History of
Telegraph and Telephone Companies
in Nova Scotia



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10 March 1876: The first complete sentence was spoken by telephone.
Alexander Graham Bell's Path to the Telephone




Note on sources


This webpage began as an attempt to reconstruct, in fine-grained detail, the path of development of the telephone as a communications medium in Nova Scotia, from the earliest days to the present. The subject has broadened to include the electric telegraph companies, which preceded the telephone companies. In several cases, it is difficult to distinguish clearly between telegraph and telephone operations which were supplied by the same company at the same time using the same overland lines.

As it now stands, this document is far from complete. It is a beginning, and additional information will be added as it is collected. Any relevant material that others may feel inclined to contribute, will be welcome.

The list below is separated into two groups:
Privately-Owned Telephone and Telegraph Companies and
Mutual Telephone Companies Under the Rural Telephone Act.
The full, official, legal name of each company, as found in the most authoritative source available, is given here. The most authoritative source is usually the records of the Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities, especially for companies which operated after 1912. For the earlier companies, those which ceased operations before the PUB was formed in 1912, the best source may be a mention in a later PUB proceeding, or a contemporary newspaper article. Many (most?) of the privately-owned telephone and telegraph companies were incorporated by a special Act of the Legislature, and in such cases the Act itself is the definitive source. For the telephone companies operating in 1904-05, an important source is Winfield's list as published on pages 243-244, Report No. 9, April 11, 1905, of the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa.

Unless otherwise stated, "Act" means an Act of the Nova Scotia Legislature.

This list is known to be incomplete (I'm working on it).




The numbers of telephone public utilities operating in Nova Scotia, as of 31 December in the years named, were:


Number of
Telephone Public Utilities
Operating in Nova Scotia

on 31 December of each Year

Year
31 Dec.
Private
Tel. Cos.
Mutual
Tel. Cos.
Total
Tel. Cos.
1912 ? ? 77
1913 58 26 84
1914 ? 77 ?
1915 66 91 157
     
1919 61 162 223
1920      
1921 78 182 250
1922 ? ? 282
1923      
1924      
1925 71 214 285
1926 69 215 284
1927 69 207 276
     
1934 65 209 274
1935 65 201 266
1936 62 207 269
1937 59 206 265
1938      
1939 58 203 261
     
1943 57 200 257
     
1958 25 176 201
1959      
1960 20 171 191
1961 14 165 179
1962 13 154 167
1963 11 144 155
1964 11 138 149
1965 11 121 132
1966 10 112 122
1967 6 92 98
1968 6 82 88
1969 6 81 87
1970 5 81 86
Sources: Annual Reports of The Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities.

The 1976 Statistics Canada report lists 806 separate telephone companies operating within Canada.
[Source: Long Distance Please: The Story of the TransCanada Telephone System (book) by E.B. Ogle, Collins Publishers, 1979, ISBN 0002161672]

The large number of telephone companies that sprang up in Nova Scotia was not unusual. "From 1894 to 1903, an estimated 20,000 telephone companies were started in the United States."
[The National Post, 4 March 2000]




Privately-Owned
Telephone and Telegraph Companies





Alfred Dickie Telephone Company




Aliant Inc.
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph13.html




American Telegraph Company, Nova Scotia District




Anglo-American Telegraph Company Limited
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/telegraph02.html




Annex Telephone Company




Antigonish & Sherbrooke Telephone Company Limited
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph04.html




Antigonish Telephone Company Limited
Act of Incorporation: 1898 chapter 152




Athol Rural Telephone Company

Atlantic Telegraph Company Limited




Barrington Telephone Company
Based in Barrington, Shelburne County. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Barrington Township Telephone Company Limited
In January 1922, the PUB reported that the Barrington Township Tel. Co. "operates two exchanges, one at Clarks Harbour and the other at Barrington, and owns about 90 miles of black spruce pole line ... generally in good condition. The system also embraces considerable cable laid and maintained by the Federal Government in order to afford telephonic connection to certain islands. There are 36 circuits; 16 connecting with the Clarks Harbour exchange and 20 with the Barrington exchange. All of these, with two exceptions, are metallic circuits and carry in all 179 stations (telephones). Of the two grounded lines, one connects with a single core cable and as soon as the company is able to induce the Federal Government to lay twin-core or second single-core cables it is proposed to make these two circuits metallic." Barrington Township Tel. Co. rates, taking effect 1 January 1922, were:
Barrington Township Telephone Company
rates
1 January 1922
TYPE OF SERVICE RATE
PER YEAR
One party line $24.00
Two party line $20.00
Multi-party line $15.00
Multi-party line (Seal Island) $18.00
Multi-party line (Gunning Cove) $20.00
Multi-party line (Flat Island) $30.00
Multi-party line (Cape Sable Outer Island) $20.00
Emergency Service shall be furnished between the hours 9:00pm and 11:00pm during March, April, and May each year at 15 cents per message, in addition to the regular rate.




Beaver Bank Rural Telephone Company




Belleville Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Yarmouth County, Belleville, Bell Neck, Springhaven, Gavelton, and Quinan. The Belleville Rural Tel. Co. "operated 22 miles 35 km of line, two wires on hackmatack poles." It connected to the North American telephone network at Tusket. On 3 December 1965, the Belleville Rural Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including rights-of-way, plant, apparatus, and equipment, all in working order, to MT&T. On the same day, the Belleville Rural Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.
[The Halifax Chronicle-Herald 20 March 1999, and records of the Public Utilites Board]




The Bell Telephone Company of Canada
The Bell Telephone Company of Canada was incorporated on 29 April 1880.
Bell Tel operated an exchange in Halifax in the mid-1880s.

Bell Tel Sells to Nova Scotia Tel
1887 November 28

On 28 November 1887, the Bell Telephone Company sold its telephone and telegraph operations in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to the Nova Scotia Telephone Company.
[National Post, 28 November 2000]




Blandford Telephone Company

The Blandford Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




B.M.C. Rural Telephone Company

Bridgetown & Dalhousie West Telephone Company

British North American Electric Telegraph Association

Broad Cove Rural Telephone Company




Brooklyn Telephone Company
Service area: In Hants County, Brooklyn and vicinity. In 1912, the Brooklyn Tel. Co. reported total gross (before expenses) operating revenue of $947.80, for the year.




Canadian Marconi Company

Cape D'or Telephone Company




Carleton Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Yarmouth County, Carleton, Hebron, Ohio, South Ohio, Pitman Road, Deerfield, South Deerfield, Lake Annis, Kemptville, Richfield, and East Kemptville. The Carleton Tel. Co. supplied telephone service in a large territory north and east of the Town of Yarmouth.

[The PUB Annual Report of 1958 says the Carleton Tel. Co. "began operations in 1918," but it appears the company was in operation much earlier. J. Murray Lawson, in his book Yarmouth Reminiscences, published in Yarmouth in 1902, states that the Carleton Tel. Co. was organized on 11 February 1884, and required an increase in its capital in August 1895, which strongly indicates the company's system was then in operation. Murray Lawson was the son of Alexander Lawson, who was the owner and editor of The Yarmouth Herald 1833 - 1895; the book Yarmouth Reminiscences consists mainly of items gleaned from back issues of the newspaper, which provide contemporary reports of events, and Alexander Lawson was careful with his facts. While the Public Utilities Board was always meticulous about getting its facts right, and in case of a conflict between the PUB and another source I would normally choose to believe the PUB's version, in this particular case I think that Murray Lawson's version has to be given credence. Lawson reports that the first Directors were S.M. Ryerson, President; Edwin Crosby, Secretary-Treasurer; W.H. Miller, A.R. Durkee, and Nathan Hilton.]

On 7 November 1922, the PUB officially approved the following operating schedule for the Carleton Tel. Co.:
Carleton Telephone Company
operating schedule, effective
7 November 1922
DAY OF WEEK REGULAR HOURS
OF SERVICE
   Week days 7:00am to 9:00pm
   Sundays and
   Holidays
9:00am to 10:00am
1:30pm to 3:00pm
Rate for Emergency Service
25 cents per message for all calls
made outside of regular hours of service.

On 3 September 1958, the Carleton Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including plant, apparatus, equipment in service, rights-of-way and goodwill, to MT&T for $7,700.00. On the same day, the Carleton Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the Carleton Tel. Co. had 83 subscribers served by two circuits on about 49 miles of pole line. The poles carried 23,000 pounds 10,000 kg of number 9 iron wire which was "badly pitted and rusted". 14,000 pounds 6,000 kg of this wire was considered to be worthless, while the remaining 9,000 pounds 4,000 kg "would probably give service for another three or four years".




Central Telephone Company

The Central Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




Central New Annan Telephone Company

Chasswood Telephone Company




Cheverie Telephone Company
Service area: In Hants County, Summerville and vicinity.

The Cheverie Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)

Nova Scotia: Cheverie Telephone Company, share certificate 1889
Cheverie Telephone Company
share certificate, 1889
The original is held by the West Hants Historical Society, Windsor.




Christmas Island Rural Telephone Company




Clam Harbour and Owls Head Telephone Company
In 1912, the Clam Harbour and Owls Head Tel. Co. reported total gross (before expenses) operating revenue of $44.00, for the year.




Coastal Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, Prospect Road, Bayside and vicinity, and a few homes near French Village.

The Coastal Tel. Co. was incorporated 11 July 1907. The Coastal Tel. Co. reported, for the year 1912, a total operating revenue of $673.25 and operating expense of $359.00, and it paid dividends of $120.00 on capital stock of $2,000.00. On 7 July 1958, the Coastal Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including plant, apparatus, equipment in service, rights-of-way and goodwill, to MT&T for $1,500.00. On 9 November 1958, the Coastal Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the Coastal Tel. Co. served 75 subscribers on five circuits, with 35.2 miles of pole line carrying 93.3 miles of circuit; the rate was $2.50 per month for party line service. The shutdown was precipitated by the company's "inability to cope" with "the very rapid expansion of the district subsequent to World War Two, (which) presented the company with steadily increasing demands for extended service (which were) beyond its resources".




Cole Harbour and Woodlawn Telephone Company




Commercial Cable Company Limited

The Commercial Cable Company was incorporated in New York in 1883 by John William Mackay (1831-1902) and James Gordon Bennett (the younger) (1841-1918).
Commercial Cable Company, historical notes http://alts.net/ns1625/telegraph02.html#commcabstart




Conns Mills Telephone Company

The Conns Mills Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




Cumberland Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, (near Pugwash).

The Cumberland Rural Tel. Co. reported, for the year 1912, a total operating revenue of $186.25 and operating expense of $360.00.

As of 19 December 1961, the Cumberland Rural Tel. Co. had this schedule for Regular Hours of Service:
Cumberland Rural Telephone Company
Regular Hours of Service, effective
19 December 1961
DAY OF WEEK REGULAR HOURS
Week days 7:00am to 9:30pm
Sundays and
Holidays
9:00am to 10:00am
1:00pm to 2:00pm
6:00pm to 7:00pm
The charge for Emergency Service shall be 25 cents per call, in addition to all other charges. The Emergency Charge shall be paid on all calls received or delivered outside of the Regular Hours of Service.




Direct United States Cable Company
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/telegraph02.html




District Five Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, Polling District Number Five

Agreement between the District Five Telephone Company and the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, dated March 22, 1905, terminable on one year's notice.

The District Five Telephone Company shall purchase the telephone plant now owned by the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, carried on District Company's poles, twelve miles, in all, and pay therefore one hundred and forty-five dollars ($145), the Nova Scotia Telephone Company to apply and maintain either Byng or Blake bridging and telephones at a rental of $15 per annum to members of the District Company, the latter company to provide and maintain the lines. Long-distance transmitters charged $5 per annum additional.

Nova Scotia Company shall hand over to the District Company (less the agent's comission of 20 per cent) fifteen cents per conversation from parties in the River Hebert exchange. The Nova Scotia Company's subscribers to have the option to pay the District Company a flat rental of five dollars for residence and seven dollars and fifty cents for business instruments, (less the agents commission of 20 per cent) in lieu of the aforesaid tolls.

The District Company to charge ten cents on all long-distance messages over their lines to non-subscribers, to be collected by the Nova Scotia Company's agents for 20 per cent commission. The District Company shall not extend their line beyond Polling District No. 5 or connect with any other line or company without the consent of the Nova Scotia Company.

Source: Report No. 16, 2 May 1905, of the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa




Dominion Chair Company
Service area: In Colchester County, Great Village and vicinity...
See:   Union Furniture and Merchandise Company

Earltown Rural Telephone Company

East Chezzetcook Rural Telephone Company




Eastern Telephone Company
Based in Sydney. Known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




East Inglisville Telephone Company
Service area: In Annapolis County.




East Leicester Telephone Company




East Pictou Telephone Company Limited
[The New Glasgow Eastern Chronicle, 21 June 1907, page 8]
The East Pictou Telephone Company, which is planning to construct a telephone line to Little Harbour and points on the coast of East Pictou, is now fully organized and will start construction at once. The President of the Company is Mr. Charles P. Stewart, Little Harbour, and the Secretary is Councillor Frank McNeil, New Glasgow. Mr. James McKay, of East River, St. Mary's, is engaged to superintend the erection of the poles. There will be a call station at Fisher's Grant or some other place just below Trenton that will be "called" by the Nova Scotia Telephone Company and that station will call up subscribers beyond.




East Stewiacke Rural Telephone Company

East Wentworth Telephone Company

Eatonville Telephone Company

East Wentworth Rural Telephone Company




Economy & Five Island Telephone Company
Based in Economy, Cumberland County.

The Economy & Five Island Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




Elmsdale, Gore & Rawdon Telephone Company

The Elmsdale, Gore & Rawdon Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




Falmouth Valley Rural Telephone Company

Farmers Telephone Company




Fox Harbour Telephone Company

The Fox Harbour Tel. Co. is known to have been in operation in 1905 (see Winfield's list)




French Cable Company




Gabarus Telephone Company
Service area (in 1916): Gabarouse, Kennington Cove...




Glendale Telephone Company

Goff & Oldham Telephone Company

Gold Mine Rural Telephone Company




Grand Mira Rural Telephone Company
The Grand Mira Tel. Co. reported, for the year 1912, a total operating revenue of $228.64 and operating expense of $28.40.




Great North Western Telegraph and Cable Company
Telegram to Naval Headquarters, Ottawa, 6 December 1917
Source: National Archives of Canada
    http://www.archives.ca/05/0518/05180202/051802020301_e.html

Telegram to Naval Headquarters, Ottawa, 6 December 1917

All telegraph telephone and train service with Halifax
suspended! Shall we communicate messages by wireless.

The violent force of the blast in Halifax Harbour knocked down miles of telegraph and telephone lines, effectively stopping communications between the city and the rest of the world for all purposes, government, military, and civilian. Since the re-establishment of contact was crucial, especially in the middle of a war, the author of this telegram suggests making use of wireless (radio) communication.

The main interest here is the association of this telegram with the 1917 Halifax Explosion. However, there is an interesting detail — the name Z.A. Lash, shown on this printed telegraph form as President, Great North Western Telegraph and Cable Company. Although his name is almost unknown among Canadians, no adequate history of Canada can be written without Zebulon Acton Lash (1846-1920) appearing significantly in it. Very briefly, in the 1870s Z.A. Lash was Deputy Minister in the Department of Justice in Ottawa; in the late 1890s he was deeply involved in the formation of the Canadian Northern Railway; for more than a decade, beginning in 1902, he was chief solicitor for MacKenzie, Mann and Company Limited (at the time when this company was organizing and building the Halifax & South Western Railway in Nova Scotia, among other important projects); when Robert Borden became Prime Minister in 1911, Lash advised him on the formation of the cabinet, and then served as Borden's legal counsel on the organization of Canadian National Railways. Lash's activities were far more extensive and influential than this short note indicates.





Halifax & Bermudas Telegraph Company
In 1884 A Royal Commission recommended that there should be a direct cable between the West Indies and Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1889 the British Government decided to go ahead with the project and link the naval base at Nova Scotia with the British Naval harbour at Hamilton, Bermuda. The Halifax & Bermudas Telegraph Company was established to carry out the work which was put out to tender with the promise of a twenty-year subsidy. On July 7th, 1890, cableship SS Westmeath sends the southern end, of the cable from Halifax, ashore at Cable Beach in Bermuda. The next day, July 8th, the Hamilton, Bermuda, telegraph office was connected to Halifax by the new undersea cable. On July 10th, 1890, a telegraph message was sent to HM Queen Victoria from the Governor of Bermuda. On July 14th, 1890, the cable telegraph service was opened to the public at Hamilton. In April, 1929, some thirty British telecommunications companies throughout the world — including the Halifax & Bermudas Telegraph Company — merged into one company registered in London and named Imperial & International Communications Limited. In 1935 a working agreement enabled the West India & Panama Telegraph Company to take over the operating assets of the Halifax & Bermudas company and in 1939, the parent company became part of Cable & Wireless (West Indies) Limited.
Sources:
    http://www.cwhistory.com/history/html/HALBERTCO.html
    http://www.cwbda.bm/education/history.htm





Hammonds Plains Telephone Company

In 1912, the Hammonds Plains Tel. Co. reported total gross (before expenses) operating revenue of $96.05, for the year; there was no report of the operating expenses.


Agreement between the Hammonds Plains Telephone Company and the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, dated May 23, 1902, for a term of three years.

The companies agree to receive, transmit and deliver the messages of the subscribers of their respective companies. The charge to and from Halifax being ten cents and beyond Halifax the tariff of the Nova Scotia Telephone Company in addition thereto.

Neither parties are to compete with each other within the territory now occupied by them respectively nor shall they make connections with any telephone company or corporation operating in competition with the Nova Scotia Telephone Company or the Hammonds Plains Company. The Nova Scotia Company to have the first option of purchase of the Hammonds Plains Company. The Hammonds Plains Company shall not purchase or use any instruments or apparatus but the standard 'Bell' these to be purchased from the Nova Scotia Company.

Source: Report No. 16, 2 May 1905, of the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa




Hants & Halifax Telephone Company Limited
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph03.html




Harrison Lake Rural Telephone Company

Harrison Road Rural Telephone Company

Head of Wallace Bay Telephone Company

Heathbell & Plainfield Telephone Company

Heatherton & Glassburn Telephone Company

Hectanooga Rural Telephone Company

Herring Rock Rural Telephone Company

Hillsburn Rural Telephone Company

Idlewild Rural Telephone Company

Indian Point Telephone Company

Iona Telephone Company




Isle Madame Rural Telephone Company Limited
Service area (in 1916): Arichat...




Jeddore Rural Telephone Company




The Kinney Telephone Company
See St. Catherine Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Lake LaRose Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Annapolis County, LeQuille, Lake LaRose, and Perotte Settlement.

The Lake LaRose Rural Tel. Co. was organized in 1912. On 4 June 1961, the Lake LaRose Rural Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including plant, apparatus, equipment in service, rights-of-way and goodwill to MT&T. On the same day, the Lake LaRose Rural Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Lake Pleasant Rural Telephone Company Limited




Lawrencetown Rural Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, Lawrencetown and vicinity...

In December 1912, the Lawrencetown Telephone Company (not then "Limited", that is, not legally incorporated) was operating a single circuit party line about 20 miles long "fully loaded" with about 30 subscriber telephones.




LeBlanc Rural Telephone Company

Little Narrows Rural Telephone Company Limited

Lower Ohio Telephone Company Limited




Maitland Telephone Company
See Maitland Telephone Company of Yarmouth Limited




Maitland Telephone Company of Yarmouth Limited
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph05.html




Maitland & Noel Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Hants County, Urbania, Hattie's Brook, Selma, Noel Shore, Densmore Mills,

Noel, Burntcoat, Tennycape, Walton, Kennetcook, White Settlement, and Hennigar. Based in Noel. The Maitland & Noel Tel. Co. began operating a telephone service in this area about 1890. Known to have been in operation in 1905 with ten subscribers (see Winfield's list). On 19 December 1961, the Maitland & Noel Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. The company's territory was split into two parts, with the boundary line located 4.1 miles 6.6 km from Tennycape River towards Walton near Mr. Stanley Crossley's store. The location of this boundary was decided by majority subscriber preference as determined by a canvass of each subscriber. The entire undertaking east of this boundary, including plant, apparatus, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment in service, all in working order, was sold to MT&T for $3,767.50. The entire undertaking west of this boundary, including plant, apparatus, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment in service, all in working order, was sold to the West Hants Telephone Company Limited for $500.00. In 1961, the Maitland & Noel Tel. Co. was owned by Mr. Aubrey Scott and two other shareholders. At the time of the shutdown, M&NT Co. had 72 miles of pole line and 130 miles of wire serving 293 subscribers.




Malagash Telephone Company Limited




Maple Leaf Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, the Merigomish vicinity, Lower Barney's River... The Maple Leaf MT Co. was incorporated in 1908. In 1912, the Maple Leaf Tel. Co. reported total gross (before expenses) operating revenue of $934.53, for the year. In April 1958, the Maple Leaf MT Co. was operating nine circuits on about 65 miles of pole line with about 115 miles of metallic circuit serving 85 subscribers, "a substantial drop from the 112 reported some two years previously". At a Public Utilities Board hearing in New Glasgow, on 16 April 1958, a subscriber on Line One testified that his telephone had been out of service 50% of the time during the last ten years, and to an even greater extent in the most recent years. "Even when the line is in operation signals are weak and messages must frequently be relayed". This evidence was supported by other complainaints, "who indicated that long journeys were often necessary in matters of urgency ... due to failure of the telephone service". "Some of the present difficulties have been aggravated by highway construction in the area in recent years, with the consequent disruption of lines...". The President of the Company agreed that the complaints were substantially correct. "He stated that the matter was chiefly one of finance, and that the Company had so far been unable to raise the $4,000 or so estimated as the minimum required to put the Company's circuits in reasonably good condition". The Company Secretary, who was also the lineman, testified that the Company's equity was divided equally among 700 shares (which represented the entire ownership), and to borrow money it was necessary to obtain the approval of the holders of 75% of the shares, but as 60% of the shares were owned outside the Company's territory, it had been found very difficult to obtain such approval. The President was of the opinion that "the Company would not willingly abandon" its territory. After hearing this testimony, the Public Utilities Board ordered that a meeting of the Company's shareholders be held, to consider these problems. This meeting was held on 24 May 1958 at the Lower Barney's River Hall; a motion to borrow $4,000 to repair and rebuild the Company's lines was defeated by a share count of 63 shares in favour and 375 shares against. "No mover or seconder was found to sponsor a motion" to sell the Company, "nor was there any support for the suggested formation of a Mutual Telephone Company". On 21 July 1958, the PUB issued a formal order, that the Company was to "put its lines in condition to render adequate service in its territory in accordance with Section 48 of the Public Utilities Act", and that the necessary construction and repairs had to be completed before 31 December 1958.




Mapleton Rural Telephone Company
In 1912, the Mapleton Rural Tel. Co. reported total gross (before expenses) operating revenue of $8.60, for the year.




Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of Canada
See Canadian Marconi Company




Maritime Telegraph & Telephone Company Limited
Historical notes about MT&T
   http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph01.html
CRTC:   MT&T Quality of Service Indicators, 1998 The most fundamental of these quality indicators is 3.1, Dial Tone Delay. The reported number is the percentage of attempted calls experiencing dial tone delay of three seconds or less, during the company's busiest hour of the month.
   http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph20.html




Medford Co-operative Telephone Company

Medway River Rural Telephone Company

Middleboro Rural Telephone Company

Middle Stewiacke Rural Telephone Company

Milford Rural Telephone Company




Murray Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Yarmouth County, Wedgeport and vicinity, including the Wedgeport Islands. During the spring of 1916, this territory was taken over by the Wedgeport Tel. Co., which purchased the telephone lines and submarine cables originally owned by the Murray Tel. Co., between Wedgeport and Comeau's Hill, consisting of about 12 miles of pole line and 2 miles of submarine cable.




Musquodoboit Harbour Rural Telephone Company
On 19 May 1922, the Musquodoboit Harbour Rural Tel. Co. received official approval that the company's proportion of Local Call and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents.




New Albany Rural Telephone Company




New Cumberland Telephone Company
Service area: in Cumberland County, Amherst and vicinity...

The New Cumberland Telephone Company is known to have been carrying on a telephone business in 1905 and 1906. The New Cumberland Tel. Co., incorporated and doing business in Nova Scotia, was the plaintiff in a lawsuit against two telephone companies incorporated and doing business in New Brunswick, the Central Telephone Company with head office in Sussex, and the New Brunswick Telephone Company with head office in Fredericton.

On 15 June 1906, the New Cumberland Company entered into a written agreement with the Central Company for the transmission of messages over the lines of both companies, between all points in Nova Scotia reached by the New Cumberland system, and all points in New Brunswick reached by the Central system. By the terms of the agreement, which was to be in force for ten years, it was agreed that each company should provide the use of its lines and equipment and the services of its employees for the purpose of the joint business, and also the use of any connections which either of the companies then had or might thereafter acquire over the lines of any other company doing business in either of the two provinces. The tolls to be charged were not fixed by the agreement, nor was any basis determined for their division between the parties; but it was agreed that the rates were to be fixed at a later date by the managers or other officers of the companies, and they were to continue in force for the ten years or until changed by a mutual agreement between the companies.

In September 1906, three months after this agreement was signed, the New Brunswick Telephone Company bought from the Central Company all its property both real and personal, including all poles, rights of way, wires, telephones, and all other property of every kind and description. The New Brunswick Telephone Company, the new owner of the former Central Comapny system, recognized the agreement between Central and the New Cumberland Company, but planned to implement it only within the area served by the former Central Company on 21 August 1906, while the New Cumberland Company insisted that it be extended throughout the New Brunswick Telephone Company system. When the New Brunswick Telephone Company refused to agree to this extension, the New Cumberland Company went to court in New Brunswick and obtained an interim injunction on 25 September 1906, preventing the completion of the proposed sale of the Central system. On 17 November 1906, Justice Barker of the New Brunswick court issued a decision refusing to extend the temporary injunction.

Source:   Excerpted from the decision by J. Barker of the New Brunswick court dated 17 November 1906, in the case of New Cumberland Telephone Company versus Central Telephone Company and New Brunswick Telephone Company, as reported on pages 101-105 of the Eastern Law Reporter, volume II number 3, 1 December 1906, published by the Carswell Company, Toronto.




New Ross Rural Telephone Company Limited
Service area (in 1916): In Lunenburg County, Chester Grant, Seffernsville, New Ross, Forties, Mill Road, Dalhousie, Glengarry, Lake Ramsay.


In 1922, the New Ross Tel. Co. connected to MT&T at two locations: Chester Basin in Lunenburg County, and Springfield in Annapolis County.


Winfield's list reports that the New Ross Tel. Co., had just three telephones in operation, in the spring of 1905.


Agreement between the New Ross Telephone Company and the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, dated December 1, 1904, for a term of three years.

The companies agree to receive, transmit and deliver the messages of the subscribers of their respective companies.

The charge between the New Ross Company's lines and Chester Basin shall be 10 cents, to go to the New Ross Company. Between the New Ross Company and the Chester Basin Exchange (excepting Chester town, 25 cents), 20 cents, 5 cents of which goes to the Nova Scotia Company. Between the New Ross Company and any other point, 15 cents, plus the Nova Scotia company's rates from Chester Basin, of which the New Ross Company takes 15 cents. The New Ross Company to pay the Nova Scotia Company five dollars $(5.00) per annum for each instrument connected with their line.

Neither parties are to compete with each other within the territory now occupied by them respectively nor shall they make connections with any telephone company or corporation operating in competition with the Nova Scotia Telephone Company or the New Ross Company. The Nova Scotia Company to have the first option of purchase of the New Ross Company. The New Ross Company shall not purchase or use any instruments or apparatus but the standard 'Bell', these to be purchased from the Nova Scotia Company.

Source: Report No. 16, 2 May 1905, of the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa

The December 1, 1904 Agreement (above) specifies that the charge for a telephone call between Chester and New Ross (or any other point on the New Ross Company lines) will be 25 cents, 5 cents of which goes to the Nova Scotia Telephone Company. The reason for this division of charges is that the line between Chester and Chester Basin was owned and operated by the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, and the line north from Chester Basin was owned and operated by the New Ross Company.





New Tusket Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Digby County, Corberrie, Havelock, Hassets, Payson Road, Danver's Corner, Danvers Lake, Riverdale, Weaver Settlement, Southville, Easton, and New Tusket.

The New Tusket Rural Telephone Company was an unincorporated organization, with the sole owner, in 1961, being Mr. J. Eldon Ford. On 1 July 1961, New Tusket Rural Tel. Co. increased its rates from $2.00 per month to $2.25 per month; it was then operating six circuits serving 58 customers. On 1 July 1962, the New Tusket Rural Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including plant, apparatus, pole lines, rights-of-way and equipment in service — all in working order — to MT&T for $756.00. On the same day, the New Tusket Rural Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. At the time of the shutdown, the Company was operating 26 miles 42 km of pole line, supplying dial telephone service to 30 subscribers on three circuits, and magneto service to 30 subscribers through a manual switchboard located in Mr. Ford's residence in New Tusket.




New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company
Historical Notes about the NYN&L Telegraph Company
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telegraph02.html





Nine Mile River Telephone Company




Nova Scotia Electric Telegraph Company
Historical Notes about the Nova Scotia Electric Telegraph Company
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telegr03.html





Nova Scotia Telephone Company
Main office in Halifax, with lines extending from Halifax to Amherst, Antigonish, Windsor, and Bridgewater.
Historical Notes about the Nova Scotia Telephone Company
    http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph11.html

At some unknown time, before 1912 (and probably after 1904), the Nova Scotia Tel. Co. purchased the Valley Telegraph & Telephone Co.




Ohio Rural Telephone Company




Ostrea Lake Rural Telephone Company




Paradise West Telephone Company Limited

The Paradise West Tel. Co. was organized in 1909 by twelve residents of the district, each member contributing $30.00 in cash or materials, necessary for the construction of 3.5 miles 5.6 km of telephone line; it connected to the North American telephone system at the MT&T Bridgetown Exchange.




Parker's Cove Rural Telephone Company




Parrsboro Shore Telephone Company
Service area: in Cumberland County, Parrsboro and vicinity...
Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Port LaTour Telephone Company Limited
The name of the Port LaTour Telephone Company appeared in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald on 19 February 1997, in the obituary of Willard Maxwell Nickerson, 84, of Port La Tour, Shelburne County, former manager of the company.




Port Lorne Rural Telephone Company

Princeport Rural Telephone Company

Pugwash Junction Telephone Company




Queen's County Telephone Company
Based in Liverpool. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Robert Ewing Telephone Company

Royal Centre & Minto Telephone Company

Sable River Rural Telephone Company

Sackville Rural Telephone Company




Salem Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, Salem, Brookdale, and West Leicester. On 1 March 1961, the Salem Rural Tel. Co. sold its entire undertaking, including plant, apparatus, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment in service, all in working order, and goodwill to MT&T for $300.00. On that same day, the Salem Rural Tel. Co., which had been operating a telephone service since about 1910, abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Sandford & Short Beach Telephone Company Limited

Scott's Bay Rural Telephone Company




South Alton Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Kings County, southward from Kentville. In 1922, the wires of the Blue Mountain MT Co. from Kentville to "Patterson's", a distance of about six miles ten km, were carried on poles owned by the South Alton Rural Tel. Co., and Blue Mountain MT Co. paid South Alton the "ordinary pole rental" rate.




South Branch Rural Telephone Company




Southern Telephone Company
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Louisbourg and vicinity. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Sprint Canada
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph07.html




D.Y. Stewart & Son

Surrette's Island Telephone Company

Thomas Rural Telephone Company

Toney River Rural Telephone Company




Union Furniture and Merchandise Company
Service area: In Colchester County, Great Village and vicinity...

Contract between the Union Furniture and Merchandise Company of Bass River, N.S., and the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, dated June 1, 1902, for a term of three years.

The companies agree to receive, transmit and deliver the messages of the subscribers of their respective lines. The charge to and from the Union Furniture and Merchandise company's lines shall be ten cents, except to Great Village which shall be fifteen cents and beyond Truro the tariff rates of the Nova Scotia Telephone Company in addition thereto.

The Nova Scotia Company to pay the Union Furniture and Merchandise Company Fifteen dollars ($15) per annum for the free use of their lines for the Nova Scotia Company's subscribers at Great Village exchange, non-subscribers at that exchange to pay fifteen cents per conversation to be handed over to the Union Furniture Company.

The Union Furniture Company shall pay the Nova Scotia Telephone Company $15 per annum for connection to switch-board and switching at Great Village. The Union Furniture Company shall remove all instruments in the Nova Scotia company's territory and shall not place any others without... [text missing here]

Source: Report No. 16, 2 May 1905, of the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa




Union Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Thorburn and vicinity...
The Union Tel. Co. connected to MT&T at New Glasgow. On April 4, 1916, the Union Tel. Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 10 cents.




Upper Gulf Shore Telephone Company

Upper Sackville Rural Telephone Company




Valley Telegraph & Telephone Company
At some unknown time, before 1912 (and probably after 1905), the Valley Telegraph & Telephone Co. was bought by the Nova Scotia Telephone Co. At the time of the sale, the Valley T&T Co. had about 190 telephone subscribers, 100 in Kentville and 90 in Berwick and Canning combined. Customers in Berwick and Canning were provided with free calls to Kentville, and Kentville customers had free calls to Berwick and Canning, but there was a charge for calls between Berwick and Canning.




Victoria Telephone Company




Wallace & Wentworth Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, along the Wallace - Wentworth road, between Lower Wentworth and Wallace Station. The Wallace & Wentworth Telephone Co. served its territory from about 1890 until it ceased operations in 1949; the territory was then taken over by the Wallace & Wentworth Mutual Telephone Company Limited.




Wallace Bay Rural Telephone Company




Wallace Bridge Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, Wallace Grant. The Wallace Bridge Rural Tel. Co. began operating a telephone service in 1900. In the 1960s, it connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. By Agreement dated 25 September 1973, Lucy Brander, Hazel Vanbuskirk, Floyd Langille, Alex A. MacInnis, A.M. Slack, George Elliott, Canadian National Railways, Carl Langille, Arthur Scott, Phylys Elliott, Gerald Langille and Eleanor Mills, carrying on business under the firm name and style of the Wallace Bridge Rural Tel. Co., agreed to sell all its property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment to MT&T for $5.00. At the time of the sale, Wallace Bridge Rural Tel. Co. had about 6 miles 10 km of pole line "in a deteriorated condition", and served twelve subscribers who paid $1.00 per month for a residential telephone connection and $1.50 per month for a business. On 16 November 1974, Wallace Bridge Rural Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: pages 392-394, PUB Annual Report 1973





Wallace River Rural Telephone Company




Wallace Union Rural Telephone Company
Service area: In Cumberland County, Wallace Grant. The Wallace Union Rural Tel. Co. began operating a telephone service in 1906. In the 1960s, it connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. By Agreement dated 25 September 1973, James Mason, Mrs. Martin Halverson, Miss Christina Conley, Rod-Jay Development Limited, Clarence Joudrey, George A. McIntosh, Havelock St. Croix, Clarence Blair, Robie Stevens, Ernest McCabe and Robert Cole, carrying on business under the firm name and style of the Wallace Union Rural Tel. Co., transferred all its property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment to MT&T for $5.00. At the time of the sale, Wallace Union Rural Tel. Co. had 10 miles 16 km of pole line and served 13 subscribers who paid $3.38 per month for a residential telephone connection. On 16 November 1974, Wallace Union Rural Tel. Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: pages 391-394, PUB Annual Report 1973





Wedgeport Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Yarmouth County, Wedgeport and vicinity, including the Wedgeport Islands. The Wedgeport Tel. Co. was incorporated in 1915. On March 7, 1916, the Wedgeport Tel. Co. was given official approval to issue 120 shares of common stock, par value $10.00 per share, to raise $1200 to buy the telephone lines and submarine cables originally owned by the Murray Tel. Co., between Wedgeport and Comeau's Hill, consisting of about 12 miles of pole line and 2 miles of submarine cable. On 2 May, 1916, the Wedgeport Tel. Co. received approval to issue another 130 shares of common stock at $10.00 each, to raise $1300 for capital expenditures. The following rates were officially approved for the Wedgeport Tel. Co. on 19 April 1916:
Wedgeport Telephone Company
Rates, as approved on
19 April 1916
CALLS BETWEEN SUBSCRIBERS
(shareholders)
NONSUBSCRIBERS
(non-shareholders)
Arcadia to Wedgeport
and Lower Wedgeport
5 cents 10 cents
Arcadia to Comeau Hill
and Little River
5 cents 15 cents
Arcadia to Islands
      (cable)
20 cents 30 cents
Islands to Wedgeport
      (cable)
15 cents 20 cents
Messages from one point on Company's system on mainland
to any other point on mainland, 10 cents.
In 1961, the Wedgeport Tel. Co. was operating 48 miles 77 km of pole line serving 182 subscribers. It connected to the North American telephone system at the MT&T Yarmouth Exchange.




Wentworth Valley Rural Telephone Company

Westchester Rural Telephone Company

West Chezzetcook Rural Telephone Company

Western Head Rural Telephone Company

Western Union Telegraph Company




West Gore & Nine Mile River Telephone Company
Based in Elmsdale, Halifax County. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




West New Annan Rural Telephone Company




West Hants Rural Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Hants County, Walton, ... On 19 December 1961, the West Hants Rural Tel Co. expanded its service territory by buying for $500.00 the entire undertaking of the Maitland & Noel Tel. Co. west of a specified boundary, including plant, apparatus, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment in service, all in working order. The boundary line was located 4.1 miles from Tennycape River towards Walton near Mr. Stanley Crossley's store. On that day, the Maitland & Noel Tel. Co. abandoned and the West Hants Rural Tel Co. occupied this territory.




West River Rural Telephone Company Limited




Westport & Digby Telephone Company
Based in Westport. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Yarmouth Amalgamated Telephone Company
Based in Yarmouth. Known to have been in operation in 1904-05.




Mutual Telephone Companies
Under the Rural Telephone Act





Abercrombie Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Admiral Rock Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Hants County, Admiral Rock and vicinity, north of Shubenacadie along the west side of the Shubenacadie River. On 3 November 1971, a public hearing was held at Milford, by the Public Utilities Board, on the application of the Admiral Rock MT Co. to abandon its territory. The decision to abandon was made after consideration of the expense the Admiral Rock MT Co. would incur if it chose to upgrade its equipment to adapt to the changes made necessary by the imminent conversion of the MT&T Shubenacadie Exchange to dial operation. The PUB approved the application to abandon, but the date of abandonment is not known; it seems likely it was early in 1972.




Afton & Merland Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Alder Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Alma Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Antigonish Harbour Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Lanark and Antigonish Harbour. On 1 July 1962, the Antigonish Harbour MT Co., sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, and equipment (except telephone sets) to MT&T for $4,500.00. On the same day, the Antigonish Harbour MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Atlantic Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Baddeck Bridge Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Balls Creek Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Barney's River Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Bayfield & Summerside Mutual Telephone Company Limited
As of 1 April 1973, the Bayfield & Summerside MT Co. rate was $2.00 per telephone per month.

My own recollections (Paul G. Randall):
I can remember that we had the old crank phones in Bayfield till sometime into the 1970's, when the locally run phones were replaced by a modern provincial telephone company (Maritime Tel & Tel). Some hated to see the old-fashtioned phones disappear, but mostly we were excited to get fancy new "dial" phones. The entire communtiy had been on one line. I would pick up the phone and make five short cranks — heard as five short rings in every household of Bayfield — and my grandmother Randall from a mile up the road would answer, as her number was "11 ring 4". We were on line 11. If I wanted to talk to my grandmother Irish out in Afton, that was another matter, as she was on line 16. To get her, you held down a button on the side of the phone box and you turned the crank, but this time the bell would be muted, and "central" would answer, an operator located in nearby Heatherton. I would ask her to please get me 16 ring 32, for which she would patch me into line 16 and ring for me 3 long rings followed by 2 short rings. Sure enough, grammy or grampy Irish would answer the phone. Now everybody in Bayfield and Afton could eavesdrop on your conversation, and to be sure, there was lots of listening in. On occassions when there was an emergency such as a fire, someone might get on the phone and ring, ring, ring......one very long ring until enough people answered to get out the word. As far as I know, the residents of Afton and Bayfield are still listed in the phone book under "Heatherton," the location of the old switchboard for the local companies. This has caused confusion on numerous occassions for people trying to "look us up," as we would never think to mention that we live in Heatherton!
Source: "My own recollections," Paul Randall's website, 1998
http://www.interlog.com/~prandall/bayfield/bayfield_telephone.html




Bay View Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Bay View and vicinity. On 19 January 1959, the Bay View MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Beacon Hill Milburn Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Beaconsfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Beaver Bank Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Beech Hill Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Belmont Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Big Bras d'Or Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Big Bras d'Or and vicinity. On 10 November 1922, the Big Bras d'Or MT Co. received official approval that the company's proportion of Local Call and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents. On 30 April 1974, the Big Bras d'Or MT Co. abandoned that portion of its territory lying southeast of Mill Creek on the Trans-Canada Highway towards Sydney between Toll Pole 7-32 and 7-6, a distance of approximately 0.7 mile 1.1 km.




Big Pond Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Big Pond and vicinity. On 30 January 1972, the Big Pond MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. The decision to abandon was made as a result of the planned conversion of the MT&T East Bay Exchange to dial operation. At the time of the shutdown, the BPMT Co. was serving 59 subscribers.




Birch Hill Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Birch Hill MT Co. spent $56.25 to replace 3 miles 5 km of pole line.




Black River Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Blue Mountain Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Historical Notes http://alts.net/ns1625/teleph02.html




Brentwood Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Brierly Brook. During 1934, the Brierly Brook MT Co. spent $46.88 to replace 2.5 miles of pole line. On 12 August 1962, the Brierly Brook MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment (except telephone sets), in working order, was sold to MT&T for $600.00. On the same day, the Brierly Brook MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Brighton Hills Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Brookdale. On 12 August 1962, the Brookdale MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the Brookdale MT Co. was a message rate company, serving five subscribers with 3.8 miles of pole line. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Brookfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, Brookfield and vicinity. On 6 January 1966, at a special general meeting, a two-thirds majority vote of the shareholders approved a resolution to abandon the business. At that time Mrs. Orpha M. Lindsay was the Secretary of the company. On 16 January 1967, Brookfield MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Brooks Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Brookvale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 1 December 1973, Brookvale MT Co. changed its rates for party-line service, to: for members, $1.25 per telephone per month; for nonmembers, $2.00 per telephone per month. For a private (single-party) line, available only within one-half mile of the Company's point of connection to the North American telephone network: $4.60 per month. These new rates replaced rates which had been in effect since 1948.




Brook Village Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Broughton Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Brule Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Caledonia Mills Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Caledonia Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Camden Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, Camden and vicinity, south-east of Truro. On 4 November 1971, the Camden MT Co. received official approval to lease six additional circuits from MT&T, with the point of connection being at Pole #56 in Truro, at the intersection of East Prince Street and Harmony Road. On 1 December 1971, the Camden MT Co. received official approval to lease Pin Space on 73 poles owned by the Harmony MT Co., at a rate of 5 cents per pole per month. The Camden MT Co. required this space to string its circuits through the Harmony MT Co. territory, to reach the connection point to MT&T in Truro.




Canaan Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Kings County, New Canaan and vicinity, south of Kentville. On 1 July 1958, the Canaan MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: for members, $1.15 per month for each telephone, and $2.15 per month for nonmembers.

The name of the Canaan Mutual Telephone Company appeared in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald on 3 April 2001, and in the Halifax Daily News on 4 April 2001, in the obituary of Borden Frederick Carter, 88, of Canaan, Kings County, former secretary of the company.




Cape St. Mary's Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Central Cariboo Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Central West River Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Chedabucto Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Cherry Hill Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Cleveland Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Cloverville. On 19 July 1962, the Cloverville MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the Cloverville MT Co. served five subscribers, using 1.8 miles of pole line it owned and another 1.8 miles of circuit strung on poles owned by the Fairmont MT Co. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Clydesdale Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Cobequid Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, Glenholme, McElman Road, Aikens, and Folly Lake. The Cobequid MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 8 June 1922. During 1934, the Cobequid MT Co. spent $15.00 to replace one mile of pole line. On 5 October 1974, Cobequid MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had thirteen circuits on 36 miles of pole line, serving 122 customers.




College Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Cow Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, Cow Bay and Rainbow Haven. On 22 June 1961, the Cow Bay MT Co., sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, and equipment to MT&T for $1,259.30. On the same day, the Cow Bay MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Coxheath Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Creignish Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Culloden Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Dean Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, Upper Musquodoboit...




Denmark & Middleton Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Doucettville Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Dunmore Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Inverness County, Hawthorne... During 1934, the Dunmore MT Co. spent $150.00 to replace 8 miles 13 km of pole line.




Earltown Mutual Telephone Company Limited

East Branch Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Eastern Cole Harbour Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Eastern Shore Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Eastern Shore MT Co. spent $17.90 to replace 2 miles 3 km of pole line.




East Petpeswick Mutual Telephone Company Limited

East River Mutual Telephone Company Limited

East Sable River Mutual Telephone Company Limited




East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, South River, Lower South River, and St. Andrews. On 16 September 1962, the East St. Andrews MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $2,725.00. On the same day, the East St. Andrews MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each rural company to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




East Stewiacke Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the East Stewiacke MT Co. spent $180.00 to replace 12 miles 20 km of pole line.




East Tracadie Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, East Tracadie and vicinity. In December 1922, the East Tracadie MT Co. was operating 2.5 miles 4.0 km of pole line.




East Victory Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Annapolis County, East Victory and vicinity. In early 1966, the East Victory MT Co. abandoned that part of its territory "situate west of the intersection of Greenland Road and Victory Road and extending approximately 3.7 miles westerly along Greenland Road, Jefferson Road, and Middlesex Road". On 15 December 1966, East Victory MT Co. abandoned the balance of its territory "being that portion which extends easterly from the intersection of Greenland Road and Victory Road along Victory Road for a distance of approximately 6.3 miles". On 15 December 1966, East Victory MT Co. went out of business forever.




East Wallace Mutual Telephone Company Limited
The East Wallace MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 18 August 1914. In the 1960s, the East Wallace MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, East Wallace MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had one circuit on 4 miles 6 km of pole line, and served 13 subscribers who paid 50 cents each, per month. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: page 385, PUB Annual Report 1973





Eden Lake Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, McPherson's Mills, Meiklefield, North Meiklefield, Greenvale, North Bloomfield, Blue Mountain, Moose River, Meadow Springs, Woodfield, Garden of Eden, Eden Lake, Rocky Mountain, Willowdale, and a portion of East River St. Mary's.
Source: page 3, PUB Annual Report 1973


As of 1 February 1958, the Eden Lake MT Co.'s rate was, for members (shareholders), $3.50 per telephone per month; for nonmembers, $4.00 per telephone per month. The Company's share of long distance charges was 10 cents for each message to and from any point on its lines.

The charge for Emergency Service was 25 cents on each local and long distance message to and from points on the Company's telephone lines received or delivered during the hours set forth below. This Emergency Service charge was in addition to all regular charges.
Eden Lake Mutual Telephone Company
Emergency Service Hours, as approved on
1 February 1958
DAY OF WEEK EMERGENCY
SERVICE HOURS
Week days
excepting Wednesdays
10:00pm to 6:30am
Wednesdays 6:00pm to 6:30am
Sundays, and
Thanksgiving Day and
Christmas Day
1:00pm to 6:30am
As of 1 November 1971, the Eden Lake MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: for members (shareholders), $6.50 per telephone per month; for nonmembers, $7.00 per telephone per month. The Company's share of long distance charges remained at 10 cents for each message to and from any point on its lines. The Emergency Service hours remained as as above.

On 2 December 1973, Eden Lake MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.
Source: pages 3-4, PUB Annual Report 1973





Ellershouse Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Emerald Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Englishtown Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Enon & Terra Nova Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Evangeline Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Digby County, ... On 6 April 1962, the Evangeline MT Co. abandoned a portion of its assigned territory, along the highway from Hectanooga to Salmon River, between Lake Doucette Bridge and the junction of said highway with Highway #1, on the ground that no telephone line had ever been built to serve that area, and there was no prospect of one being built.




Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Fairmont . On 19 July 1962, the Fairmont MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the Fairmont MT Co. was a message rate company, serving seven subscribers with 7.6 miles of pole line. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Falls Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Falls MT Co. spent $34.96 to replace 5.3 miles 8.5km of pole line. On 1 May 1962, the Falls MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: for members, $2.00 per telephone per month, and for nonmembers, $2.50 per telephone per month.




Feltzen South Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Five Island Lake Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 31 May 1922, the Five Island Lake MT Co. received official approval that the company's proportion of Local Call and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents.




Folly Mountain Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Forks Baddeck Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Fox Brook Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Fox Brook and vicinity. On 24 January 1966, at a special general meeting, a two-thirds majority vote of the shareholders approved a resolution to abandon the business. At that time George W. Ross was the Secretary of the company. On 22 September 1966, Fox Brook MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Fox Harbour Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, Fox Harbour, McIver Point, and Fox Harbour Road. The Fox Harbour MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 28 January 1952, but had been operating a telephone service in that area since 1900. In the 1960s, the Fox Harbour MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, Fox Harbour MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had one circuit on 6.5 miles of its own pole line and about 5 miles of wire strung on poles belonging to another company. It served 6 member subscribers who each paid $1.50 per month for their telephones, and 2 nonmember summer subscribers who paid $2.70 each, per month. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: pages 386-387, PUB Annual Report 1973





Framboise Mutual Telephone Company Limited




French Cove Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, French Cove. On 1 November 1971, the French Cove MT Co. received official approval to lease one additional circuit, to supply service to additional customers. On 16 December 1973, the French Cove MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Gammons Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Gegoggin Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Glenfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Glengarry Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Marshdale, Glengarry, and a portion of Hopewell. On 16 September 1973, Glengarry MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.
Source: page 5, PUB Annual Report 1973





Glenmore Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Glen Road. On 12 August 1962, the Glen Road MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, to MT&T for $435.00. On the same day, the Glen Road MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Grand Mira Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Grand Mira, Victoria Bridge, French Road, New Boston, Ocean View, Deep Cove, Gabarus, Gabarus Lake, Salmon River.




Grand River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, Grand River. The Grand River MT Co. connected to the L'Ardoise MT Co. which connected to the MT&T network near St. Peter's. As of 1 October 1971, the Grand River MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: for members, $4.00 per business telephone per month and $3.50 per residence telephone per month; for nonmembers, $4.50 per business telephone per month and $4.00 per residence telephone per month. The Grand River MT Co. charged 15 cents per message on local calls to St. Peter's, originating at any point on the Company's lines; Grand River MT Co. kept 5 cents of this charge and the remaining 10 cents went to the L'Ardoise MT Co. On 16 December 1973, the Grand River MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Grand View Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Greenfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Grosvenor Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Guysboro County, Monastery...




Groves Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Guysboro Intervale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Guysboro Intervale MT Co. spent $37.50 to replace 2.5 miles of pole line.




Hampton & St. Croix Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Harmony Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, Harmony and vicinity, south-east of Truro. On 26 June 1962, the Harmony MT Co. received official approval to convert its system from four manually-operated message rate lines to five dial-operated flat rate lines. On 12 October 1971, the Harmony MT Co. received official approval to lease twenty additional circuits from MT&T, with the point of connection being at Pole #56 in Truro, at the intersection of East Prince Street and Harmony Road; the purpose of these additional circuits being to supply service to new subscribers, reduce multi-party line fills, and to provide private line (one-party) and two-party service. On 1 December 1971, the Harmony MT Co. received official approval to lease Pin Space on 73 poles owned by HMT Co., to the Camden MT Co. at a rate of 5 cents per pole per month.




Harrison Road Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Hastings Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Heathbell, Elmfield & Plainfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Heatherton Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Hedgeville Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Hedgeville. The Hedgeville MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 6 December 1916. On 21 September 1974, Hedgeville MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. At the time of the shutdown, the company had 4.5 miles of pole line, serving 6 customers.




Higginsville Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Hilden Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, from the Town of Truro boundary southward along Highway #2. On 4 May 1962, the Hilden MT Co. received official approval to convert its system from four message rate manually operated lines, to fourteen flat rate dial operated lines.




Hillside Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County,... During 1934, the Hillside MT Co. spent $90.00 to replace 8.9 miles of pole line. On 8 January 1958, the Hillside MT Co. abandoned that portion of its territory "from Alex MacDonald's gate, Hillside, to Thomas Horns', at Horns Road, and to Alex MacAulay's, at Albert Bridge", on the ground that no telephone line had ever been built there and there was no prospect of any being built.




Hodson Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Homeville Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Port Morien, Black Brook, Homeville, and South Port Morien. On 11 March 1966, at a special general meeting, a two-thirds majority vote of the shareholders approved a resolution to abandon the business. At that time Mrs. Dollina MacIntosh was the Secretary-Treasurer of the company. On 30 November 1966, Homeville MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Hubbards East Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Indian Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Iona Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Jeddore Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Jordan Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Shelburne County, ...




Judique Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On February 29, 1916, the Judique MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents.




Karsdale Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Kemptown Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Lakevale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Morristown, West Lakevale, Ballantyne's Cove, and Cape George Point. On 1 July 1962, the Lakevale MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, to MT&T for $900.00. On the same day, the Lakevale MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Lake View Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Note: In some records, the name is spelled "Lake View", and in others "Lakeview".

Service area: In Richmond County, Lake View. During 1934, the Lakeview MT Co. spent $180.00 to replace twelve miles nineteen km of pole line. On 9 April 1958, the Lakeview MT Co. received official approval to enlarge its territory "from Mrs. Bessie MacKay's, West Bay, to Mr. R.N. MacInnes' Marshes, West Bay", a distance of about four miles about six km. On 16 December 1973, the Lake View MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




LaPoint Mutual Telephone Company Limited




L'Ardoise Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, Grand Greve, Rockdale, L'Ardoise, West L'Ardoise, Lower L'Ardoise, Gracieville, and Point Michaud. On 8 August 1918, the L'Ardoise MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act. On 1 February 1962, the L'Ardoise MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: For members, $10.00 per year for a residence telephone, and $15.00 per year for a business phone; for nonmembers, $15.00 per year for each phone. On 16 December 1973, the L'Ardoise MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, to MT&T for $260.00. On the same day, the L'Ardoise MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. On the day of the shutdown, the L'Ardoise MT Co. was serving 97 subscribers on twenty lines, with 17.3 miles 27.9 km of pole line. The Grand River MT Co. connected to the L'Ardoise MT Co. which connected to the MT&T network.




Linacy Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Little Narrows Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Loganville Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Lorne Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Lorne Station, Elgin, and Sentredale. The Lorne MT Co. may have been the oldest of the Mutual Telephone Companies. It was the only Mutual Telephone Company listed in the 1912 Annual Report of the Public Utilities Board, which reported the names of all 77 Nova Scotian telephone companies in existence on 31 December 1912. On 16 September 1973, Lorne MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Lovat Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Lower LaHave Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mabou & Gulf Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mabou Harbour Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mabou Ridge Mutual Telephone Company Limited

MacLellans Mountain Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Malagash Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, Malagash. The Malagash MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 5 May 1925, but had been operating a telephone service in that area since 1904. In the 1960s, the Malagash MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, Malagash MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had one circuit on 13 miles 21 km of its own pole line and about 3 miles 5 km of wire strung on poles belonging to another company. It served 33 member subscribers who each paid $20.00 per year for their telephones, and 7 nonmember subscribers who paid $2.50 each, per month. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: pages 388-389, PUB Annual Report 1973





Malagawatch Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Inverness County, River Denys, Malagawatch, and Big Harbour. The Malagawatch MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 1 August 1922. On 15 July 1974, Malagawatch MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. At the time of the shutdown, the company had two circuits on 22 miles of pole line, and served 29 subscribers who paid $10.00 each, per year.




Margaree Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Marydale & Beauly Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Marydale, Beauly, and Croft. On 16 September 1962, the Marydale & Beauly MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $1,200.00. On the same day, the Marydale & Beauly MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Meadow Green & Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Meadow Green and Pomquet. On 16 September 1962, the Meadow Green & Pomquet River MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $975.00. On the same day, the Meadow Green & Pomquet River MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




Meadowdale Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Meadowvale Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Meadowville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Medford Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Melbourne Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Melford Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Melville Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Melville and vicinity. On 18 March 1966, at a special general meeting, a two-thirds majority vote of the shareholders approved a resolution to abandon the business. At that time Louis L. Roberts was the Secretary-Treasurer of the company. On 30 November 1966, Melville MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Middle River & Hunters Mountain Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Middle River & Hunters Mountain MT Co. spent $30.00 to replace 2 miles of pole line.




Middle River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Union Centre, Millbrook, Gairloch, Rocklan, White Hill, New Lairg, and Lansdowne Station. On 21 December 1973, the Middle River MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Middville & Auburndale Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Milford Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Annapolis County, ... On 16 December 1966, the Milford MT Co. received official approval to lease two additional circuits from MT&T, with the point of connection being at the Annapolis Central Office.




Millsville & Rogers Hill Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mineral Rock Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mineville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mira Brickyard Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Mira River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Horns Road. During 1934, the Mira River MT Co. spent $185.41 to replace 9 miles of pole line. On 8 January 1958, the Mira River MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, to MT&T for $200.00. On that same day, the Mira River MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Mooseland Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, Mooseland. On 7 February 1922, the Mooseland MT Co. received official approval that the company's proportion of Local Call and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 10 cents. On 1 October 1958, the Mooseland MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule, of $2.00 per month for each telephone. This rate replaced the previous rate which had been in effect since 31 December 1943. Under the new rate, the MMT Co's share of long distance charges, for calls to and from points on its lines, was ten cents.




Moose River Gold Mines Mutual Telephone Company Limited
For several days in April 1936, the Moose River Gold Mines MT Co. Ltd. was the most famous telephone company in North America (it certainly had more media mentions in Canada and the United States than any other telephone company then in existence). The one-wire ground-return telephone line operated by the MRGMMT Co. carried J. Frank Willis' round-the-clock commentary on the progress of the effort to rescue three men trapped in a cave-in of the Moose River Mine, broadcast live on hundreds of radio stations in Canada and the U.S.A.
Reference:
    http://www1.cbc.ca/aboutcbc/history/milestones/milestones/milestones.html#moose


Once upon a time, the CBC had, in its website, an item – including online audio clips – about J. Frank Willis and his reporting of the Moose River Mine tragedy. For some incomprehensible reason, in 1999 the CBC deleted this item from its website. However —
The Wayback Machine has archived copies of this document:
Ten Major Technological Innovations That Have Been Significant To The CBC
Number One: The Moose River Disaster, 12 April 1936

Archived: 1997 May 27
http://web.archive.org/web/19970527042013/http://www.cbc.ca/aboutcbc/history/milestones/milestones/milestones.html

Archived: 1997 July 22
http://web.archive.org/web/19970722062841/http://www.cbc.ca/aboutcbc/history/milestones/milestones/milestones.html

Archived: 1997 October 14
http://web.archive.org/web/19971014090305/http://www.cbc.ca/aboutcbc/history/milestones/milestones/milestones.html





Mountievesta Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mount Pleasant Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Mull River Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Murchyville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Murrayfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Nevada Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited




New Chester Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Guysborough County, New Chester. On 30 September 1958, the New Chester MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule, replacing the previous rate which had been in effect since 11 January 1955. The new rate was $3.00 per telephone per year for members; for non members $22.80 per year for each residence telephone, and $27.60 per year for each business telephone. Under the new rate, the New Chester MT Co's share of long distance charges, for calls to and from points on its lines, was 10 cents.




New Cornwall Mutual Telephone Company Limited




New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, New Riverside, Lower West River, and Addington Forks. On 12 August 1962, the New Riverside MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the New Riverside MT Co. was a flat rate company, serving twelve subscribers with 5.2 miles of pole line. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




New Truro Road Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the New Truro Road MT Co. spent $14.44 to replace 0.9 mile of pole line.




New Victoria Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, Millsvale and vicinity... In 1922, the New Victoria MT Co. kept its bank account at the Bank of Nova Scotia in Oxford.




Nine Mile River & Rawdon Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On March 7, 1916, the Nine Mile River & Rawdon MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 10 cents. During 1934, the Nine Mile River & Rawdon MT Co. spent $20.83 to replace one mile of pole line.




North East Margaree Mutual Telephone Company Limited




North Shore Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, North Grant, Maryvale, Malignant Cove, Georgeville, Livingstone Cove, and Arisaig. On 15 February 1962, the North Shore MT Co., sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment (except telephone sets) to MT&T for $10,000.00. On the same day, the North Shore MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




North Wallace Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, North Wallace, Palmer Point, and Dougherty Point. The North Wallace MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 13 October 1913. In the 1960s, the North Wallace MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, North Wallace MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had 10 miles 16 km of its own pole line and about 4 miles 6 km of wire strung on poles belonging to another company. It served 17 subscribers; shareholders paid 50 cents per month for their telephones and non-shareholders paid $1.00 per month. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: page 387, PUB Annual Report 1973





Nuttby & North River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Colchester County, North River, Central North River, and Nuttby. On 1 June 1962, the Nuttby & North River MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Nyanza Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Oban Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, Oban and vicinity. On 16 December 1973, the Oban MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Oldham Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Pennant Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Petpeswick Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Phinney Cove Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Pictou Island Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Piedmont Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 1 March 1961, the Piedmont Valley MT Co. revised its rates to: for members, $25.00 per telephone per year; for nonmembers, $30.00 per telephone per year. For each long-distance call, to or from PVMT Co., the company got 5 cents as its share of the long-distance charge. On 1 February 1962, the PVMT Co. revised its rates to: for members, $27.00 per telephone per year; for nonmembers, $32.00 per telephone per year. The long distance share remained at 5 cents.




Pinevale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Pinevale. The Pinevale MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 1 April 1924. On 5 October 1974, Pinevale MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had one line 7.3 miles long and served five subscribers.
Source: page 369, PUB Annual Report 1973





Pleasant Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Pleasant Bay MT Co. spent $101.67 to replace 4 miles of pole line.




Pleasant Harbour Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Pleasant Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Point Aconi Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Pomquet Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On July 4, 1916, the Pomquet MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 10 cents.




Poplar Hill Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Port Lorne Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Annapolis County, Mount Rose, Grant Road, Outram, and Port Lorne. On 30 November 1966, Port Lorne MT Co's entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $64.20. On the same day, the Port Lorne MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Princeport Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Pugwash River Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Queensville Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Red Islands Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, Red Islands and vicinity. On 9 July 1962, the Red Islands MT Co. Ltd. adopted a new rate schedule: $1.75 per month for members, and $3.00 per month for nonmembers. The Company's share of long distance charges for calls to and from points on its lines was 10 cents per call. On 16 December 1973, the Red Islands MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Richmond Mutual Telephone Company Limited




River Bourgeois Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Richmond County, River Bourgeois and Hawker. On 6 October 1916, the River Bourgeois MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents. On 12 May 1961, the River Bourgeois MT Co. was given official approval to enlarge the boundaries of the territory it served, by extending a line from its then-existing terminus westward 1.3 miles to serve the district of Hawker. On 19 May 1974, the River Bourgeois MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




River Dennis Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Riversdale Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Valley, East Mountain... On 22 February 1973, the Riversdale MT Co. received official approval to lease two additional circuits connecting with MT&T, and on 1 May 1973 for two more circuits, and on 1 June 1973 for one more circuit, making a total of five additional circuits.




Riverside Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: Not known precisely, but somewhere near Stewiacke (it is known that the Riverside MT Co. kept its bank account in the Royal Bank at Stewiacke). On 13 November 1957, Riverside MT Co. abandoned ten miles of its existing telephone lines.




River View Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the River View MT Co. spent $138.44 to replace 5.2 miles of pole line.




Rocky Ridge Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Roman Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Roseway River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the Roseway River MT Co. spent $122.50 to replace 8 miles of pole line.




Roslin Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County. During 1934, the Roslin MT Co. spent $59.06 to replace 2.2 miles of pole line.




Ross Ferry Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 31 December 1973, the Ross Ferry MT Co. abandoned that portion of its territory in Victoria County, on Boularderie Island along the Hillside Road between Church Road and Steele's Cross Road, a distance of about 3.5 miles.




Round Island Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cape Breton County, Mira Gut, Round Island, and Catalone Gut. On 2 May 1916, the Round Island MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents. On 30 November 1966, the Round Island MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Sable River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Shelburne County, Louis Head... During 1934, the Sable River MT Co. spent $68.28 to replace 2.4 miles of pole line. On 1 February 1958, the Sable River MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule: For members, 50 cents per month when the telephone was supplied by the member, and $1.00 per month when the telephone was supplied by the Company; and for nonmembers, 75 cents per month when the telephone was supplied by the nonmember, and $1.50 per month when the telephone was supplied by the Company. The Company's share of long distance charges was 10 cents for each message to and from any point on its lines.




St. Andrew's Mutual Telephone Company Limited

St. Ann's Mutual Telephone Company Limited




St. Catherine Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Queen's County, the St. Catherine River area south of Port Joli. The St. Catherine MT Co. was incorporated on 3 October 1917. In a decision rendered on 6 February 1958, the Public Utilities Board wrote: "...the Board is satisfied that although the St. Catherine Mutual Telephone Company Limited was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act, it did not function as a mutual telephone company and was in fact operated in a private manner by one W.A. Kinney for a period of twelve years. ...the Kinney line, so-called, was later acquired by one H.C. Burgess in 1942 and ... Burgess provided telephone service in the area until his death in 1956..." On 31 January 1958, "the administrator and heirs-at-law of the late H.C. Burgess ... relinquished all rights ... to supply telephone service" in this area.




St. Croix Mutual Telephone Company Limited




St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, James River Station, Beaver Meadows, St. Joseph, Pinkietown, Ohio, Hillcrest, Gaspereaux Lake, and Ashdale. During 1934, the St. Joseph's MT Co. spent $52.50 to replace 3.5 miles of pole line. On 16 September 1962, the St. Joseph's MT Company's entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $4,000.00. On the same day, the St. Joseph's MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, and Springfield Mutual Telephone Company.




St. Mary's Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Salmon River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Guysborough County, Cooks Cove, Roachvale, Ogden, North Ogden, Salmon River Lake, East Erinville, West Erinville, and Erinville. On 15 March 1966 the Salmon River MT Co. Ltd. abandoned its territory and went out of business. (The date was definitely 15 March, but the PUB's records are in some conflict about the year, which may have been either 1966 or 1967.)




Salt Springs Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Scott's Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Seafoam Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Seafoam and Toney River. On 30 November 1966, Seafoam MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Ship Harbour Lake Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Halifax County, ... During 1934, the Ship Harbour Lake MT Co. spent $197.26 to replace 8.9 miles of pole line. On 16 December 1966, the Ship Harbour Lake MT Co. received official approval to lease five additional circuits from MT&T, with the point of connection being in Lake Charlotte. On 17 April 1973, the Ship Harbour MT Co. put into effect a new rate schedule.
Ship Harbour Lake
Mutual Telephone Company

Rates, effective on
17 April 1973
MEMBERS Residence
Telephone
per month
Business
Telephone
per month
One-party $6.00 $8.00
Four-party $5.00 $6.00
Multi-party $3.50 $4.00
NON-MEMBERS    
One-party $6.75 $8.75
Four-party $5.75 $6.75
Multi-party $4.25 $4.75
A "member" meant anyone who was
a shareholder in the company.

The name of the Ship Harbour Lake Mutual Telephone Company appeared in the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, 29 June 2002, on page B2, in an item about the Memory Lane Heritage Village in Lake Charlotte.




Shulee Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Smithville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

South Alton Mutual Telephone Company Limited




South Branch Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 1 February 1962, the South Branch MT Co. adopted a new rate schedule, $6.00 per year (the telephone to be furnished by the subscriber).




South Lochaber Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Lochaber, North Lochaber, West Lochaber, and Glen Alpine; in Guysborough County, South Lochaber and Aspen. The South Lochaber MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 8 January 1914. On 16 September 1962, the South Lochaber MT Co. adopted a new rate schedule, $24.00 per telephone per year. On 5 October 1974, South Lochaber MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business. At the time of the shutdown, the company had five circuits on 48 miles 77 km of pole line, and served 43 member subscribers and 26 nonmember subscribers.
Source: page 369, PUB Annual Report 1973





South River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Giant Lake, South River, Lochaber, Copper Lake, Loch Katrine, Upper South River, and Fraser Mills; in Guysborough County, Goshen. The South River MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 29 August 1913. On 5 October 1974, South River MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had sixteen circuits on 36 miles 58 km of pole line, and served 97 subscribers.
Source: page 369, PUB Annual Report 1973





South Side Mutual Telephone Company Limited

South West Mabou Mutual Telephone Company Limited




South West Margaree Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On February 29, 1916, the South West Margaree MT Co. received official approval that the Company's proportion of Local Toll and Long Distance charges for messages to or from any point on its line would be 5 cents.




Springfield Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Lower Springfield and Vernal. On 16 September 1962, the Springfield MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, was sold to MT&T for $1,100.00. On the same day, the Springfield MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. This was one of a group of eleven mutual telephone companies, all operating in Antigonish County and all connected to the North American telephone network at the MT&T Antigonish Exchange, which decided to abandon their territories during the summer of 1962, because the imminent conversion of the MT&T Antigonish Exchange to dial operation forced each of these small rural companies to choose between expensive equipment upgrading or ceasing operations. None could manage the expensive modernization required, and all opted to abandon. The other companies in this group were Brierly Brook Mutual Telephone Company, Brookdale Mutual Telephone Company, Cloverville Mutual Telephone Company, East St. Andrews Mutual Telephone Company, Fairmont Mutual Telephone Company, Glen Road Mutual Telephone Company, Marydale and Beauly Mutual Telephone Company, Meadow Green and Pomquet River Mutual Telephone Company, New Riverside Mutual Telephone Company, and St. Joseph's Mutual Telephone Company.




Springside Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area (in 1916): Eatonville, Burnside, Springside, South Side, and Newton Mills. On 1 November 1973, the Springside MT Co. put into effect a new schedule of rates, $3.50 per month for a residence telephone, and $4.00 per month for a business telephone. These rates applied for members; no rates were stated for nonmembers, which strongly suggests that this company had no nonmember subscribers at that time.




Spry Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 1 February 1962, the Spry Bay MT Co. adopted a new rate schedule: For members, $10.00 per telephone per year, and for nonmembers, $27.00 per telephone per year. The Company's share of long distance charges was 10 cents per call, for messages to or from any point along its lines.




Strathlorne & Glenville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Sunrise Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Telford Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Three Brooks Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Pictou County, Central Caribou and Three Brooks. On 19 January 1959, the Three Brooks MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Toney River Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Tor Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Township Line Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Annapolis County, Dalhousie West. On 4 June 1961, the Township Line MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Trout Brook Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Upper Clyde Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Victoria Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Wallace & Wentworth Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, along the Wallace - Wentworth road, between Lower Wentworth and Wallace Station. The Wallace & Wentworth M.T. Co. Ltd. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 27 July 1949, as successor to the Wallace & Wentworth Telephone Company, an unincorporated company which had served the area for some sixty years previously. In the 1960s, the Wallace & Wentworth MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, Wallace & Wentworth MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had two circuits on 3.5 miles of pole line. It served 24 member subscribers who each paid $1.60 per month, and 13 nonmember subscribers who paid "$2.00 plus" per month. At the time of the shutdown, MT&T took over the existing plant of the Wallace & Wentworth MT Co. but paid "nothing" for it. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: pages 390-391, PUB Annual Report 1973





Wallace Bay Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, Wallace Bay.




Wallace Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, East Wallace, Cantwell Point, Malagash Mine, Blue Sea Corner, and Treen Point. The Wallace Point MT Co. was incorporated under the Rural Telephone Act on 6 February 1917. In the 1960s, the Wallace Point MT Co. connected with the North American telephone system at the Wallace Exchange of MT&T. On 16 November 1974, Wallace Point MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever. At the time of the shutdown, the company had one circuit on 2 miles of pole line. It served five subscribers who each paid 50 cents per month for a residential telephone, and 70 cents per month for a business telephone. The closure of the small telephone company's operation was caused by the plan to convert MT&T's Wallace Exchange in 1974 to dial operation with direct distance dialling, which would require all connecting companies, including this one, to choose between spending a lot of money to install new equipment or abandon the territory and let MT&T take over.
Source: page 389, PUB Annual Report 1973





Waterville Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Welsford Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Wentworth Valley Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Cumberland County, Wentworth, Wentworth Centre, Mattatall Lake Road, and Wentworth Station. On 15 February 1962, the Wentworth Valley MT Co. sold its entire undertaking, including all property, pole lines, rights-of-way, and equipment, in working order, to MT&T for $193.00. On that same day, the Wentworth Valley MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




West Branch Mutual Telephone Company Limited

West Dover Mutual Telephone Company Limited

Westerly Mutual Telephone Company Limited

West Intervale Mutual Telephone Company Limited

West Mabou Mutual Telephone Company Limited




West Middle River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the West Middle River MT Co. spent $91.50 to replace 5.7 miles of pole line.




West New Annan Mutual Telephone Company Limited
During 1934, the West New Annan MT Co. spent $20.00 to replace 1.3 miles of pole line.




West River Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area (in 1916): In Pictou County, West River Station, Waterville, Mount Thom... During 1934, the West River MT Co. spent $102.95 to replace 4.2 miles of pole line.




West Tatamagouche Mutual Telephone Company Limited

West Wentworth Mutual Telephone Company Limited




White Brook Mutual Telephone Company Limited
On 6 March 1934, the White Brook MT Co. received approval of this rate schedule: Subscribers $6.00 per year, payable monthly. There was no mention of a rate for non-subscribers, and it may be inferred there were no non-subscribers.




White Rock Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Kings County, White Rock Mills and Sunken Lake. On 16 September 1961, the White Rock MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business.




Whycocomagh Mutual Telephone Company Limited




Williams Point Mutual Telephone Company Limited
Service area: In Antigonish County, Williams Point. On 13 November 1961, the Williams Point MT Co. abandoned its territory and went out of business forever.




Note 1: PUB refers to the Public Utilities Board, the common name for the Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities, as was its legal name from 1909 to 1992, or after 1992 The Utilities and Review Board. Note 2: Winfield's list refers to the list of telephone companies in operation in Nova Scotia in the spring of 1905, prepared by Mr. J.H. Winfield of Halifax, Manager of the Nova Scotia Telephone Company, and presented by him on 2 May 1905 as Exhibit Number 68, during his sworn testimony before the Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Various Telephone Systems in Operation in Canada and Elsewhere, Ottawa.




Note 3: The above list was begun as a list of all the telephone companies in the province, with the intent to make a separate list of telegraph companies. Later, it became clear that it is not possible to make clear distinctions in several important cases, in which companies that began as telegraph businesses in the 1860s and 70s began to include telephone services during the 1880s, a practice that continued for several decades. Perhaps the best example of this mingling of the two technologies can be found in the name of the Maritime Telegraph and Telephone Company — the dominant telephone company in Nova Scotia from 1910 until 31 December 2000 — in "MT&T" the first "T" stands for "telegraph", with "telephone" coming second, and this company was incorporated (and thus the name was selected) as late as 1910. In the 1990s, when telegraph operations had long since completely disappeared, the name persisted. There are other examples, such as the Hants & Halifax Telephone Company Limited, whose 1887 rate schedule offers the same price for a message of twenty words (telegraph) or a five-minute conversation (telephone), whichever the customer of the moment wanted; the company's name made no mention of "telegraph", but it offered telegraph services at all locations where it had telephone operations. Thus, in the above list, telephone and telegraph companies appear without any attempt to distinguish between them.


Telephone Exchange Names

Nowadays (in 2002) telephone exchanges are known only by numbers — for example, 542 (Wolfville), 733 (Louisbourg), 689 (New Ross), 875 (Shelburne), 533 (Guysborough), 295 (Baddeck), and so on. Telephone numbers are stated only in numerical digits, such as 543-7890 or 295-5678 or 555-1212.

But once upon a time in North America, including Nova Scotia, many telephone exchanges were named. Telephone numbers used to begin with two letters, which were an abbreviation for a word. The purpose of exchange names was to make telephone numbers easier to remember.

When mentioning telephone numbers, novels and stories written in the 1940s and 1950s often use exchange names. There was a Glenn Miller song called "PEnnsylvania 6-5000," and Liz Taylor made a movie called "BUtterfield 8" — both titles are derived from telephone exchange names.

The custom was to capitalize the significant letters to make them stand out, the remainder of the name was irrelevant. "PEnnsylvania 6-5000," would be dialed as PE6-5000. "LIberty 3-2424" would be dialed as LI3-2424.

An exchange name is a word that is used to represent the first two (sometimes three) letters of a seven-digit telephone number. (Exchange names had nothing to do with area codes or country codes.) Exchange names had nothing to do with geographical names related to the area served by the exchange, they were chosen solely to match the first two (sometimes three) letters of the name to the first two (sometimes three) digits of the exchange number. The first two letters of the exchange name are the first two digits of the phone number, when they are spelled out on a telephone dial or keypad. So for example, the exchange name "BRoadway" means that the first two numbers of the telephone number are "27", and BRoadway 5-9876 would be 275-9876.

In the early 1950s, the telephone exchange in Chester, Nova Scotia, was named BRoadway — for example BRoadway 5-6789 meant 275-6789.

In the 1956 phone directory, Bridgewater numbers were listed as LIberty 3-xxxx, meaning 543-xxxx.
Bridgewater telephone directory, January 1956
LIberty exchange name
Bridgewater section, Western District Telephone Directory, January 1956
Maritime Telegraph & Telephone Company
References:
Telephone EXchange Name Project
    http://ourwebhome.com/TENP/TENProject.html
AT&T's Officially Recommended Exchange Names
    http://ourwebhome.com/TENP/Recommended.html




Q:   Old-time exchanges were often given names, instead of numbers. Please explain.

A:   In the United States and Canada, local dialable numbers were originally represented with an exchange name followed by numeric digits. For example, "CEntral 4-5678", "GRover 7654" "PARkdale 1212" or "BRoadway 5-5080".

Depending on the territory, the first two or three letters would be used for the initial digits of a local call, generally highlighted in capital letters. The above examples mean the numbers would be dialed "CE4 5678", "GR 7654" "PAR 1212", and "BR 55080".

Letters would represent digits on the North American dial as follows:
	      Letters   Digit
	      =======   =====
	       A B C      2
	       D E F      3
	       G H I      4
	       J K L      5
	       M N O      6
	       P R S      7
	       T U V      8
	       W X Y      9
Thus "CEntral 4-5678" is dialed as 234-5678. C in "CEntral" is for digit 2, letter E is for digit 3. The "ntral" part of "CEntral" was not for dialing, of course.

0 (zero) and 1 (one) were not (officially) given letters since these could be confused with the letters O and I, and these were used in special services such as Operator (0) or early directory assistance or faults reporting numbers (113, 114).

Q is not included in the North American dial, possibly because that letter generally restricts the following letter to be U (Qatar or Iraq are rare exceptions).

As for the letter Z, there are rare cases where Z was shown with 0 (perhaps representing "Zenith" reverse-charge numbers in some areas, the forerunners of toll-free 800/888/877/866 numbers).

The above is excerpted from the volumnious FAQ file of Telecom Digest,
at http://hyperarchive.lcs.mit.edu/telecom-archives/ which is provided
courtesy of the Laboratory for Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology




Great rant: Letter Prefixes or EXchange Names It was all a mistake?
    http://www.privateline.com/TelephoneHistory3A/numbers.html


Get Me PEnnsylvania 6-5000 The names themselves are often deliciously '50s. Like real estate developments, they tend toward the WASPy or the pastoral; nobody seems to have had a phone number beginning with BErnstein, GOmez or SLagheap...
    http://ourwebhome.com/TENP/Times.html


More about Exchange Names In the '50s and '60s the phone company decided that the 2L-5N system was a bust, and switched to ANC...
    http://www.kith.org/logos/words/upper/X.html





The following are general items,
not associated with any individual company.


From the Yarmouth Herald, November 1, 1883

A Telegraph line has been laid from the Light House at Cape Sable to Barrington Head, under the able management of Mr. Wetmore, who appears to push matters to completion as one thoroughly acquainted with the business — the employees as they stick to the posts, securing the wire, reminding one of the woodpeckers in the fall in search of worms, all attracted by the hope of reward. Offices will be opened soon for the transmission of messages. Some little objections were at first made as to the location of the line, but these have been settled and nearly all are satisfied the best course has been pursued and the lines put in the right place. (This is the entire item. It is not known which company did this work.)




The following is quoted from the Annual Report of The Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities for the year 1958, pages xxix and xxx:

Mutual Telephone Companies
and Small Telephone Utilities

The mutual telephone campanies and small telephone utilities continue to render important service in their rural areas which as a rule are thinly populated. Although the quality of service is usually of a lesser standard than that supplied by a large commercial company, the rates are correspondingly low; in any case these areas are not often attractive from a purely commercial viewpoint due to their sparsely settled nature and length of lines required to provide service.

Many of the mutual companies were established in the first quarter of this century through cooperative effort on the part of their members in order to provide themselves with party-line telephone service at reasonable rates. In order to accomplish this objective, donated labour, poles and other materials was customary, but such practice is now becoming rare and today all labour and materials must be purchased for cash in most cases. This fact places a severe strain on these small public utilities with low rate of income, while increases in rates is somewhat limited by the recognized inferior quality of service.

It follows that improvement and extension of existing rural services is a real problem, while at the same time there is increasing demand from rural residents for such improvement. Many persons today are no longer content with multi-party shared in some cases among twenty or more subscribers, and requests for private-line service are increasing. At present there is very little service of this type furnished by small companies and the capital cost of providing same must be borne by the applicants in accordance with the Rural Telephone Act.

Loans and subsidies from the provincial government available to mutual companies as well as withdrawals from their compulsory reserve funds have been of real assistance to such companies, although necessarily limited in extent. This type of aid is not available to private rural companies as a rule, which feel the economic pressure and service demands even more acutely ... Two of the larger rural companies (Carleton and Coastal) found it necessary to discontinue ... during the year.

There was fortunately no major storm damage suffered in 1958, although highway construction continued to raise problems in some areas.




From Scientific American, September 9, 1899:
[Advertisement] If you are going to buy telephones, it pays you to buy the best. We make them. Prices $2.50 to $14.00. Switchboards $1.50 to $3.00 per drop [per connected line]. Guaranteed to give satisfaction and free from infringement. Stone City Telephone Mfg. and Construction Company, Joliet, Illinois.




Alexander Graham Bell Museum Baddeck, Nova Scotia, a site in the federal system of National Historic Sites responsible for the care of and collection of artifacts and archival materials related to Alexander Graham Bell and his associates, and charged with the responsibility of preserving and presenting this material to the public.




Links to Telegraph History Websites







This 'telephone' has too many limitations to be seriously considered as a practical form of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us.
Western Union internal memo, 1878




Links to Telephone History Websites


History of Telephones in General

The following WWW sites contain items of interest about the history of typical small telephone companies, such as party line anecdotes, much of which could be duplicated in Nova Scotia in days gone by.


On-line sources:
The History of the Telephone by Herbert N. Casson, 1910
    ftp://uiarchive.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/gutenberg/etext97/thott10.txt

National Telephone Cooperative Association an association of 500 US rural telephone cooperatives and companies and 35 cooperatives and companies based in the Philippines, Poland, Canada, Bolivia, Mexico and Micronesia...
    http://www.ntca.org/

Policy Guidelines for Small Telephone Companies
    http://www.ntca.org/comm/policy/index.html

Rural Telecommunications
    http://www.ntca.org/comm/telecomm/index.html





Recent Additions to This List

Added 22 Sep 2002: Commercial Cable Co. Ltd.




Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 by Ivan C. Smith
This includes the main paper and the linked Historical Notes provided for some companies. This paper, with the linked Historical Notes, may be copied or printed for non-commercial purposes, or reproduced on WWW sites so long as it is 100% intact with author credit, citations, and text, including this notice. And please include the date on which you made the copy, because this is a work in progress.




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Go To:   History of Electric Power Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/electric.html

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Go To:   Nova Scotia History Index
    http://alts.net/ns1625/histindx.html

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