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Census Records for Free Persons of Color 1790-1850

Western North Carolina Only1

1NOTE: The following census records contain listings from selected counties in western NC. The listings include only those households that had persons listed in the "Free Colored" or "Other Free" columns (1790-1840) or who were listed with Race of "M" (Mulatto) or "B" (Free Black) in 1850. The actual ethnic origins of the folks in these listings can't be determined only from the census. Census takers used their own opinions when assigning someone to these categories. The families might have been freed slaves of African origin, or their descendants, while others might have been a mixture of White and Indian, or white and black, or a combination of all three ("Tri-Racial Isolates"). They could have been Melungeon, or "Black Dutch". There are many other possibilities as well. Indians were not supposed to be listed on the census records for these years (1790-1850), but in a few cases they were listed anyway, especially in 1850.

1790 NC Census - Western NC (Burke, Rutherford, Wilkes) and upper SC only (Greenville, Pendleton, Spartanburg)

1800 NC Census - Western NC only (Ashe, Buncombe, Burke)

1810 NC Census - Western NC only (Ashe, Buncombe, Burke, Haywood)

1820 NC Census - Western NC only (Ashe, Buncombe, Haywood)

1830 NC Census - Western NC only (Ashe, Buncombe, Haywood)

1840 NC Census - Western NC only (Ashe, Buncombe, Cherokee, Haywood, Henderson)

1850 NC Census - Western NC only (Buncombe, Cherokee, Haywood, Henderson, Macon)

Links of interest:

African American Census Schedules Online - An index to similar listings for other counties and states.

1900 Census Subscription 1900 Census Subscription

Discover the most significant genealogical data set on the Internet! NEW fully-indexed 1900 Census Subscription gives you easy access to our entire set of census images; 30 million names and growing.'s 1900 Census Subscription is your online resource for fully indexed, high-quality U.S. Census microfilm images; an essential resource for any American genealogist. With the 1900 US Census, you have access to the only single source that claims to list everyone living in America in 1900. Unlike previous versions, the 1900 Census images provide you with a list of all family members by name, not just the head of household.

 Some extremely helpful reference material for census research:

Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Census

AniMap Plus County Boundary Historical Atlas v. 2.0 (Win)

The Census Book

A Practical Guide to 'Misteaks' made in Census Index


Last Updated November 20, 2002

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