The Federal Court of Canada is a superior court of record with
civil and criminal jurisdiction. The Court was created in 1971
as successor to the Exchequer Court of Canada which was established
in 1875*. Both courts were established under the authority of
section 101 of the Constitution Act, 1867, as courts
of law, equity and admiralty for the "better administration
of the laws of Canada."
The Federal Court of Canada is a bilingual court offering services
in both English and French and is bi-jural, administering the
two legal systems - common law and civil law. It is also itinerant,
in the sense that it sits and transacts business at any place
in Canada, to suit, as nearly as may be, the convenience of
the parties. It is the objective of the Court to secure the
just, most expeditious and least expensive determination of
every proceeding on its merits.