CONTENTS

List of illustrations     xi

Preface     xv

Abbreviations     xix

Introduction     1


1. Foundations     11

2. The Early Building Boom     49

3. The Public Face of Christian Science     83

4. To Build a Church     115

5. Chicago and the Triumph of the Classical Style     137

6. Debates on the Significance of Style     161


Epilogue     199

Selected bibliography     209

Index     223

 

Illustrations

1. Franklin Welch, the Mother Church, The First Church of Christ, Scientist, Boston, 1894.  2

2. "View of the Mother Church and Christian Science Center, Boston," 1973.  5

3. Solon Spencer Beman, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1897.  12

4. Chicago Tribune report on the dedication of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1897.  13

5. Interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago.  14

6. Readers' desk, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago.  15

7. Mary Baker Eddy, 1891.  15

8. Mauran, Russell, Garden, First Church of Christ, Scientist, St. Louis, 1904.  20

9. Canadian-Pacific Building, Madison Avenue and Forty-fourth Street, New York City, 1921.  21

10. Carrère and Hastings, First Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City, 1903.  25

11. First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oconto, Wisconsin, 1886.  32

12. Entry to Bernard Maybeck's First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley, 1911.  33

13. The Mother Church with Extension.  36

14. The Mother Church with fioor plans.  51

15. Contemporary newspaper illustration of the 1899 annual meeting of the Mother Church.  53

16. Walter E. Ware, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Salt Lake City, 1898.  54

17. Henry A. Schulze, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland, 1902.  54

18. Francis Allen and Frederic Collins, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Concord, New Hampshire, 1904.  56

19. Interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Concord.  57

20. Edgar Mathews, First Church of Christ, Scientist, San Francisco, 1913.  58

21. Solon Spencer Beman, west elevation, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago.  59

22. Solon Spencer Beman, design for the Merchant Tailors Building, World's Columbian Exposition, 1893.  60

23. Beman's Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1901.  62

24. Frederick Comstock, First Church of Christ, Scientist, St. Joseph, Missouri, 1907.  64

25. Frederick Comstock, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City, 1901.  65

26. Carrère and Hastings, interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City.  66

27. Architect's cutaway rendering, First Church, New York City.  67

28. Carrère and Hastings, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Philadelphia, 1910.  69

29. Delano and Aldrich, Third Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City, 1923.  69

30. Interior of the Mother Church Extension.  72

31. S. S. Beman, Mines and Mining Building, World's Columbian Exposition, 1893.  94

32. Interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley.  102

33. Alfred F. Rosenheim, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Los Angeles, 1910.  103

34. Franklin P. Burnham, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Pasadena, California, 1910.  104

35. L. B. Valk, "New Plan" for a Christian Science Church.  121

36. Reading Room of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Grand Rapids, Michigan.  124

37. Foyer of Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago.  125

38. Interior, Eleventh Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago.  126

39. Practitioner's office in First Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City.  129

40. Mrs. Stetson's office in First Church of Christ, Scientist, New York City.  129

41. Akron-plan Sunday school, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Rochester, New York. 130

42. Portrait of Solon Spencer Beman, by Oliver Denton Grover, 1911.  140

43. Louis Sullivan, elevation sketch and plan, probably for First Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, c. 1896.  142

44. S. S. Beman, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Highland Park, Illinois, 1904.  145

45. S. S. Beman, Fifth Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1904.  147

46. Leon Stanhope, interior, dome of Eighth Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1911.  148

47. Leon Stanhope, Eleventh Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1918.  149

48. Howard Hoppin and Frederick E. Field, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Providence, 1906-13.  150

49. McKim, Mead, and White, Rhode Island Statehouse, Providence, 1904.  151

50. Varian and Sterner, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Denver, 1903.  152

51. Interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Denver. 152

52. Typical newspaper announcement of church dedication. 153

53. Egerton Swartwout, Mary Baker Eddy Memorial, Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1917.  155

54. Leon Stanhope, First Church of Christ, Scientist, South Bend, Indiana, 1918.  165

55. George Mathews, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Kansas City, Missouri, 1898.  166

56. Interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Kansas City, Missouri.  166

57. Frederick Comstock, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Kansas City, Missouri, 1903.  167

58. M. Paul Martin, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Los Angeles, 1902. 168

59. Carl Werner, Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland, 1922. 169

60. Carl Werner, Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, San Francisco, 1913.  169

61. Elmer Grey, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Los Angeles, second edifice, 1911.  172

62. Elmer Grey, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Palo Alto, 1916.  173

63. Arthur B. Benton, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Riverside, California, 1900.  174

64. Irving Gill, First Church of Christ, Scientist, San Diego, 1905. 175

65. Irving Gill, First Church of Christ, Scientist, San Diego, second edifice, 1909.  175

66. Hugh Garden, Third Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1901.  176

67. Terra-cotta relief medallion, Third Church, Chicago.  177

68. Terra-cotta capital, Third Church, Chicago.  177

69. Hugh Garden, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Marshalltown, Iowa, 1903.  179

70. Howard Cheney, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Riverside, Illinois, 1921.  179

71. Gordon, Madden, and Kaelber, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Rochester, New York, 1916.  180

72. Gordon, Madden, and Kaelber, interior, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Rochester.  181

73. William Arthur Newman, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland, 1916.  183

74. William Arthur Newman, Seventh Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland, 1915.  183

75. William Gray Purcell, Third Church of Christ, Scientist, Portland, 1926.  184

76. Bernard Maybeck, Chapel at Principia College, Elsah, Illinois, 1932.  186

77. Eliel Saarinen, "Christian Science Church Project, Minneapolis," 1925-26.  188

78. Henry Gutterson, Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley, 1926.  189

79. Henry Gutterson, Sunday school addition for First Church of Christ, Scientist, Berkeley, 1928.  189

80. Henry Gutterson, Third Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland, 1942.  190

81. Frank Lloyd Wright, Christian Science Church Project #2, Bolinas, California, 1957.  190

82. Charles Callister, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Belvedere, California, 1952.  191

83. Edgar Woods, First Church of Christ, Scientist, Manchester, England, 1903.  201

84. Hendrik Berlage, First Church of Christ, Scientist, The Hague, 1925.  201

85. Harry Weese, Seventeenth Church of Christ, Scientist, Chicago, 1968.  202

86. Vernon Swaback, Third Church of Christ, Scientist, Tucson, Arizona, 1993.  203


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