Civil War Society & Ideology

Citizen Armies


First major conflict waged by representative democratic republics in which political activity continues as usual
Modern democratic, electoral politics a major force in the war

Leaders such as Sherman place the industrial concept of efficiency above traditional conceptions of military conduct, believing that the ends justified the means

The Confederacy adopted conscription in 1862 and the Union in 1863

First major conflict in which photographs brought images of the destruction and human cost of war to the civilian public

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Last update:  May 12, 2000