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Federal Funding to Combat Terrorism, Including Defense Against Weapons of Mass Destruction
FY 1998-2001


See the Chart:
Govt-wide | USDA | DOC | DOE | EPA | FEMA | GSA | HHS | Interior | DOJ | FBI | Nat'l Security Community | NRC | DOS | Transportation | Treasury | USAID

Organizational Chart for Terrorism Response
Nunn-Lugar-Domenici Domestic Preparedness & WMD Civil Support Teams
Federal Funding to Combat Terrorism

Items in italics represent total funding for combating terrorism. All other items represent funding for defense specifically against terrorists using WMD terrorism and are part of the larger anti-terrorism funding totals.

Unless otherwise noted, all figures are taken from: Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 47-51, 58-65.

All figures in millions of dollars.

ALL GOVERNMENT BY CATEGORY

FY 1998

FY 1999

FY 2000

FY 2001 (requested)

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT (Total)

$6,516.1

$8,757.3

$8,419.7

$9,311.3

Funding for Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$645.3

$1,238.4

$1,453.7

$1,555.0

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$2,654.7

$2,686.8

$2,820.0

$3,025.5

WMD figure for the above category

$71.8

$102.3

$93.8

$142.5

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$2,893.7

$4,356.4

$3,637.5

$4,259.2

WMD figure for the above category

$175.1

$199.4

$200.6

$185.4

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$146.7

$256.8

$249.9

$266.8

WMD figure for the above category

$3.4

$3.8

$3.6

$3.6

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$417.8

$930.2

$984.4

$947.0

WMD figure for the above category

$155.3

$564.2

$618.7

$633.5

- Equipment for First Responders

$15.1

$98.4

$95.2

$102.2

- Federal Planning / Exercises

$3.5

$6.1

$7.6

$8.6

- First Responder Training and Exercises

$13.3

$86.1

$90.4

$104.0

- Medical Responder Training and Exercises

$0.0

$3.0

$1.0

$2.0

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Local

$18.8

$60.0

$52.4

$66.7

- Public Health Infrastructure/Surveillance

$0.0

$62.0

$88.6

$91.4

- Special Response Units

$99.2

$191.5

$224.5

$191.4

- Stockpile of Vaccines and Therapeutics

$0.0

$51.0

$52.0

$52.0

- Other

$5.4

$5.9

$7.1

$15.2

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$403.1

$527.0

$727.9

$812.8

WMD figure for the above category

$239.8

$368.8

$537.0

$589.9

- Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing

$70.5

$31.0

$48.0

$92.3

- Detection/Diagnostics

$17.8

$59.0

$78.3

$97.0

- Modeling, Simulation, Systems Analyses

$3.6

$10.6

$16.7

$16.7

- Personal/Collective Protection

$12.0

$10.0

$30.0

$28.2

- Personal/Environmental Decontamination

$1.8

$9.3

$20.3

$24.2

- Therapeutics/Treatments

$0.0

$16.0

$20.9

$26.6

- Vaccines

$2.9

$35.7

$82.6

$99.2

- Other

$131.2

$197.2

$240.3

$205.8

 

 

BY AGENCY & CATEGORY

FY 1998

FY 1999

FY 2000

FY 2001 (Requested)

Department of Agriculture (Total)

$10.2

$11.7

$12.3

$41.3

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$5.2

$6.7

$7.3

$39.8

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$5.0

$5.0

$5.0

$1.5

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$0.0

$0.0

$0.6

$10.6

WMD figure for the above category

$0.0

$0.0

$0.6

$10.6

- Federal Planning/Exercises

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$0.3

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Local

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$4.5

- Public health Infrastructure/Surveillance

$0.0

$0.0

$0.6

$5.9

National Animal Health Program

 

 

 

$5.91

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$5.2

$6.7

$6.7

$29.2

WMD figure for the above category

$5.2

$6.7

$6.7

$29.2

- Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$10.0

- Other

$5.2

$6.7

$6.7

$19.2

Laboratory Infrastructure Improvements

 

 

 

$19.22

 

 

 

 

 

Department of Commerce (Total)

$29.5

$31.9

$22.4

$33.6

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$11.9

$9.0

$9.0

$20.2

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$5.8

$3.9

$3.9

$15.1

WMD figure for the above category

$1.9

$0.0

$0.0

$11.2

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$11.6

$17.5

$8.0

$8.0

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$12.1

$10.5

$10.5

$10.5

WMD figure for the above category:
Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing

$10.0

$9.0

$9.0

$9.0

 

 

 

 

 

Department of Energy (Total)

$499.0

$611.1

$647.6

$663.5

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$275.8

$350.8

$366.3

$364.2

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$0.9

$0.9

$0.9

$0.9

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$389.0

$449.9

$468.2

$471.1

WMD figure for the above category

$168.5

$192.3

$189.6

$174.5

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$84.4

$84.8

$94.4

$97.7

WMD figure for the above category

$84.4

$84.8

$94.4

$97.7

- Equipment for First Responders

$2.1

$1.4

$8.0

$9.5

- Federal Planning/Exercises

$2.6

$3.1

$3.1

$3.4

- First Responders Training and Exercises

$0.2

$0.2

$3.9

$4.1

- Special Response Units

$79.0

$79.0

$78.0

$79.3

Nuclear Search Teams (NEST)

 

 

$35.03

$44.04

Radiological Assistance Program

 

 

 

$4.05

- Other

$0.5

$1.2

$1.5

$1.5

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$24.7

$75.5

$84.1

$93.8

WMD figure for the above category

$22.9

$73.7

$82.3

$92.0

- Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing

$3.0

$4.8

$11.0

$14.0

- Detection/Diagnostics

$14.5

$16.5

$21.0

$22.5

- Modeling, Simulation, Systems Analyses

$3.6

$2.0

$6.7

$6.7

- Personal & Environmental Decontamination

$1.8

$2.8

$3.2

$3.2

- Other

$0.0

$47.6

$40.4

$45.6

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental Protection Agency (Total)

$2.0

$2.0

$2.0

$3.2

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$2.0

$2.0

$2.0

$3.2

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$2.0

$2.0

$2.0

$3.2

WMD figure for the above category: Special Response Units

$2.0

$2.0

$2.0

$3.2

 

 

 

 

 

Federal Emergency Mgmt Agency (Total)

$5.9

$17.6

$30.8

$34.5

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$5.9

$17.6

$30.8

$34.5

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$1.5

$2.0

$2.1

$2.1

WMD figure for the above category

$1.5

$2.0

$2.1

$2.1

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$4.5

$15.6

$28.6

$32.4

WMD figure for the above category

$4.5

$15.6

$28.6

$32.4

- Federal Planning/Exercises

$0.9

$3.0

$4.5

$5.0

- First Responder Training and Exercises

$2.8

$8.3

$14.6

$14.0

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Locals

$0.8

$4.3

$9.5

$9.5

- Special Response Units

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$3.9

- Other

$0.0

$0.0

$0.1

$0.1

 

 

 

 

 

General Services Administration (Total)

$89.6

$133.5

$92.8

$117.0

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$13.9

$15.3

$15.1

$15.4

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$72.9

$115.3

$74.9

$99.4

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$2.8

$2.9

$2.8

$2.2

 

 

 

 

 

Dept of Health & Human Services (Total)

$15.9

$173.1

$277.6

$265.4

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$15.9

$173.1

$277.6

$265.4

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$0.0

$138.3

$165.6

$173.6

WMD figure for the above category

$0.0

$138.3

$165.6

$173.6

- Medical Responder Training and Exercises:

$0.0

$3.0

$1.0

$2.0

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Local (OEP)

$0.0

$16.3

$16.5

$17.4

Metropolitan Medical Response Systems

 

$11.06

$16.57

 

- Public health Infrastructure/Surveillance (CDC)
Upgrading state/local capabilities
   Enhance emergency plans
   New surveillance sources/methods
   Strengthen epidemiological expertise
   Increase bio/chem lab capacities
   Health Alert Network
   Public Health Training Centers (2 or 3 sites)
Upgrading CDC Capabilities
   Epidemiological capacity
   Laboratory capacity
$0.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$62.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$88.0
$79.68
$2.0
$9.0
$7.0
$9.6
$50.0
$2.0
$10.4
$2.0
$8.4
$85.5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
- Special Response Units: (OEP)
National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) &
Four (4) National Medical Assistance Teams
NDMS Training and Exercises
$0.0
 
 
 
$4.0
 
 
 
$5.0
 
$4.09
$1.010
$6.1
 
 
 
- Stockpile of Vaccines and Therapeutics
Equipment (5,000 ventilators)
Supplies (syringes, needles, IV kits)
Medication/Antidotes
Biological Agents
   Smallpox related
Needles
Diluent
VIG
   Antibiotics
Fluoroquinolones
Doxyclycline (Prophylaxis for c. 10,000,000 for 60 days)
Gentamicin (IV treatment for 100,000 patients)
Botulinum anti-toxin
Unstated
$0.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$51.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$52.011
$10.0
$3.4
$1.012
$34.3
$16.3
$10.8
$5.0
$0.5
$18.0
$11.5
$5.0
$1.0
$0.5
$3.3
$52.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
- Other (OEP)
Office Operations
Preparation of VA Hospitals
$0.0
 
 
$2.0
 
 
$3.1
$2.1
$1.0
$10.6
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$15.9

$34.9

$112.0

$91.7

WMD figure for the above category

$15.9

$34.9

$112.0

$91.7

- Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing (NIH)

$13.0

$17.2

$21.8

$21.8

- Detection/Diagnostics
Rapid Toxic Screen (CDC)
$0.0
 
$5.7
 
$5.7
$5.013
$8.3
 

- Personal/Collective Protection

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$1.2

- Therapeutics/Treatments

$0.0

$4.0

$4.4

$4.4

- Vaccines
New vaccines for Smallpox and Anthrax
   Development and production of tissue
culture smallpox vaccine (CDC)
   Expedited review, approval of
new vaccines (FDA)
$2.9
 
 
 
 
 
$6.1
 
 
 
 
 
$48.5
$30.014
 
$22.5
 
$7.5
$56.2
 
 
 
 
 
- Other
Evaluation of State of Readiness of Medical
Care System (AHRQ)
   Research on early detection (3 grants)
   Priority areas
   Assessing capacity
   Literature reviews
Independent Studies (Carnegie Mellon,
St. Louis Univ., Univ. of Texas-Galveston,
Noble Hospital-Ft. McClellan, Johns Hopkins)
$0.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$1.9
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$31.7
 
$5.015
$3.0
$1.0
$0.5
$0.5
 
 
$4.716
$0.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

By Office/Agency (Represents part of above HHS figures)

 

 

 

 

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

 

 

$5.017

 

Center for Disease Control

 

 

$155.018

 

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

 

 

$7.519

 

Office of Emergency Preparedness

 

 

$24.620

 

Office of the Secretary

 

 

$30.021

 

 

 

 

 

Department of the Interior (Total)

$10.9

$14.0

$9.7

$9.7

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$0.2

$0.3

$0.3

$0.3

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

WMD figure for the above category

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

$0.2

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$10.7

$13.8

$9.4

$9.4

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$0.1

$0.1

$0.1

$0.1

WMD figure for the above category

$0.1

$0.1

$0.1

$0.1

 

 

 

 

 

Department of Justice (Total)

$647.1

$794.0

$782.0

$949.3

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$100.8

$201.2

$217.2

$254.7

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$346.9

$328.9

$346.2

$409.5

WMD figure for the above category

$43.0

$39.7

$39.7

$43.2

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$84.3

$105.1

$117.1

$171.2

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$29.0

$41.8

$31.7

$30.8

WMD figure for the above category

$1.0

$1.4

$1.2

$1.2

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$159.9

$301.4

$250.1

$307.3

WMD figure for the above category

$41.8

$147.4

$143.5

$189.3

- Equipment for First Responders

$12.0

$95.0

$85.0

$88.0

Equipment Grants

 

 

 

$78.022

- First Responder Training and Exercises

$10.0

$26.5

$38.5

$73.5

Domestic Preparedness Training

 

 

 

$31.023

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Locals

$18.0

$23.9

$17.9

$25.0

Center for Domestic Prep - Ft. McClellan

 

 

 

$15.024

Hazardous Devices School

 

 

 

$4.625

- Other

$1.8

$2.0

$2.2

$2.8

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$27.0

$16.9

$36.9

$30.5

WMD figure for the above category

$15.0

$12.7

$32.7

$20.9

- Detection/Diagnostics

$3.0

$2.7

$2.7

$3.9

- Personal/Collective Protection

$12.0

$10.0

$30.0

$17.0

Technology and Standards Development

 

 

 

$17.026

 

 

 

 

 

Federal Bureau of Investigation (Total)
(Represents one part of above DOJ funding figures)

$581.027

$609.028

$498.029

 

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$303.030

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$12.331

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$19.032

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$199.033

 

 

 

Chem-Bio Helpline/Hotline

 

 

 

$2.934

Support for State/Local Bomb Technician Training

 

 

 

$2.935

Plan and Provide Security for 2002 Olympics

 

 

 

$1.136

Research and Development

$4.437

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Security Community (Total)

$4,493.1

$4,682.5

$5,117.2

$5,124.1

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$180.6

$408.2

$475.8

$467.2

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$2,042.3

$2,067.8

$2,213.2

$2,213.5

WMD figure for the above category

$7.1

$21.0

$20.4

$19.5

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$2,075.5

$2,036.5

$2,122.8

$2,173.9

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$0.2

$0.0

$0.2

$0.2

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$104.2

$256.2

$358.6

$233.8

WMD figure for the above category

$2.7

$156.4

$161.5

$100.7

- First Responder Training and Exercises

$0.1

$49.9

$32.1

$10.2

- Special Response Units38

$2.7

$90.9

$120.9

$80.2

WMD Civil Support Teams (formerly RAID)

 

$52.039

$38.040

 

Airlift for Counterterrorism Response

 

 

 

$73.041

- Other Planning and Assistance to State/Locals

$0.0

$15.6

$8.5

$10.3

Coordination of Civil Support

 

 

 

$5.042

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$271.0

$322.0

$422.5

$502.7

WMD figure for the above category

$170.8

$230.8

$293.9

$347.0

- Basic Research, including Gene Sequencing

$44.5

$0.0

$6.3

$37.5

- Detection/Diagnostics

$0.3

$34.1

$48.5

$62.3

- Modeling, Simulation, Systems Analyses

$0.0

$8.6

$10.0

$10.0

- Personal/Collective Protection

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$10.0

- Personal & Environmental Decontamination

$0.0

$6.5

$17.1

$21.0

- Therapies/Treatments

$0.0

$12.0

$16.5

$22.2

- Vaccines

$0.0

$29.6

$34.1

$43.0

- Other

$126.0

$140.0

$161.5

$141.0

 

 

 

 

 

Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Total)

$3.5

$3.2

$3.2

$3.2

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$3.0

$2.8

$2.8

$2.8

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$0.7

$0.4

$0.4

$0.4

WMD figure for the above category

$0.7

$0.4

$0.4

$0.4

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$0.4

$0.4

$0.4

$0.4

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$2.4

$2.4

$2.4

$2.4

WMD figure for the above category

$2.4

$2.4

$2.4

$2.4

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$0.1

 

 

 

 

 

Department of State (Total)

$186.0

$1,579.0

$781.0

$1,312.0

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$23.0

$46.0

$37.0

$72.0

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$27.0

$53.0

$46.0

$80.0

WMD figure for the above category

$19.0

$41.0

$33.0

$68.0

Antiterrorism Assistance Program

 

 

 

$64.043

Terrorist Interdiction Program

 

 

 

$4.044

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$151.0

$1,512.0

$727.0

$1,224.0

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$6.0

$6.0

$6.0

$6.0

WMD figure for the above category: Special Response Units

$4.0

$4.0

$4.0

$4.0

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$2.0

$8.0

$2.0

$2.0

WMD figure for the above category

$0.0

$1.0

$0.0

$0.0

 

 

 

 

 

Department of Transportation (Total)

$169.3

$270.8

$277.2

$298.2

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$0.0

$0.0

$0.5

$2.5

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$3.9

$4.2

$4.5

$4.7

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$17.9

$18.2

$19.5

$20.9

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$99.8

$193.6

$199.1

$216.9

Explosive Detection Equipment

 

 

 

$100.045

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$3.2

$3.0

$3.5

$6.0

WMD figure for the above category:
Equipment for First Responders

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

$2.5

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$44.6

$51.8

$50.6

$49.7

WMD figure for the above category: Detection/Diagnostics

$0.0

$0.0

$0.5

$0.0

 

 

 

 

 

Department of the Treasury (Total)

$341.4

$368.0

$348.0

$440.2

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$18.0

$19.5

$25.9

$25.9

 

 

 

 

 

Law enforcement & investigative activities

$213.1

$212.1

$189.5

$285.7

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$64.3

$67.5

$68.5

$63.5

WMD figure for the above category

$5.1

$5.1

$8.8

$8.8

 

 

 

 

 

Physical protection of national population/infrastructure

$15.3

$19.1

$16.6

$16.6

Air Security Protective Operations

 

 

 

$16.046

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$47.9

$68.5

$70.7

$71.7

WMD figure for the above category

$12.9

$14.3

$17.0

$17.0

- Equipment for First Responders

$1.0

$2.0

$2.2

$2.2

- Special Response Units

$11.5

$11.6

$14.6

$14.6

- Other

$0.4

$0.7

$0.2

$0.2

 

 

 

 

 

Research and Development

$0.7

$0.8

$2.7

$2.7

 

 

 

 

 

US AID (Total)

$5.7

$54.9

$5.4

$5.0

Defense Against WMD from Above Total

$3.0

$1.4

$1.4

$2.4

 

 

 

 

 

Physical security of govt facilities/employees

$2.7

$3.5

$4.0

$2.7

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for & responding to terrorist acts

$3.0

$51.4

$1.4

$2.4

WMD figure for the above category

$3.0

$1.4

$1.4

$2.4

- First Responder Training and Exercises

$0.3

$1.4

$1.4

$2.4

- Other

$2.7

$0.0

$0.0

$0.0

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1. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 22.

2. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 22.

3. This figure represents the amount of funding requested for FY 2000. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Government-Wide Spending to Combat Terrorism. Report to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85), March 3, 1999, p. 8.

4. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 25.

5. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 25.

6. Executive Office of the President, Office of the Press Secretary. "President Clinton and Vice President Gore: Safeguarding Americans From the Threat of Terrorism." [http://www.whitehouse.gov/WH/Work/031599.html]. March 15, 1999.

7. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. 25 new cities added, for a total of 72.

8. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. This source applies to all figures under this item.

9. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html].

10. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html].

11. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. Program comprised of two elements: (a) Four different types of 12-hour "Push Packages," comprising 25% inventory and located at four different locations; (b) Vendor Managed Inventory, deployable within 24-36 hours. Composition of inventory will decided by a CDC advisory body by July 31st of each year. This source applies to all figures under this item.

12. For medical management of primary victims and acute treatment of medical care providers exposed to victims of chemical attack.

13. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. Develop in-house capability to test 200 blood and urine samples per day for 150 toxicants.

14. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. This source applies to all figures under this items.

15. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html]. This source applies to all figures under this item.

16. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html].

17. United States Public Law 106-113. November 29, 1999. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ113.106.

18. United States Public Law 106-113. November 29, 1999. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ113.106.

19. Johns Hopkins University-Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. "Department of Health and Human Services FY2000 Anti-Terrorism Funding" (Abstracted from DHHS Summary Document). Biodefense Quarterly, March 2000, Volume 1, Number 4. [http://www.hopkins-biodefense.org/pages/news/quarter.html].

20. United States Public Law 106-113. November 29, 1999. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ113.106.

21. United States Public Law 106-113. November 29, 1999. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ113.106. This amount may overlap with funds used by other HHS agencies.

22. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 29.

23. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 29.

24. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 29.

25. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 29.

26. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 30.

27. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 2. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

28. This figure represents the amount of funding requested for FY 2000. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: Observations on Federal Spending to Combat Terrorism. Statement of Henry L. Hinton, Jr., Assistant Comptroller General, National Security and International Affairs Division, Before the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives, March 11, 1999, p. 7. Figure includes $70million of no-year funds from prior years. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

29. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: Observations on Federal Spending to Combat Terrorism. Statement of Henry L. Hinton, Jr., Assistant Comptroller General, National Security and International Affairs Division, Before the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives, March 11, 1999, p. 7. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

30. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 45. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

31. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 45. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

32. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 45. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

33. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 45. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

34. Testimony of Janet Reno before the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary and Other Related Agencies. February 29, 2000. http://www.senate.gov/~appropriations/commerce/testimony/reno229.htm.

35. Testimony of Janet Reno before the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary and Other Related Agencies. February 29, 2000. http://www.senate.gov/~appropriations/commerce/testimony/reno229.htm.

36. Testimony of Janet Reno before the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary and Other Related Agencies. February 29, 2000. http://www.senate.gov/~appropriations/commerce/testimony/reno229.htm.

37. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: FBI's Use of Federal Funds for Counterterrorism-Related Activities (FYs 1995-98). Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, November 1998, p. 45. Some and/or all of the money allocated to the FBI may already be included in the DOJ figures.

38. This total includes all funding for special response teams, including WMD Civil Support Teams (formerly RAID), Marine Corps Chemical Biological Incident Response Force, and the Army's Technical Escort Units.

39.  U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: Observations on Federal Spending to Combat Terrorism. Statement of Henry L. Hinton, Jr., Assistant Comptroller General, National Security and International Affairs Division, Before the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives, March 11, 1999, p. 10.

40. This figure represents the amount of funding requested for FY 2000. U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: Observations on Federal Spending to Combat Terrorism. Statement of Henry L. Hinton, Jr., Assistant Comptroller General, National Security and International Affairs Division, Before the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives, March 11, 1999, p. 11.

41. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 41.

42. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 41.

43. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 31.

44. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 31.

45. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 32.

46. Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Pursuant to FY 1998 National Defense Authorization Act (Public Law 105-85) May 18, 2000, p. 34.

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