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Jorn Barger, September 1999
What is a weblog?
A weblog (sometimes called a blog or a newspage or a filter) is a webpage where a weblogger (sometimes called a blogger, or a pre-surfer) 'logs' all the other webpages she finds interesting.
The format is normally to add the newest entry at the top of the page, so that repeat visitors can catch up by simply reading down the page until they reach a link they saw on their last visit.
(This causes some minor, unavoidable confusions when the logger comments on an earlier link that the visitor hasn't reached yet.)
Wasn't the name 'weblog' already taken for server-logs/ http-logs/ usage-logs/ logfiles?
Yeah, well... how many different names do they need, anyway???
(And if you can think of a better name than 'weblog', just start using it and see if it catches on. It's all Darwinian.)
Where can I find a listing of weblogs?
So many new ones are being started that no complete list exists.
The most complete lists currently are:
You can add your own here: http://www.egroups.com/wdb?method=reportRows&listname=weblogs&tbl=1
Ranked by how often they're linked from other sites: http://beebo.org/metalog/ratings/
Which ones have updated most recently: http://www.linkwatcher.com/ and http://subhonker2.userland.com/weblogMonitor/
A utility that creates a custom surfmenu of weblogs.
Annotated meta-weblog of weblogs hosted by the Pitas weblog service: http://web.pitas.com/pitas/
Annotated lists include: Daily Web Log, Indirection
Sorted lists include jjg
Sorted by place: http://students.washington.edu/lwinn/bird/map/map_results.html
Feeble Yahoo category
How is a weblog different from an online journal?
Happily, the line between journal and weblog is perfectly blurred. One of the greatest pleasures of reading weblogs is getting to know their editors.
Salon on journals
A journaller who hates weblogs
Are webloggers journalists?
Yes, but they're editors, not reporters, and so far they're amateurs, not professionals. (Slashdot [qv] and Media Gossip [qv] and Matt Drudge being borderline exceptions.)
Weblogs don't replace the function of publishing articles, but they do replace the function of publishing tables of contents, which for commercial zines have to hype their content dishonestly, and can't normally highlight good articles in other sources.
Can weblogs compete with major daily papers?
Sure they can. If you read three papers a day, you can easily create a fourth, 'virtual' paper that's better than any of them.
How many readers do weblogs get?
Here's some informal poll-results, for hits per week:
<100 12 100-500 13 500-1000 9 1000-5000 7 5000-10k 3 10k-50k 5 50k-100k 0 >100k 2
Why do webloggers repeat links they find in other weblogs?
Repeating links is good because no two readers follow exactly the same set of logs, and repetition helps to emphasize the best articles.
Also, webloggers use their archives as a personal index for quickly finding articles they enjoyed in the past.
Should webloggers give credit for borrowed links?
They ought to give enough credit that readers can check out that source for themselves.
Most weblogs are archived chronologically. A few re-sort the links into categories: Robot Wisdom, Haddock, WHump
How long should items be kept on the main page before moving them to the archive?
One day really isn't enough-- you want to save the majority of your readers from ever having to access the archives.
A 32k page is about the limit you want to offer, though, for the sake of readers who visit often.
Is the market for weblogs already saturated, or is there room for one more?
Everyone should keep a weblog, if they have any interest in sharing their opinions with others.
What was the first weblog?
Mosaic's What's New page was started by Marc Andreesen, I think.
Justin Hall's Links from the Underground was one early prototype [history].
William Gibson foresaw professional weblogging in 1996:
Pretty soon I think there'll be people who make a living pre-surfing it for you. There's a real need for that
Dave Winer's Scripting News formalised many characteristics in 1997 by building them into the Frontier scripting environment (at that time freeware), in its 'Newspage suite'.
Robot Wisdom Weblog was the first to use the name 'weblog', in December 1997.
How hard is it to keep a weblog?
The tools to make it easy are getting better and better. Ideally, it shouldn't take any longer than reading the articles and jotting your comments.
Frontier is a bit complex but allows the greatest customisation. (Version 5.0.1 for Mac and/or Windows is still available for free, if you want to try it.)
Newwwsboy is even rawer-- Perl scripts. And a similar Unix tool called htnews.
Three online tools for simplifying weblog maintenance are Pitas, Blogger, and Groksoup.
Here's an epinion of Blogger.
Where do you find good links?
The best way to streamline this search is to create your own startpage of your favorite sources. This custom startpage [qv] intro sketches the basics.
You'll want to arrange your own startpage to track the publication schedules of your favorite periodicals, using the template provided, plus the online calendar hosted at eGroups.
But periodicals are just the most obvious source-- newsgroup threads can be linked via Deja.com, searchengine queries can often be linked directly, mailinglist archives are often linkable, etc etc etc. Go wild!
What makes a good comment?
Ideally, your comment should make it clear what you're linking to, and why, so that people can make their own choice whether to follow it or not.
Just saying 'this is cool' will really not be useful to the average visitor.
Other ways of adding value to your links are discussed here.
Rave for a weblog with NO comments at all.
What about pullquotes?
I don't know why so few weblogs include pullquotes from their articles.
Maybe it's a skill you have to learn, but the liveliest quote is usually pretty obvious to me.
It helps to have a clipboard-extender that allows you to copy the URL and a quote or three without making multiple trips.
Links to multimedia sites are naturally improved by samples of the images (etc).
Very few logs have started taking advantage of adding illustrations, yet, though if they attract readers to an article there shouldn't be any copyright problems. (Dan Bricklin raises the bar.)
A webcam on the logger is another possibility that's little seen. The closest is iBoy: http://aaronland.net/weblog/ Robot Wisdom Weblog was inspired in large part by AnaCam.
It would be nice to see more vidcaps and screen captures.
Live net.radio is another (sound samples being a substitute). ImagineRadio stations are another option.
Some sites object if your 'deep linking' bypasses their advertising or branding.
Slashdot sets the standard here. Also of note: Glassdog, Memepool
Philip Greenspun offers various free services-- polls, comments, and BBSs.
TakeItOffline offers free hosting for fast, temporary threads.
MisterPoll offers more elaborate polls.
A free search engine service for your archives. And a search-engine that leverages off of three weblogs.
Stuffed Dog reduces the size of its links-column by highlighting different randomly selected links on each visit.
XML and headline aggregation:
Netscape [qv] and Userland have been pioneering an XML format to make it easy to aggregate headlines (or longer weblog items) called "RSS" (Rich Site Summary).
Carmen's Headline Viewer is a windows app for customising RSS access. Its homepage includes many related links.
RSSMaker helps you publish in RSS format.
Arguments against XML here.
Resources on non-RSS methods of parsing websites here.
Weblogs in the media
Early coverage of the weblog phenomena appeared in Eastgate HyTech (Jan98), Computists' Communique (Apr98), Village Voice (Sept98), First Impressions (Jan99), Internet World (Mar99), Slashdot (May99 and part two), the San Jose Mercury News (May99), Salon (May99), Zope (Jun99), ModemJunkie (Jun99), Chicago Tribune (Sept99), Associated Press (Oct99), New Statesman (Oct99), Atlantic (Oct99), InfoWorld (Nov99), ClickZ (Nov99), JapanTimes (Nov99)
New York Times on lemonyellow requires registration
Weblog reviews from Pigdog. From Bloat
Why is there such strong negative press, in some cases?
Derogatory/skeptical pieces have appeared in Smug (May99), Delusions of Adequacy, Teeth, Stating the Obvious
For me, these sources stink of a panicked establishment/ elite.
The community of webloggers
A public mailinglist for webloggers exists at: http://www.egroups.com/group/weblogs/
A Wiki Wiki Web community: http://www.best.com/~whump/cgi/wiki.cgi
The closest thing to a weblogs newsgroup is alt.culture.www.
Loggers on logging:
CamWorld, Bradlands, Windowseat, Glassdog thread; eatonweb interview, scribble
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Great links, sadistic design: http://www.utsler.com/metacubed/
Links suggested by: Jesse James Garrett, Dan Hartung
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