Creek Indian History
as it relates to the Southeast.
(No, there has never been any Cherokee's
in South Georgia - The lower Creeks lived in S. Ga.)
Creek towns in the Albany, GA.
area and a description of Chehaw Town around 1790. This is also helpful
information in understanding what a Creek town (Italwa or Talofa) was -
by Jack Boedeker, Historian
The American Old West -A
letter from General Thomas S. Woodward
to J.J. Hooper, dated December
20, 1858. I have highlighted the portions of the letter as it relates to
Chehaw, South Georgia, Fort Early, and Fort Gaines.
Frontiersman, founder of Tuskegee, Ala, soldier, and Indian
fighter with a respectful and intimate understanding of the Native Americans
with whom he shared the raw frontier, General Woodward left us a vivid
first-hand view of the early years of Alabama, Georgia, and North Florida.
Strangely enough, the Chehaw affair
gone almost entirely neglected in American history, although it flared
up at the time and created a great emotional outburst in Georgia; led to
a hot and intemperate correspondence between the governor of Georgia and
Andrew Jackson; engaged the attenton of President James Monroe, Secretary
of State John Quincy Adams, Secretary of War John C. Calhoun, secretary
of the Treasury William H. Crawford, and Attorney-General William Wirt;
upset Congress for a spell; made issues of state rights and of military
versus civil authority; and led the chief actor who created that affair
to flee the country and never to be heard of again. (Under construction)
The Chehaw Indians - an
account of Chehaw Town by Dr. Lee Formwalt, Albany State University.
200 years ago on the South Georgia
Frontier there was Jack Kinnard, a Scotch-Creek mestizo. (By Dr.
Lee Formwalt; Albany State University)
Creek Indian history - "THE CREEK
COUNTRY" by Col. Benj. Hawkins, Creek Indian Agent 1799. (This
is not the full document but is all text.)
Here is a letter from Benjamin
Hawkins, to the Govr. of Georgia in 1813... These were the last
days of the Creek Nation in Georgia. Georgia removed all Indians about
ten years before the "Trail of Tears" the lower Creeks of Georgia were
removed to upper Alabama and made to live among the upper Creeks.
Other Great Links
People have disagreed over the exact words spoken by Chief
Seattle in his speech of 1854. "The Great Ecology" describes some
the different versions. Another source of information is The Alternate
"Chief Seattle Statement" In spite of this controversy, the message continues
to be a powerful statement on the environment, culture, and the future
of humanity. This Version 1 appeared in the
Seattle Sunday Star on Oct. 29, 1887,in
a column by Dr. Henry A. Smith.