|Scapino||The Doctor||The Lovers|
|violent movements||extravagant tricks||very stupid but he has occasional moments of brilliance|
|poor||uses his bat at every opportunity||servant|
black with a wart on the cheek.
tiny holes for eyes.
quizzical arch of eyebrows.
strong wrinkles on forehead.
bushy beard and eyebrows.
half mask + a chin piece.
|slender figure||a dancer||has a killer instinct|
|a valet||it's a good policy to make sure that he's done his work before he gets paidhe has a tendency to stop working as soon as he has money.||Jack of all trades.|
|hangs about the tavern||he's a heavy drinker||a liar, a perjurer, a drunkard, and a debaucher.|
|he prowls||quick and piercing eyes||hes the guitarist serenading from underneath a window|
|rascal||flexible spine||infinite ingenuity|
|olive tinted mask||hook nose||thin beard|
|dark eyes||thick lips||moustache like a fop (thick and twirled up at ends)|
|the name Scapin comes from the word scappare which means to flee or to escape (and Scapino never forgets this)||amorous||falls in love for the sake of it|
|there is no logic in his thoughts or actions||Scapin would prefer to run away from a fight.||Like Brighella, hes a servant and Jack of all trades|
|very forgetful||always does the first thing that comes into his head||flits from one love to another|
|a singer, musician and dancer||very gentle manners||is open to bribes and is capable of betraying his master|
|in his relationship he is capable of cheating on his wife||he is also frequently cheated on by his wife||sometimes he is devoted to his master|
(Gerontio and Orgon are direct descendants)
|lecherous old miser||retired from active business||very rich|
|can small money||he is usually punished for being so greedyfate works against him||sometimes he's a father/sometime a bachelor.|
|hes a peace loving man||his daughter is usually one of the following: ISABELLA, ROSAURA, CAMILLE, SMERALDINE|| if he is married, his wife is typically young and pretty
his wife usually deceives him
she makes fun of him because he coughs, spits, and his nose runs.
|The servants usually take advantage of him||hes usually tricked into spending money that he doesnt intend to spend||he's often tricked into letting his daughter marry her lover|
|he hates being beaten (but usually events turn out in such a way that a servant beats him with a stick)||as a master he usually starves his servant||he sometimes tries so solve disputes amongst other characters but usually ends up being beaten by them|
grey and sparse moustache
white beard stretched from ear to ear and comes down to a sharp point.
|he can be a philosopher, astronomer, barrister, diplomat, and physician||hes spent his whole life learning everything he can but he tends not to understanding anything||very foolish|
Quotes Greek or Latin (very badly)
|his best friend is Pantaloon||very pedantic|
|black or flesh-coloured mask||covers forehead and nose.||cheeks smeared with red.|
|pretentious||bombastic||always carried a sword|
|flesh-coloured||a big nose||large moustache|
THE CANTARINA, THE INAMORATA, THE SOUBRETTE, ISABELLA
* constant companion of Harlequin.
* eternally in love with rascally valets
* a maid
* costume is a large wide apron, and no corset (otherwise similar to the wealthy women)
|well set up||gallant||courteous|
|young||the man courts the Servetta as well as Isabelle||lovers have no other character trait than being in love.|
|love often makes the lover appear absurdthey act irrationally even though theyre ordinarily rational||their declarations of love seem to be truthful yet there is usually a comic side to the way they express this love.||always sophisticated|
has no particular costume
is always dressed in the latest fashion of the period
Therefore commedia dellarte means professional theatre
Contrasts with commedia erudita = academic theatre
Zanni: the name given to the masks of Harlequin and Brighella (i.e. servants)
lazzi:® knots (comes from the Tuscan word lacci) ® means turn/trick/Italian business ® used by the buffoons to interrupt the story with irrelevant pranks
Slap-stick/bat: favourite weapon of Harlequin and Scapin.
La Comédie-Italienne [Don't let the French scare you on the first page! There are some sensational links to English sites once you get started. Head for Ressources sur la Commedia dell'arte sur Internet and look for the word Anglais which is French for 'English'.]
An Annotated Bibliography of Commedia dell'Arte, Music Hall, Panto, and Other Diversions
To main Introduction to Dramatic Forms Page
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