"My faith is clear. I will forsake it even if I stand alone in the
Dr Fazal-ur-Rahim Marwat
Source: The Frontier Post.
When the history of the sub-continent is being written, perhaps only a
few of those who occupy public attention will find a mention in it. But
those "very few there will be the outstanding and commanding figure of
Badshah Khan" said Jawaharlal Nehru, "Straight and simple, faithful and
with a finely chiseled face that compels attention, and a character
in the fire of long suffering and painful ordeal, full of hardness of
man of faith believing in his mission and yet soft with the gentleness
one who loves his kind exceedingly."
If any body can be said to be a universal man it is Khan Abdul Ghaffar
popularly known as Bacha Khan for h e stands not for any narrow
or political group, but for the eternal values of love & peace that
valid for all times to come. D.G. Tendulkar in his book Abdul Ghaffar
Faith is Battle, asserts, "The life of Abdul Ghaffar Khan is an
saga of a triumph of spirit which knows nothing of force, whose
are won by the power of invincible gentleness." Bacha Khan was against
violence in any form and for any case. Violence always promotes a sense
hatred. It is not good for any country or nation because it is
self-destructive. The alarming growth of violence, itself a
social disruption and moral degeneration has been prohibiting progress
fronts. Without overcoming this trend, we cannot solve the political,
and social problems of our society. If some individual or party, state
nation supports violence and terrorism in any form and for whatever
objective, that individual, party, state or nation would ultimately
itself in trouble and disorder.
Bacha Khan's was a difficult saga and difficult mission. Difficult
the people, the political parties and the government have moved so far
from the party of non-violence and peace. Commenting on Bacha Khan's
observation, Searchlight in its October 14th, 1969 issue writes: "There
much force in Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan's observation that if the
leaders in this country (India) did not pay heed to the fast changing
immediate steps to improve the lot of the common people they would meet
fate of Ayub Khan of Pakistan and Chiang Kai Shek of erstwhile China.
country can ignore the march of time and the forces of change that
The life and work of great personage like Bacha Khan gives us faith in
future of humanity. In his person and movement one could search for
vision and progress.
One of his admirers wrote about Bacha Khan in his lifetime.
"With the vision of idealism in his eyes, he looks beyond the
surrounding man. He is striving to bring man and man, nation and nation
closer to one another. His achievement signifies the evolution of a new
of human force which alone can ultimately be the motivation of enduring
Bacha Khan was more adherent to non-violence than Gandhiji and never
from his path throughout his life. In 1940, when all Indian National
discussed the policy towards the war, Bacha Khan resigned from the
committee by saying:
"Some recent resolutions of the working Committee indicate that they
restricting the use of non-violence to the fight for India's freedom
constituted authority.... I should like to make it clear that the
non-violence I have believed in and preached to my brethren of the
Khudai-Khidamatgars is much wider. It affects all our life, and only
permanent value... The Khudai-Khidmatgars must, therefore, be what our
of God and humanity by laying down our own lives and never taking any
Mostly the Western and Indian scholars and even in his latest book
Bacha Khan 'A Frontier Gandhi' by a Sindhi scholar-bureaucrat S.M.
tries to prove that Bacha Khan was a follower of Gandhiji and his
non-violence. This observation is regrettable. J.S. Bright MA writes in
booklet "Frontier and its Gandhi" in 1994 about Khan Abdul Ghaffar
"Ghaffar Khan is in complete
accord with the principle of non-violence. But he has not borrowed his
outlook from Mahatma Gandhi.
He has reached it. And reached it independently. Independently like a
struggler after truth. No doubt, his deep study of Quran has influenced
doctrine of love..." He added, "At any rate, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is
Brahmin. Neither he is a Mullah commissioned by his Majesty the King of
He is a plain Khan and tribesmen do not doubt his sincerity. Hence, if
Ghaffar Khan has arrived at the philosophy of non-violence, it is
no wonder. Of the two, Ghaffar Khan and Mahatma Gandhi, my personal
that the former has achieved a higher level of spirituality. The Khan
reached heaven, while the Pandit is firmly on the earth but ironically
enough; the Mahatma is struggling in the air! Ghaffar Khan like Shelley
from heaven to the earth, while Mahatma Gandhi like Keats is going from
to be heaven.
Hence, I do not understand why Ghaffar Khan should be called the
Gandhi. There is no other reason except this that the Mahatma was
the field, more ambitious than spiritual and has been able to capture
or the other, a greater publicity. If we judge a person by spiritual
qualities, Mahatma Gandhi should rather be called the Indian Khan than
Ghaffar Khan the Frontier Gandhi, true, there the matter ends."
He has given his people a new consciousness of life. A life of labour
love. He was man of conviction rather than of words. He was Muslim but
neither a pretender nor a hypocrite. A man who for his services is
Fakhari-Afghan but he called himself simply Ghaffar or Abdul Ghaffar.
a man who tried to light the lamp of hope and struggle in the hearts of
Pakhtuns. A person who spent half of his life behind the bars and in
but still preached message of love and compassion to his people.
It was Bacha Khan who practically proved by raising the professional
(Qasabgaran) to the status of general and commanders of the
Khudai-Khidmatgars over Khans and Chiefs in the traditional Pakhtun
To him no man is superior to another except for his services for the
community and his piety.
He tried h is best in invite the Pakhtuns to trade and business by
himself a shop.
He was so particular about the quality and quantity of items/things
advertised in his journal 'The Pakhtun' that that he advised to check
advertised items himself or by anyone before publishing it, and if the
was found of adulteration or wrong-doing his advertisement would not be
published again in his journal.
Without following the principles taught by Bacha Khan, our nation, our
country, rather the entire world would wait for another Messiah, to
from the quagmire of violence, terrorism, sectarianism and selfishness.