Link to UC Davis School of Law Home Page Faculty Information

Carol S. Bruch

(530) 752-2535

A.B. Liberal Arts, Shimer College, 1960
J.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1972

Special Interests: Family Law, Private International Law

Career Highlights
Law Clerk, William. O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court, 1972;
UC Davis Academic Senate Distinguished Public Service Award, 1990;
U.S. Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on Private International Law, 1989 to present;
U.S. delegation to draft Inter-American Conventions, 1989;
Chair, UCD interdisciplinary doctoral program in Human Development since 1996.

    Carol Bruch's scholarship, expertise and activism in the field of family law and marital property have shaped state, federal and international law. Milestones in Bruch's career include her stint as the fourth woman in history to clerk at the Supreme Court and a 1976 friend-of-the-court brief in the famous Marvin vs. Marvin case that became the basis for California's nonmarital cohabitation law and in Marriage of Burgess, which liberalized the law concerning custodial parents' abilities to relocate with their children.
    Bruch has drafted or influenced legislation in several states affecting child support standards and marital property, custody and visitation rights. She has been an academic visitor at Canberra, Munich, Cologne, London, Cambridge, Basel, and Jerusalem, and lectures worldwide. Her current research concerns international child abduction by family members.
    "I have raised two children, first during my marriage and then as a single parent," Bruch said. "I see the working of the law through the eyes of someone who has had a different role from that of attorney and law professor. I feel I have a responsibility to people who otherwise might be voiceless in the legal or legislative arenas."


"International Family Law as the Century Turns," 33 Family Law Quarterly 607 (1999)

"Homer Angelo: A Remarkable Friend," 32 U.C. Davis Law Review 7 (1999) (in memoriam).

The Hague Child Abduction Convention: Past Accomplishments, Future Challenges, 1 European Journal of Law Reform (1998/1999); also (with minor differences) in Globalization of Child Law: The Role of the Hague Conventions (Sharon Dietrick & Paul Vlaardingerbroek eds., Kluwer 1999); shorter version in German at "Das Haager Kindesentführungs-übereinkommen: Erreichte Fortschritte, künftige Herausforderungen" 1 Deutsches und Europäisches FamilienRecht 40 (1999).

"Providing Justice for Family Law Litigants" in The Family Justice System 46 (Ludwig Salgo ed. 1997) (Collegium Budapest Workshop Series No.3)

The Relocation of Children and Custodial Parents: Public Policy, Past and Present, 30 Fam. L.Q. 245 (1996) (with J. Bowermaster).

Statutory Reform of Constitutional Doctrine: Fitting International Shoe to Family Law, 28 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1047 (1995).

The Central Authority's Role Under the Hague Child Abduction Convention: A Friend in Deed, 28 Fam. L.Q. 35 (1994).

Erfahrungen mit dem Haager Übereinkommen über die zivilrechtlichen Aspekte internationaler Kindesentführung, 40 Zeitschrift für das gesamte Familienrecht 745 (1993).

The Hague Convention on the Law Applicable to Succession to the Estates of Deceased Persons: Do Quasi-Community Property and Mandatory Survivorship Laws Need Protection? 56 L. & Contemp. Probs. 309 (1993).

When to Use and When to Avoid Mediation: An Attorney's Guide, 31 Fam. & Conciliation Cts. Rev. 101 (1993).

The 1989 Inter-American Convention on Support Obligations, 40 Am. J. Comp. L. 817 (1992).

Taking Ourselves Seriously Enough to be Cautious: A Response to Hugh McIsaac, 5 Int'l J. L. & Fam. 82 (1991); Reprinted at 30 Fam. & Conciliation Cts. Rev. 137 (1992).

Protecting the Rights of Spouses in Intact Marriages: The 1987 California Community Property Reform and Why It Was So Hard to Get, 1990 Wis. L. Rev. 731 (1990).

And How Are the Children? The Effects of Ideology and Mediation on Child Custody Law and Children's Well-Being in the United States, 2 Int'l J.L. & Fam. 106 (1988); Reprinted at 30 Fam. & Conciliation Cts. Rev. 112 (1992).

Codification of Conflicts Law: The Louisiana Draft, 35 Am. J. Comp. L. 255 (1987) (symposium introduction).

Forms of Exclusion in Child Custody Law, 7 Ethology & Sociobiology 339 (1986); Reprinted in Ostracism: A Social & Biological Phenomenon 191 (M. Gruter & R. Masters eds., 1986).

Factors Contributing to Postdivorce Poverty: Economic Consequences of Divorce, 84 Mich. Bar J. 472 (1984) (with N. Wikler).

Of Work, Family Wealth and Equality, 17 Fam. L. Q. 99 (1983).

Interstate Child Custody and Eicke: A Reply to Professor Coombs, 16 Fam. L. Q. 277 (1982).

Management Powers and Duties Under California's Community Property Laws: Recommendations for Reform, 34 Hastings L. J. 227 (1982).

The Definition and Division of Marital Property in California: Toward Parity and Simplicity, 33 Hastings L. J. 769 (1982).

Parenting At and After Divorce: A Search for New Models, 79 Mich. L. Rev. 708 (1981) (essay book review).

Nonmarital Cohabitation in the Common Law Countries: A Study in Judicial-Legislative Interaction, 29 Am. J. Comp. L. 217 (1981).

Brigitte M. Bodenheimer, September 27, 1912 - January 7, 1981, 15 Fam. L. Q. vii (Winter 1981) (in memoriam).

Neuere Entwicklungen des Ehescheidungsrechts: Das Beispiel Kalifornien, 33 Das Standesamt 9 (1980).

April 6, 1979: To Professor Brigitte M. Bodenheimer, Emerita  --  In Tribute, 12 U.C. Davis L. Rev. ix (Fall 1979).

Making Visitation Work: Dual Parenting Orders, 1 Fam. Advoc. 22 (Summer 1978).

The Effect of Informal Marital Separations on Personal Income Taxation, The Tax Advisor 470 (August 1978).

The Legal Import of Informal Marital Separations: A Survey of California Law and a Call for Change, 65 Cal. L. Rev. 1015 (1977).

Property Rights of De Facto Spouses, Including Thoughts on the Value of Homemakers' Services, 10 Fam. L. Q. 101 (1976); Reprinted at 3 Community Prop. J. 211 (1976); reprinted in Fathers, Husbands and Lovers 280 (S. Katz & M. Inker eds. 1979).

At the Intersection of Jurisdiction and Choice of Law, 59 Cal. L. Rev. 1514 (1971).

The Hague Child Abduction Convention: Past Accomplishments, Future Challenges, in The Globalization of Child Law (Paul Vlaardingerbroek ed., Kluwer) (forthcoming).

Providing Justice for Family Law Litigants in The Family Justice System 46 (Ludwig Salgo ed. 1997) (Collegium Budapest Workshop Series No. 3).

Family Support Across Frontiers -- New Ideas from the Americas, in Families Across Frontiers (Martinus Nijhoff (Kluwer), forthcoming 1996).

Les conflicts en matière d' enlèvements d'enfants aux États Unis, in L'enfant et les Conventions internationales 319 (Presses universitaires de Lyon 1996); also published at 28 Enfance majuscule 27 (Avril-Mai 1996).

How to Draft a Successful Family Law Convention: Lessons from the Child Abduction Conventions, in Children on the Move 47 (J. Doek, H. van Loon & P. Vlaardingerbroek eds., Martinus Nijhoff 1996).

The Economic Consequences of Divorce as Affected by Child and Spousal Support Award Levels, 36 Juv. & Fam. Ct. J. 5 (1985) (with N. Wikler).

Neue Ansätze im Internationalen Privatrecht: Das interlokale und internationale elterliche Sorgerecht, in Internationales Privatrecht, Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht 405 (W. Holl & U. Klinke eds., Carl Heymanns 1985).

Litigation of Family Disputes in the United States, in Die Familiengerichtsbarkeit 381 (Institut für Vergleichendes Zivilrecht, Tokyo 1984); Reprinted in Japanese at 27:2 Hikakuhogaku 143 (January 1994).

Child Abduction and the English Courts, in Frontiers of Family Law and Policy, 62 (A. Bainham & D. Pearl eds., Chancery 1993); id. 52 (2d ed., Wylie 1995); reprinted as "O rapto civil de criancas e os tribunais ingleses," 93.4 Infância e Juventude 63 (Outubro-Dezembro 1993).

International Child Abduction Cases: Experience under the 1980 Hague Convention, in Parenthood in Modern Society 353, (J. Eekelaar & P. Sarcevic eds., Martinus Nijhoff 1993); Reprinted as Casos de rapto internacional de criancas: experiência ao abrigo da Convencão da Haia de 1980, 93.3 Infância e Juventude 35 (Julho-Setembro 1993); Revised, updated and reprinted in North American Symposium on International Child Abduction: How to Handle International Child Abduction Cases Panel IV, 30 pp. (P. Hoff ed., ABA Center on Children and the Law 1993) (publicly marketed symposium compilation).

Cohabitation in the Common Law Countries A Decade After Marvin: Settled in or Moving Ahead? in Proceedings, University of Rome (II) Conference of December 1987 on De Facto Marriage (1988); Significantly rewritten, expanded, up-dated and published under the same title at 22 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 717 (1989); Thereafter reprinted in The International Library of Essays in Law and Legal Theory, 1 Family Law: Cohabitation, Marriage, and Divorce (H. Krause ed. 1992).

One-Parent Families in the United States: Changing Laws and Economics, in 1 Family, State & Individual Economic Security 265 (J. Eekelaar & M.-T. Meulders, eds.) (Story-Scientia, 1987).

Problems Inherent in Designing Child Support Guidelines, in Essentials of Child Support Guidelines Development: Economic Issues and Policy Considerations 41 (U.S. Office of Child Support Enforcement 1987).

Developing Normative Standards for Child Support Payments: A Critique of Current Practice, in The Parental Child Support Obligation: Research, Practice and Social Policy 119 (J. Cassetty ed., 1982); Expanded and reprinted as "Developing Standards for Child Support Payments: A Critique of Current Practice," 16 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 49 (1982); reprinted at 1 ABA, Improving Child Support Practice I-1 (1986).

Support Awards and Enforcement in National Judicial Education Program, Judicial Discretion: Does Sex Make a Difference? (NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund 1981) (with L. Weitzman & N. Wikler).

Other Publications
Brief as friend of the California Supreme Court in In re Marriage of Burgess, No. SO46116 (1995) (with J. Bowermaster) (at issue was the standard for determining when a child may relocate with its custodial parent).

Introduction, University of California, Davis, Faculty in Public Service: Making a Difference 3 (1993).

Written testimony, U.S. Commission on Interstate Child Support Hearing on Conflict of Laws Issues, November 29, 1990; reprinted at U.S. Commission on Interstate Child Support, National Leadership Conference 258 (program materials) (April 1991).

In Memoriam: Edgar Bodenheimer, 1908-1991, 39 Am. J. Comp. L. 657 (1991)(with D. Dykstra, F. Juenger and J. Oakley).

Written testimony, Pennsylvania Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on Mandatory Mediation of Child Custody and Family Support Disputes, August 19, 1989.

Written testimony, N.Y. Assembly Standing Committee on Judiciary Interim Hearings on Mandatory Mediation of Child Custody and Child Support Disputes, November 7, 1985.

Written testimony, California Assembly Judiciary Committee Interim Hearings on Child Support, March 18, 1987.

Brigitte Marianne Bodenheimer, in University of California, In Memoriam 41 (1985)(with D. Dykstra, F. Feeney, & F. Juenger).

Trial Court Discretion: Justice Attained or Justice Denied? 8 Cal. St. Bar Fam. L. News (1985).

Book Review: American Family Law in Transition, 17 Fam. L.Q. 89 (1983).

Background study for the California Law Revision Commission, The Definition and Division of Marital Property in California: Toward Parity and Simplicity (1981); Reprinted with minor revisions under the same title at 33 Hastings L.J. (1981).

Family Law--Law Revision Commission Studies Community Property Management Provisions, 11 CTLA Forum 120 (1981).

Background study for the California Law Revision Commission, The Definition and Division of Marital Property in California: Toward Parity and Simplicity (1981); reprint with minor revisions, 33 Hastings L.J.

Background study for the California Law Revision Commission, Management Powers and Duties under California's Community Property Laws (1980); Reprinted with minor revisions, 34 Hastings L.J.

Principal author, UCD & Women's Needs: 1978 and the Future(report of the Chancellor's Ad Hoc Committee to Review the Performance of the Women's Resources and Research Center).

Brief as friend of the California Supreme Court in In re Marriage of Morrison, 20 Cal. 3d 437, 573 P.2d 41, 143 Cal. Rptr. 139 (1978) (Pt. 1) (at issue was the test for termination of spousal support following a lengthy marriage).

Brief as friend of the California Supreme Court in Marvin v. Marvin, 18 Cal. 3d 660, 557 P.2d 106, 134 Cal. Rptr. 815 (1976) (later revised, expanded, footnoted and published as "Property Rights of De Facto Spouses" in Fam. L.Q.; thereafter reprinted).

Cases and Materials on Children and the Law (1975); Revised 1976.