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     How are Naturopathic Doctors Trained?
Naturopathic doctors registered in licenced provinces and states must complete four years of professional training at a recognized college of naturopathic medicine. Pre-admission requirements include three years of pre-medical studies at a university. Training includes basic, medical, and clinical science; diagnostics; naturopathic principals and therapeutics; and extensive clinical experience under the supervision of licenced naturopathic doctors. Graduates receive the title "N.D." or Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine.

Naturopathic practice is regulated under provincial law in British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Saskatchewan. The Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (Toronto), The National College of Naturopathic Medicine (Portland, OR), Bastyr University (Seattle, WA), and the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences (Scottsdale, AZ) are recognized by government-appointed naturopathic regulatory boards. Graduates must pass rigorous board examinations to be eligible to practice as a Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine.

Do Naturopathic Doctors Perform Examinations?
Naturopathic doctors take an extensive history and perform physical examinations using standard diagnostic instruments and laboratory tests. Additional information related to lifestyle - including diet, emotions, stress, exercise, and exposure to environmental hazards - may be requested.

Do Naturopathic Doctors Use Drugs or Surgery?
No.  do not use prescription drugs or surgery. They are extensively trained in the application of natural substances and conservative therapies to support and stimulate healing. In addition, doctors of Naturopathic Medicine are trained to recognize conditions which require conventional medical treatment such as surgery or prescription drugs. In these cases, patients are referred to the appropriate practitioners or to local hospitals.

What Conditions and Illnesses Do Naturopathic Doctors Commonly Treat?
People experiencing chronic or acute conditions can benefit from naturopathic treatment. Through assessing general health status and after diagnosing specific conditions, the naturopathic doctor will recommend a specific treatment regime.

How Do Naturopathic Doctors Function As Part Of Today's Health Care System?
Naturopathic Doctors are primary care providers trained to work in co-operation with all other health care practitioners. Frequently, naturopathic doctors are the first practitioners to see a patient for a given complaint.

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© 1999 Canadian Naturopathic Association/Association canadienne de naturopathie. All Rights reserved.
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