THE DEVELOPMENT OF HOMOSEXUALITY

1700’s
The first recorded execution for sodomy.
1828-63
People found guilty of sodomy are executed.
1899-1900
In the Australian Colonies, the ‘abominable crime of buggery’ is punished by a sentence of life imprisonment.
1950’s
In 1951, the NSW Crimes Act is amended to ensure that ‘buggery’ is a criminal act ‘with or without the consent of the person’ – removing legal loophole of consent.
1969
In early 1070 it remains a crime for men to engage in homosexual sex in every state and territory in Australia.
1970
In 1970 the Campaign Against Moral Persecution (CAMP) is formed.
1971
CAMP organizes the first gay and lesbian demonstration in Australia outside the headquarters of the Liberal Party in Sydney.
1972
The political activist association, Gay Liberation, is launched at Sydney University. Groups soon flourish on campuses around Australia.
1975
The first National Homosexual conference is held at Melbourne University, and attracts around 60 delegates.
Under Premier Don Dunstan’s Government, South Australia becomes the first Australian state to decriminalize homosexuality.
Campaign, the longest running commercial gay magazine in Australia, is launched.
1976
In ACT, homosexual law reform legistlation is passed.
1978
The largest gay rights march in Australia history is held, commemorating the 9th anniversary of the Stonewall riots. Of the 2,000 odd demonstrators, 53 are arrested, 53 are arrested on charges of offensive behavior and resisting arrest.
1979
The first FM gay radio program ‘Gaywaves’ begins broadcasting on Sydney’s 2SER.
1980
The ALSO Foundation is established in Melbourne in response to the Hamer Governmentos decriminalization of homosexuality.
1981
The first Australia media reference to AIDS is made in the Gay and Lesbian newspaper The Sydney Star Observer.
The Gay Rights Lobby is formed concentrating on the decriminalization of homosexuality.
1982
NSW becomes the first state in Australia to pass laws prohibiting discrimination against homosexuals. Homosexuality is not decriminalized in NSW, however, until 1984.
1984
The Australian Medical Association agrees to remove homosexuality from its list of illnesses and disorders.
Decriminalization of homosexuality is enacted in NSW. The Gay Rights Lobby disbands.
Three gay men are elected to Sydney City Council.
1988
The Sydney Gay Mardi Gras becomes the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.
1994
ACT passes Domestic Relationships Act. First jurisdiction to give same-sex relationships the same legal standing as heterosexual defacto relationships.
UN Human Rights Commission rules that certain Tasmanian legislation discriminates against homosexuals and so breaches the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
The Federal Government passes legislation, which establishes the right to sexual privacy, effectively overriding Tasmanian’s anti-gay laws.
1995
The Pride Sydney Lesbian and Gay Community Center opens.
1996
After 3 years of often-divisive community debate, Sydney’s first lesbian cultural and community center, the Lesbian Space Project, is opened.