Civil War Transportation & Supply

The Civil War involved adaptation to a wider geographical scope of warfare, emphasizing transportation and supply capabilities.

Railroads
Increased pace and power of strategic maneuver
Made operations at great distances from supply bases possible, essential for keeping armies in the field effective for long periods
Carried troop sna materials to the threatened points quickly
Special corps for the restoration, operation, and destruction of railrways created

Steamboats
Allowed transportation and supply of troops over long distance, both at sea and along rivers
Interaction between railroads and steamboats provided early example of intermodal transportation

Civilian Industries
Civilian industry played an essential role in supplying weapons, supplies, and other goods to the army


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Last update:  May 12, 2000