|Let us raise a standard to which the Wise and the Honest can repair.
George Washington, Constitutional Convention, 1787
The militia activities conscious of themselves as the Texas Constitutional Militia are organized by county, and, because of the large size of the state, at the time of this writing the counties are divided into regions that approximately coincide with telephone area codes. There are also militia training activities that are not county-based, such as the Texas Light Infantry (TLI), which provide training for the county-based units. The modern activation of the Texas Constitutional Militia began with the muster called by Jon Roland, for April 19, 1994, at 6:00 AM, on the unfinished portion of Hwy 151, in front of Sea World, in San Antonio, Bexar County. From that beginning it spread rapidly to the rest of the state. For more information see the Texas Militia Papers.
|Chambers||Fort Bend||Jeff Davis||Midland||Scurry||Yoakum|
A link-free version of the above Texas Counties Table is available here.
The most important previous activity of the Texas Militia was the Texas Revolution in 1836. The original purpose of that effort was to bring the government of Mexico into compliance with its 1824 Constitution, and that is the purpose for which the defenders of the Alamo died. Texas declared independence while the Alamo was under attack during March, 1836, and on April 21, 1836, led by Sam Houston, it defeated the Army of Mexico under the command of Gen. Santa Ana, dictator of Mexico, at the Battle of San Jacinto, near the present city of Houston. This overwhelming victory, and the capture of Gen. Santa Ana, won independence for Texas.
Following the War of Independence, some militia units reorganized into what was later to be known as the Texas Rangers, which was a private, volunteer effort for several years before becoming an official organization.
After Texas joined the Union in 1845, Texas militia units distinguished themselves in the War with Mexico, which led to defining the Rio Grande River the agreed border with Mexico, and the cession of most of what was to become California, Arizona, and New Mexico, from Mexico to the United States.
In 1861 Texas joined the other Confederate States in seceding from the Union, and Texas militias played a role in the Civil War, until it ended in 1865.
Texas militiamen joined Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, a volunteer militia, and fought with him during the Spanish-American War in 1898. Some of the training of the Rough Riders took place in San Pedro Park, in the north central part of San Antonio, near the present site of San Antonio College. When a muster of the Militia proposed to train there on April 19, 1994, they were threatened with arrest, even though the charter of San Pedro Park forbids exclusion of activities of that kind. This threat led to a change of the meeting site to Highway 151.
...to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; U.S. Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 8, Clause 16.
Reformers are known by their adversaries, and it is appropriate that those adversaries be identified and what is known about them be told. They include corrupt and abusive officials, corporations, groups, and individuals.
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