M.M.Gromov Flight Research Institute (LII)
Letno-issledovatel'skiy institut imeni M.M.Gromova (LII)
Address: 140160 Zhukovsky-2, Moscow Region
Tel: (095) 556-56-07 [1,6] 556-5908, 556-2358 
Telex: 412710 sokol su
Fax: (095) 556-5334 
Deputy Director: Andrey Manucharov 
Deputy Director on [Security] Regime: Andrey Yevdokimov, Col. 
Assistant to Director on Security: Andrey Radek 
Activity: aircraft research and flight testing
Status: State Scientific Center
Subordination: Ministry of Economy?
Former Subordination: Ministry of Aviation Industry of USSR
Former name: none
LII was formally established on 8 March 1941 on the basis of several Departments of TsAGI in accordance with a Decree of SNK and CC VKP(b)  to conduct research, design and
development of new aircraft including remotely controlled aircraft and other vehicles for a variety of applications.
It remained within the aviation industry, managed first by NKAP/GKAT and later by the Ministry of Aviation Industry of USSR.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Gromov Mar 1941 - Aug 1943
Alexandr Vasilievich Chesalov Aug 1943 - Nov 1947, former deputy of Gromov on Science 
N.S.Stroyev ... 1961 ...
Konstantin Konstantinovich Vasil'chenko - 1995,
Felix Dmitrievich Zolotarev 1995 - 199? 
V. Bakaev ... - now
Principal directions of its activity include:
- research in aerodynamics and thermodynamics at hyper-, trans-, and subsonic velocities; determination of flight engineering, operational, structural and acoustic performances of flight aircraft of all types;
- development of methods, procedures and algorithms for navigation, guidance and control during all phases of flight.
- -"- methods of estimation of parameters and determination of perforemances of aircraft and its systems;
- -"- advanced methods and means for measuring, automated processing and analysis of results of flight testing; automatization of control of flight experiments;
- -"- methods, procedures and algorithms to ensure failure tolerance of digital data processors, evaluation of reliability of their software and hardware;
- information support of crew and ground control personnel; information display using picture indication and multifunctional electronic displays;
- methods and procedures for control of engines, ways of increasing their reliability and efficiency.
In addition to that, LII performs research in the following thematic directions:
- introduction of systems of landing using gliding regime to save fuel and for application in emergencies;
- creation of highly reliable digital control systems using diagnostic systems and of self-organizing systems with reconfiguring structure;
- use of perspective types of information display on multifunctional indicators to ensure all-weather and safe flights;
- use of hypersonic and transonic large-scale models for investigation of aerodynamic and heat-shielding performances, propagation of waves through plasma, as well as for perfection of systems of guidance, navigation and flight control;
- introduction of software for identification of aerodynamic performances and parameters of dynamic processes using results of flight tests.
- Vostok (cosmonaut training in a simulated cabin)
- Spiral (approach and landing tests of a subsonic analog)
Buran (approach and landing tests of Buran simulators and flight analog)
- Mir orbital station 
LII is probably also involved in
- drop tests of recovery vehicles for all spaceships
- testing of launch escape systems for all spaceships
LII consists of
- flight test center;
- scientific departments;
- experimental production;
- school of test pilots.
Production Capabilities /Testing facilities
LII also possesses a large set of airborne laboratories, which allow to conduct:
- 3 runways, with length from 3 to 5,4 kilometers, capable of handling all types of aircraft
- Ground control complex ensures flight tetsing in day and night and under any weather conditions.
- ATC allows for simultaneous testing of up to 10-15 aircraft at ranges of up to 250 km 
Test flights are usually performed using ground control station, or airborne command and measuring stations. Use of real-time systems for measurements, automated data processing, analysis and documentation allows to substantially shorten time and increase efficiency of flight experiments. 
- flight tests to analyse aerodynamic, structural, vibrational, acoustic and operational behaviour during all phases of flight, including critical regimes such as stall and spin;
- flight tests to develop algorythms for onboard software and hardware performing functions of navigation, guidance and control, information display, communications, tracking, etc.;
- flight tests using large-scale models;
- flight testing of engines;
- flight testing of systems of warning about critical flight regime and emergency escape systems.
State funds less than half of minimal needs , as a result LII can not pay salaries in time, pay for telephones, electricity, heat 
Salaries are delayed (despite the base salary of Test Pilot of the 1st Class was just 270 thousand roubles = $60). Because of lack of funding testing activity was nearly completely wrapped up (down to few sorties per month). To compensate for lack of activity and payments, test pilots perform at aeroshows and make commercial flights .
Employment: used to be 10000 ;
"Many specialists" quitted, mostly switching to commerce .
LII is a member of Aviakosmos company and Burlak Techincal Assn. It is also a shareholder of Avikos insurance company.
1. Directory of the Russian Space Industry 1996-97 - ASCONT - pp.B-55-56 (in Russian).
2. Russian Space Directory - Euroconsult, 1993 p.75.
3. Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 9 Sep 1995 p.1
4. Krasnaya Zvezda 14 Oct 1995 p.3
5. Krasnaya Zvezda 4 Sep 1998 p.4
6. Russian Defense Buisness Directory
Created by Charles Vick
and Maxim Tarasenko
Updated : 24 January 1999