How to build a peg loom
and make rag rugs
|These easy to build
looms will enable you to make colourful rag rugs from
unwanted clothes or material.
to make the loom
What you will need
- A length of timber for the
base (such as couple of feet of two by three)
- A length of wooden doweling (perhaps
1/2 inch (~10mm) in diameter)
- A saw
- A drill and drill bits
- Some form of measure
How to make it
- Cut your base timber to be
slightly wider than your rugs will be (for
example 2 foot wide).
- Drill holes slightly wider
than your doweling, at intervals of between one
and two inches (~4 cm). The holes will need to be
about an inch (~3 cm) deep.
- Cut you doweling into pegs
about 3 or 4 inches long (~10 cm). The number of
pegs you make depends on how wide you wish to
make you rugs, how far apart you space them and
how much doweling you have made or acquired. If
you want a two foot (~60 cm) wide rug you will
need at least fifteen pegs.
- You will need to drill holes
through the pegs about 1 inch (~3cm) from an end
and large enough for your string to pass through.
How to make the rag rugs
What you will need
- Lots of string
- Rags (cut up your old clothes
or buy bags of 'un-saleable' clothes from charity
How to do it
- Cut or tear your material into
strips, no wider than about 2 inches (~5 cm).
- Thread lengths of string (just
over double the length you want your rug to be)
through each of the pegs and double it back to
tie it loosely to it other end.
- Take a length of rag and tie
it round the peg at the end of the loom (either
end) and weave the material in and out of the
pegs, when you get to the last peg simply come
back, weaving the other way. When your length of
material runs out simply tie another piece on to
it (a reef knot will hold it together best) and
carry on weaving.
- When the material is almost at
the top of the pegs tie of round one of the pegs.
- Working from either end of the
loom, lift each peg out of its hole and slide the
material off the peg and down onto the string,
replace each peg as you go.
- Repeat from step 3 until there
in no room left on your strings.
- Cut the strings at the peg end
of the rug, and tie the strings to stop the rug
from coming unraveled.
- Use materials of similar
thickness, or cut the thinner bits of material
into wider strips than the thick material. This
will make the rug look neater and more even.
- Keep all the knots on the same
side of the rug.