COINTELPRO was the FBI's secret program to undermine the popular upsurge which swept the country during the 1960s. Though the name stands for "Counterintelligence Program," the targets were not enemy spies. The FBI set out to eliminate "radical" political opposition inside the US. When traditional modes of repression (exposure, blatant harassment, and prosecution for political crimes) failed to counter the growing insurgency, and even helped to fuel it, the Bureau took the law into its own hands and secretly used fraud and force to sabotage constitutionally - protected political activity. Its methods ranged far beyond surveillance, and amounted to a domestic version of the covert action for which the CIA has become infamous throughout the world.
The COINTELPRO Papers:
Documents from the FBI's Secret Wars Against Dissent in the United States
by Ward Churchill & Jim Vander Wall
Preface - The Face of COINTELPRO
HTML Index to the Documents
Introduction - A Glimpse Into the Files of America's Political Police
Chapter 1 - Understanding Deletions in FBI Documents
Chapter 2 - COINTELPRO - CP/USA
Chapter 3 - COINTELPRO - SWP
Chapter 4 - COINTELPRO - Puerto Rican Independence Movement
Chapter 5 - COINTELPRO - Black Liberation Movement
Chapter 6 - COINTELPRO - New Left
Chapter 7 - COINTELPRO - AIM
Chapter 8 - Conclusion: COINTELPRO Lives On
Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities of the United States Senate (Church Committtee report):
Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans, Book II
I. Introduction and Summary
II. The Growth of Domestic Intelligence: 1936 to 1976
IV. Conclusions and Recommendations
(This is only a tiny portion of the Church Committee reports - only 140 pages out of about 5000. More is on the way.)
Other Major Works Online
COINTELPRO: The Untold American Story report to UNHCHR Mary Robinson at WCAR in Durban
COINTELPRO in the 60's * 70's* 80's & 90's from Brian Glick's War at Home
More excerpts from the The Church Senate Committee Hearings (1 & 2), 1975
The Age of McCarthyism: A Brief History with Documents by Ellen Schrecker
Current Political Prisoners - Victims of COINTELPRO September 14, 2000
with Cynthia McKinney, Nkechi Taifa, Kathleen Cleaver, Michael Tarif Warren, Bruce Elison, Geronimo ji Jaga & Laura Whitehorn
"King, look into your heart. You know you are a complete fraud and a great
liability to all of us Negroes. White people in this country have enough frauds
of their own but I am sure that they don't have one at this time that is any where
near your equal. You are no clergyman and you know it. I repeat you are a
colossal fraud and an evil, vicious one at that. ...
King, there is only one thing left for you to do. You know what it is. You have just 34 days in which to do (this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significant. [sic] You are done. There is but one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy, abnormal fraudulent self is bared to the nation."
- anonymous letter from FBI to Martin Luther King obtained from FBI files using the Freedom Of Information Act
Armies of Repression: The FBI, COINTELPRO, and Far Right Vigilantee Networks
The Public-Private Partnership
by Tom Burghardt
FBI Targets Leonard Peltier
American Indian Movement
Akicita's rebuttal to FBI media claims.
The Covert War Against Native Americans by Ward ChurchillThe FBI Probe of CISPES * Interview with Frank Varelli
Free Peltier! campaign in Czech Republic
Las Carpetas -- Centro para la Investgación y Promoción de Derechos Civiles
Albion Monitor Judi Bari Resource Page & legal documents
Judi Bari Suit Reveals COINTELPRO Against Earth First!
America's Secret Police
"After years spent trying to deal with the effects of COINTELPRO, my rage at the FBI's almost unimaginable
evil remains undiminished because I believe that it succeeded in many of its horrifying goals, given the
deaths of Martin King, Malcolm X, and other sixties leaders. ...
Since the FBI uses taxpayer dollars to fund its extreme and ridiculous investigations of anyone who expresses dissenting opinions, even resorting to crime -- including theft, encouragement to murder, subornation of perjury, and manipulation of the judicial process -- to achieve its ends, I have always advocated its disbanding."
William M. Kunstler, civil rights attorney
More Articles and LinksThe Federal Bureau of Intimidation by Howard Zinn
Some Call it Murder by Shelly Waxman
FBI Secrets: An Agent's Expose by M. Wesley Swearingen (book review)
and exerpt ------ the logistics of a black bag job
Real Audio interview with Wes Swearingen on Democracy Now
Nothing Vague About FBI Abuse: Here Are the Dossiers
by Norman Solomon and Jeff Cohen
The 1960s and COINTELPRO: In Defense of Paranoia
Wages of COINTELPRO Still Evident in Omaha Black Panther Case
by Ward Churchill 3/10/99
WBAI Interview with Ward Churchill on Mumia Abu-Jamal
Mike Rivero's COINTELPRO page
Michael Stec's Collection of Secret Documents
Drew Hendricks' Index to FBI Agents and Snitches
and Things the FBI would rather not admit.
CIA OPERATION CHAOS
CIA OPERATION MOCKINGBIRD
CountermeasuresOvercoming Repression Against Activists by The Public EyeBooks
Whistleblower Protection For FBI Employees
Secret No More use the Freedom Of Information Act to conduct your own FBI investigations
Executive Order 12958 Classified National Security Information.
Executive Order 13142 automatic declassification of 25 year old records, effective October 2001.
PGP and mailing lists how to set up a secure communications network
Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities of the United States Senate, Ninety Fourth Congress, First Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, No. 94-755, April 14, 1976, Vol 1-6.
Hearings Before the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities of the United States Senate, Ninety Fourth Congress, First Session, U.S. Government Printing Office, Sept. 16 - Dec. 5, 1975, Vol 1-7.
The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents From the FBI's Secret Wars Against Dissent in the United States by Ward Churchill & Jim Vander Wall, South End Press, ISBN 0-89608-360-8
Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement by Ward Churchill & Jim Vander Wall, South End Press, ISBN 0-89608-293-8
The Age of Surveillance: The Aims and Methods of America's Political Intelligence System, Frank J. Donner, New York: Knopf, 1980.
Protectors of Privilege: Red Squads and Police Repression in Urban America, Frank J. Donner, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1990
COINTELPRO: The FBI's Secret War on Political Freedom by Nelson Blackstock, Pathfinder, 1975, ISBN 0-937091-05-7
Ideological Warfare: The FBI's Path Toward Power, Frank M. Sorrentino, Associated Faculty Press, Inc. 1985.
FBI Secrets: An Agent's Expose by M. Wesley Swearingen, South End Press ISBN 0-89608-501-5
War at Home: Covert Action Against U.S. Activists and What We Can Do About It by Brian Glick, South End Press
In the Spirit of Crazy Horse by Peter Matthiessen, 1991, Viking Press. (out of print)
Break-ins, Death Threats and the FBI: The Covert War Against the Central America Movement by Ross Gelbspan, 1991, South End Press
Are You Now or Have You Ever Been in the FBI FILES: How to Secure and Interpret Your FBI Files by Ann Mari Buitrago and Leon Andrew Immermann, 1981, Grove Press Inc.
Political Repression in Modern America, Robert J. Goldstein, Cambridge: Schenkman, 1978
A Season of Inquiry. The Senate Intelligence Investigation, Johnson, Loch, University of Kentucky Press, Lexington, 1985
VIDEO: All Power to the People! The Black Panther Party and Beyond [To order send $40 to Electronic News Group, PO Box 86208, Los Angeles, CA 90086-0208]
Reading List on Intelligence Agencies and Political Repression
by Chip Berlet & Linda Lotz
In the late sixties and early seventies, more than a thousand political organizations were watchlisted.
At least 10,000 American homes were burglarized by the FBI in illegal "black bag jobs" for the
purpose of political intelligence gathering.
In 1971, only 1% of the paper collected by the FBI had anything to do with organized crime, and 2/3 was devoted to political monitoring and supression of political activities. The FBI carried out 500,000 investigations on so-called subversives from 1960 to 1974, without a single court conviction.