university materials and special projects.
      11. Electronic Text Service, Columbia (U.S.) [X], a research and instructional facility of the Columbia University Libraries designed to help Columbia faculty and students incorporate computer-based textual and bibliographic information into their research, study, and teaching.
      12. Humanities Text Initiative, Michigan (U.S.) [X], an umbrella organization for the acquisition, creation, and maintenance of electronic texts, as well as a mechanism for furthering the University's capabilities in the area of online text.
      13. Informedia Digital Video Library, Carnegie Mellon (U.S.) [X], a research initiative that studies how multimedia digital libraries can be established and used.
      14. Lewis H. Beck Center for Electronic Collections and Services, Emory (U.S.) [X], promotes and supports the use of scholarly electronic collections by Emory University faculty, students and staff.
      15. Library Electronic Text Resource Service, Indiana-Bloomington (U.S.) [X], provides humanities-related electronic texts, works to build and support a user community and supports the electronic text components of Indiana University's Digital Library Program projects and initiatives.
      16. Scholarly Digital Resources Center, Iowa (U.S.) [X], fosters the creation and use of digitized collections and resources of interest to the University of Iowa community.
      17. Stanford Digital Library Technologies, Stanford (U.S.) [X], a project to design and implement the infrastructure and services needed for collaboratively creating, disseminating, sharing and managing information in a digital library context.
      18. The Studio: an electronic work space, New York University (U.S.) [X], a computing facility which makes available scholarly electronic text resources and librarian support for computer-assisted research in the humanities.
      19. Townsend Center Working Group for Computers and Humanities, Berkeley (U.S.) [X], generates discussion of topics relevant to humanities computing and introduces faculty and students to available tools and techniques by organizing lectures, seminars, classes and workshops.

    4. Online services
      1. Humanities Computing Repository, Queen's (Canada) [X], a database of various resources available in humanities computing.
      2. Humanities Computing Center, Michigan State (U.S.) [X], supports the use of computer technologies in the College of Arts and Letters; fosters the development of Internet resources, software, teaching and research models; develops workshops, projects and presentations.

    BACK to top

  21. Related programs and forums
  22. This is the point at which the list compiled here opens out into the academic world at large; it cannot possibly be complete. Suggestions as to what might be relevant here are MOST welcome.

    1. Communications and new media studies
      1. Center for Electronic Communication, Florida Atlantic (U.S.) [X], a university center to research and demonstrate the electronic presentation of information in the academic arena.
      2. Centre de recherche en information spécialisée et en médiation des savoirs, Paris X (Nanterre, France) [X], "Le CRIS ayant vocation à être à la fois un lieu de production scientifique et en même temps un lieu d'accueil pour les doctorants, les thèmes de recherche sont définis en liaison avec les problématiques des deux options du DEA préparées à ParisX. Axes de recherche: (1) Information spécialisée et technologies nouvelles; (2) Médias, médiation, médiateurs.
      3. Communication, Culture and Technology Masters Program, Georgetown (U.S.) [X], curriculum "foster[ing] the advanced study of contemporary media, communications and information technology, as well as innovative approaches to theory and research for the Information Age."
      4. Comparative Media Studies, MIT (U.S.) [X], offers a humanistic and social scientific approach to the study of diverse media forms in various social, cultural, political, and aesthetic contexts. A two-year course of study leading to a Masters of Science.
      5. Dowden Center for New Media Studies, Georgia (U.S.) [X], dedicated to teaching, research and training; offers undergraduate classes in digital media production and corporate new media, and a graduate seminar; regularly holds conferences, networking opportunities, career days, company profiling sessions; includes a facility with 20 multimedia workstations.
      6. Electronic Media, Arts, and Communication, Rensselear Polytechnic Institute (U.S.) [X], a Bachelor of Science Degree program in Electronic Media, Arts, and Communication jointly offered by the Department of Language, Literature, and Communication (LL&C;), and the Arts Department at Rensselaer.It seeks to integrate aesthetic, creative, and critical thought with expertise in advanced electronic multimedia.
      7. Fundesco, Madrid (Spain) [X], a foundation for research into the social aspects of communication, subdivision of the national telephone company.
      8. Information et communication, Liège (Belgium) [X], s.v. Programme des cours, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres.
      9. Informationswissenschaft, Saarland (Germany) [X], deals with the preconditions for and methods of knowledge transfer (knowledge management). Central topics of interest are: - specialized information; - public information / new media; - information and communication in enterprises; - information industry; among the methods and tools there are: - information technology; - information linguistics / knowledge representation, - man-machine communication; - information economics and management.
      10. Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft, Medienwissenschaft und Musikwissenschaft, Berlin (Germany) [X].
      11. Media Studies Major, Pomona (U.S.) [X], an interdisciplinary program combining work in the humanities, social sciences and sciences. Its purpose is to afford students a comprehensive understanding of media literacy--that is, the skills, history, and theory needed to view, listen to, and use the media of our times knowledgeably and critically.
      12. School of Communications Design, Baltimore (U.S.) [X], offers undergraduate degrees in English and Corporate Communication, a unique master's degree in Publication Design, a range of postgraduate certificates in design, theory, and technology, and a new advanced degree, the Doctor of Communications Design.
      13. School of Literature, Communication, and Culture, Georgia Tech (U.S.) [X], offers degree programmes at the master's level in Information Design and Technology, at the bachelor's in Science, Technology, and Culture, and minors in Women, Science, and Technology and in Performance Studies.
      14. Transcriptions, California at Santa Barbara (U.S.) [X], an ambitious graduate-level concentration in "literature and information."

    2. New media art and design
      1. Art Media Studies, Syracuse (U.S.) [X], offers BFA and MFA degrees in Photography, Film, Video and Computer Graphics. These degree programs offer studio experiences integrated with academic curricula in media arts history, theory, and contemporary issues.
      2. CADRE Institute, San Jose State (U.S.) [X], an interdisciplinary research program dedicated to developing experimental applications of digital media. The institute pedagogy emphasizes theoretical and critical discourse, providing a conceptual context in which experimental activities are defined.
      3. Center of Advanced Digital Application (CADA), New York (U.S.) [X], general philosophical mission is to train artists to use and latest and most advanced digital tools. Theoretical and aesthetic issues are taught simultaneously with the practical problems of self-expression using the latest technology.
      4. Center for Digital Arts, California Los Angeles (U.S.) [X], a cooperative school-wide venture devoted to exploring the new convergence of digital media and expression within the arts. Currently serves over nine hundred students from Architecture and Urban Design, Art, Design, Ethnomusicology, Music, World Arts & Cultures.
      5. Center for Research in Computing and the Arts (CRCA), California San Diego (U.S.) [X], exists to foster collaborative working relationships among artists and scientists by identifying and promoting projects in which common research interests may be advanced through the application of computer-mediated strategies.
      6. Conceptual/Information Arts, San Franscisco State (U.S.) [X], focuses on contemporary art explorations in non traditional media that integrate the information bases, work styles, and perspectives of disciplines outside the arts--especially those involving science and technology.
      7. Digital Media Center, Columbia (U.S.) [X], provides facilities and basic and advanced training for students working in such areas as computer graphics, digital video editing, and web authoring. The Digital Media Center also offers interdisciplinary courses that bring students from various disciplines together to explore the application of digital technologies.
      8. Digital Media Center for the Arts, Yale (U.S.) [X], a multimedia facility created to explore new areas of education and cross-disciplinary interaction that result when traditional art collides with the computer age.
      9. Institute for Electronic Arts, Alfred (U.S.) [X], dedicated to the integration of electronic media within the fine arts disciplines through a focus on art making, research, and education.
      10. Institute for Studies in the Arts, Arizona State (U.S.) [X], provides an environment that supports individual inquiry and collaboration among artists, scholars, and technologists to invent new forms of art experience and processes for creating and teaching the arts.

    3. Computing and society
      1. Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility, De Montfort (U.K.) [X], undertakes research and provides teaching, consultancy and advice to individuals, communities, organisations and governments at local, national and international levels on the actual and potential impacts of computing and related technologies on society and its citizens.
      2. Computers and Society, Association for Computing Machinery [X], a Special Interest Group of the ACM that brings together computer professionals, specialists in other fields, and the public at large to address concerns and raise awareness about the ethical and societal impact of computers.
      3. Program in Science, Technology and Society, Stanford(U.S.) [X], integratedstudies of the natures and relationship of science, technology, andengineering, and of the social relations of science and technology. STSprovides an arena for dialogue among students of engineering,humanities, natural sciences and social sciences a common ground whereimportant cross-disciplinary studies transcending the gaps between thetechnical and non-technical fields are not merely envisioned, butpracticed.
      4. Science, Technology and Society, Claremont (U.S.) [X], an intercollegiate, interdisciplinary program through which students may pursue an integrated study of the history, philosophy, and social dimensions of science and technology; offers introductory and advanced courses in history of science, history of mathematics, history of technology, philosophy of science, science and technology policy studies, and ethical issues in science, technology, computing, and society. See the Related Links.

    4. Corpus linguistics
      1. Corpus Research Group, Birmingham (U.K.) [X].
      2. International Computer Archive of Modern and Medieval English, Bergen (Norway) [X, an international organization of linguists and information scientists working with English machine-readable texts. The aim of the organization is to collect and distribute information on English language material available for computer processing and on linguistic research completed or in progress on the material, to compile an archive of English text corpora in machine-readable form, and to make material available to research institutions.
      3. University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language, Lancaster (U.K.) [X], a research centre focused on practical outcomes of the corpus-based approach to natural language: speech synthesis, speech recognition, machine-aided translation, dictionary publishing, social survey interview analysis, computer-aided language teaching.

      See also the Corpus Linguistics page maintained by Michael Barlow [X].

    5. History of science and technology
      1. History of Science, Harvard (U.S.) [X], esp. the activities of Peter L. Galison, who is interested in both the philosophical and historical questions that arise when examining the role of experiments in modern physics; his book Image and Logic provides a very useful model for interdisciplinary fields centred on shared instrumentation.
      2. Lessico Intellettuale Europeo, CNR (Italy) [X], conducts research into the history of philosophy and of science by means of the terminology and language used in these disciplines, holds colloquia and seminars, publishes glossaries, concordances, terminological studies, databases; strong methodological focus on the problems of terminological study.
      3. Program in the History of Science, Princeton (U.S.) [X], esp. the activities of Michael S. Mahoney, currently engaged in a study of the origins of theoretical computer science during the 1950s and '60s and in the development of software engineering.

    6. Philosophy, cognitive science, informatics
      1. Center for the Advancement of Applied Ethics, Carnegie Mellon (U.S. [X], a research and development environment that focuses on teaching people practical methods for analysing and responding to real ethical problems; pioneering work in the application of interactive multimedia.
      2. Centre for Philosophy, Technology and Society, Aberdeen (U.K.) [X], a research institute committed to the rigorous exploration and examination of the philosophical and theoretical aspects of the impact of technology; it also engages in collaborative work with other disciplines. Its three main programmes of inquiry are INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE and SOCIAL POLICY, MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN VALUES and TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT and DEVELOPMENT ETHICS.
      3. Division of Informatics, Edinburgh (U.K.) [X, studies the cognitive and social aspects of the representation, processing, and communication of information in natural and artificial systems.
      4. Cognitive Science Society (U.S.) [X], promotes scientific interchange among researchers in the disciplines comprising the field of Cognitive Science, including Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, Anthropology, Psychology, Neuroscience, Philosophy, and Education.

    7. Programmes of lectures, symposia &c.;
      1. Marian E. Koshland Forum on Science, Technology and the Humanities, The Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities, Berkeley (U.S.) [X], a rubric for lectures, symposia, or seminars supported or organized by the Center to promote exhanges between the "two cultures," as C.P. Snow called them so contentiously years ago.

    8. Teaching and learning technologies
      1. Alliance for Computers and Writing (ACW) [X], supports "teachers at all levels of instruction in their intelligent, theory-based use of computers in writing instruction."
      2. CHORUS: Exploring New Media in Arts and Humanities, College Writing Programs, Berkeley (U.S.) [X], oriented primarily towards computer-assisted instruction in language, writing, and rhetoric. Includes a general reviews section and several topical sections featuring reviews, original research, bibliographies, annotated links, etc.
      3. Institute for Learning and Research Technology, Bristol(U.K.) [X], a centre ofexcellence in the development and use of new technology in teaching,learning and research; its objectives are to initiate projects, toensure that the University of Bristol is provided with rapid access tothese developments and to assist the staff of the University incollaboration with other support services.

    BACK to top

  23. Online resource directories
  24. In the sense that comprehensive online directories constitute a virtual place they need recognition here. Note that individual library collections of electronic materials are not included, since this is now recognised simply as a function of libraries along with their non-electronic collections.

    1. Forum Computerphilologie, München (Germany) [X], a specialised listing of resources for literary and philological computing resources, including the online journal Jahrbuch für Computerphilologie.
    2. EDSITEment, National Endowment for the Humanities (U.S.) [X], a growing collection of selected online resources for teaching English, history, art history, and foreign languages.
    3. The English Server, Carnegie Mellon (U.S.) [X], longstanding, diverse, and expansive collection of online arts and humanities resources.
    4. HUMBUL, Humanities Computing Unit, Oxford (U.K.) [X], part of the national UK Resource Discovery Network, a comprehensive database of online resources for the humanities.
    5. Voice of the Shuttle, California at Santa Barbara (U.S.) [X], Web page for humanities research.

    BACK to top

  25. Professional societies, national and international organisations
    1. Humanities computing
      1. Advanced Computing in the Humanities (ACO*HUM), European Union [X], a SOCRATES thematic network project aimed at developing an international dimension for investigating the educational impact of new technologies in all humanities disciplines.
      2. Arts and Humanities Data Service (U.K.) [X], a U.K. national service that collects, preserves and promotes re-use of the electronic resources which result from research in the arts and humanities.
      3. Association for Computers and the Humanities (ACH) [X], a major professional society for people working in computer-aided research in literature and language studies, history, philosophy, and other humanities disciplines, and especially research involving the manipulation and analysis of textual materials.
      4. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) [X], a professional organisation of ca. 80,000 computing professionals and students; see esp. the listing of Special Interest Groups (SIGs).
      5. Association for History and Computing (AHC) [X], an international organisation which aims to promote and develop interest in the use of computers in all types of historical study at every level, in both teaching and research.
      6. Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing (ALLC) [X], a major professional society that supports the application of computing in the study of language and literature, including image-processing and electronic editions.
      7. Consortium for Computers in the Humanities, Canada [X], a Canada-wide association of representatives from Canadian colleges and universities whose objective is to foster communications about, and sharing of, information technology developed by Canadian institutions for the betterment of post-secondary education across Canada.
      8. Office for Humanities Communication (U.K.) [X], an umbrella organisation that fosters communication among scholars and others involved in computer-related projects and activities; organises major conferences and workshops and publishes monographs and collections of essays in humanities computing and related areas.
      9. Text Encoding Initiative Consortium [X], a membership consortium to support the maintenance and continuing work of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI). The TEI is an international project to develop guidelines for the preparation and interchange of electronic texts for scholarly research, and to satisfy a broad range of uses by the language industries more generally.
      10. Model Editions Partnership, South Carolina (U.S.) [X], explores ways of creating editions of historical documents which meet the standards scholars traditionally use in preparing printed editions.

    2. National academies
      1. American Council of Learned Societies [X], a private non-profit federation of sixty-one U.S. national scholarly organizations; its mission is to "advance humanistic studies in all fields of learning in the humanities and the related social sciences and to maintain and strengthen relations among the national societies devoted to such studies."
      2. Australian Academy of the Humanities [X], aims to advance knowledge of, and the pursuit of excellence in, the Humanities. The general disciplinary areas of the Academy include: Prehistory and Archaeology; Asian Studies; Classical Studies; English; European Language and Literature; History; Linguistics and Philology; Philosophy, Religion and the History of Ideas; Cultural and Communication Studies; The Arts.
      3. British Academy [X], established by Royal Charter in 1902, under the full title of ‘The British Academy for the Promotion of Historical, Philosophical and Philological Studies’. It is an independent and self-governing fellowship of scholars, elected for distinction and achievement in one or more branches of the academic disciplines that make up the humanities and social sciences, and is now organised in sixteen Sections by academic discipline.
      4. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [X], the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany, comparable to a Research Council (in British and western European terminology) or a (national) Research Foundation (in American and far eastern terminology).
      5. Humanities Society of New Zealand [X], a national organisation predicated on the idea that the humanities must have a strong voice in the formation of public opinion and national policy.
      6. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada [X], the federal funding agency for university-based research and graduate training in the social sciences and humanities.

    3. Library, museum and cultural heritage organisations
      1. Consortium for Computer Interchange of Museum Information [X], a group of institutions and organizations that encourages an open standards-based approach to the management and delivery of digital museum information.
      2. International Council of Museums [X], a Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), with formal links to UNESCO, devoted to the promotion and development of museums and the museum profession at an international level.
      3. mda (U.K.) [X], supports culture information management; a not-for-profit organisation funded by the Museums and Galleries Commission to develop standards and promote best practice in documentation and ICT in UK museums, galleries and cultural organisations.
      4. National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH, U.S.) [X], a collaborative project of The American Council of Learned Societies, the Coalition for Networked Information and the Getty Information Institute; aims to assure leadership from the cultural community in the evolution of the digital environment.
      5. Research Libraries Group [X], a not-for-profit membership corporation of institutions devoted to improving access to information that supports research and learning.

    BACK to top

  26. Discussion groups
    1. E-DOCS: Historical Documents on the Internet, (U.S.) [X], a discussion list and website for professionals involved in the production, distribution, and organization of historical documents on the Internet. Offers an index of "Best Practices and Exemplary Sites."
    2. H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online [X], an interdisciplinary organization of scholars dedicated to developing the educational potential of the Internet and the World Wide Web.
    3. Humanist [X], an international electronic seminar on the application of computers to the humanities whose primary aim is to provide a forum for discussion of intellectual, scholarly, pedagogical, and social issues and for exchange of information among members.

    BACK to top

  27. Journals and series
    1. Printed
      1. Computers and the Humanities, (U.S.) [X], the official journal of the Association for Computers and the Humanities.
      2. Computers and Texts, (U.K.) [X], journal/newsletter of the CTI Centre for Textual Studies.
      3. The Electronic Library, (U.K.) [X], international bi-monthly journal for the applications of technology in information environments.
      4. Literary and Linguistic Computing, (U.K.) [X], the official journal of the Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing.
      5. Markup Languages: Theory and Practice, (U.S.) [X], a quarterly, peer-reviewed technical journal devoted to research, development, and practical aplications of text markup for computer processing, management, manipulation, and display.
      6. Office for Humanities Communication, Publications (U.K.) [X], currently 10 titles in print.
      7. Revue. Informatique et Statistiques dans les Sciences Humaines (Belgium) [X]. Articles in French and English concerning the applications of computing techniques and statistics to the humanities.

    2. Electronic
      1. Jahrbuch für Computerphilologie (München, Germany) [X], the online component of a printed journal offering a form for discussion of the numerous possibilities computing offers to literary studies.
      2. Computing in the Humanities Working Papers, (Canada, U.K.) [X], an interdisciplinary series of refereed publications on computer-assisted research.
      3. D-Lib forum and magazine, (U.S.) [X], widely-read electronic periodical and online resource center for digital library research.
      4. Electronic Book Review (EBR), (U.S.) [X], not just reviews; EBR publishes full-length articles, work in experimental media, and roundtable dialogues.
      5. Journal of Electronic Publishing, (U.S.) [X], publishes articles on all aspects of its topic.
      6. Postmodern Culture, (U.S.) [X], frequent articles on the cultural impact of computing and new media. Oldest peer-reviewed electronic journal in the humanities (founded 1990).

    BACK to top

  28. Bibliographies
    1. Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (Vol. 27), Houston (U.S.) [X], a selective bibliography presenting over 1,000 articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet and other networks.
    2. Selective bibliography for humanities computing [X], a dated but still useful bibliographic overview.