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JINGLE DANCER Curriculum
Supplemental Questions for Discussion
6) Did JINGLE DANCER take place today or a long time ago?
7) Discuss the meaning of "four" in Native tradition (see author's note). In JINGLE DANCER, how is the number four represented? (Four directions, four women, four rows of jingles, four dancers at the powwow . . . can you find more?).
8) What does regalia mean? (see author's note). Emphasize that regalia is not a costume. Talk about other people who wear special clothes on meaningful occasions like priests or brides in their wedding dresses. Please note that it is disrespectful when non-Indians "dress up" to "play Indian" or wear fake "Indian-inspired" clothes on Halloween.
9) Jenna lives in a small town in Oklahoma. Find Oklahoma on a map.
10) Jenna is a contemporary girl. The homes that she lives in and visits contain objects that may also be found in the homes of young readers. What objects in the small-town Oklahoma houses may be found in other children's homes? (Television, books, chairs, pitcher, sink, carpet, etc.)
Jingle Dancer by Cynthia Leitich Smith: Multiple Intelligence Projects, Pre-Reading/Prediction Guide, and Comprehension/Quiz Questions from Tracie Vaughn Zimmer, for use as classroom material and internet resources. Features include MI activities related to the following areas: Verbal/Linguistic; Logical/Mathematical; Visual/Spatial; Body/Kinesthetic; Musical/Rhythmic; Interpersonal; Intrapersonal.
First Americans: Native American Studies for Grade Schoolers: Dine, Muscogee (Creek), Tlingit, Lakota, Haudenosaunee by K. Martin (Creek). Features online activities; information on stereotypes; a gallery, histories; the individual tribes; links, and more.
Jingle Dancing: by TPT (related to production of Wacipi powwow documentary). Photo with one of the traditional stories and discussion of dance style.
The New Dawn of Tradition: A Wisconsin Powwow: includes video program, teacher guide, "share your culture," an interactive map, links and more!
"Native American Men's & Women's Dance Styles" vol. 1: Features video of Women's Jingle Dress (including the side step) and eight other styles of powwow dance) "taped at Southern Plains powwows and celebrations."
Index of Native American Teaching Resources on the Internet from Karen Strom. Pretty much the best, screened-for-authenticity list of related teaching materials web wide. A great starting place.
"Into the Circle": an hour-long video introduction to the powwow and dance styles, featuring interviews with elders, dancers, and singers. Includes photographs and "eyewitness accounts" to offer historical perspective.
Powwow Calendar from Four Winds Trading Company. Find out about real-life powwows in your area.
Southern Powwows: Arena & Staff, Drums & Songs, Resources & Calendar, Monthly Craft Section, Etiquette, Terminology, Dance Styles, Starting Out.
Wacipi Powwow Teacher’s Guide from the Minnesota Centuries Video and Teacher's Guide Series.
Oyate: a non-profit organization focussed on children's books related to Native peoples. They evaluate books, conduct workshops for teachers and librarians, host a resource center and library of their own, and distribute work that they recommend. Oyate is also one of the outlets selling copies of JINGLE DANCER.
Teaching Respect for Native Peoples by Oyate hosted by Cynthia Leitich Smith Children's Literature Resources.
Represented Native Nations: Web Sites
Ojibway (Ojibwe, Anishinabe, or Chippewa)
Native Media Resource Center: by Peggy Berryhill (tribal member) includes family history with focus on relocation and allotment and features a map of Creek lands in 1748.
Native American Indians in Children's Books
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