CHRISTIAN REPLY TO MUSLIM OBJECTIONS
THE BIBLE AS WE HAVE IT IS NOT GOD'S WORD
THE TESTIMONY OF THE QURAN TO THE BIBLE:
The Taurat and the Injil (Old Testament and New Testament)
were given by God to Moses, the Prophets and Jesus and
they are guidance, light and admonition: Sura. 5:47-52; 5:71-72; 5:69; 6:91;
Muslims are to believe in the revelations given to Abraham, Moses,
There is no difference in revelations: S. 2:136; 29:46; 4:136; 2:285.
The Quran confirms former revelations: S. 10:37; 46:11; 35:31.
The Injil and the Taurat were available during the time of Mohammed:
S. 21:7; 10:94; 3:71; 3:93; 4:47; 2:42; 29:46.
The Word of God cannot be changed by men: S. 6:34; 10:64.
Mohammed was sent to guard Scriptures from before in safety: S. 5:51.
TESTIMONY OF THE BIBLE AS TO ITS INSPIRATION: 2Tim. 3:16; 2 Peter 1:16-21.
Jesus testifies to the inspiration of the Old Testament: Matt. 4:4,6,7;
11:10; Mark 14:27;
Luke 4:4-12; Matt. 5:18; John 10:35; Mark 7:13; Luke 11:49.
Evidence in the Old Testament: 1 Sam. 9:27; 1 Chron. 17:3; Isa. 4:8 etc.
Evidence in the New Testament: Matt. 13:9; Luke 3:2; Acts 8:25; 1 Peter 1:10-11
Jesus commissioned His apostles as teachers and promised them
Matt. 28:19-20; 10:7,19,20; John 14:26; 15:26-27; 16:13; 17:8; 20:22; 12:49-50;
The apostles testify to the reception of the Holy Spirit and His teachings:
1 Cor. 2:10,13; 11:23; 14:37-38; Gal. 1:12; 1 Thess. 4:2,8; 1 Peter 1:10-12;
2 Peter 3:2, 15-16; 1 John 5:10; Jude 3.
The testimony of the prophets and apostles were supported by
signs, miracles and prophecy:
Matt. 10:1; 1 Cor. 13:12 etc. The writers of the New Testament regarded their
writings as universal authority: 1 Cor. 1:2; Col. 4:16; 2 Peter 3:15-16.
The testimony of the believers: It works! God's promises are reliable! Unpredictable
prophecies have been given and were in great detail fulfilled. See
list: “CAM" pages 43-69 and “CCCC” pages 11-22.
1. The Quran testifies to the inspiration of the Bible and attests
its existence at the time of Mohammed.
2. The Bible testifies to its divine origin - though different to
the “nazil=coming down” concept of Islam.
3. There is an abundance of Bible manuscripts in our possession.
Thousands date back to pre-Islamic times.
They are identical to our Bibles today.
We ask Muslims:
A. When was the Bible changed and corrupted?
B. Why was it corrupted and changed?
C. By whom was it changed and corrupted? What was the response of
all the other believers when it was discovered?
D. If there was an 'original' Bible, where is it that we can compare
GOD HAS NO SON - JESUS CANNOT BE GOD
Sura. 19:35; “It is not
befitting to (the Majesty of) Allah that he
should beget a son"
S. 112:3; "He begetteth not
is He begotten.”
S. 5:19; “In blasphemy
indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ,
the son of Mary."
S. 23:91; “No
son did Allah beget, nor
is there any God along
See also S. 9:30; 10:68; 2:116
Jesus was born by a virgin
(S. 19:16-35)! Who takes the 'father
’? After the annunciation by Mary: “How shall I have a son, seeing
that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?" The angel replied: “Thy
says: 'That is easy for me
!’” “And (remember) her who
guarded her chastity: We
breathed into her of Our
The 'father role' is taken by God. He initiated the conception (S. 19:21-22).
The Bible teaches just that! The word "begotten
" (John 3:16) is a
it should be “only born
” (Greek mono-genis).
See Matt. 1:18-23; Luke 1:26-35 (Note the similarity of vs. 35 with S. 19:19)
THE QURAN TEACHES THAT JESUS WAS:
• Born by a virgin
• The Messiah
• The Word of Truth
in the world and Hereafter (S. 3:45).
• A sign
to all men (S. 21:91; 19:21)
• A creator
of Life (S. 3:49; 5:113)(see S. 22:73)
• A Mercy
from God (S. 19:21)
• A Spirit
from God (S. 4:171)
• The Word
of God (S. 4:171) Is the Word of God (thought, mind of
God) part of Him or a separate entity?
to heaven (S. 4:158)
• And will return for Judgement (S. 43:61 with Mishkat IV pp. 78.80)
• A miracle
worker (S. 3:49)
Was there any
other prophet or man ever, who united these or any
of the above 13 attributes in him?
THE BIBLE TEACHES IN ADDITION THAT JESUS:
of the natural elements (sea, wind) (Mark. 4:37-41;
sins Luke 7:48-49; John 1:29
Is the Way,
and the Life,
and no man can come
to God except throug Him.. John 14:6
and is the keeper of the Universe John 1:1-14; Col.
1:15- 20; Heb. 1:1-3
come In the flesh: John 5:26-29 with Dan. 7:13; John 5:18;
2 Cor. 4:4; Acts 20:28; Titus 2:11-14
so: Rev. 21:6-7; John 14:6-10: 10:30-33
it: John 20:27-29
it to the High Priest: Matt.26:63 (Muslims object, that Jesus
said not “Yes” but “You say so”).
Is God as prophecied
by Isa. 7:14; 9:6
He was pre-existent
: Micah 5:2; see also John 8:58
The very name Jesus
Sura 4:171; “Say not Trinity: desist: it will be better for you: for
Allah is one Ilah.”
S. 5:76; “They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity:
for there is no good except Allah.”
S. 5:119 views Trinity as consisting of God, Mary and Jesus.
This is misunderstanding.
THE BIBLE TEACHES THE TRINITY OF THE ONE GOD only by implication:
The names of God in the O.T. are, besides His title
the mighty one
God 224 times
Eloah the object of
worship God 56
the object of worship God 89
Elohim the object of worship
God 2222 times
Elohim is the plural form of Eloah.
Is any explanation given?
Yes: Gen. 1:26: “Elohim said: Let Us make man” Gen. 11:7 "The
Lord said . . . come, Let Us go down . . ."
Note: there is no “pluralis majestatis" In the Hebrew.
Deut. 6:4; “The lord our God is one Lord" (Hebrew: Jahweh Eluhenu
Jahweh echad). Translation: "The lord our Gods is one Lord."
Isa. 44:6: "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel AND his
redeemer the Lord of hosts: I am the first and I am
the last and besides me there is no God.
Isa. 63:7-10: “I will recount the steadfast love of the Lord (Jahweh)
. . . and He became their Jeshua - (Jesus, which
is the English form thereof). In all their affliction he was
afflicted and the angel of his presence saved them; in His love and
His pity He redeemed them . . . but they rebelled and grieved
His Holy Spirit . . .”
How can God condescend to take on human form?
It is indeed a mystery as God Himself is, and eternity, infinity etc.
But God through a prophet announced this event 750 years before: Isa. 7:14,
9:6 (Immanuel - God with us). See also 'Jesus cannot be God'.
Christians beleive subsequently in one God, who in time and history
chose to be incarnated into human form in Jesus: GOD through His miraculous
conception, MAN through His mother. Being man He had all human needs and
many limitations, being God He performed His miracles etc.
JESUS WAS NOT CRUCIFIED
S. 4:157-158: "They killed Him not, nor
crucified Him, but so it was made to appear to them. . . . of a surety they
killed Him not; nay, Allah raised Him up unto himself.”
Against that we read in S. 19:33-34. where Jesus says: "Peace is on me the
day I was born, the day I die and the day I shall be raised
up to life. Such was Jesus, the son of Mary, the Word of Truth about which
Which explanation offers itself? Muslims say he will die after he
returns to earth again to destroy al-Dajjal, the anti-Christ, when he will
be buried next to Mohammed in Medina. BUT in verse 15 of the same
Surah the identical words are used of John the Baptist! “O, Jesus, I will
cause thee to die and raise thee to myself” (S. 3:55) adds
to the mystery.
WHICH EVIDENCES SUPPORT THE ISLAMIC CLAIMS?
The testimony of one man who lived close to 600 years after
the event and did not have access to the documented reports.
THE BIBLE REPORTS THE CRUCIFIXION, death and resurrection in many
ways: Matt. 27:32-54; Mark 15:22-39; Luke 23:33-47; John 19:17-30; Acts 2:22-24;
7:52; 10:39-40; 13:28-33; Rom. 5:6,8; 1 Cor. 15:3-6; Phil. 2:5-8; Heb. 7:27;
10:10; 12:2; 1 Pet. 2:24; Rev. 1:5-7; Rev. 5:9,. and many more.
WHICH EVIDENCES SUPPORT THE BIBLICAL CLAIMS?
1. Eye witness reports (“CCCC” pp. 7-9 and “CAM” pp. 54-56):
2Peter 1: 16-21; 1 John 1: 1-3a; 1 Cor. 15:3-7 (note: more than 500
: most alive to be questioned!); Luke 1:1-4; Acts 5:30-32. When 50 days after
the crucifixion Peter addressed thousands of Jews (Acts 2:22-24) he
accused them of crucifying and killing Jesus. No one denied! They
repented, for “I am persuaded that none of these things has escaped
notice, for this was not done in a corner" (Acts 26:26).
2. History recorded it though mostly by hostile historians: ("CCCC"
pp. 9-10 and “CAM” pp. 98-104) Pliny, Cornelius Tacitus, Thallus and particularly
Josephus, a Jewish general who defected to the Romans and wrote for them
the Jewish history: “Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, If
it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher
of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both
many Jews, and Gentiles. He was the Christ (Messiah). And when Pilate, at
the suggestion of the principal amongst us, had Him condemned to the
cross, those that loved Him at the first did not forsake Him; for
he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets
had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him.
And the tribe of Christians, so named from Him, are not extinct at this day.
(Antiquitates iudaicae Vol. 18 . 111:3).
3. O.T. Prophecy predicted the event: (“CCCC” pp. 11-23 and “CAM”
pp. 43-53). With regard to crucifixion read: Zech. 11:12-13; Mark 14:10-11,
17-21; 43-46. Isa. 52:12 - 53:12; Ps. 22:1, 7-9, 13-18; John 18:36 - 19:37.
Muslims query "The sign of Jonah" (Matt. 12:38-40). (See “CAM” pp.105-106).
JESUS WAS ONLY A PROPHET TO ISRAEL AND MOHAMMED THE UNIVERSAL
Reasons given: (Matt. 15:24, 10:5-6; Mark 7:26 with Matt. 1:21 (His
Christians reply: Prophecy regarding Jesus in O. T. only known to Jews. Subsequently
only Israel was ready to understand the Messiah and his purpose - they had
God's revelation! - but most rejected him being intimidated by their leaders.
Yet he had a strong following. The apostles were prepared by Jesus to go
and commanded by Him to go into all the wor1d to bring the Gospel
of Salvation (explain) to all mankind; Matt. 28:18; Mark 16:15-18;
John 14:6; Acts 4:12 etc. So Jesus indeed went only to Israel, but to prepare
his disciples to go into all the world.
The Quran underlines this: S. 21:91; 19:21, where Jesus came as a sign to
THE GOSPEL OF BARNABAS IS THE "REAL GOSPEL"
(see “CAM” pp: 119 ff)
This is no Gospel, but was obviously written by a Muslim about 1300-1350,
1. The author did not
know local and historical situation:
Year of Jubilee
years. (Lev 25: 11 every 50th year!
Changed only once - in 1300)
Romans gather army of 3 x 200 000
men at Mizpeh. (Whole Roman army
was 300 000). Jesus born when Pilate was governor. (He was A.D. 26- 27).
- Mount of Transfiguration (No ones knows, this is a tradition
of the third century). Four
Archangels mentioned (Not in the Bible,
this tradition is of a much later date). 1 denarius is 60 minuti
(Minuti used only under Khalif Abdul Malik A.D. 685). Soldiers rolled away
(Barrels unknown at that time in Israel). Eve ate the
in paradise. (Bible - fruit. Apple tradition much later). Many
quotations are taken from Dante's
works. (Dante lived 1245-1321).
2. The author did not know the geography
of Israel: Nazareth at shore
of Lake Galilee, Jesus goes UP (!) to Capernaum,
the lowest town on
the earth's surface, Jesus went by boat
3. The author mentions Catholic
Jesus and disciples observe 40 days of Lent! (Known 400 years later).
is given as a title to Mary (done only 400 years later).
4. The author mentions Islamic
The name of Mohammed
15 times(Born 570 AC )
Mohammed called "Messiah".
(Bible and Quran: Jesus the Messiah).
It mentions the 5 pillars
of Islam and the Islamic creed;
is no god but God and Mohammed is his messenger. Which is not even found
in its totality in the Quran.
Jesus observed five
daily prayers (No Jewish custom and not reported)
offered on altar by Abraham. (Bible - Isaac Gen. 22:2, Ismael
5. Barnabas was not
a disciple of Jesus, but became a Christian after
MOHAMMED IS PREDICTED IN THE BIBLE
(See “MFB” and "CAM” pp.110-116)
: S. 61:6: "Jesus said: I am indeed the Messenger of
Allah to you . . . giving good tidings of a messenger who shall come
after "the praised one". This, say Muslims, is based on John 14:16-17; 15:26;
16:7. The “Comforter”
, the Holy Spirit in Greek paracletos.
Muslims hold it should read pericletos
- the praised one - Mohammed.
There is no evidence for that.
: This passage refers to a Spirit.
He was promised
to the apostles and would remain forever.
The apostles knew him (14:17)
and he was to dwell in them. The promise was fulfilled
in Acts 2,
to those who believed (John 7:39)
: Deut. 18:18 "I will raise up for them a prophet
like you from among their brethren; and I will put my words in his mouth,
and he shall speak to them all I command him” - this prophet is Mohammed.
1. “. . . from among
their brethren”, i.e. the brethren of the Israelites
2. Mohammed resembles Moses fully: "a prophet like you".
: 1 ". . . from their brethren”, i.e. out of your
midst! See Deut. 18:1-2 (their brethren), :15 (from among YOU). The prophet
had to come from Israel
. This brother is Judah.
2. “a prophet like you” (See “CAM” pp. 115).
3. The Bible states that Jesus
is that prophet (Acts 3: 17-23)
To us the attempt to fit Mohammed into the role of Jesus is Just a desperate
move to “fulfil” the saying of S. 61:7 and 7:157. Besides, by making this
claim the Muslims admit
the validity of the Bible.
To Islamic Teachings
THE QURAN HAS BEEN GIVEN WORD BY WORD BY ALLAH -
AND HAS UNDERGONE NO CHANGES EVER!
1.The Quran varies
from former revelation in considerable and many
ways. If we believe that nobody can change the Word of God (Sura 10:64 and
6:34), that Mohammed was the protector
of former revelations and that
former revelations (Taurat and Injil) are God's Word (see p.1), how can we
explain the differences? The Bible underwent no change, as we have seen (p.1)
2. During the life of Mohammed there were 'seven
revealed forms' of
the Quran which differed considerably (Tafsir of Tabari. Tafsir of al-Baizawi
on S. 3:100; 6:91; 19:35; 28:48; 33:6; 34:18; 38:22 and also recorded in
the Mishkat III pp. 702-705). (See “CAM” p. 57-59).
of the Quran existed until after
the Quran was revised under Uthman (“Christians ask Muslims” pp 60-64). These
were collected and recorded by Ibn Masood, Abu Musa, Ubayy ibn Ka'b and Hijazi
text. All recorders were companions of Mohammed and learned the Quran from
him. Said who revised the Quran was much their junior. Jalal al-Din reports
of 2 Suras which are missing
in the Uthmani Text but were contained
in the masahif of Ibn Abbas, Ubayy and Abu Musa, and in today's text are
three Suras which were not
in the mushaf of ibn Masood (al-Itqan).
Ibn Masood is reported to have attended the 'final review' of the Quran by
After creating a uniform text from the existing versions, Uthman ordered
ALL others including the original which was kept by Hafsah, to be burnt.
WHY??? (Mishkat III p. 708).
4. There are portions missing
and others wilfully added
(See "CAM" pp. 49-52). Missing in today's Quran are: “If there were two valleys
of riches for the son of Adam, he would long
for a third valley .
. . " etc. this part of a sura the length of S. at- Taubah, "O people who
believe, why do you say that which you do not practice
. . . " etc,.
and "That which is recorded in your necks as a witness (against you) and
you would be asked
about it on the Day of Resurrection" and the verse
of stoning adulteresses
(Sahih Muslim pp. 501, 912: Mishkat II p.
534). Ayshah reported that one revelation manuscript which was under her
bed at the time of Mohammed's death was eaten
by a domestic animal
(Sahih Muslim p. 740)
S. 53: 19: “Have you considered al-Lat
the third other?" was formerly followed by: “Verily they are exalted
maidens and their intercession
is to be hoped for (or 'is approved')”
Al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat were three of 360 deities in the Ka'aba before
Mecca was conquered by Muslims. The text of vs. 19 was also altered. It read
originally “By al-Lat
. . .” etc. To S. 23:12 the words Blessed
be Allah, the best of creators” were added by Mohammed, being an exclamation
by his scribe Abd-Allah Ibn Abi-Sarh (al-Baidawis and Zamakshari's
tafsir commentary)). To S. 4:95 the words “except those who suffer from a
grave impediment” were wilfully added, when a blin
d person was present
when the foregoing verse was dictated by Mohammed to Said and he objected.
5. A great deal of (if not all) the religious concepts
reflected in the Quran were common knowledge
at the time of Mohammed
in Arabia and Mohammed had easy access to them (See "CAM" pp. 96-102): i.e.
hood, Ka'aba, Hajj,
in Islam, Ramadaan, Quibla, Jesus, Mary, Abraham, Moses
and many others,
and Marut, seven
heavens and hells (S. 15:44; 17:44),
the Miraj, paradise,
(balances) and Sirat
etc.. These come from varying sources (Sabaeans, Talmud, N.T. Apocrypha,
Jewish legends and legends of Eastern Religions), many are quoted verbally.
6. The Quran served to provide personal advantages
for Mohammed. (All
references from "CAM" pp. 111-116).
S. 66: 1 ff explained in Mishkat II pp. 680-681 and Ranzatu'r, Safu: II p.
S. 33:53-54 explained in Mishkat II p. 723 and I p. 210.
S. 33:36 explained by the Tafsir of al-Baizawi II p. 129 and Sahih Muslim
II p. 724.
S. 33:37-38; 33:50-56 explained in Mishkat I p. 210, Sahih al-Bukhari I p.
165. Sahih Muslim II p. 716 and p. 762, Sahih Muslim IV pp. 1299-1301, ibn
Sa'ds' Kitab al-Tabaqat al-kabir pp. 439, 469 etc.).
7. We find no valid, acceptable evidence in the text of the Quran, which
testifies to its divine
character (we refer to “CCCC” pp. 11-22 and
"CAM" pp. 43-65):
(a) There is no humanly unpredictable prophecy
which was consequently
fulfilled as in the Bible, and as demanded as a proof (Deut. 18:21-22; Isa.
(b) Jews and Christians repeatedly asked Mohammed for such proof to establish
as a prophet, which he did not
give (S. 3:183;
17:90-93; 17:59; 88:93; 13:7, 109, 124; 7:203; 2:87, 99, 118-119; 151:252).
(c) The high literary quality
(S 17:89; 2:23; 9: 16) of at least parts
of the Quran in Arabic does not constitute in itself any evidence of divine
origin. (The best human achievement is by that not yet divine)
(d) The testimony of one
man to a divine and universal text without
confirmation by acceptable divine signs cannot be held acceptable.
in the Quran:
S. 4:82: "If it (Quran) had been from any besides Allah, they would certainly
have found therein many contradictions." These are, no doubt, there:
: The Quran distinctly teaches “taqdir” or “qadar”
(pre-ordering). (See “CAM” pp. 21-37).
S. 28:68; 54:49; 37:96; 13:39; 42:49:50; 35:16-17; 30:54.
S. 32:13; 16:93; 16:36; 7:179; 4:87; 14:4; 11:118; 13:27;
S. 5:20; 5:40; 48:14
Of, Sin, Piety,
S. 91:7-8; 76:29-30.
Of the Will
of Man: S. 47:16; 2:5-6; 42:13; 57:22;
32:12-13; 33:17; 48:11; 74:54-56; 64:11; 68:48-50.
Of Man’s Provisions
: S. 34:36; 30:37; 62:4; 13:26; 57:29; 28:82.
In contrast to this the Quran teaches “Reward for deeds
”, i.e. cause
and effect: S. 33:24; 33:73; 61:5; 28:56; 6:83.
and that Allah is most merciful
of each Sura) which is in contrast to both pre-ordering and cause and effect.
The Quran is confirmed by the Hadis: Mishkat III pp. 93-121; Sahih Muslim
IV pp. 1389-1401 and Sahih al-Bukhari VIII pp. 387-403.
One cannot possibly interpret this type of predestination as being on the
grounds of Allah's knowledge. How can Allah be Merciful,
if He is
How can there be a reward
for Good or Evil, if all is
(b) The law of mansukh and nasikh (“CAM” pp. 11-16), is the law of abrogation
and teaches that Allah may substitute
one revelation of the Quran
by another one (S. 16:101; 2:106). This is contradicted by S.6:34 and 10:64.
At least some of the mansukh verses (those abrogated or replaced) are still
in the Quran and each constitutes a contradiction. Since there is no accurate
chronology of the verses given, it is often difficult to determine which
verse is to replace which other one. Some examples (Salalu'd-Din estimated
the number of abrogations to be up to 500):
1. Change of Qibla:
2. Change of inheritance
laws: S. 4:7, 11
3. Change of night prayers:
S. 73:2, 20
4. Change of punishment for adulteresses: S. 4:15 and 124:2, not to mention
the lost verses of stoning (see paragraph 4)
5. Change of retaliation
laws: S. 2:178 and 5:48; 17:33
6. Change in the restrictions governing Jihad:
S. 9:5 is contradicted
by S. 9:36 and 47:4 and both contradict S. 2:256
In addition to the above are changes in pilgrimage
laws, the fast
and in Sabbath
law S. 2:158, 168-174, 182-187;
191-203; S.16:114-119, 124) and others.
(c) Other contradictions:
1. The world was created in six days (S. 25:59) - the world was created in
2. No distinction
between prophets (S. 3:84; 2:285; 2:136) - some
prophets exalted in degree above
others (S. 2:253)
3. Everything is predestined
(see 8a) - there is a just reward for
one's deeds (see 8a)
effected by angels and Mohammed (S. 42:5; 24:62) -
intercession is not
acceptable to Allah (S. 74:48; 63:5; 34:23).
CHRISTIAN OBJECTIONS TO CERTAIN ETHICAL
We find it strange that Muslim theologians
exert themselves to
the Christian faith by using doubtful
have often been refuted, but are continually taught in Madressas everywhere
(see pages 1-5). Messrs. Deedat, Joommal and others have resorted to totally
smear campaigns without the masses of Muslims objecting
Into the same category falls the propagation of the so-called "Gospel
" (see p. 5) and the comments by Col. Rahim.. The translation
of the "Gospel" was accompanied with the translation (L. and L. Ragg) commentary,
which clearly states that it is a forgery
. This is left out. That
the “Gospel of Barnabas” is a forgery is established without any reasonable
doubt (p. 5) Compare the Gospel of Barnabas
with the Epistle of Barnabus