Hi! Welcome to Athens/3116.
Canning, Nova Scotia, Canada

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This site is always under construction.

Nova Scotia stuff

This site, Athens/3116, was "staked out" 7 February 1996,
and the first page file was uploaded to this site
at 3:35pm AST on 8 February 1996.

At that time, GeoCities had about 28,000 homesteaders.
On 18 March 1998, GeoCities had 1,700,000 homesteaders.

As of April 1998, this website
is among the oldest 2% of GeoCities homesteads.

Formal education is still organised according to subject categories that were set in stone in the nineteenth century...

Schools thus have entrenched hierarchies of knowledge and power, as well as stringent control over the content and form of communication within the school, and educational practices which compartmentalise the universe of knowledge.

Libraries display many of these same characteristics. Like schools, they display an essentially one-way flow of information.

The roles of the participants in cyberspace are much more fluid than in either schools or libraries. Most are both seekers of information and actual or potential sources of information. As seekers of information we are not bound by pre-defined hierarchies, they are free to search out and organise information according to personal and idiosyncratic schema...

Engaged in Triumphant Retreat? Public Libraries and the Social Impact of the Internet, by Jennifer Cram, Manager, Library Services, Queensland Department of Education, Brisbane, Australia.

blue ball Marconi's Three Transatlantic Radio Stations in Cape Breton

blue ball Nova Scotia's Electronic Attic
Specializing in on-line information about Nova Scotia

blue ball Nova Scotia's Electronic Garrett
Another website specializing in on-line information about Nova Scotia

blue ball 1999 was the 150th anniversary of the 1849 Nova Scotia pony express
Index to Online Information about the 1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express
1849, The Expresses, The British Colonist, 141 kilobytes. Reproduction (image) of the article in The British Colonist, 10th March 1849, describing the second run of the Nova Scotia Pony Express.
1849, Expresses, The Acadian Recorder, 70 kilobytes. Reproduction (image) of the article in The Acadian Recorder, 10th March 1849, describing the second run, on March 8th, of the Nova Scotia Pony Express.

The two items above, which appeared on the same day
in different newspapers, are the earliest known reports
of the high-speed courier service now known as
the Nova Scotia Pony Express.
(Written 31 March 1999)

(Written 12 May 1999)
Yesterday, a brief report (next below) dated twelve days earlier
was found in the Nova Scotia Public Archives.

blue ball 1849, Express, the Novascotian, 96 kilobytes. Reproduction (image) of the item in the Halifax newspaper Novascotian, 26 February 1849, describing the planned Nova Scotia Pony Express.

blue ball The Search Warrant, 22 September 2000

blue ball Bay of Fundy, Satellite View
Image copyrighted by World View Digital Imagery Ltd. Falmouth, Nova Scotia

blue ball Tides at Burntcoat Head, Hants County, Nova Scotia.
The world's highest tides occur in the Bay of Fundy, between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and the highest tides in the Bay of Fundy occur at Burntcoat Head.

Facts about tides
Tide measurements
Mean Large Tides And Extreme TIdes At Selected Ports

Official Tide Gauge Installed at Burntcoat Head

David Flater has written XTide: Harmonic tide clock and tide predictor which you can use to find accurate predictions of future tidal conditions at Burntcoat Head and elsewhere.

blue ball Minas Tides - Eighth Wonder of the World one of Ed Coleman's columns
spacer 75 pixels

Note: On 8 February 1997, at Burntcoat Head, between the high tide at 2:07 pm and the low at 8:29 pm, the tidal range was 16.65 metres (54 feet 7 inches)! Around 5 pm the tide was falling at the rate of one foot every four minutes. Earlier that day, around 11 am, the tide was rising at the rate of a foot every four minutes. This extreme tidal range occurred because the Moon was about as close to the Earth as it ever gets – the Moon was at perigee at 5pm on 7 February with a Moon to Earth distance of 356,847 km, the shortest distance of any perigee during 1997. At the same time, the Earth to Sun distance was close to a minimum, with the Earth having passed perihelion on 1 January.
Similar tidal ranges occurred in 1998, on 28 February, 1 March, and 30 March.

blue ball Spring Equinox dates and times of day, for a thousand years
spacer 75 pixels

blue ball Photograph of my workplace at 3 am, 10 January 1997

blue ball 1997 Jan 07, Home Invasion Robbery Appeal Decision
Nova Scotia Court of Appeal, Decision on: Her Majesty the Queen, Appellant, and Scott Alexander Fraser, Respondent.

spacer 75 pixels

blue ball 1996 Sep 05, Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
Decision on the Appeal by Gail Brenda Roose, and Cross-Appeal by Douglas Hollett and the Attorney General of Nova Scotia.

spacer 75 pixels

"Clippings" about the
The Westray Coal Mine Disaster

Westray Investigation Was Botched, Former Prosecutor Argues in Memo
The Ottawa Citizen 17 December 1998
Charges were laid after the Westray mine explosion without a thorough investigation, and police and prosecutors were wrong to target two mine managers for blame, internal Crown documents have revealed. The damning conclusions are contained in a report prepared more than a year ago by Crown attorney Robert Hagell, who asked to be reassigned after concluding the prosecution was unfair and doomed to failure...

Crown Stays Charges Against Westray Managers 30 June 1998
Relatives of the victims of the Westray disaster erupted in tears when Nova Scotia prosecutors announced they were staying charges of manslaughter and criminal negligence against two Westray mine managers ... The announcement was delayed until hours before a major holiday...

Mine Safety Award Rescinded
The Montreal Gazette 5 May 1998
Company officials fudged accident statistics ... Management was derelict in its duty...

Official Fired Over Westray by Dean Jobb
The Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 21 April 1998
Fourth government employee to lose his job in the aftermath of the Westray disaster...

More Workplace Inspectors Needed by Dean Jobb
The Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 17 April 1998
Plummer Report raises concerns about inadequacies in inspection and enforcement ... Government should hire more workplace inspectors and improve training ... Labour Minister promises sufficient resources and staff to deal with all the safety concerns...

Westray Monument Powerful Reminder by Peter Duffy
The Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 19, 21 February 1998
This spot is half-way between where they found most of the bodies and where the rest are supposed to be, about 350 metres below us. "Ah yes," I mumble. "I'd forgotten that they never did get them all up." He nods. Twenty-six killed, eleven bodies still down there...

Ex-Westray Employees Block Site
The Halifax Daily News, 10 February 1998
Contractor prevented from starting work on dismantling the Westray Mine surface structures ... The province has ruled 117 former unionized miners are eligible for 12 weeks' severance pay. But 40 non-unionized workers missed the deadline to file a claim. Those workers said that's because they weren't aware of their rights at the time and had no one to represent them...

Engineers' Fate to be Known Soon by Dean Jobb,
The Chronicle-Herald 22 January 1998
Three senior government engineers suspended with pay in the wake of the Westray inquiry report ... Coopers and Lybrand conducting a review and will recommend what action, if any, should be taken...

Gold Mine Layoffs Blamed on Westray-Related Firings by Steve Proctor,
The Chronicle-Herald 22 January 1998
Department of Natural Resources and Labor in turmoil ... No one left in the Department with the expertise to approve any kind of mining permit ... "I don't even know who our inspector is now"...

Westray Silos to Come Down
The Globe and Mail, 21 January 1998
Westray mine's highly visible tall blue coal silos will be demolished ... Mine entrance to be sealed ... $847,770 to All Steel Coatings Ltd., Port Hastings ... Work begins immediately...

Mine Collapse Revives Westray Memories by Sherri Borden,
The Chronicle-Herald 19 January 1998
Miner left work an hour before the roof fell ... Former Westray coal miner says the cave-in made him think seriously about the nature of his work ...

Still Failing the Westray Miners
Editorial in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 13 January 1998
The Cabinet scurried into hiding behind its lawyers' skirts ... They decided to nickel-and-dime former Westray miners ... As far as the vague concern that this settlement would expose the province to future pressure in run-of-the-mill bankruptcies where it ends up with the assets, we don't believe it ... Don Downe's apology was a painstakingly lawyered absurdity...

Government Won't Advance Severance
The Globe and Mail, 9 January 1998
Cabinet decision ... Workers must wait until the bankrupt mine's assets are sold ... There was a danger of setting a precedent ... Disgusting, really disgusting...

Severance Issue Before Cabinet by Dean Jobb,
The Chronicle-Herald, 8 January 1998
Cabinet will consider the union's request that the money be paid up front, with the government recovering the payment once the assets are sold ... A second group of geologists, engineers, foremen, secretaries and other non-union workers is seeking the same treatment...

Equal Treatment
Editorial in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 6 January 1998
The province has just found another wrong to right ... Common decency and downright fairness demand all ex-Westray employees be treated equally...

Putting Substance in Sorry
Editorial in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 2 January 1998
They should not have to wait any longer ... Government negligence in this tragedy was second only to the company's ... The government has continued, shamefully, to dodge the ultimate responsibility...

Nova Scotia Urged to do Right...
The Calgary Herald, 31 December 1997
"Inescapable conclusion" that Westray management could, and should, have prevented the disaster ... With Curragh bankrupt, the award will have to be satisfied from sale of assets, including unused mining machines estimated to be worth several million dollars ... The province, which holds title to the Westray coal mine site, is under pressure to pay the money up front and recover it once the assets are sold...

Westray Miners Awarded Severance by Kevin Cox,
The Globe and Mail, 31 December 1997
Miner who complained about unsafe working conditions at Westray was insulted, reprimanded, demoted, and ultimately suspended ... The Nova Scotia government has acknowledged that it failed to ensure that the mine was a safe place to work...

Pay up, Westray Miners Say by Rachel Boomer & David Rodenhiser,
The Halifax Daily News, 31 December 1997
Labor tribunal awards $1,200,000 in severance pay ... Under provincial labor laws, employers must pay 12 weeks' severance to laid-off employees unless they can prove the cause of the layoffs was beyond their control. That was the argument mine owner Curragh Resources Inc. originally made when the claim was filed, but the tribunal's decision says that argument is invalid...

Westray Father Glad Mine to Disappear
The Sunday Daily News, 21 December 1997
The province will clean up the mine ... It will dismantle Westray's blue silos, plant grass and turn over the property to the community...

Westray Severance Closer to Reality
The Calgary Herald, 20 December 1997
One never-used mining machine, worth millions of dollars, has been sitting in a warehouse for over five years ... The judge concluded Westray management had been derelict in its duty to operate the mine safely...

For Leaders, Not Lawyers
Editorial in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 20 December 1997
This government hasn't figured out what is the right thing to do ... Weasel words ... Slippery dodge ... Government negligence, lassitude and incompetence ... If this isn't liability, what is? If this catalogue of failures doesn't create a responsibility to compensate victims' families, then what conceivable act of negligence could we hold our government accountable for? How bad would it have to get?...

High Officials Must Answer, Too... by Cathy Nicoll,
The Halifax Daily News, 19 December 1997
More than 92 lawsuits in progress against the Province of Nova Scotia ... No politician, no senior officials are being held accountable ... Unfair to only hold lower echelon officials responsible for what was a systemic failure ...

Officials Fired in Westray Disaster by Graeme Hamilton,
The Ottawa Citizen, 19 December 1997
Nova Scotia government actions range from the symbolic demolition of the coal mine silos to the firing of two mine inspectors accused of incompetence ... Miner's widow disappointed by the "government's intransigence" ... "Empty apology" ... No plan to recover eleven bodies still in the mine ...

Nova Scotia to Act on Westray Report by Stephen Thorne,
The Vancouver Province, 19 December 1997
Ministerial performance bordered on the unethical ... Albert McLean and Claude White fired without severance pay but may keep their pensions ... Dead miners' families express suspicions about the Minister's carefully chosen words ... Will sue ... "What they said in the meeting at the hotel (Thursday) morning is quite different from what the man said in front of us here"...

Government Response to Westray Inquiry Report Cabinet Minister Don Downe
18 December 1997
The entire system of the day failed the miners, their families and all Nova Scotians on May 9, 1992. On behalf of the province, I apologize for any role government may have played. We are deeply sorry for the Westray disaster. It never should have happened...

The Larger Lessons of Westray by Ralph Surette,
The Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 12 December 1997
Interference for partisan purposes, promotions based on politics not merit, the rules being bent for political reasons ... The very picture of bureaucracy at its worst. Inspectors were untrained for their task, largely ignorant of the laws they were supposed to uphold, and basically reduced to flunkies of the company they were supposed to inspect...

Westray Commissioner Takes Parting Shot At Frame by Kevin Cox,
The Globe and Mail, 9 December 1997
An uncompromising and abusive negotiator ... A complex mosaic of actions, omissions, mistakes, incompetence, apathy, cynicism, stupidity, and neglect...

...And the Mine Blew Up by Parker Barss-Donham,
The Halifax Sunday Daily News, 7 December 1997
In his "abrasive and abusive" campaign to wheedle government cash for a project too risky to entrust with his own money, his tolerance of bully tactics against miners who voiced fear for their safety, his foul appearance at the funeral, his attempt to hold widows and orphans hostage to a lucrative surface coal concession, and his contempt for the Inquiry Commission's authority, Clifford Frame personifies the evil man can visit upon fellow man...

Westray Exposed Government's Shortcomings by Karen Janigan,
The Halifax Sunday Daily News, 7 December 1997
Nova Scotia government bureaucrats ignored warnings, disregarded laws, altered official meeting minutes, and turned a blind eye to illegal practices ... Most damning example is John Mullally, the former deputy minister of Natural Resources appointed a year before the explosion ... The deputy minister of natural resources did not consider it important to be familiar with the relevant legislation...

Never Let the Risks Outweigh the Benefits by Peter Lesniak.
Editorial in the Yukon News, 5 December 1997
We must do everything we can to ensure that never again is there another mining disaster in Canada like Westray ... Equally culpable were the company bosses and government bureaucrats who turned a blind eye to the many problems at the mine...

Two Inquiries Reveal Two Approaches
Editorial in The Toronto Star, 5 December 1997
One report bristled with righteous anger, the other was cautious and plodding ... Voicing the nation's outrage ... A courageous commissioner can hold individuals who betray the public trust to account in clear, unequivocal language ...

Killer Coal Lies in Wait Commentary by Bob MacDonald,
The Calgary Sun, 4 December 1997
The dreaded explosion was no surprise to retired miners, but seemed surprising to Curragh boss Clifford Frame and his management team ... Humans have a way of burying mistakes when there's a dollar to be made. The Foord seam death count stands at 176. How long will it be before someone else comes along and declares they have a foolproof way to safely mine it?

Other Provinces Urged to Learn from Mine Tragedy by Graeme Hamilton
The Edmonton Journal, 3 December 1997
His supervisor told him to get rid of his safety glasses because there was no room for the safety-conscious on his crew. When he complained of dangerous conditions, he was told the company had thousands of applications from men ready to replace him ... Flagrant disregard for safety...

Stupidity Blew Up Westray, Judge Says by Kevin Cox,
The Globe and Mail, 2 December 1997
Mine managers were aware that an explosive environment was building at the mine in the days before the blast, yet were so intent on producing coal that they ignored the increasing concentrations of methane and the thick layers of coal dust...

Westray's Grim Truth
Editorial in The Toronto Star, 2 December 1997
Incompetence, mismanagement, bureaucratic bungling, deceit, ruthlessness, cover-up, apathy, expediency, and cynical indifference ... No one in authority could be bothered to prevent it ... No one cared ... That this should occur, in Canada, in the 1990s, is hard to believe...

Bureaucats, Bosses Blamed for Mine Deaths by Graeme Hamilton,
The Ottawa Citizen, 2 December 1997
Bureaucratic bungling, deceit, ruthlessness, coverup, apathy ... It's like the blood inquiry and the Somalia inquiry, when they get close to the scum at the top, it seems to all fade away...

Human Error Blamed for Mine Disaster
The Toronto Star, 2 December 1997
Clifford Frame ultimately responsible ... Bureaucracy infested with apathy and complacence ... Serenely uninformed ... Wilfully blind ... Cynically self-serving ... Don Downe chose his words carefully while the families of the dead miners listened...

Westray "Deceit", Deadly Mine Blast Preventable by Graeme Hamilton,
The Montreal Gazette, 2 December 1997
A deadly mix of corporate ruthlessness and regulatory incompetence ... unfathomable disregard for workers' safety ... "cavalier attitude" of mine management...

Westray Report Blasts All
The Vancouver Province, 2 December 1997
Only the serenely uninformed, the wilfully blind, or the cynically self-serving could be satisfied with such an explanation ... management failed, the inspectorate failed and the mine blew up...

Westray Disaster Will be Repeated if Inquiry Lessons Are Not Acted On
United Steelworkers Union, 2 December 1997
Every aspect of this completely-preventable disaster has been documented by the Inquiry ... The Inquiry report condemns individuals, the company and the government for deliberately putting workers' lives at risk for the sake of profit ... But the report will amount to nothing if its lessons are not learned...

After the Westray Explosion: A Brief Chronology of Events
The Halifax Daily News, 2 December 1997

Moral Leadership: Facing Canada's Leadership Crisis by Robert Evans,
24 November 1997
Leadership gone rotten ... Westray, Somalia, Tainted blood, Bre-X, Airbus ... Tragedy, duplicity, and moral failing in high places...

Ex-Westray Chief Fails in Bid for Comeback by Paul McKay.
The Ottawa Citizen, 12 September 1997
Greenfields shareholders reject takeover proposal ... Votes accompanied by jeers, epithets, heckling ... Shaky finances could spell the end of Clifford Frame's first public company since the parent company of Westray Coal went bankrupt in 1993...
    #   Ex-Westray Chief Fails in Bid for Comeback
    #   1997: Mineral Resources Corporation Chairman C.H. Frame
    #   1998: Minroc Mines Incorporated Chairman C.H. Frame
    #   1999: Cassiar Mines & Metals Incorporated Chairman C.H. Frame

To Westray and Beyond by Paul McKay.
The Ottawa Citizen, 8 September 1997
Paul McKay tells the story of Clifford Frame, who wants to put Westray behind him and get back in business...

Westray Boss Back in Business by Paul McKay.
The Ottawa Citizen, 8 September 1997
Clifford Frame is trying to get back in the coal business, sixty-four months after an underground explosion killed 26 Nova Scotia miners and left his defunct company facing manslaughter and criminal negligence charges...

No More Westrays
United Steelworkers Union, 27 August 1997
Five years later, questions still unanswered, families still grieving ... Ultra-conservative columnist Diane Francis criticized the CBC for its "overkill coverage of a relatively insignificant inquiry – into the Westray Mines tragedy" ... Francis also went on to describe the inquiry as a "nationally-inconsequential" event...

Bay Street Wary of Frame by Richard Mostyn.
The Yukon News, 22 January 1997
Bay Street investors are wary of base-metal mining guru Clifford Frame ... Is Frame the guy you're prepared to lend money to? ... More adept at mining governments than ore bodies...

New Workplace Rules Aim to Protect Workers by Michelle Walters,
NovaNewsNet, 15 January 1997
Four-and-a-half years after one of the worst workplace disasters in Nova Scotia history, the provincial Occupational Health and Safety Act has been revised. Based on more than three years of review, the new Act improves three basic rights: the right to know, the right to refuse unsafe work, and the right to participate in workplace health and safety issues...

Gaining Access to the Westray Inquiry by Michelle Walters,
NovaNewsNet, 29 October 1996
What does it mean for a document to be "public", if the cost is so high that nobody can afford it? ... The Westray Public Inquiry transcript sells for $2900.76 per copy, and the Westray Criminal Trial transcript goes for $1931.71 a copy...

Government Lawyer Admits Province Bears Some Blame by Beverley Ware,
The Ottawa Citizen, 23 July 1996
It was the first time in eight months of hearings that anyone employed by the province has accepted blame for the 1992 disaster ... Reinhold Endres' comments too little, too late...

Researchers Criticize Westray Mine Safety by Amanda Leslie-Spinks
The Gazette, (The University of Calgary's faculty and staff weekly newspaper)
Date not known.
A network of financial and political forces pushing managers to value production results over safety rules ... Bank of Nova Scotia linked financing to production data ... Government funding depended on a commitment to the Nova Scotia Power Corporation to produce a certain number of tons of coal per year ... Criminal and regulatory proceedings exclude evidence about financial, political and cultural factors ... Rules of admissibility of evidence filter out essential information...

The Politics of Coal by Dalton Camp,
The Hill Times, 10 June 1996.
Horse-trading and hornswoggling ... Subsidy, soot, grime, black dust, and danger ... Roiling seas of ambition, self-interest, and conflicted purpose ... A parade of witnesses, all well-meaning and each blameless. One of them has blamed the dead...

Westray Inquiry Confronts Some Artful Dodgers by Jim Meek,
The Chronicle-Herald, 31 May1996.
John Buchanan has made avuncular blandness into an art form ... Buchanan and Cameron both refused to take any blame for the tragedy that killed 26 men ... Buchanan was more adept than Cameron at getting this message across. Instead of enraging everyone, like Donald, John put 'em all to sleep ... He showed a remarkable grasp of trivial detail...

Allen Martin
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, "The National - Almanac", 10 May1996.
A very painful week ... Many families say this was the hardest week yet at the inquiry: hearing a top mine inspector deny responsibility ... Hopefully, somehow, we can make a difference, so that nobody else goes through this kind of damn foolishness...

Westray Disaster Had Deep Roots by Parker Barss-Donham.
The Halifax Sunday Daily News, 16 July 1995.
Just when the Westray fiasco seemed to have reached a low ebb, the moral tide dropped a few more feet last week ... Halifax and Ottawa both obstructing the quest for truth ... A promoter who made his career flattering gullible politicians and mining government grants...

Coal, Politics...and Don Cameron's Pal by Jim Meek,
The Chronicle-Herald, 2 February 1996.
Just another snorter at the trough ... There was no bloody way Don Downe was going to give a strip mine contract to any friend of Donald Cameron, much less one linked with Westray ... Suppressed information...

Wins Award for Bravery at Westray by Cathy Hallessey,
Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada, February 1995.
Each of the 177 men to receive medals were called one at a time ... Some faces beamed with pride, others were close to tears. This honour makes them part of the largest group in the history of the Honours System to be awarded bravery decorations for a single incident ... After five long days and nights, their efforts were in vain. None of the trapped miners survived...

Curragh Files for Court Protection 20 March 1993
Curragh, the Canadian lead and zinc producer, yesterday filed for court protection from its creditors after failing to overcome a succession of financial and operating setbacks ... Curragh's problems have been compounded by the closure of its Westray coal mine in Nova Scotia since an explosion there last May killed 26 miners...

Go to the main Westray Coal Mine Disaster page

Westray Mine Public Inquiry Commission
Stellarton, Nova Scotia

3 days Preliminary, 12 & 13 July 1995 and 4 October 1995.
77 days In Session, from 6 November 1995 to 22 July 1996.

David J. Roberts Oral Submission, Day 77, 22 July 1996
to theWestray Mine Public Inquiry Commission
on behalf of United Steelworkers of America

Reinhold Endres Q.C. Oral Submission, Day 77, 22 July 1996
to theWestray Mine Public Inquiry Commission
on behalf of the Nova Scotia Government

Go to the main Westray Coal Mine Disaster page


Index to On-Line Transcripts of the Westray Mine Public Inquiry Commission hearings

UARB Power Failure Report The official report of the Nova Scotia Utilities and Review Board, requested by Premier Russell MacLellan, "into the manner in which Nova Scotia Power Inc. provided service to its customers during Power Outages occurring on its System during the months of November and December 1997."

The 1887 Strawberry Swindle
Maguire letter, pages 4 and 1 left half, page 4 – right half, page 1
Maguire letter, pages 2 and 3 left half, page 2 – right half, page 3
Explanation of the Maguire letter
Text of the Maguire letter

Railway Photographs

Photographs by G. Wayne Hines, Kentville.
Laying new track in the Annapolis Valley
December 1996

The Dominion Atlantic Railway, which operated in the Annapolis Valley for nearly 100 years, was abandoned on 29 August 1994. That same day, the Windsor & Hantsport Railway, a new short line company, bought all the remaining track, and began operations. In December 1996, the W&HR built a new siding at New Minas. Here are five photographs taken during the construction of that new siding, which has a capacity of eight cars. The first train to use this siding arrived on 26 December 1996, when the daily freight westbound from Windsor Junction stopped here to run the engines around the train for the trip back to Windsor. This was the first train to operate along this section of the main line since 16 September 1993, when the Last Train From Kentville passed here eastbound. Until January 1990, there was daily passenger service along this main line, between Yarmouth and Halifax.

Photograph #1 At the east switch of the new siding, looking eastward along the main line toward Wolfville and Windsor.

Photograph #2 Construction equipment, backhoe and tamper. The main line is in the foreground.

Photograph #3 At the west switch of the new siding, looking eastward along the main line toward Wolfville and Windsor.

Photograph #4 At the east switch of the new siding, looking westward along the main line toward Kentville. The track gang has just finished work for the day. We see piles of crushed stone, ready to be spread as ballast for the siding. Some crushed stone has been spread over the switch ties. In the distance we can see the highway overpass, which carries Middle Dyke Road over the W&HR main line and the Cornwallis River. As of November 1996 - March 1997, the end of track is about 1000 feet beyond this overpass.

Photograph #5 The tamper stands on the new siding at New Minas; on the main line is the weed cutting machine rented from CP for four weeks. The weed cutter has hydraulically-powered arms that can reach as far as 30 feet on either side of the track, to cut brush and small trees with rotating cutting blades – much like a lawn mower on steroids. Crushed rock ballast has been dumped on the new track. The next step is for the workers to use track jacks to lift and level the new track; then, to complete the job, the tamper will force crushed rock under the ties to make the track permanently level. After this, the track will be finished and ready for use.

blue ball Reproduction (image) of an invoice for software, November 1983 773 kilobytes
for Commodore PET computers at the Bridgewater High School
                   Invoice Date  23 11 83

          Code            Title             Price
      1   F0M100   MERL PHYS 1 DISK PET     110.00
      1   F0M190   WAV VIBRTON DISK PET     138.00
      1   F0M390   LAB SIMLATN DISK PET      99.00
      1   F0M559   MATH SCI SRS 12PR PE     207.00
      1   F0M737   ELEC 16 SERIES PET       275.00
      1   F2M190   CM NMN SR PET-64 DSK      66.00
      1   F5M211   CLS MGR 2 PET-64 DSK      95.00

Ivan Smith 902-582-3783
9847 Main Street, Canning, Nova Scotia B0P 1H0, Canada
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Latest revision: 2001 April 03