Phonemes of the Mapuche Language

The present page depends on the Nhewenh Mapuche Language Spelling page.



A
As the A-sound in English 'cAr'. As in Spanish or German.

CH
As in English.

E
As the EA-sound in English 'bEAr'. As in Spanish or German.

F
As the English F-sound or the English V-sound. Voicing is irrelevant, so you may choose either one.

G
As the NG-sound in English `haNGover'. Occurs word-initially too.

I
As English `ee'. As in Spanish or German.

K
As in English, but not aspirated.??

L
As in English.

LD
Interdental l. Keep your tongue placed as in English `th' and say English `l'.

LH
As the LL-sound in the dialect of Madrid (If reading text with this latter spelling, be careful to never pronounce it as in Chilean Spanish). Occurs word-finally too.

M
As in English.

N
As in English.

ND
Interdental n. Keep your tongue placed as in English `th' and say English `n'.

NH
As the Spanish Ñ-sound. Occurs word-finally too.

O
As the O-sound in English 'fOr'. As in Spanish or German.

P
As in English, but not aspirated.??

Q
As the G-sound in Spanish 'laGarto' (If reading text with this latter spelling, be careful to never pronounce it as in English).

R
As in English. (Never as in Spanish or German)

SD
As the English TH-sound. Voicing is irrelevant, so you may choose either the sound in `faTHer' or the sound in `THink'.

SH
As the English SH-sound or the S-sound in English `leiSure'. Voicing is irrelevant, so you may choose either one.

T
As in English, but neither aspirated nor voiced.??

TD
Interdental t. Keep your tongue placed as in English `th' and say English `t'.

TR
As if it was written `chr', an English CH-sound followed by an English R-sound. (Not as an English TR-sound) Since T cannot occur at the end of a syllable, no confusion arises.

U
As English `oo'. As in Spanish or German.

V
Frequent in Russian (bI), it does not occur in English. Keep your lips placed as in English `ee' and say English `oo'. If unstressed, it is similar to the English schwa-sound. (If reading text with umlauted spelling, be careful not to pronounce it as in German)

W
At the beginning of a syllable, as in English. At the end of a syllable, as English `oo'.

Y
At the beginning of a syllable, as in English. At the end of a syllable, as English `ee'.

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