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The Hacker Ethic is being published in ten languages: English, Japanese, Chinese, Korean, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Dutch, and Finnish.

Originally, a hacker was a person to whom programming was a passion and who shared the creations of this passion with others (as dictated by the hacker ethic) - not a computer criminal. The computer hackers have always emphasized that ultimately being a hacker is not related to computers as such. Anyone who is realizing his or her passion - something that he or she finds intrinsically interesting, energizing, and joyous - is a hacker. We could also call this general work ethic the hacker ethic as an extension of the expression's original sense.


If you want to read more about this ethic, you may turn to the book The Hacker Ethic and the Spirit of the Information Age by Pekka Himanen with Linus Torvalds and Manuel Castells. Other hacker-related writings and links can be found on this site. Please feel free to email me about anything.