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Last Update: Saturday, November 18, 2000

MALE HOMOSEXUAL DISEASE RATES & SEXUAL PRACTICES
[all references cited in chronological order in paragraphs below]

 

Specific references to HIV/AIDS will be found in Myth # 11

1980 to 1989
1990 to 1994
1995 to 1999

2000 and above

  " Most Americans would be shocked to learn of the diseases and sexual practices that most homosexual men endure over a lifetime. "  Source:  Dr. Stanley Monteith, " The Gay Agenda,"  The Report, 1992. 

Prior to 1979

  In one study, 29% of homosexual men had engaged in orgies, and 60% of those had done so more than 5 times.  Source:  M.T. Saghir and E. Robins, Male and Female Homosexuality: A Comprehensive Investigation, (Baltimore:  Williams Wilkins, 1973), pp. 56-57.   

  Ingestion of human waste is a major route for contracting hepatitis A and the enteric parasites collectively known as Gay Bowel Syndrome.  An according to The New England Journal of Medicine homosexual men consumption of feces has also been implicated in the transmission of typhoid fever.  Source:  Dritz & Braff, " Sexually transmitted typhoid fever,"  The New England Journal of Medicine, 1977; vol.296: pp. 1359-1360.

  In 1975, 1,235 cases of amebiasis were reported in New York City. This represented 44.5% of the total number of cases nationwide. Although sexual orientation cannot be assessed from these statistics, a very significant portion of the cases occurring in native New Yorkers were probably within the homosexual community.  Source:  William DC, Felman YM, Marr JS, Shookhoff HB, " Sexually Transmitted Enteric Pathogens in Male Homosexual Population," New York State Journal of Medicine, 1977; November, pp. 2050-51. 

  35% of male homosexuals had seriously considered or attempted suicide and 31% of female homosexuals had seriously contemplated or attempted suicide. 70% of gays estimated that they had had sex only once with over half of their partners.  Source:  A.P. Bell and M.S. Wienberg, Homosexualities: A study of Diversity Among Men and Women ( New York: Simon & Schuster, 1978 ),p. 450, table 21.12.

  Two colleagues of Alfred Kinsey ( the modern day father of 'sexology') reported on their research in the 1940's on the lifetime experiences of male homosexual behaviors for sexual pleasure. The results are as follows: 83% engaged in oral penis sex, 68% in anal intercourse, 59% in rimming   (insert the tongue in or around the anus), 10% in urine sex or "golden showers" ( drinking or being splashed with urine), 22% in sadomasochistic sex ( torture or painful sex ), 61% engaged in public or orgy sex, and 31% had sexual relationship with minors. Source:  Gebhard & Johnson, The Kinsey Data, New York: Saunders, 1979.  

  In the largest survey of lifetime experiences of "gay" men ever conducted, 99% engaged in oral penis sex.  91% had anal intercourse. 83% engaged in "rimming". 22% enjoyed "fisting".  23% admitted to "golden showers".  Overall 76% admitted to public or group sex with 41% saying they had sex in public restrooms, 60% reported sex in gay bath houses.  There were positive testimonials with no apparent shame from those having sex with (animals) Labrador retrievers, cows and horses:   " My first sexual experience...was...with a cow - not bad but boys are better."  Most homosexuals have had some experience with oral-anal sex, sadomasochism, group orgies, bondage, or transvestism.  22% to 37% of homosexual men indulge in painful or violent sex and 4% would eat the feces of the sexual partner for gratification.  23% had sex with boys.  Contemporary gay writers have even suggested that there is something revolutionary about both promiscuity and public sex.  40% of homosexual men reported a past history of Gonorrhea and 69% of gay men report a history of Pubic Lice or "Crabs".  Scabies is reported by 22% of homosexual men.  Scabies are mites that cause itching lesions, nodules and encrustations on parts of the body where skin meets skin. Also 40% of male homosexuals and 39% of female homosexuals had either seriously contemplated or attempted suicide ( p.728 ).   Source:  Jay, K., and Young, A., The Gay Report, ( NY: Summit ), 1979. 

 Homosexual men also practice bestiality. One book reports that 20% of all homosexual males admitted to having sexual contact, or at least masturbating, with animals.  Source:  F. DuMas, Gay is Not Good (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1979).   

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1980 thru 1989

 A 1980 study of 200 homosexual men and 100 heterosexual men found " Entemoeba histolytica was isolated from 27% of the homosexual and 1% of the heterosexual men. Giardia lamblia was isolated from 13% of the homosexual and 3% of the heterosexual men."  Source:  Keystone JS, Keystone DL, Procter EM, " Intestinal parasitic infections in homosexual men: prevalence, symptoms and factors in transmission," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 1980; Vol. 123, pp. 512-14. 

 Homosexuals men have oral sex in almost all of their sexual contacts and ingest semen from about half of these. Also in this study of the average 110 sexual encounters, 68 were rectal per year. 70% of the gay men engaged in fecal activity as a result the annual rate of Hepatitis A in homosexual men was 22% whereas no heterosexual men acquired the virus.  Source:  Corey, L. and Holmes, K.K. "Sexual transmission of Hepatitis A in homosexual men," New England Journal of Medicine 1980: Vol. 302, pp. 435-38.  

 Sexual encounters that some homosexual men participate "in a dozen or more sexual transactions in the course of a single day or evening."  Source:  J. Marmor, " Clinical Aspects of Male Homosexuality," in Homosexual Behavior: A Modern Reappraisal, ed. J. Marmor ( New York: Basic Books, 1980), p. 270.   

 Gonorrhea is a common STD and perhaps the most common one found in homosexual men. Gonorrhea traditionally occurs on the genitals, but recently has appeared in the rectal region and in the throat.  Source: Judson FN, Penley KA, Robinson ME, et al. " Prevalence and Site Pathogen Studies of Neisseria Meningitides and Neisseria Gonorrhea Infection in Homosexual Men," American Journal of Epidemiology, 1980; Vol. 112, pp. 836-43. Rompalo A, " Sexually Transmitted Causes of Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Homosexual Men," Medical Clinics of North America, 1990; Vol. 244 No. 18, pp. 2060-64. 

 " the most powerful predictors of E. histolyica and G.Iambilia infection was homosexuality." Interestingly enough, the study went on to note that homosexuality represented a higher risk of those parasites... not because of its unique association with any sexual practices, but because only in homosexuals is there both a large reservoir of infection ( endemic level ) and a prevalent mode of transmission."  Source:  Phillips SC, Mildvan D, William DC, Gelb AM, White Mc, " Sexual Transmission of Enteric Protozoa and Heiminths in a Venereal-Disease-Clinic Population," The New England Journal of Medicine, 1981; Vol. No. 11, pp. 603-6. 

 Homosexual author Dennis Altman, in one of his books, noted the popularity of drugs among homosexuals: " What is disturbing is the degree to which much of the gay world rests on a sea of alcohol and drugs."  Source: Dennis Altman, " The Homosexualization of America, the Americanization of the Homosexual," ( NY: St. Martin's Press, 1982 ), p. 222. 

 90% of homosexually active men demonstrate chronic or recurrent viral infections with herpes virus, CMV, and Hepatitis B. Homosexuals also have a group of rare bowel disease, usually thought to be limited to the topics. These are generally lumped together under the designation " gay bowel syndrome."   Because many male homosexuals ingest fecal matter, it is estimated that up to 50% have contracted parasitic amebiasis, a disease of the colon caused by parasites. One public official found 40% of homosexual men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics had the problem.  Source:  David Ostrow et al., eds., Sexually Transmitted Disease in Homosexual Men ( New York: Plenum Medical Book Co., 1982 ), p. 204. 

 In 1983, the New York Times Magazine made the following statement about homosexual men: " Bizarre infections are so common in the homosexual community that one scientist, presenting a report on these occurrences...called his talk ' Manhattan: The Tropical Isle,' "  Source: Henig, " AIDS: A New Disease's Deadly Odyssey," New York Times Magazine, 6 February 1983. 

 Some studies show between 50 to 75% of homosexual men have or have had Hepatitis B.  Source:  J. Kassler, Gay Mens' Health ( New York: Harper and Row, 1983 ), p. 38. 

 The current consensus of researchers is that about 30% of homosexuals (both Male and female) are problem drinkers. Source:  C. Vourakis, "Homosexuals in Substance Abuse Treatment," in Substance Abuse: Pharmacological, Development and Clinical Perspectives, ed. C. Vourakis and D.S. Woolf ( New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1983 ), pp. 404-5.  

 In 1983 The New England Journal of Medicine reported, " at least 80% of homosexual men presenting to our sexually transmitted disease clinic with anorectial or intestinal symptoms were infected with one or more sexually transmissible anorectial or Enteric pathogens. Such infections were also found in 39% of homosexual men presenting to the clinic without intestinal symptoms."  Over the last month the researchers recorded that 90% of gay men had engaged in oral penis sex and 69% had anal intercourse.  Source:  Quinn TC, Stamm We, Goodell SE, Mkrtichian E, Benedetti J, Corey L, Shuffler Md, Homes KK, " The Polymicro Origin of Intestinal Infections in Homosexual Men," The New England Journal of Medicine, 1983; Vol. 309, pp. 576-82. 

 A U.S. study in 1983 found the proportion of homosexual men with intestinal parasites was 25%. Their sexual behavior over the past year was noted as follows:  99% practiced oral penis sex, 95% engaged in anal intercourse, 63% had done "rimming" and 34% practiced "fisting".    Source:  Jaffee, H., et al " National case-control study of Kaposi's sarcoma, " Annals Internal Medicine, 1983; Vol. 99, pp. 145-51.   

  In another study from Canada, a survey was done of lifetime sexual behaviors of homosexual men and any changes due to the AIDS crisis. Here are the results of that study:  99% engaged in oral penis sex, 98% had anal intercourse,  92% enjoyed "rimming" and 47% had done "fisting".  Source:  Schechter et al, "changes in sexual behavior and fears of AIDS," Lancet, 1984; vol.1: p. 1293.

 Homosexuals also carry slightly more than 50% of the cases of gonorrhea of the throat and of intestinal infections.  Source:  E. Rowe, Homosexual Politics ( CLA, 1984), p. 17. 

 One study suggested that homosexuals are 15 more likely to commit murder than non-homosexuals.  Source:  P. Cameron, " report on Homosexuality and Murder," Institute for the Scientific investigation of Sexuality ( 1984 ). 

 A 1985 study was published which examined 153 homosexual men. " Intestinal protozoa were found in 91 of the homosexual men, altogether 198 organisms were identified..."  Source:  Jokipil, L. et.al., " Frequency, Multiplicity and Repertoire of Intestinal Protozoa in Healthy Homosexual Men and in Patients with Gastrointestinal Symptoms," Annals of Clinical Research 1985; Vol. 17, pp. 57-59.    

 The Shigellosis pathogen is present in 10-20 % of homosexual men. Chlamydia affects 5-15% of homosexual men. Source:  T. C. Quinn, "Clinical Approach to Intestinal Infections in Homosexual Men," The Medical Clinics of North America 70, No. 3, 1986, pp. 615-21. 

 Tearing or ripping of the anal wall during anal sex is especially likely with "fisting" where the hand ( and sometimes the arm ) is inserted into the rectum. It is also common when "toys" are employed ( homosexual lingo for objects which are inserted into the rectum - bottles, carrots, even small animals.)  Source: Cecil Adams, " The Straight Dope," The Reader (Chicago), 3/28/86.

  In a 1986 survey of street youth in Seattle, 40% of the youth identified themselves as "gay", lesbian and bisexual.  Source:  Orion Center, Survey of Street Youth, (Seattle, WA: Orion Center,1986).  

 Dr. Chirtina M. Surawicz et al. noted homosexually active men have frequent intestinal and rectal symptoms resulting from sexually acquired gastrointestinal infections.  Source:  Surawicz CM, Goodell SE, Quinn TC, Roberts PL, Corey L, Holmes KK, Schuffler Md, Stamm WE, " Spectrum of Rectal Biopsy Abnormalities in Homosexual Men with Intestinal Symptoms," Gastroenterology, 1986; Vol. 91, pp. 651-59. 

 Hepatitis A (HAV) is present in approximately 40% of homosexual men, of which 5-7% will acquire the disease annually - at least 3 times the rate of the general population. At least 65% of homosexual men carry the disease Hepatitis B (HBV) or have a history of it, and at least 16% contract HBV annually.  Source:  E. B. Keeffe, " Clinical Approach to Viral Hepatitis in Homosexual Men," The Medical Clinics of North America 70, No.3 ( 1986 ); pp. 567-582. 

 One study of 113 patients found, " Campylobacter jejuni was the most common organism in the entire cohort, but Shigella species were most common in homosexual men." In 1987 eight physicians wrote Lancet noting, " it seems that the sexual practices of male homosexuals may facilitate colonization with this organism."  Source:  Aceti A, Attanasio R, Pennica A, Taliani G, Sebastiani A, Rezza G, Ippolito G, Perucci CA, "Campylobacter Pylori Infection in Homosexuals," [letter], Lancet, 1987; July 18, pp.154-55. 

Young "gay" males face particularly high risks for sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs).  In a study of 29 gay or bisexual male adolescents ages 15-19, almost 50% reported having a pervious STD.  The mean annual number of sexual partners for these young "gay" males was 7, with 1/3 of these being anonymous partners.  50% of respondents had heterosexual experiences during the previous year, averaging 5.6 different female partners each.  Source:  Gary Remafedi, " Adolescent Homosexuality: Psychosocial and Medical Implications,"  Pediatrics 79 (1987): pp. 331-337.

 In 1987 another study dealing with anal cancer in homosexual men, " Our study lends strong support to the hypothesis that homosexual behavior in men increases the risk of anal cancer: 21 of the 57 men with anal center (37%) reported that they were homosexual or bisexual, in contrast to only 1 of 64 controls."  Source:  Daling JR, Weiss NS, Hislop G, Maden C, Coates RJ, Sherman KJ, Ashley RL, Beagrie M, Ryan JA, Corey L, " Sexual Practices, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and the Incidence of Anal Cancer," New England Journal of Medicine, 1987; Vol.317 no.16, pp. 937-973. 

 According to B. Frank Polk, director of the John Hopkins University's component of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, " In gay men, 95% or more of the infections occur from receptive anal intercourse." The American Journal of Public Health reported that in one study of 240 men who became infected with AIDS, all but 4 had engaged in anal sex as a receptor. Lately, thanks to AIDS the word "promiscuity" has begun to acquire an unfavorable connotation among homosexuals, but not so long ago it was carried as a badge of honor, if not a defining condition of homosexuality itself. It is certainly a defining characteristic of AIDS suffers.  Source:  M. Fumento, " AIDS: Are Heterosexuals at Risk? " Commentary 84 ( November 1987 ) pp. 22-23.  

 Homosexual men are responsible for 50% of the America's cases of Syphilis and a " phenomenal incidence of venereal disease " generally.  Source:  Kate Leishman, " AIDS and Syphilis," The Atlantic Monthly, January 1988, pp. 20-21.  

 Hepatitis A and B can be sexually transmitted and homosexuals are at high risk for both.  Source:  Andrews H, Wyke J, Lane M, Clay J, Keighley MRB, Allan RN, " Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Disease among Male Patients Presenting with Proctisis," Gut, 1988; Vol. 29, pp. 332-35. 

In a Boston survey of 1,841 "gay" and bisexual men, 4 out of 10 men under 23 years of age reported at least one instance of anal intercourse without using a condom during the past 6 months.  Source:   John C. Gonsiorek, " Mental Health Issues of Gay and Lesbian Adolescents,"  Journal of Adolescent Health Care 9 (1988): pp. 114-122.

 Two studies of young homosexual men showed rates of Entamoeba histolytica, a intestinal parasite, at 20 to 29%, but only 50% were symptomatic.  Source:  Zenilman, J. " Sexually transmitted diseases in homosexual adolescents," Journal of Adolescents Health Care 9. 1988, p. 129. 

 Homosexual males are at least 30 times more likely to contract HIV. Anal intercourse, receptive and insertive, second only to oral copulation as the most practiced homosexual behavior, has been identified as especially conducive to HIV infection.  Source:  Coates, Randall A., et al., " risk Factors for HIV Infection in Males Sexual Contacts of Men with AIDS or an AIDS-related Condition,"  The American Journal of Epidemiology, 1988, Vol. 5, no. 4. 

 Another study found that amoebiasis, a parasitic disease, afflicts around 32% of homosexual men. Giardiasis, also a parasitic disease, afflicts 14% of homosexuals ( no heterosexuals in the study were found to have either parasites ). Gonorrhea afflicts 14% of homosexuals and 11% of homosexuals had anal warts.  Source:  L. Christopherson, T. Menne, A. Friis-Miller, J. Nielsen, B Hansted and J. Ohlenschloeger, " Sexually transmitted diseases in heterosexual, homosexual and bisexual males in Copenhagan,"  Danish Medical Bulletin (DYN), 1988, June; Vol. 35(3), pp. 285-288.  

 In 1988, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) canceled a condom study among homosexual youth and stated " In a place like L.A., in the gay community, one would really be talking about delaying the infection rather than preventing it."  Source: Allan Parachini, " AIDS-Condom Study Grant Cut Off by U.S.," Los Angles Times, August 10, 1988, sec. A.  

 Homosexuals have been the principal recipients and transmitters of the AIDS virus - 70% of all AIDS cases have occurred in homosexual men; in some states and in Europe, the percentages are even higher.  Source:  W. Heyward and J. Curran, " The Epidemiology of AIDS in the U.S.," Scientific American, October 1988, p. 78. 

 A 1989 study from Britain found that anorectal sepsis, a potentially toxic bacterial infection, is 4 times more common in homosexual men than in heterosexuals.  Source:  N.D. Carr, D. Mercey. and W.W. Slack, " Non-condylomatous, perianal disease in homosexual men," British Journal of Surgery (B34) , 1989 October; Vol. 76 (10), pp.1064-1066. 

 A Los Angeles study of 823 homosexual men found that during the previous 2 months 56% had consumed at least three alcoholic beverages in one day, 45% had smoked at least two cigarettes daily, 50% had smoked marijuana, 26% had used cocaine, and 32% had used " poppers."  Source:  L. Linn et al, " Recent Sexual Behaviors among Homosexual Men seeking Primary Medical Care," Archives of Internal Medicine 149 ( December 1989 ), p. 2688.   

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1990 Thru 1994   

 In 1990, a study appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association concluding that homosexuals should use condoms to protect against the transmission of Hepatitis B. The study stated; " These data suggest that HBV [Hepatitis B virus] is transmitted 8.6- fold more efficiently than HIV-1 among homosexual men studied..."  Source:  Kingsley LA, Rinaido CR, Lyter DW, Valdiserri RO, Belle SH, Ho M, " Sexual Transmission Efficiency of Hepatitis B and HIV Among Homosexual Men," Journal of the American Medical Association, 1990; Vol. 264, pp. 230-34.          

 It is estimated that at least 30% of homosexual males have Cytomegalovirus (CMV).  Source:  Smiley, I., & Eng-Shang, H., ( 1990 ), " Cytomagalovirus as a sexually transmitted infection, In KK Holmes, Pa Mardh, PF Sparling, & PJ Wienser (eds.), Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( 2nd, ed. ), pp. 415-423. 

 One of the most common diseases is amebiasis, which causes inflammation of the rectum and colon, resulting in severe diarrhea and cramps. It affects 25-40% of homosexual men. Amebasis is linked primarily to oral-anal contact. Also, Giardiasis, which affects 10-30% of homosexual men, is also linked to oral-anal contact. It affects the small intestine and produces diarrhea, bloating, cramps and nausea.  Source: D.I Abrams, " The Relationship Between Kaposi's Sarcoma and the Intestinal Parasites among Homosexual Males in the United States," Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 3, supplement 1 ( 1990 ); p. 545, table 1, 615 &622. 

 Dr. Steven Wexner of the Cleveland Clinic in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, chronicle the diseases in 1990, " Up to 55% of homosexual men with anorectal complaints have gonorrhea; 80% of the patients with syphilis are homosexuals. Chlamydia is found in 15% of a symptomatic homosexual men, and up to 1/3 of homosexuals have active anorectal herpes simplex virus. " a host of parasites, bacterial, viral, and protozoan are all rampant in the homosexual population."  Source:  Wexner, SD, " Sexually Transmitted Disease of the colon Rectum and Anus," Disease of the Colon and Rectum, 1990; Vol. 33, pp. 1048-62. 

 A study of 260 homosexual men seen by proctologists, 134 ( 51.5% ) had anal warts, the Human Papillomavirus. " Esophageal and gastrointestinal infection with CMV is an exceeding common finding among homosexual men with AIDS and in one autopsy series of AIDS patients was identified in 90% of cases."  Source:  Quinn, TC, & Stamm, WE, ( 1990 ), " Proctitis, proctoolitis, enteritis, and esophagitis in homosexual men. In KK Holmes, PA Mardh, PF Sparling, & PJ Wiesner ( eds ), Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( 2nd ed ), p. 674-675.

In a survey of "gay" men aged 18-25 in three medium-sized West Coast communities, 43% of the sample reported having engaged in unprotected anal intercourse during the previous 6 months.  Source:   Hays RB, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ, " High HIV risk-taking among young gay men," AIDS, 1990; vol. 4: pp. 901-907. 

 A report by the National Lesbian-Gay Health Foundation found that homosexuals are about 3 times as likely as heterosexuals to have alcohol or drug problems.  Source: " Gays are more prone to substance abuse," Insight, November 5, 1990.

In his book, "AIDS, The Unnecessary Epidemic", author Dr. Stanley Monteith describes the sexual practices of homosexual men as follows: 100% engaged in oral sex, that is mouth to penis.   93% had anal intercourse and the rectum is simply not made for that.  92% do something called "rimming"; this is sticking one's tongue in or around the anus which can not be done without digesting some form of feces.  29% either swallow or bath in urine called "golden showers".  47% do "fisting", which is sticking one's arm up the rectum for sexual pleasure and this tears the inner lining of the rectum.  8% actually play or eat feces.  11% take enemas for sexual pleasure.  37% are into painful sex or Sadomasochism (S&M).  88% seek public sex or participate in group sex (orgies).  24% prefer sex with boys rather than men.   Does this sound like a healthy lifestyle to you?   Source:   Stanley Monteith, MD., " Aids, The Unnecessary Epidemic," 1991.

 The British Co-operative Clinical Group noted that homosexual men acquired syphilis at a rate 10 times that of heterosexuals.  Source:  Hutchinson CM, Rompalo AM, Reichart MT, Hook EW, " Characteristics of Patients with Syphilis Attending Baltimore STD Clinics," Archives of Internal Medicine, 1991; Vol. 151, pp. 511-16. 

 In 1991, gonorrhea was associated with urethral discharge and homosexual men were found to have a 3.7 times higher rate in transmission than heterosexuals.  Source:  Vincelette J, Baril JG, Allard R, " Predictors of Chlamydia Infection and Gonorrhea Among Patients Seen by Private Practitioners," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 1991; Vol. 144 No.6, pp. 713-21. 

  Another Canadian study done over a three month period of time discovered the following sexual practices of homosexual men.  76% engaged in oral penis sex, 62% had anal intercourse and 34% enjoyed "rimming".  Source:  Myers Et al, AIDS: Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors in Toronto, AIDS Committee of Toronto, 1991.

In a small study of 29 "gay" and bisexual adolescents age 15-19 found that 58% regularly abuse drugs, 72% had consulted mental health professionals and 31% had had a previous psychiatric hospitalization.  Source:  Gary Remafedi, James Farrow and Robert Deisher, " Risk Factors for attempted Suicide in Gay and Bisexual Youth," Pediatrics 87, (June, 1991): pp. 869-875.

 59% of homosexual men have intestinal parasites like worms, flukes and ameba.  Source:  Biggar, R.J., " Low T-lymphocyte ratios in homosexual men," Journal of American Medicine Association, 1984; Vol. 251, pp. 1441-46. Wall Street Journal, 7/18/91, BI.

Condylomata, or anal warts, is caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) which are transmitted by anal intercourse and skin to skin contact. They affect 30-40% of homosexual men with the virus present in as many as 65%. Furthermore, a history of genital warts is strongly linked to anal cancer, the incidence of which is rapidly increasing among homosexual men.  Source: C.L. H Law et al., " Factors Associated with Clinical and Sub-clinical Anal HPV Infection in Homosexual Men," Genitourinary Medicine 67 ( 1991 ), p.94. J. Darling et al.," Sexual Practices, STDs and Incidence of Anal cancer," New England Journal of Medicine 317 ( 1987 ); pp. 973-77. 

 According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), homosexual men are a thousand times more likely to contract AIDS than the general heterosexual population.  Source: " The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report," U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of HIV/AIDS, January, 1992, p. 9. 

 A Boston study found that for the years 1985-1988, 80% of 481 homosexual men had used marijuana, 70% poppers, 60% cocaine, 30% amphetamines and 20% LSD.  Source:  G. R. Seage III et al., " The Relation Between Nitrite Inhalants, Unprotected Anal Intercourse and the Risk of Immunodeficiency Virus Infection," American Journal of Epidemiology 135 (January 1, 1992), p. 6, table 2. 

 A 1988-89 Canadian study found that 76.3% of 612 male homosexual subjects regularly used alcohol, 32.2% tobacco, and 45.6% at least one drug.  Source:  T. Myers et al., " HIV, Substance Use and Related Behavior of Gay and Bisexual Men: An Examination of the Talking Sex Project Cohort," British Journal of Addiction 87 (February 1992); p. 209. 

 A Dutch study calculated the probability of HIV infection per partner at 6.1% for those who practice homosexual anal intercourse without a condom. Although no reasonable person would board an airplane knowing there was one chance in seventeen or one chance in a hundred  that the plane would crash. But yet tens of thousands of homosexual men board that plane again, and again, with tragic consequences.  Source: J. B. F. de Wit al., " Safe Sexual Practices Not Reliably Maintained by homosexual Men," American Journal of Public Health 82 (April 1992); pp.615-16. 

 Homosexuals experience a wide range of bacterial infections, including gonorrhea, syphilis, shigella, and campylbacter. One study of homosexuals in New York city found that "...64.3% of the (homosexual) men reported a history of gonorrhea and/or syphilis.  Source:  Koblin BA, Morrison JM, Taylor PE, Stoneburner RL, Stevens CE, " Mortality Trends in a Cohort of homosexual Men in New York City, 1978-1988," American Journal of Epidemiology, 1992; Vol. 136 No. 6, pp. 646-56. 

 In the largest random survey of gays, 29% reported urine-sex. 66% reported having sex in public restrooms and 67% had sex in gay bath houses.0 Over that same time period of a month of sexual history, it was reported that 67% of gay men had oral penis sex, 100% engaged in anal intercourse, 89% enjoyed "rimming" and 63% practiced "fisting".  Source:  Beral, V., et al " Risk of Kaposi's sarcoma and sexual practices associated with fecal contact in homosexual or bisexual men with AIDS," Lancet, 1992; Vol. 339, pp. 632-635. 

 Another Boston study found that of 262 male homosexual subjects, 49% used drugs with sex, 9% weekly; 57% used alcohol with sex, 9% weekly.  Source:  J. McCusker et al., " Maintenance of Behavioral Chang in a Cohort of Homosexually Active Men," AIDS 6, no. 8 (1992), p. 864, table 1.  

 The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported that 29% of Hepatitis A cases in Denver, 66% in New York, 50% in San Francisco, 56% in Toronto, 42% in Montreal, and 26% in Melbourne in the first 6 months of 1991 were among gays.  Source: " CDC Hepatitis A among homosexual men- United States, Canada, and Australia ", Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1992; Vol. 41, pp. 155-64. 

 Sexually transmitted infections and complications in gay men include urethritis, anogenital conditions, oropharyngeal conditions, gastrointestinal disease, hepatitis, herpes, and HIV disease.  Source:  Bidwell RJ, " Sexual orientation and gender identity," In Friedman SN, Fisher M, Schomberg Sk (eds), " Comprehensive Adolescent Health Care," St. Louis, Mo. Quality Medical Publishing, 1992. 

 Also in 1992, three London STD clinics reported that almost half of their homosexual patients who knew they were infected with HIV had then contracted rectal gonorrhea.  Source:  Newell, A., et al, " Sexually transmitted diseases and anal papillomas," British Medical Journal, 1992, Vol. 305, pp. 1435-6. 

 Studies of young gay men consistently show high levels of infection. In  a sentinel study of STD clinics around the country, on average, 30% of young gay males were infected with HIV.  Source:  Wendall DA, et al., " Youth at risk: Sex, drugs and HIV,"  American Journal of Diseases of Children 146, 1992, p. 76. 

 A Harvard Medical Professor, Dr. William Haseltine, noted in 1993, the "changes in (homosexual) sexual behavior that have been reported to have occurred in some groups have proved, for the most part, to be transient. For example, bath houses and sex clubs in many cities have either reopened or were never closed.  Source:  "AIDS Prognosis," Washington Times, February 13, 1993, section C1.   

 Studies of STDs in gay men have repeatedly shown the highest rates among sexually active males in the youngest group, Young gay males often report using sexual experiences as a way to learn about being gay.  Source:  Remafedi, G., " Sexually transmitted diseases in young homosexual men," Sem Ped Infect Dis 4, (1993),p. 122.   

 The rectum is subject to rupture and tearing under the physical force of penile thrusting or the practice of "fisting" which involves the insertion of the hand or arm into the rectum. Ongoing anal intercourse often leads to the breakdown of normal rectal functions due to trauma to the anal sphincter muscle.  Source:  Miles, A.J., et al., " Effect of anal-recptive intercourse on the anorectal function," Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 86:3 ( March 1993 ), pp. 144-147. 

 The results of a 1991 study of homosexual men, ages 20-39, led researches of the Alan Guttmacher Institute to conclude: " Our results show that the threat of AIDS has not stopped (homosexual) men from engaging in unprotected sex and that this continued risk-taking does not appear to result from lack of awareness."  Source:  Tanfer,K., et al., " Condom Use Among U.S. men, 1991." Family Planning Perspectives, March/April 1993, Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 61-66. 

 The combined results of two studies revealed that 47% of 405 male homosexual subjects had a history of alcohol abuse and 51% had a history of drug abuse. 40% of male homosexual subjects had a history of major depressive disorder.  Source:  J.B.W. Williams et al., " Multidisciplinary Baseline Assessment of Homosexual Men with and Without HIV Infection: Part 2, Standardized Clinical Assessment of Current and Lifetime Psychopathology," Archives of General Psychiatry 48 ( February 1991 ); p. 127, table 2.  P. H. Rosenberger et al., " Psychopathology in HIV Infection: Lifetime and Current Assessment," Comprehensive Psychiatry 34 ( May/June 1993 ); p. 153, table 1; p. 154, table 2. 

 As of the end of June 30, 1993, 315,390 cases of AIDS have been reported. Of these, 191,642 were homosexual and bisexual men. Source:  "HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report," July 1993, Vol. 5, no. 2., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, pp. 6-12. 

 While AIDS is not solely a homosexual disease, the disease was confined almost exclusively to homosexuals (males) in the beginning years of the epidemic in the United States, and homosexuals continue to make up the majority of cases.  Source:  CDC Fax Information Service, Doc, #320201, July 21, 1993. 

 A cover story in the Los Angles Times Magazine featured a  number of young men who were HIV positive ( or would eventually become so ) who risk death in pursuit of the perfect orgasm.  Source:  Robert A. Jones, " Courting Death: Why a Generation of Young Gay Males Won't Play it Safe," Los Angles Times Magazine, July 25, 1993. 

 Herpes affects 10-30% of homosexuals, and as in the case of several other STDs, the numbers are increasing.  Source:  Surawicz et al., " Anal Dysplasia," p. 662 table 1., J. B. F. de Wit et al., " Increase in Unprotected Anogenitil Intercourse among Homosexual Men," American Journal of Public Health 83 ( October 1993 ); pp. 1451-53. 

 AIDS had claimed approximately 350,000 lives by the end of 1994 in the United States, 70% of those death ( 250,000 ) were men who had sex with men, and at least that many more homosexual are currently HIV-infected. Source:  Centers for Disease Control, " Projections of The Numbers of Persons Diagnosed with AIDS and the Number of Immuno-suppressed HIV-Infected Person - United States, 1992-1994.

Accumulating research shows alarming high HIV prevalence rates among young "gay" men and high rates of sexual risk-taking, suggesting that young "gay" men in their 20s' are forging a " second wave " of the AIDS epidemic. During the 1980s', the median age at HIV infection was older than 30 years.  It dropped to 25 years during the period from 1987-1991. From 1987 to 1991, one in every four newly infected individuals in the US was age 22 or under.  Source:  Rosenberg PS, Biggar RJ, Goedert JJ, " Declining age at HIV infection in the United States,"  New England Journal of Medicine 1994: vol. 330: pp.789-790.

A study of young male commercial sex workers (prostitutes) with a mean age of 20 found that 77% reported engaging in anal intercourse.  Of these, 23% stated neither they nor their customer(s) ever used condoms, and 39.5% said that condoms were only used some of the time.  Source:  Simon PM, Morse EV, Osofsky HJ et al., " HIV and young male street prostitutes: a brief report. The Journal of Adolescent 1994; vol. 17: pp. 193-197.      

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1995 to 1999

 Data from the national Multi-center AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), used to project overall risk of HIV infection, estimated that a 20-year-old male who has sex with men has a 20% chance of becoming infected before age 25. HIV prevalence estimates among men who sex with men range from 27% in Dallas and Houston, 28% in Denver, 30% in New York, 31% in Miami, and 41% in San Francisco.  Source:  Coates TJ, Faigle M, Stall RD, " Does HIV Prevention Work for Men Who Have Sex With Men? " Report for the Office of Technology Assessment, San Francisco, University of California, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, February 1995.  

 In 1995, a study of a community-wide outbreak of Hepatitis A concluded, "Hepatitis A infection among homosexual and bisexual men is associated with oral-anal and digital-rectal intercourse, as well as with increasing numbers of anonymous sex partners and group sex."  Source:  Henning KJ, Bell E, Braun J, Barker N, " A Community Wide Outbreak of Hepatitis A: Risk Factors for Infection among Homosexual and Bisexual Men," The American Journal of Medicine, 1995; Vol. 99, pp.132-36.

Young African-American "gay" men were found to have especially high HIV seroprevalence (21%). A study of "gay" men aged 18-24 in New York City found 9% HIV positive.  Source:   Dean L, Meyer I, " HIV prevalence and sexual behavior in a cohort of New York City gay men (age 18-24)," Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 1995; vol. 5: pp. 208-211.  

 According to the British Journal of Sexual Medicine, 50% of homosexuals have gonorrhea, more than 50 % have nonspecific urethritis and one in five have genital herpes. Although homosexuals make up a small percentage of the nation's population, they carry one-half of the country's syphilis and are 14 times more likely to have had the disease than heterosexual. Source:  David T. Moore, " Five Lies of the Century," What Can I say to a Gay Friend? (1995), p. 222. 

 Of particular concern is that HIV infection continues to be high among young homosexual men. Indeed, it is estimated that 7% of the homosexual and bisexual adolescent and young men ( ages 15-22 ) are infected with HIV. Source:  Haney, DQ. ( 1996, February 11 ), " AIDS on the rise in young homosexuals," Austin American Statesman, p. A16.  

A study of 516 young men who have sex with men in Los Angeles found 55.3% reporting unprotected anal intercourse in the last 6 months.  Source:  HIV Epidemiology Program, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Young Men's Survey: Los Angeles - August 1994 - January 1996. Paper presented to the Los Angeles County Adolescent HIV Consortium, Los Angeles, CA., 16 February 1996.

  The rectum was not designed for to accommodate the fist and those who do so can find themselves consigned to "leakage" for life and as result hepatitis C is 10 times more prevalent in homosexual men.  Source: Ndimbi et al, " Hepatitis C virus infection in a male homosexual cojort; risk factor analysis,"  Genitourin Medical, 1996; vol.72, pp. 213-16.

 More than 2,750 homosexual/bisexual male clients of an HIV testing clinic in Mexico City participated in a survey. For this population, more than one-third reported rectal bleeding, including 8 % who said they bleed in at last one of every 2 encounters. Rectal bleeding was associated lots of anal intercourse and the practice of "fisting". Those men who bled during the majority of their sexual contacts had an 80% higher risk of HIV infection. Men who had anal warts and bled during intercourse were 3.5 times more likely to be HIV infected.  Source:  Coplan, PM, Gortmaker,S., Hernandez-Avila, M., Spiegelman D., Uribe-Zuniga P., Mueller, NE, (1996), HIV infection in Mexico City; Rectal bleeding and anal warts as risk factors among men reporting sex with men. American Journal of Epidemiology 144 (9), pp. 817-827. 

  One 1982 study found that the anal cancer rate for homosexual men is 25 to 50 normal; a 1992 study found it may be a high as 84 times the norm.  Source:  Council on Scientific Affairs, "Health care needs of gay men and lesbian in the United States,"  Journal of American Medical Association; May 1, 1996, p. 1355.

 In the next issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, another study found the homosexual men are 24 times more common to have anal cancer than heterosexual men.  Source:  B.A. Koblin, N.A. Hessol, A.G. Zauber, P.E. Taylor, S.P. Buchbinder, M. H. Katz, and C.E. Stevens, " Increased incidence of cancer among homosexual men, New York City and San Francisco, 1978-1990," American Journal of Epidemiology, 1996 November 15; 144 (10); pp. 916-923.

  In the Oceania region of the world, 75,000 cumulative adult HIV infections have occurred in this region, with nearly a third in Australia and New Zealand. Most infections have occurred among homosexual men, and the gender ratio infected individuals is 7 to 1, indicating a lower degree of heterosexual transmission than that observed in other regions.  Source:  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), February 28, 1997, MMWR November 22, 1996 and HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 1996; end-year report. 

 In 1997, another study found in a cohort of several hundred young gay men ( ages 18-29 ) that the prevalence of Hepatitis b was 12.9% of those who were unvaccinated.  Source:  Seage, GR, III, Mayer, KH, Lenderking, WR, Wold, C, Gross, M, Goldstien, R, Cai, B, Heeren, T, Hingson, R, & Holmberg, S (1997), " HIV and Hepatitis B infection and risk behavior in young gay and bisexual men," Public Health Reports 112, pp. 158-167. 

 " men who engage in anal-receptive intercourse have a reported 25 to 50% greater incidence of anal carcinoma secondary to exposure to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)."  Source:  Lynch, MA, & Ferri, R, ( 1997 ), " Health needs of lesbian women and gay men: Providing quality care." 

 Homosexual men average somewhere between 10 and 110 different oral sex partners per year. Surveys indicate that about 90% of gays have engaged in rectal intercourse, and about two-thirds do it regularly.  Source:  Hays et al "Actual versus perceived HIV status," AIDS, 1997; Vol. 11, pp. 1495-1502.  Corey & Holmes, " Sexual transmission of Hepatitis A in homosexual men," New England Journal of Medicine, 1980, Vol. 302, pp. 435-438.

  As more people with AIDS survive longer, many are confronting yet another serious health problem: cancer.   Malignant tumors, particularly Kaposi's sarcoma and certain cancers of the lymph system, have been common among AIDS patients since the disease was first recognized in 1981.  But now the array of cancers is broadening in mysterious ways.  Once rare cancers are appearing more often.  And strange geographical patterns of certain cancers are emerging.  An emerging theory is that most AIDS-related cancers are somehow linked to viral infections. Dr. Richard Klausner, the director of the National Cancer Institute, said that at least 30% of people with AIDS also developedd cancer.   Studies have definitely linked five cancers with HIV infection: Kaposi's sarcoma (skin and internal organs); non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (lymph system); squamous cell cancer of the conjunctiva (eye); and in situ (early stage) carcinomas of the cervix and anus.  Studies have also suggested an increase in lung, lip, testicular and other cancers.   Most perplexing is that many HIV infected people are also infected with either hepatitis B or C (gay men and IV drug users), but often do not develop liver cancer.  Dr. Alexandra M. Levine, an AIDS and cancer expert at the University of Southern California, said she was "extremely worried that we will see more and more cancer" among HIV-infected patients.  It was the sudden appearance of the Kaposi's sarcoma cancer in large numbers of gay men in the New York city that led doctors to recognize what is now called AIDS. Until then, Kaposi's sarcoma had been rare, and few experts suspected that it was related to a virus.  Further studies suggested that infection with H.H.V.-8 (herpes) was needed before Kaposi's sarcoma developed.  Source:  Lawrence K. Altman, M.D., "Surviving with AIDS is one problem, cancer is yet another," The New York Times; May 6, 1997.  

  The latest news in the fight against AIDS is that some doctors are administering medication to prevent AIDS infection.  If those doctors are correct, some lives will be saved.  This, of course, is reason to celebrate.  Yet the history of the AIDS crisis suggests that there may also be reason for concern.  Ever since the connection was made between HIV infection and sexual activity, many doctors and health officials have agreed with gay-rights advocates that the use of condoms amounts to "safe sex". The correct term is really "safer sex."  Condoms don't eliminate the possibility of infection, they mostly reduce it.  The only truly safe options, as leaders of the religious right regularly point out, are monogamy and abstinence.  It has long been recognized that "safe sex" rhetoric is potentially disastrous, because it leads to inculcate a false sense of security: " If I use a condom, I'll be ok."   But if the public (gay men) perceives morning-after pills, together with condoms, as part of a new, improved "safe sex" package, the result may be reinforcement of the potentially dangerous idea, that any kind of sex with anybody at any time is indeed safe.  Source:  Bruce Bawer, "The morning after is too late for safe sex,"  The New York Times; June 15, 1997.   

 The AIDS epidemic exploded into the prison system, affecting many people who were already seropositive for HIV and creating an ideal medium in which the virus could spread - a setting in which same-sex encounters are common and drug use widespread. The 1994 report of about 5000 AIDS cases in state and federal prisons reflects an increase of 59% over the 1992-1993 data and describes the "highest concentration found anywhere in the US of persons already infected with HIV."  Moreover, experts agree that these numbers represent an underreporting of the problem.  AIDS is now the leading cause of death among black men between the ages of 25 to 44. But not all HIV-positive persons remain behind bars. In 1991, the revolving doors of the state correctional institutions in New York discharged 4000 of their 8000 HIV-infected inmates back into the community.  Source:  ( The Jossey-Bass Health Series ), by RL, Braithwaite, TM, Hammett, RM, Mayberry, " Prisons and AIDS: A Public Health Challenge,"  The New England Journal of Medicine, book review, July 24, 1997, Vol. 337, No. 4.   

 According to the New England of Journal of Medicine, there is a "Strong association between anal cancer and male homosexual contact." Source:  M. Frisch, B. Glimelius, A.J.C. van den Brule, J. Wohlfahrt, C.J.L.M. Meijer, J.M.M. Walboomers, S. Goldman, C. Svensson, Hans-Olov Adami, and M. Melbye, " Sexually transmitted infection as a cause of anal cancer," New England Journal of Medicine, 1997 November 6, vol. 337, no. 19, p. 1350 (9).  

 The New York Times reported in 1997 that a young male homosexual has about a 50% chance of getting HIV by middle age, that many homosexual men have abandoned "safe sex" in favor of unprotected anal sex, and that the incidence of gonorrhea rose 74% among homosexuals between 1993 to 1996. Source:  Sheryl Gay Stolberg, " Gay Culture Wieghs Sense and Sexuality," New York Times (Late edition, east coast), November 23, 1997, section 4, p.1. 

 The facts: enough gay men are once again having enough unsafe sex that rates of HIV infection, gonorrhea and syphilis are returning to frightening heights. A group of vocal gays calling itself  "Sex Panic", is advocating unsafe sex (barebacking), public sex and unconditional, unlimited promiscuity.  Source:  Larry Kramer, " Gay Culture, Redefined," New York Times, op ed, December 12, 1997. 

 " Male to male sexual contact accounts for more than 33% of all Adolescents AIDS cases and nearly 66% of cases among 20-24 year-olds. Beginning at age 20, men who have sex with other men represent the largest transmission category, highlighting the continued high risk of young gay and bisexual males for HIV infection."  Source:  Caitlin Ryan and Donna Futterman, " Lesbian & Gay Youth," Columbia University Press, New York, 1998.  

  The high proportion of MSM persons with syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia infection who also were infected with HIV is of particular concern.  Male homosexuals with STDs, including genital ulcer disease and nonuclerative STD, have a 2 to 5 times greater increase of HIV infection. Source:  Mertz KJ, Weiss JB, Webb RM, et al. "An investigation of genital ulcers in Jackson, Mississippi, with use of a multiplex polymerase chain reaction essay: high prevalence of chancroid and HIV,"  Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1998; Vol. 178: pp. 1060-1066.  Also, CDC, "HIV prevention through early detection and treatment of STDs - United States, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1998; Vol. 46 (no. RR-12).

 " (there is) out-of-control drug use undermining our (homosexual) community's health and well-being, and contributing to the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases."  Source:  Jose Zuniga, " Viagra Vexation," Windy City Times, May 28, 1998, p.14. 

 As of 1998, 54% of all AIDS cases in American were homosexual men and according CDC nearly 90% of these men acquired HIV through sexual activity with other men.  Source:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (1998, June), HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 10 (1). 

  It is estimated that half of all new HIV infections in the United States are among people under 25, and the (great) majority of young people are infected sexually.  Among 13-to 24-year-olds, 52% of all AIDS cases reported among males in 1997 were among young men who have sex with men (MSM).  Source:  CDC Fact Sheet: "Young People at Risk," Center for Disease Control & Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, July 24, 1998.

 " Outbreaks of Hepatitis A among men who have sex with men are a recurring problem in many large cities in the industrialized world." Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (1998, September 4), Hepatitis A vaccination of men who have sex with men - Atlanta, Georgia, 1996-1997, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 47 (34), pp. 708-11. 

 A survey of more than 2,300 Gay men and Lesbians in New York and 3 other cities found that 37% of the Gay men and 14% of the Lesbian reported having a non-HIV sexually transmitted infection.  Source:  Keen, L., (1998, October 9), " One -third Gay men surveyed have STD," The Washington Blade.

Among men, HHV-8 (Human herpesvirus 8) seropositivity was higher for those who reported homosexual behavior (18.2%).  HHV-8 positivity was a history of genital warts, likely reflecting previous sexual activity.   Source:  Jacobson LP, Bernstien KT, Jenkins, et al: " HHV-8 seroprevalence in an injecting drug user cohort [Abstract 200]. 6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infection, Chicago, Ill., Day 2, February 1, 1999.

  In another workshop at the 6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infection, a study of 479 HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) in Seattle were tested twice, once at baseline and again 12 months later.  The results were correlated with measures of sexual behavior, drug use, symptoms, and history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The baseline seroprevalence of HHV-8 was 16%.  Persons that were positive to the antibodies to herpes simplex virus-2 were from the following indicators:  a history of hepatitis A, greater than 5 sexual partners in the past six months and history of gonorrhea, which were all independently associated with HHV-8 seropositivity as a baseline.  The data indicated that the prevalence of HHV-8 seropositivity is high among HIV-negative MSM, certainly considerably higher than in the general population in the U.S.  The investigator's data are consistent with earlier reports that HHV-8 in MSM is likely to be sexually acquired.  Source:  Pauk J, Krone M, Chandran B, et al: " Risk factors for human herpes virus-8 seroprevalence in a cohort of HIV seronegative MSM [Abstract 197]," 6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Chicago, Ill., Day, February 1, 1999. 

  Still another workshop at the 6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections stated the following risk factors for HHV-8 seropositivity for homosexual men: 1.)   receptive anal intercourse. 2.)  insertive anilingus (rimming - sticking the tongue inside the anus). 3.)  insertive fisting (sticking the hand or arm up the rectum).  HHV-8 seroprevalence and seroincidence were both strongly associated with the number of male sex partners.  The relative hazard of developing KS (Kaposi sarcoma - a very deadly cancer) among (gay) men who seropositive for HHV-8 was 3.6 times greater compared to the HHV-8 seronegative group.  Source:  O'Brien TO, Kedes D, Gamen D, et al: " Concurrent epidemics of HHV-8 and HIV-1 in homosexual men [Abstract 198],"  6th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Chicago, Ill, Day 2: February 1, 1999.   

  The first large-scale study of 545 young, HIV-positive homosexual males infected in New York City has found that large numbers have become infected with the virus in the last two years. The results indicated that 12% of their sample of 15 to 22-year-old men who had sex with men (MSM) are infected with HIV. The study found that 46% of respondents reported that they had unprotected anal sex within the last 6 months. 18% of young African-American men and 16% of gay men of mixed race in the survey were HIV positive. The HIV infection rate among the young men who previously had a STD was 23%, while it was 10% among those without such a history.  Source:  Lynda Richardson, " Study Finds HIV infection id High for Young Gay Men,"  New York Times, February 16, 1999. 

 The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1976-1994 suggest that the prevalence of Hepatitis B is about 5 times the rate among homosexual men than among those who are exclusively heterosexual. Source: McQuillan, GM, Coleman, PJ, Kruszon-Moran, D., Moyer, LA, Lambert, SB, & Margolis, HS ( 1999 ), " Prevalence of Hepatitis B virus infection in the United States: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1976-1994, American Journal of Public Health, 89 (1), pp. 14-18. 

 One study found that rectal Gonorrhea infection among active homosexual men was 25% of participants. Also Gonorrhea of the throat is more prevalent among homosexual and bisexual men because of oral sex practices.  Source: Hook, EW III, & Handsfield, HH, ( 1999 ), " Gonoccal infections in the adult, In KK Holmes, PA Mardh, PF Sparling, SM Lemon, WE Stamm, P Plot, & JN Wasserhelt (eds), Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( 3rd ed. ), pp.451-466. 

 "More than 50% of all gay men are carriers of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).  Source:  Dr. Stephen E. Goldstone, Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Author of The Ins and Outs of Gay Sex: A Medical Handbook for Men ( Dell, 1999), New York, New York. Guest speaker, " Gay Men's Health Summit," workshop: Anal Sex, Common Anorectal Disorders and STDs: Finally Answers to Questions You've Carried Around for Too Long, Boulder, Colorado, August 1, 1999.

  A report from the CDC that summarizes the results of an analysis, which indicates that infectious syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM) in King County, Washington, increased to 46 cases during January - June 1999, and chlamydia and gonorrhea also increased among MSM attending public health clinics.  The proportion of cases in MSM increased from 21% ( 4 of 19) in 1997 to 85% (75 of 88) in 1998 and 1999.  67 had HIV and two others were HIV seropositive near the time syphilis was diagnosed.  In addition, cases of rectal gonococcal infection in males reported by providers outside the STD clinic increased from 6 cases in 1997 to 25 cases in 1998 and 13 cases during January-June 1999. The median age of the 427 MSM who received a diagnosis of gonorrhea or chlamydia infection in the STD Clinic from 1997 through June 1999 was 32.  The MSM who had syphilis averaged 12 sexual partners over the past 6 months, with on average 10 of the 12 were met anonymously at bathhouses, bars or clubs.  Source:  HH Handsfield, MD, WLH Whittington, S Desmon, C Celum, MD, B Krekler, MHA, STD Control Program, Public Health - Seattle and King County, Seattle, Washington Dept of Health. Div of SRD Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC, "Resurgent Bacterial STD Among MSM - King County, WA, 1997-1999," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, September 10, 1999; Vol. 48, No. 35.  

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2000 and Above

  Researches at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) surveyed nearly 2000 HIV-negative people to access their attitude about maintaining safer sex.  They recruited just under 700 out of the 2000 from gay bars who were men who have sex with men (MSM).  A major finding of this study concerned the relationship between reported attitude to HIV and reported risk behavior.  There was concordance between attitude and behavior among MSM: 71% of those who were less concerned about HIV reported receptive anal intercourse, compared with 43% of those who reported they did not feel less concerned.  Further, these results suggest a very high rate of risk-taking in MSM who report that they are willing to take more risks on account of current treatment options.  Source:  Lehman Js, Hecht FM, Wortley P, Lansky A, Stevens M, Fleming P., " Are at-risk populations less concerned about HIV infection in the HAART era? "  Program and abstracts of the 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections; Day 1 , January 30, 2000, San Francisco, Calf., Abstract 198.

  Paul Denning from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reviewed data that demonstrates a very disturbing trend in men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States.  There are over 500,000 MSM (homosexual men) with HIV infection reported through June 1999 - more than any other risk group.  HIV prevalence rates among cohorts of MSM in San Francisco and Seattle approach 10%, and there is abundant evidence that after years of declining incidence of STDs in MSM, rates have been increasing in many cities over the past 4 years.  Rates of rectal gonorrhea and chlamydia have essentially doubled in Seattle, Chicago, Portland and Washington, DC.  Is the stage being set for a resurgence of HIV transmission in MSM?  The preponderance of evidence says yes.  The increase in STDs reflects high-risk behavior, and this is also associated with increased HIV transmission rates.  It is likely that increases in HIV prevalence in those (gay men) populations will be seen.  HIV sentinel surveillance and reinvigorated prevention interventions among MSM are urgently needed.  Source:  Denning PH, " Is the stage being set for a resurgence in the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men? " Programs and abstracts of the 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, January 30th - February 2, 2000; San Francisco, Calf., Abstract 30S.

  The serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversions (STARHS) study of 96,000 clients seen at STD clinics in Baltimore, Miami, New Orleans, Houston, Denver and Los Angeles between 1991 and 1997 found that about 8% of "gay" men became infected each year, 17 times the rate found among heterosexuals.  Also, a survey of 3,492 "gay" men 15 to 22 years old in Baltimore, Dallas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Francisco and Seattle found that an average of 7% had contracted HIV.  STARHS testing revealed that 3% became newly infected each year.  Source:  Kavin Halperin, " STARHS TREK: How quickly is HIV Spreading? ", HIV PLUS, Feb,/Mar.2000, page 9.

  Any development of a viginal microbicide should take into consideration that it will also be used for anal intercourse, Dr. Alex Carballo-Dieguez, of Columbia University in New York City, told attendees at Microbicides 2000 this week.  Between 1995 and 1996, a total of 307 Latino men in New York City who reported having sex with men were interviewed.  80% identified themselves as gay and 30% were HIV-positive.  93% reported having receptive anal sex within the last year and half of these subjects said that they either did not use condoms or used them inconsistently.  Source:  Reuters Medical News, " High Acceptance Rate Anticipated for Anti-HIV Microbicide Among Gay Men," Alexandra, Virginia, March 16, 2000.  

 "A 1997 study of Massachusetts high-school students found that 46% of gay, lesbian and bisexual kids surveyed had attempted suicide in the last year."  Source:  Marc Peyser and Donatella Lorch, " High School Controversial," Newsweek, March 20, 2000, p. 56.

  Gay and bisexual men who are HIV infected are 3 times more likely to have unprotected sex after protease inhibitor therapy.   Dr Maureen Miller and colleagues at INSERM in Le-Kremlin-Becetre, France, studied 191 HIV-infected patients: of these, 81 were gay or bisexual men, 46 were heterosexual men and 64 were heterosexual women.  The study results are reported in the March 10th issue of AIDS, pp. 33-39.  Researches found that, "among gay or bisexual men, increases in unprotected sexual intercourse were observed, particularly with partners vulnerable to HIV transmission."  In an interview with Reuters Health, Dr. Miller said, "I think there is a risk that we may see another little epidemic of HIV, particularly among gay men."  As to reasons for this increase after therapy, Dr. Miller said that gay and bisexual men "may have felt safer, they may have felt healthier and felt like becoming sexually active again, maybe after strictly a period of oral sex."  Source:  Reuters Medical News, " HIV-Infected Gay Men on Protease Inhibitor Therapy Likely to have Unprotected Sex," Westport, Conn., April 4, 2000.  

"AIDS study: danger of oral sex high" The Los Angeles Times stated: "At least 8% of all cases of HIV infection result from oral sex according to the researchers form the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention" This study came from San Francisco studying the sexual practices of 122 gay and bi-sexual men who became HIV positive. Source: Cameron Wolf, "Is It Safe?," Gay Men want to know the truth about oral sex and HIV infection, Is sucking safe? Baltimore Alternative Newspaper, April 4, 2000, pp. 15-16.

  The prevalence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and squamous carcinoma is increasingly high among homosexual men, according to Dr. Stephen Goldstone, a general surgeon in New York City. Regular anal Pap testing or human papillomavirus (HPV) screening may be useful in this population, he says.  Dr. Goldstone reports that of the 200 homosexual men referred to him for surgical treatment during the past 2 years, 157 had condyloma, 4 had anal squamous intraepithelial lesions and 39 presented with other benign anorectal disorders.  Anal Pap testing of the 131 HIV-positive and 69 HIV-negative patients revealed high-grade squamous intraepithial lessions in 53%, acording to Dr. Goldstone.   The  doctor reported that among the (gay) men without gross evidence of condyloma, the prevalence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or squamous carcinoma was 44%.   Source:  Reuters Medical News, " Prevalence of Anal Cancer Increasing Among Homosexual Men," Westport, Conn., April 10, 2000.

" ' Alcohol and drugs is a major issue with (gay) youth,' said Rick Gioiso, Chase Brexton's Youth Outreach Coordinator.  GLBT (Gay, Lesbians, Bisexual and Transgender) youth are particularly at risk for alcohol abuse not only because of the importance of bars to queer culture but because all to often they aren't told how to use it responsibly.  Source: Culbertson, D.C., " youth shakes 'That Thing' at MAP,"  Baltimore Alternative Newspaper, April 18, 2000, vol.15, no.8, p. 4.

  "During the first weekend in May, New York City drag king troupe Backdoor Boys may face throngs of screaming girls at three exclusive performances in Baltimore. If you ask them, though, these fag-boys have something else in mind: getting into each others' pants."  In a Gay Life interview with this troupe comes some in creditable quotes: Q: What inspired you to get together as a drag crew?  A: ...So (we) got the idea when " I Want It that way " was the number one song of the year...It kept occurring to (us) that the song was really all about butt sex.  Q: What does your act consist of ? A: ..." Bad Boys," transforming the George Micheal - Andrew Ridgely tough guys thing into a cock-sucking faggot thing.  Q: What is the best material for packing?  A: ...The good ol' athletic sock never fails, but only when I'm not going to need to whip out my big dick on stage.  Don't ask A-Jack (nickname: Bone-Daddy, Like A.J. Mclean in Backstreet) about what he's got in his pants.  It's been banned New York City-wide, but somehow it keeps appearing on stage. On stage, when a dick is needed, just a leather harness and my dick of choice does fine.  Source:  Winnie McCroy, " Back Door Studs Want Baltimore 'That Way," Gay Life, April 27, 2000, page 17.

  Long-term HIV infection increases the incidence of anal cancer among homosexual men in Australia by 34 times according to Dr. Andrew Grulich, of the National Center in HIV Epidemiology in Sydney, Australia. The Australian study also found that lip cancer was increased by 2.5 times, seminoma by 2.7 times and Hodgkin's disease by 4 fold in HIV- infected "gay" men.   " The rates of anal cancer and HIV were higher in our study than US rates because 85% of the HIV-infected people in our study are gay men," said Dr. Grulich.  The study used Australian national data on HIV/AIDS reported between 1983 and 1999, which were linked to data on cancer reported between 1982 and 1998.  The researches also found high rates of hepatitis B and C among HIV-infected "gay" men in Australia.  Source:   Reuters Medical News, " HIV-Related Anal Cancer Incidence Increased in Long-Term Survivors,"  Bethesda, Md, May 16, 2000.

  During June-August 1998, the Tuberculosis (TB) Control Program of the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD) identified four cases of TB among young black men.  Three of these men also had HIV infection.  The four reported belonging to a social network of transgender persons ( i.e. persons who identify with or express a gender and/or sex different from their biologic sex).  The four patients were also identified as men who have sex with men (MSM). Some network members dressed as women and participated in dance and fashion competitions known as "balls."  These social networks include "houses" (i.e., a guild providing a social framework for young MSM and transgender persons) that exist in many large U.S. cities.  All four also were commercial sex workers (prostitutes).  An additional 22 TB patients were identified and linked to this cluster through interviews.  The median age was 24 years ( range: 20-47 years) and 22 (85%) were men. 16 case-patients (62%) were known to have HIV infection or AIDS when TB was diagnosed.  Because of the travel by some of the Baltimore case-patients, transmission of the outbreak strain was suspected in New York City (NYC).  Five of the seven TB patients identified in NYC were HIV-positive, and three have died.  Both outbreaks were related to one another.  The above information was a reprint from the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality weekly report, 2000; 49: pp. 317-320.  Source:  Journal of American Medical Association, " HIV-Related Tuberculosis in a Transgender Network- Baltimore, Maryland, and New York City Area, 1998-2000,"  May 17, 2000; vol. 283, no.19: pp. 2515-2516.   

  Gay men are having more unsafe sex despite the continuing threat of HIV, according to research.  A study published in the British Medical Journal is the first to report an increase in unsafe sex among gay men in England since the start of the HIV epidemic 20 years ago.  Over a period of 3 years, more than 6,500 homosexual men - aged 15 to 78 years - responded to a questionnaire about their sexual behavior.  The survey shows a significant increase in the reporting of unprotected anal intercourse, particularly among men under the age of 25.   In an accompanying editorial, Dr. Andrew Grulich, from the National Center in HIV Epidemiology, Sydney, Australia says a similar trend has been reported in Australia and the US.  Will Nutland, a health promotion expert with the HIV charity The Terrence Higgins Trust said..." In an ideal world we could distinctly reduce HIV transmission by all men using a condom every time they have sex, but that is not realistic health promotion strategy."  Gavin Hart, a spokesman for the National AIDS Trust, said "We are concerned if unsafe sex is increasing among gay men as they are still the group most at risk of (HIV) infection in the UK." ("gay" men account for about 60% of all HIV/AIDS cases in the UK)  Source:  BBC News Online: Health, "Gay men 'take more sexual risks'," Thursday, 1 June, 2000, 23:43 GMT 00:43 UK.

  Dr. Stephen J. Chanock of the National Cancer Institute in Gaithersburg, Maryland, and colleagues examined two groups of HIV-infected "gay" men searching for commonalty upon those susceptible to Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS) cancer.  The first cohort consisted of 119 white males who acquired HIV through sex with other men. Of these, 58 patients had KS and 61 did not.  The second cohort consisted of a similar group of 131 HIV-infected men, including 61 with KS and 70 without. (Kaposi's Sarcoma is a very rare and deadly form of cancer mostly found now in the "gay" male community.)  Source:   Reuters Medical News, " Fe-Gamma-RIHA May Play Role in Development of KS in HIV-Infected Patients,"  Westport, Conn., June 1, 2000.

  A study from Amsterdam suggests that one type of the Epstien-Barr virus (EBV) was present in 67% of "gay" men with HIV infection and 39% of "gay" men without HIV infection.  This compared to only 6% among heterosexual men.  The researchers noted " (this) supports the recently proposed idea that EBV type 2 infection is an epidemic among white homosexual men " and that it is sexually transmitted.  The researchers also found the EBV was more prevalent among men with greater numbers of partners.  Source:  The Washington Blade, " Another Herpes Virus Worry,"  June 2, 2000, p. 21. 

  Unprotected anal intercourse appears to be on the rise among homosexual men in the UK, particularly among younger "gay" men, according to survey results published in the June 3rd issue of the British Medical Journal.  Similar findings have been reported in the US.  In another study released in the same week, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia, found that a substantial proportion of men who have sex with men and inject drugs continue to engage in high-risk behaviors even after being diagnosed with AIDS.  The UK study found that 32% of men polled in 1996 reported having had unprotected anal intercourse during the previous year.  The rate increased to 36% in 1997 and 38% in 1998.  In each year of the survey, the rate of unsafe sex was highest in men younger than 25 years old.  In 1998 for example, they found that 43% of men younger than 25 reported having unprotected anal intercourse as compared with 30% of men older than 40.  The researchers surveyed men at "gay" bars, clubs,  saunas and medical clinics in London.  Over the 3-year period, they survey 6,671 "gay" men.  "Our results, combined with the reported increase in gonorrhea cases among gay men and the increasing prevalence of HIV infection (is troubling)..." the authors concluded.  The authors of the CDC survey was based on interviews with 513 men who have sex with men and who also inject drugs (MSM/IDU), who were all diagnosed with AIDS from 1996 to 1998.  The researchers found that 76% reported having sex with a man and 43% reported having sex with a woman during the previous 5 years.  Nearly half of these men said that they did not always wear a condom during sex, according to the report in the June 2nd issue of the Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report.  During the same period 34.1% of men reported using injected drugs.  Of these men, 45.1% said they had shared needles.  Source:  Merritt McKinney,  " Unprotected Sex May Be on Rise Among Homosexual Men,"  Reuters Medical News, Westport, Conn., June 2, 2000. 

  The director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Dr. Helene D. Gayle, MPH, warned that she's scared that new trends indicate an increase in the deadly disease (HIV/AIDS) that is believed to currently infect more than 850,000 Americans.  Dr. Gayle tells WebMD that she is concerned about trends that indicate AIDS rates could rise again after years of steady decline and stability - especially due to risky behavior among young (gay) men and women.  Dr. Gayle adds that as many as 5 million Americans are at risk of AIDS due to risky behavior.  Among the findings:  Data indicating that just over 2% of the population engage in risky behavior: unprotected sex or drug-related risks. In addition, the San Francisco Department of Public Health reported a striking increase in new HIV infections between 1997 and 1999.  The data show increases in infection of about 8% in 1998, the highest levels since 1991( just about all coming from the gay community). Dr. Gayle states " I'm scared when we see increases in rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). I'm scared when I see rates for gonorrhea among gay men increasing.  I'm scared when I see the rates of AIDS cases in San Francisco - which have been declining for six years - rise again. Dr. Gayle worries that a deadly combination of complacency over getting AIDS and the availability of the highly effective HIV treatments is behind a return to risky behaviors.  She cites new surveys showing that young men who have sex with men (MSM) are engaging in unprotected sex, believing that new drugs will reduce the risk of dying from AIDS. " We should not have to have another generation of gay men suffer though HIV infection as a right of passage," Dr.Gayle says. " Despite the dramatic benefits new treatments have had in extending the lives of individuals with HIV, the overall shortfalls of AIDS treatments are becoming increasingly apparent, and HIV infection and risky behaviors continue at levels far too high (in the homosexual community)."  Source:  Ed Susman, "AIDS could rise again in the U.S., Statistics show - Experts say even stable numbers can spell trouble,"  WebMD Medical News, Durban, South Africa, July 8, 2000.  

  An article appeared (7/12/00) in an issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) reports that researchers administered HIV-infection tests to 3,492 homosexual and bisexual men age 15 to 22.  The researchers found that, on average, 7% carry HIV - a number the report terms a "high prevalence" of the infection that produces AIDS.  The report concludes... " a significant and continuing HIV epidemic among [homosexual and bisexual males].  The results are alarming in light of the men's youth and compared with HIV prevalence for samples of primarily heterosexual youth in the United States," the report states.  John Hylton of the John Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health says the results are "incredibly significant...We're talking of men who are just becoming sexually active - men who are becoming acculturated into the gay social scene."  But the results also are disconcerting because the study's participants presumably have been exposed to "HIV/AIDS prevention educational initiatives while they were growing up" the study points out...nearly 1 in 10 (9.7%) of 22-year old participants tested positive for the virus.  None (0) of the 15-year-olds was found to be infected at the time of the testing, which extended from 1994 to 1998.  41% of those in the overall group stated they were engaging in unprotected sex, which heightens the risk of becoming infected.   Researchers called that fact "sobering," and led the scientists to declare:  "Considering their age, the high prevalence of recent unsafe sex, and the high HIV prevalence in [those tested], many of the HIV-negative men are likely to become HIV-infected in the near future." Because youths in the age groups studied are hard to reach...They scoured dance clubs, bars, businesses, bathhouses, health clubs, parks, beaches, and social organizations for [homosexuals]...The half-dozen more limited studies of younger men that were undertaken in the 1990s also found "high prevalence of HIV and sexual risk behaviors" among homosexual and bisexual (men)... The CDC's current records indicate that at least 61% of all HIV infections in the United States are homosexual or bisexual men.   Source:  August Gribbin, "Study finds rise in HIV among young gay men," The Washington Times, July 12, 2000.

  The lure of Ecstasy best known for powering raves is an 80-year-old illegal drug.  It's showing up outside clubs and bars, and advocates claim it even has therapeutic benefits.  Ecstasy - or "e" - came out of European clubs in (gay) resort locales such as Ibiza in the '80s, and peaked in popularity in the early 1990s, when raves began to infiltrate the night life of Europe's capitals.  In the U.S., ecstasy remained common only on the margins of society - in clubland, in gay America, in lower Manhattan (NY).  Source:   John Cloud and Romesh Ratnesar, "The Lure of Ecstasy," Time Magazine, July 17, 2000; vol. 156, no. 3. 

  Despite the availability of effective interventions, the rate of HIV transmission and disease among African Americans remains disproportionately high compared with whites, and is not declining significantly, according to a report by researches from the CDC.  The report states " Between 1988 and 1994, new AIDS diagnoses among African Americans gay and bisexual men increased by 49% in New York City, 48% in Los Angles and 53% in San Francisco. During the same time AIDS incidence among white gay and bisexual men decreased in all three cities."  Source:  Reuters Medical News, "HIV/AIDS Epidemic Among African Americans Continues Unabated,"  Westport, Conn., July 18, 2000. 

  Articles about the use of the party drug crystal meth by gay men have been grabbing more than their fair share of headlines...Counselors affiliated with Gay Men's Health Crisis (GMHC) in New York City," When you're talking about drug use (in the "gay" community), what do you mean?  Taking party drugs or smoking crack?  At a nightclub or a crackhouse? This isn't something that's clear cut or easily categorized," says Michele Fitzsimmons, outreach coordinator for the Lesbian AIDS Project.  One thing that's extremely common in the homosexual experience, however, is the gay and lesbian bars and clubs are often among the first places young queers feel comfortable with their sexuality. "look at the community.  It revolves so much around bars and clubs," says Fitzsimmons. "When you're coming out, your self-esteem might be shaky, and drugs or alcohol is a good way to calm down." Fitzsimmons acknowledges the wide range of experiences faces within the queer community by stating, "For some people, they can go through thousands of dollars a week (on drugs); for other people, it's a question of having their lights turned off or not having groceries."  Source:   Micheal Siezak, "Just Can't Get Enough,"  GayHealth.com; July 24, 2000.   

  The news about AIDS and gay men from the XIII International Conference is sobering.  David Holtgrave, director of the CDC HIV Prevention Division notes," The evidence continues to mount that gay men of all races remain at alarming risk for (HIV) infection. In fact, risk may again be increasing in some (gay) communities."  According to the Dutch researchers, HIV-negative gay men under 30 years old significantly increased unprotected anal intercourse over the last 8 years. They note a concurrent rise in anal gonorrhea rates not seen since the early 1980s. They also note that there was a surge in risky behavior after achieving undetectable viral loads among HIV-positive men, and this seems to happen with casual partners rather than steady relationships.  Canadian researcher Livonia Calzavara also notes increased incidence of new HIV infections over the '98-'99 period compared with '96-'97.  This increase is not only high among 20-29 year-olds, but there is also a dramatic rise in rates among 30-39 and 40-49 year-old gay and bisexual men. They received reports of safer-sex fatigue from gay men who have grown weary of the constant threat of disease.  Calzavara also notes, " there is also the belief that HIV is easily treated."  For HIV-negative men, reduced concern about HIV seems to be responsible for taking increased risks with causal partners.  Researcher Ron Stall presented data from the Urban Men's Health Study, which surveyed gay and bisexual men from households in four U.S. cities: San Francisco, New York, Los Angeles and Chicago.  The study found that 17% of gay men are currently infected.  Stall notes that, " (it) is particularly important and strategic time for gay men.  Failing to continue in our efforts in curbing the epidemic could find us again with rates of 50% or higher among gay men."   In summary, the epidemic continues to spread (in the gay community) despite CDC prevention efforts.  We have the same rates of infection (as Africa) among gay men right here in the United States.  Source:  Cameron Wolf, " Breaking the Silence: Gay men report 'safe-sex fatigue,' resulting in risky behavior,"  Baltimore Alternative, July 25, 2000; p.20. 

  Mounting evidence indicates that the concern about high-risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) is warranted.  The rates of new HIV infection in Calgary, Canada show that gay men are the highest risk group, according to an article in the Calgary Herald August 8.  The Alberta Health and Wellness report show that 36% of new HIV cases in Calgary were found among men who have sex with men, as reported in the Herald.   Part of the reason for high rates in Calgary may be that younger gays are not concerned about getting HIV/AIDS.  Gay rights activist Stephen Lock said the availability of medicine and the possibility of a cure may be behind the complacency, according to the Herald.  "The disease is becoming more manageable and there is a tendency to be switched off to its deadly effects," said Lock.  Source: Sarah Albert, " Gay Sex Leading Cause of New HIV Cases in Calgary,"  GayHealth.com; August 9, 2000.

  An advisory committee to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will consider changing federal regulations to allow most homosexual and bisexual men to donate blood.  Homosexual and bisexual men, who comprise the majority of Americans infected with HIV have been banned from donating blood for 15 years.  The proposal, backed by the American Association of Blood Banks, would allow donations by men who say they have not had sex with other men for at least a year and who pass 9 tests to detect the presence of HIV and other viruses, such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C.  In the early days of the AIDS epidemic, homosexuals who donated blood or blood plasma were responsible for infecting thousands of hemophiliacs and blood-transfusion recipients with HIV. Currently, the risk of HIV infection from a blood transfusion is calculated to be 1 in 800,000 screened units of blood.  Source:   Joyce Howard Price, "Panel mulls allowing gay men to give blood,"  The Washington Times, September 14, 2000. 

  A form of the herpes virus that causes an AIDS-related skin cancer appears to spead through kissing.   Herpes virus 8 was discovered 6 years ago and causes KS (Kaposi's sarcoma) skin cancer.  Some had suspected that the virus was transmitted through sexual intercourse, but new research from the University of Washington, reported by the New England Journal of Medicine, contradicts that idea.  Dr. John Pauk and others tested 39 gay men who were infected with the virus but did not have KS.  They found the virus in 30% of their saliva samples and mouth swabs, compared with only 1% of anal and genital samples.  When presented, the levels were also much higher in saliva than in semen.  The study also found that gay men who engaged in "deep kissing" - kissing that involves a lot of contact with salva - appeared to be at substantially higher risk of catching the virus.  30-50% of HIV-infected people who catch herpes virus 8 will eventually get KS.  Experts say that the virus is largely confined to homosexuals in the United States and that is why kissing has not yet spread herpes virus 8 among heterosexuals.  Source:  Associated Press, "AIDS-related virus is spead through kissing, study suggests: form of herpes causes deadly Kaposi's sarcoma,"  The Baltimore Sun, November 9, 2000.     

  Conclusion:

  Not only are homosexual men dying at young ages, but the amount of STDs, alcohol and drug abuse can only lead one to believe that the male homosexual lifestyle is anything but "gay".  In fact, if we are truly honest with ourselves, it is sad!  Be a true friend to a homosexual, help them escape the "gay" lifestyle before it is too late. Take the path less traveled!

Copyright © 2000 Tres Kerns / Citizens for Parents Rights. 
All rights reserved.

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