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Indicators on housing


Source: Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat and United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat).

 
                           Year     Average number of persons per room *
                                    Total        Urban        Rural
                     
Aruba                      1991      0.7          ...          ...
Austria                    1997      0.7          0.7          0.7
Azerbaijan                 1998      2.1          1.9          2.3 
Bahamas                    1990      1.3          1.3          1.1
Belgium                    1991      0.6          ...          0.6
Bermuda                    1991      0.6          0.6          ... 
Bolivia                    1988      ...          1.7 a        ...
Brazil                     1998      0.7          0.7          0.8
Bulgaria                   1992      1.0          1.2          0.8
Cameroon                   1976      1.2          1.2          1.3
Canada                     1996      0.5          0.5          0.5
China, Macao SAR           1996      1.1          ...          ...
Colombia                   1993      1.4          1.3          1.7
Costa Rica                 1997      0.9          0.8          1.0
Croatia                    1991      1.2          ...          ...
Cuba                       1981      1.0          1.0          1.0
Cyprus                     1992      0.6 b        0.6 b        0.7 b
Czech Republic             1991      1.0          1.1          1.0 
Egypt                      1996      1.3          1.3          1.4
Finland                    1998      0.8          0.8          1.0
France                     1990      0.7          0.7          0.7
French Guiana              1990      1.1          1.1          1.5
Gambia                     1993      1.5          1.3          1.6
Germany                    1987      0.5 c        0.5 c        0.5 c
Guadeloupe                 1990      0.9 d        0.9 d        0.9 d
Guam                       1990      0.8          0.7          0.8
Honduras                   1988      2.2 e        1.8 e        2.6 e
Hungary                    1990      0.8          0.8          0.8
India                      1981      2.7 d f g    2.6 d f g    2.8 d f g
Iraq                       1987      1.5          1.8          1.0
Israel                     1983      1.2          ...          ...
Japan                      1978      0.8 h        0.8 h        0.7 h
Korea, Republic of         1995      1.1          1.2          0.9
Kuwait                     1985      1.7 i        ...          ...
Lesotho                    1996      2.1          ...          ...
Martinique                 1990      0.9 d        0.9 d        0.9 d
Mauritius                  1990      1.2          1.1          1.3
Mexico                     1995      ...          1.4 j        ...
Netherlands                1998      0.7          0.6          0.6
New Caledonia              1989      1.2 d        1.1 d        1.4 d
New Zealand                1991      0.5 k        0.5 k        0.5 k
Nicaragua                  1995      2.6          2.2          3.1
Norway                     1990      0.6          0.6          0.6
Pakistan                   1998      3.0 l        2.8 l        3.1 l
Panama                     1990      1.6          1.4          1.9
Peru                       1990      2.0          1.9          2.4
Poland                     1995      1.0          0.9          1.1
Portugal                   1991      0.7          0.7          0.7 
Puerto Rico                1990      0.7          0.6          0.7
Reunion                    1990      1.0          1.0          0.9
Romania                    1992      1.3 k m      1.3 k m      1.2 k m
San Marino                 1991      0.7          0.7          0.8
Slovakia                   1991      1.2          1.2          1.2
Sri Lanka                  1981      2.2          2.3          2.1
Sweden                     1990      0.5          0.5          0.5
Switzerland                1990      0.6          0.6          0.6
Syrian Arab Republic       1994      2.0          1.8          2.3
Turkey                     1994      1.3          1.3          1.4
United Kingdom             1996      0.5          0.5          0.4 
United States              1997      0.5          0.5          0.5
US Virgin Islands          1990      0.6 n        ...          ...
Uruguay                    1996      1.0          1.0          1.0
Yugoslavia                 1991      1.2          3.1          3.3
Sources:
United Nations Secretariat and United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), Compendium of Human Settlement Statistics 2001 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.01.XVII.5), Compendium of Human Settlement Statistics 1995 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XVII.11) and United Nations, Compendium of Human Settlements Statistics 1983 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E/F.84.XVII.5).

Footnotes:
* Excluding bathrooms and toilet rooms.
... Not available.
a La Paz.
b Data refer to Government controlled areas only.
c Data do not include the former German Democratic Republic.
d Based on households in housing units.
e Based on the number of occupied housing units with people present at the time of the census.
f Excluding Assam and some areas where 1981 census could not be conducted. Also, not included are institutional households for which the number of living rooms in occupation of household was not canvassed.
g Including the Indian-held part of Jammu and Kashmir, the final status of which has not yet been determined.
h Kitchens not counted as rooms.
i Based on occupied conventional and unconventional dwellings and occupied collective living   quarters.
j Ciudad de Mexico.
k Based on conventional dwellings only.
l Excluding Jammu and Kashmir, the final status of which has not yet been determined.
m The definition of room does not cover kitchen even if it suits the definition of a room.
n Island of St. Thomas. Total number of rooms was estimated by the UN.

 
Technical notes:
        The main data sources for housing statistics are national population and housing censuses. Internationally recommended concepts and definitions for collecting these statistics are published in the Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.80.XVII.8) and given below. It should be noted that countries sometimes deviate significantly from these recommended concepts and definitions. Departures from these definitions, when furnished by the reporting country, are footnoted in the table.

        The average number of persons per room was obtained by dividing the total population in occupied housing units by the total number of rooms as reported by countries. If the total number of occupants, i.e., total population occupying housing units, was not available, the total population figure was used in the numerator.

        A room is defined as a space in a housing unit or other living quarters enclosed by walls reaching from the floor to the ceiling or roof covering, or at least to a height of 2 meters, of a size large enough to hold a bed for an adult, that is, at least 4 square meters. Rooms, therefore, may include bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, studies, habitable attics, servants' rooms, kitchens, rooms used for professional or business purposes and other separate spaces used or intended for dwelling purposes, so long as they meet the criteria of walls and floor space. Passageways, verandas, lobbies, bathrooms and toilet rooms are not expected to be counted as rooms, even if they meet the criteria.

 

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