In order to implement the Sea Launch project,
an international joint venture Sea Launch was established.
The founding companies included Boeing Commercial Space
Company of US (40% of the authorized capital), S.P.Korolev
Rocket and Space Corporation Energia of Russia (25%), Kvaerner
Maritime a.s. of Norway (20%) and aerospace companies from
Ukraine: Production Association Yuzhmashzavod, M.K.Yangel
Design Bureau Yuzhnoye (15%). The role of the Sea Launch
Company within the project is to provide development and
operation management and funding.
Founders of Sea Launch joint venture:
Boeing Commercial Space Company (40% of
the authorized capital) is a subsidiary of Boeing company
headquartered at Seattle, Washington, USA.
Boeing company is the largest aerospace
company in the United States. It has to its credit aircraft
and space technology ranging from the first US rockets
and satellites and landing on the Moon to the Space Shuttle
flights and work on the International Space Station (ISS).
Major areas of Boeing's commercial activity are aircraft
construction, military and space technology, and information
Its role within the project is the prime integrator
of the entire project, and it is also responsible for
development and operation of the payload unit, management
and construction of the coastal complex at the Home Port
(Long Beach, USA), as well as conducting marketing and
working with customers.
S.P.Korolev RSC Energia joint-stock company,
Korolev, Moscow region, Russia (25% of authorized capital)
is a leading company in Russia in the development and operation
of rocket and space technology. Prime Russian organization
for construction of ISS.
S.P.Korolev RSC Energia has previous experience
in developing sea-based rockets. The first launch at sea
of a missile R-11FM, which was developed at this company,
was carried out on September 16, 1955 in White Sea from
a B-67 submarine floating on the surface.
Its role in the project is the prime integrator
of the rocket segment, the development of which involved
more than 30 Russian companies, as well as Ukrainian companies.
The corporation developed and mass-produces upper stage
Block DM-SL, provided support for the development of automatic
systems controlling pre-launch processing and launch,
a system for controlling the flight of the upper stage,
the measuring complex, systems for filling the upper stage
with high-boiling propellant components and gases, the
upper stage testing and mechanical ground support equipment,
and is also responsible for their operation.
Kvaerner stock company, Oslo, Norway (20%
of authorized capital) is the largest shipbuilding company
It develops new shipbuilding technologies
and off-shore oil drilling rigs. Its branch, Kvaerner
Maritime a.s., was responsible within the project for
the development of the maritime segment: modification
of an off-shore oil drilling rig into the launch platform,
and building of the assembly and command ship, while its
other branch, Barber Kvaerner company, is responsible
for their operation.
Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, Yuzhmashzavod Production
Association, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine (10% and 5% of authorized
capital, respectively) are the key aerospace organizations
They developed highly efficient ballistic
launch vehicles Tsiklon and Zenit, as well as spacecraft
for various applications. They produce launch vehicles,
satellites, communications and telecommunications equipment.
It was here that the high-performance strategic missiles
of the SS-18 and SS-24 type were developed.
Within the framework of the Sea Launch project they developed
and manufacture the first two stages for the integrated
launch vehicle Zenit-3SL, which constitute the environmentally
clean Zenit-2S launch vehicle.
Participating under a direct contract with the
Sea Launch Company is Design
Bureau of Transportation Engineering (KBTM) (Russia), which
has done a considerable amount of work developing and manufacturing
ILV fueling systems and ground support equipment and supports
the day-to-day operation of these systems.
The rocket segment systems and equipment were
installed on the vessels in accordance with the documentation
of the Central
Design Bureau of marine technology Rubin (Russia) at Kanonersky
shipyard at St.Petersburg and at Kvaerner-Vyborg-Shipyard at Vyborg.
Sea Launch System manufacturing and deployment
| Norway, Stavanger
- launch platform manufacturing
| Great Britain, Glasgow
|| - assembly and command ship manufacturing
| USA, Seattle
|| - payload unit manufacturing
| USA, Long Beach
|| - Home Port
| USA, California
- spacecraft manufacturing;
- production of propellant components, liquid oxygen and
| Russia, Vyborg
|| - launch platform outfitting
| Russia, St.Petersburg
|| - assembly and command ship outfitting
| Russia, Moscow and Moscow region
||- upper stage manufacturing;
- rocket segment systems and ground support equipment manufacturing;
- launch-vehicle and upper stage control systems and flight
- launch-vehicle engine manufacturing;
- upper stage flight control
| Russia, Angarsk
||- kerosene production
| Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk
||- LV stages manufacturing