"It was the first great war to be fought in the era
of the Industrial Revolution and so it showed the effects of the technological
advances in industry and agriculture which were to revolutionize warfare.
It showed also the growing importance of economic factors in modern warfare,
in that in a struggle between two different types of economy, agrarian
and industrial, the ultimate result was a victory for the power that was
stronger industrially and financially."
Richard Preston and Sydney Wise, Men in Arms: A History of Warfare and Its Interrelationships with Western Society (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1979), 247.
"Many historians have termed the American Civil War
the last of the old and the first of the modern wars. This does not
overstate the case; in this war occurred the revolution in weaponry and
tactics which, although not perceived by European soldiers, was to come
to bloody fruition in 1914."
Trevor Dupuy, The Evolution of Weapons and Warfare (Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1980), 196.
"The American Civil War was the first modern war.
It represents a transition from the leisurely, limited warfare of the eighteenth
century to the violent, total warfare of the twentieth century....The conflict
was modern in that it was a contest of conflicting ideas and hence, of
Charles C. Fennell, Jr., "The Civil War: The First Modern War" in The American Military Tradition: From Colonial Times to the Present, edited by John M. Carroll and Colin F. Baxter (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1993), 65.
"The Civil War ushered in a new modern era -- an era
dominated by large, united, industrial nations practicing total war characterized
by the utmost violence and destruction."
Charles C. Fennell, Jr., "The Civil War: The First Modern War" in The American Military Tradition: From Colonial Times to the Present, edited by John M. Carroll and Colin F. Baxter (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1993), 91.
"The American Civil War ranks as the most important
conflict of the nineteenth century because, for the first time, opposing
governments harnessed the popular enthusiasm of the French Revolution to
the industrial technology that was sweeping the west."
Geoffrey Parker, editor, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare: The Triumph of the West (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 220.
"The American Civil War stands out as the first truly
modern conflict, and like subsequent wars of this nature, its course was
to be primarily determined by factors of production and, more specifically,
Robert L. O'Connell, Of Arms and Men: A History of War, Weapons, and Aggression (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), 197.
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Last update: May 12, 2000