Free newsletter
NewScientist.com
NewScientist.com home page Latest science & technology news Hot topics in science Q & A's from everyday science Feedback, letters, book reviews, interview Links to other science sites Contents of this week's print edition Subscribe to New Scientist magazine New Scientist magazine archive Search 1000's of science and technology jobs
Bioterrorism: A Special Report

  • Bioterrorism main page

  • After six years of negotiation, the US has rejected an agreement aimed at enforcing the treaty banning biological weapons
    [25 July 2001]

  • Is the US wimpish over biological weapons? Ex-Soviet lab chief Ken Alibek thinks so
    [14 July 2001]

  • The US looks set to scupper talks on enforcing the bioweapons treaty
    [12 May 2001]

  • An engineered mouse virus leaves us one step away from the ultimate bioweapon
    [11 January 2001]

  • "Nanodecoys" could filter out biological weapons in gas masks
    [26 August 2000]

  • The US already has enough smallpox vaccine to defeat most bioterrorist attacks with this virus
    [29 July 2000]

  • Germs for peace
    [8 April 2000]

  • Run, radish, run
    [18 December 1999]

  • Prophets of doom
    [20 November 1999]

  • Stay of execution
    [29 May 1999]

  • Inside out
    [29 May 1999]

  • Bioarmageddon
    [19 September 1998]

  • Nowhere to hide
    [21 March 1998]

  • Strike at will
    [21 March 1998]

  • Firm but fair
    [28 February 98]

  • Naked into battle
    [28 February 98]

  • Deadly secrets
    [28 February 98]

  • All fall down
    [11 May 96]

  • Web links

  •  

    Bioterrorism Special Report

    In the last century, terrorists used violence to try and get power or approval. Nowadays, those who feel marginalised within the world economy, from religious extremists to the merely unhinged, increasingly just want to kill people or damage industries. So far they have struck mainly with guns and bombs. But the perfect weapon for those who wish only to kill or destroy is germ warfare -- and we might have little defence.

    Concern has risen mainly in the US, for several reasons. The US led the confrontation with Iraq, which tried to make bioweapons, and probably succeeded. This emerged during an unprecedented UN effort to hunt down and destroy Iraq's weapons -- an effort ultimately abandoned, some say prematurely.

    There was also the defection of high-ranking Russian scientists to the US, complete with tales of the Soviets' enormous germ warfare industry and its frightening weapons. Whether or not Russia still has them, unknown clients abroad are paying bankrupt Russian labs to tell them how to build them.

    Some are sceptical about bioterrorism. Building an anthrax bomb would take skill and effort and it is true that no one has succeeded with bioweapons so far. It is also true that guns and bombs are still pretty effective and easy to get hold of. And there has certainly been unwarranted scaremongering from the preparedness industry.

    But the motivation and the means are there. Eventually some bioterrorist will attack. If you want to spread terror, disease is ideal. Epidemiological monitoring, the equivalent of the nuclear era's distant early warning, is not yet in place. Antibiotic and vaccine resistance, plus more accessible genetic engineering, raises the spectre of superbug weapons. Meanwhile vital agriculture is vulnerable. Diseases of livestock or crops disrupt economies and exports, and could tempt commercial competitors as well as classic terrorists.

    So the world struggles to come to grips with the latest menace. There is a treaty banning biological weapons, but we are only now writing verification measures for it and they may not be effective. Efforts continue to unearth what has gone on in Russia, South Africa and Iraq. And scientists around the world are working on ways to detect and defeat, verify and prevent deliberate disease, from vaccines to DNA libraries to germ-proof sealant tape.

    New Scientist has charted the rise in concern about bioterrorism, from Los Alamos to Siberia, and is following the story. Follow the links on this page to keep up to date with what's happening. Don't be afraid. Be informed.


    Go to most recent article on bioterrorism