J2EE: AN OPERATING SYSTEM FOR THE WEB
Enterprise web applications, which live on networks
and are accessible through browsers, are redefining Enterprise Web
Software. This is the next wave of computing.
Developers, by nature, seek a standard enterprise-ready platform.
Microsoft is pushing their paper spec “.NET” on Windows. If you
want a multi-platform standard with two years behind it, we recommend
Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE), sponsored by SUN and IBM.
JBoss is a free, Open Source J2EE-based implementation.
J2EE: A STANDARD WEB-OS WITH INDUSTRY MOMENTUM
Sun Microsystems and IBM have defined J2EE as
an open industry process. Today, there are about 30 J2EE application
server vendors. The most popular charges more than $50,000 for a medium-sized
Enterprise developers can draw on J2EE to speed up their application
development. Instead of hand writing database code or pool management,
they can leverage Enterprise Java Beans (EJBs) to automatically
Instead of manually dealing with transactions, system developers
can use J2EE’s built-in capabilities to run transactions in an automated
fashion. Instead of creating all business code from scratch, consultants
can assemble components to build their application in a “Lego" fashion.
J2EE is a set of standards that, when used together,
provide an excellent web application development and deployment platform.
J2EE includes standards for middleware (EJB and JMS), database connectivitiy
(JDBC), transactions (JTA/JTS), presentation (servlets and Java Server
Pages) and directory services (JNDI).
JBoss, one of the leading java Open Source groups, integrates and
develops these services for a full J2EE-based implementation.
JBoss provides JBossServer, the basic EJB container and
JMX infrastructure. JBossMQ, for JMS messaging, JBossMX,
for mail, JBossTX, for JTA/JTS transactions, JBossSX
for JAAS based security, JBossCX for JCA connectivity and
JBossCMP for CMP persistence. JBoss enables you to mix and match
these components through JMX by replacing ANY component you wish
with a JMX compliant implementation for the same APIs. JBoss doesn't
even impose the JBoss components, that is modularity.
JBoss: A FULL J2EE IMPLEMENTATION WITH JMX
Our goal is to provide the full J2EE stack
in the free/open world. We are already there and the reason for
our success lies on JMX. JMX or Java Management eXtension
is the best weapon we have found for integration of software. It
provides a common spine in which we plug in modules, containers
While we provide JBoss implementations for many of these services
you are free to include your favorite implementation in the JMX
enabled base and therefore "dropping" your own transaction
or persistence service in JBoss, all dynamically.
WHY OPEN SOURCE FOR J2EE?
As a web operating system, J2EE is infrastructure.
As such, we believe it is a natural fit for the collaborative, Open
Source mode of development facilitated by the Internet. Our group,
composed of volunteers from around the world, chooses to open the
server and container development. We believe this standard’s reference
implementation should be publicly owned.
The extreme size and complexity of this sort of operating system
is yet another compelling reason for it to exist in Open Source.
Even Microsoft has had difficulties stabilizing Windows 2000. We,
at JBoss, believe that Open Source technology is a credible, efficient
and cost-effective way to scale the development of these large systems.
WHO USES J2EE TECHNOLOGY?
1- Independent software vendors
Two years ago, many Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) developing
Enterprise applications took the Java route. ISVs would develop, in-house
proprietary infrastructure software for lack of a defined, open standard.
This development is time-consuming, expensive and complex. Today most
ISVs outsource that infrastructure development to a J2EE server vendor
in order to focus on "business logic." Choosing an open source server
makes sense from a pricing standpoint because the application price
won’t reflect the infrastructure cost. It also makes sense from a
technological standpoint because you have access to the code, which
makes for a tighter integration with your applications. According
to our statistics, about 20% of people who download JBoss do so with
the objective of embedding it in their applications.
2- Integrators/IT dept
A recent study showed that Java/J2EE, which claims 60% of IT development,
is already the dominant platform for Enterprise Web Software. Most
people use our container as a stand-alone web application server.
In many instances, we have been chosen over more pricey competitors
for both development and production. We sport features, such as
hot deploy and runtime-generated stub and skeleton objects (distributed
invocation enablers), that can't be found in most commercial tools
no matter how much you are willing to pay!
3- ISP/ASP, the next wave of Enterprise Software Hosting
Most ISP providers already offer Web Hosting for static web pages.
For more "enterprise level hosting," you need a J2EE platform. Going
beyond simple logic and cgi-bin, JBoss was designed for Application
Service Provider (ASP) settings. One can deploy its applications
on a set of hosted machines and have a web-based Java Management
Extension (JMX) console to manage the remote servers. Our integration
with Java Server Page (JSP) engines makes JBoss the candidate of
choice for ISP usage. While most J2EE vendors do not focus on this
market, Jboss is well suited for it in two ways. First, the code
is modular so you can administer various configurations, in order
to fit every client’s specific needs. Second, there is no license
fee per CPU, so you can grow a J2EE server farm at little cost.
4- Module and 3rd party developers
Behind JBoss’ Open Source success is a highly modular design, which
allows us to scale development and integrate code. From the ground
up, JBoss is built around the concept of modules and plug-ins. We
use the JMX specification to configure and administer the different
plug-ins. We integrate various modules, from Tomcat to cocobase,
to offer a state-of-the-art J2EE container. By integrating in JBoss,
developers gain access to the dominant application development market
and increase the deployment potential for their technology.
WHY SHOULD I PARTICIPATE
Most people come here to learn cutting edge skills.
Many of our contributors are well paid experts in the field and highly
recognized individuals in the industry. We see many independent software
developers in our ranks. If you are a startup looking for a container
to embed in your application you can meet all your needs here. If
you are a student, you will find JBoss to be a perfect learning tool,
as our code implements many modern high-level java software design
concepts. Finally, it’s a chance to do the right thing. We believe
J2EE is the mass platform of the future and we are working hard to
make it a reality... the information age's infrastructure deserves
to be free.