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The Soviet Union and Afghanistan, 1978-1989:

Documents from the Russian and East German Archives


1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981-1989

Frequently Used Abbreviations


1978

Period Title & Brief Description
05/31/1978 Political Letter from USSR Ambassador to Afghanistan A.
Puzanov to Soviet Foreign Ministry, “About the Domestic
Political Situation in the DRA,” 31 May 1978 (notes)
06/18/1978 Record of Conversation,  Soviet Ambassador A.M. Puzanov
and Taraki, 18 June 1978 
07/18/1978 Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to
Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki, 18 July 1978
10/13/1978 Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader Erich Honecker, 13
October 1978

 

1979

Period Title & Brief Description
01/07/1979 CPSU CC Politburo Decision on Afghanistan, 7 January 1979

Politburo giving assent to the distribution of  expenditures related to the dispatching of Soviet specialists, at the expense of the Soviet side, for work in the armed forces of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

03/17/1979 Transcript of Telephone Conversation Between Soviet Premier
Alexei Kosygin and Afghan Prime Minister Nur Mohammed
Tarki, 17 or 18 March 1979
03/  17-19  /1979 Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Discussions on Afghanistan,
17-19 March 1979

Re: Deterioration of Conditions in the DemocraticRepublic of
Afghanistan and Possible Responses From Our Side

03/18/1979 CPSU CC Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan, 18 March 1979

About certain measures of a political and organizational nature
regarding the sharpening of the situation in the Democratic Republic
of Afghanistan

03/20/1979 Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with
Taraki in Moscow, 20 March 1979
03/22/1979 Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Session on Afghanistan,  22
March 1979
03/22/1979 Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to
Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and Taraki, 22 March 1979
04/14/1979 Report of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group in
Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. L.N. Gorelov, with H. Amin, 14 April 1979 (excerpt)
05/24/1979 CPSU CC Politburo Decision and Instruction to Soviet
Ambassador in Afghanistan, 24 May 1979
06/09/1979 Record of Conversation Between Soviet Ambassador A.M.
Puzanov and Taraki, 9 June 1979
06/28/1979 Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report to CPSU CC
on the Situation in Afghanistan, 28 June 1979
07/10/1979 Record of Conversation Between Soviet Ambassador A.M.
Puzanov and Taraki, 10 July 1979
07/19-20/1979 Boris Ponomarev, Reports from Kabul, 19-20 July 1979
(excerpts)
07/21/1979

Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Afghanistan A.M. Puzanov and H. Amin, 21 July 1979

08/11/1979 Conversation of the chief of the Soviet military advisory group
in Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. Gorelov, with H. Amin,
11 August 1979
08/25/1979 Report from Soviet Deputy Defense Minister Army Gen. Ivan
Pavlovskii, during visit to Afghanistan, 25 August 1979
09/13/1979 CPSU CC Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan, 13 September
1979 (excerpts)
09/15/1979 CPSU CC Politburo Decision,15 September 1979, with report by Gromyko, Ustinov, and Tsvigun
09/15/1979 Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister  Gromyko to Soviet
Representatives in Kabul, 15 September 1979
09/16/1979 Information from CC CPSU to GDR leader E. Honecker, 16
September 1979
09/20/1979 Excerpt from transcript, CPSU CC Politburo meeting, 20
September 1979
09/27/1979 Excerpt from transcript, Meeting of Soviet Foreign Minister
Gromyko and Afghan Foreign Minister Shah-Valih,New York, 27 September 1979 (excerpt)
10/04/1979 Transcript of Brezhnev-Honecker summit in East Berlin, 4
October 1979 (excerpt on Iran and Afghanistan)
10/10/1979 Information of KGB USSR to CC CPSU International
Department,   10 October 1979
10/29/1979 Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report to CPSU CC,
29 October 1979
11/03/1979 Record of Conversation Between Soviet Ambassador Puzanov
and Amin, 3 November 1979
11/05/1979 Soviet Defense Minister Ustinov, Report to CPSU CC on
Mission to Afghanistan of Deputy Defense Minister Army-Gen.
I. G. Pavlovskii, 5 November 1979
12/06/1979 Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to
Afghanistan F.A. Tabeev and H. Amin, 6 December 1979
12/06/1979 Extract from CPSU CC Politburo Decision, 6 December 1979
12/ 27- 28 /1979 Andropov-Gromyko-Ustinov-Ponomarev Report on Events in
Afghanistan on 27-28 December 1979, dated 31 December 1979
12/ early /1979 Personal memorandum, Andropov to Brezhnev, n.d.  [early
December 1979]
 

1980

Period Title & Brief Description
01/04/1980 Meeting of Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko and Afghan
Foreign Minister Shah Mohammad Dost, 4 January 1980
01/05/1980 Andropov Report to CPSU CC on Talks with Afghan Leaders,
5 February 1980
01/17/1980 CC CPSU Politburo transcript, 17 January 1980 (excerpt)

General policy report on Afghanistan and Western policy regarding Afghanistan.

01/17/1980 CPSU CC Politburo decision, 17 January 1980

List of Resolutions from this meeting.

01/27/1980 CPSU CC Politburo Decision,28 January 1980, with Report by Gromyko-Andropov-Ustinov-Ponomarev, 27 January 1980

A hardliner Policy Outline regarding Afghanistan

02/05/1980 Andropov Report to CPSU CC on Talks with Afghan Leaders,
5 February 1980
02/07/1980 CC CPSU Politburo transcript, 7 February 1980 (excerpt)

About Andropov’s conversations with the Afghan leaders about certain issues of Soviet-Afghan cooperation

02/07/1980 CPSU CC Politburo Decisions on Afghanistan, 7 February 1980

Decisions following Y.V. Andropov’s discussions with the leaders of
Afghanistan concerning some aspects of Soviet-Afghani cooperation.

03/10/1980 CPSU CC Politburo Decision on Soviet Policy on Afghanistan,
10 March 1980, with report on Proposal by Fidel Castro to
Mediate between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and approved
letter from L.I. Brezhnev to Fidel Castro
05/08/1980 CPSU CC Politburo Decision, 8 May 1980, with Politburo
Commission Report, 6 May 1980, and Approved Cable to
Soviet Ambassador in Kabul
06/19/1980 CPSU CC Politburo decisions, 19 June 1980

Proposal for small scale Soviet Withdrawal to appease the neighbours

06/21/1980 CPSU CC Politburo decisions,19 June 1980

Informing Eric Honekcar of the limited withdrawal

06/23/1980 CC CPSU Plenum, 23 June 1980 (excerpt)
07/18/1980 Information from the CC CPSU to Erich Honecker, 18 July 1980
10/02/1980 Report by Soviet Defense Minister Ustinov to CPSU CC on
“Foreign Interference” in Afghanistan, 2 October 1980
 
 

1981-1989

 
Period Title & Brief Description
03/10/1983 CPSU CC Politburo transcript (excerpt), 10 March 1983
03/20/1986 CPSU CC Politburo Transcript (excerpt), 20 March 1986
11/13/1986 CPSU CC Politburo transcript (excerpt), 13 November 1986
01/ 23 - 24 / 1989 CPSU CC Politburo Decision of
24 January 1989, with attached report of 23 January 1989
05/13/1989 CPSU CC Politburo Decision, 13 May 1989, with report by Zaikov-Shevardnadze-Yazov-Kryuchkov
 
Frequently used abbreviations:

APRF 	= Archive of the President, Russian Federation
CC 	= Central Committee
Com. 	= Comrade
CPSU 	= Communist Party of the Soviet Union
DRA 	= Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
GKEHS 	= State Committee for Economic Cooperations
MFA 	= Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PDPA 	= People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan
SAPMO 	= Stiftung Archiv der Partaien und Massorganisationen der DDR im Bundesarchiv (Berlin)
TsKhSD 	= Center for the Storage of Contemporary Documentation, Moscow















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