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Committees of the United States House of Representatives


Carol Hardy Vincent
Specialist in American National Government

Faye M. Bullock
Technical Information Specialist
Government Division
Congressional Research Service
The Library of Congress 

Updated September 10, 1996 

Summary

This report presents a profile of each House committee. For each committee, the information includes a jurisdictional summary, a list of subcommittees, the number of members of each party on the committee, and a brief historical review. 

Currently, there are 20 full House committees--19 standing committees and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. By contrast, in the 103rd Congress there were 22 standing committees as well as the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (as of March 31, 1993). In addition, there are 86 House subcommittees, a decline from 118 in the 103rd Congress. 

Committees of the United States House of Representatives

Introduction

This report presents selected information for each House committee--information on its jurisdiction, subcommittees, current membership, and history. House Rule X, clause 1, identifies the 19 House standing committees and their legislative jurisdictions, while clauses 2 and 3 identify the general and special oversight responsibilities of committees. For each standing committee, this report lists the topics of legislative jurisdiction and the oversight duties. The House also has one select committee, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, which has functions similar to the standing committees except that its jurisdiction is somewhat narrower. For the jurisdiction and other duties of the Committee on Intelligence, this report draws on House Rule XLVIII, clauses 2 and 3. These House rules, not this report, are the authorities for statements of committee legislative and oversight jurisdiction. 

The current membership figures are drawn from the Congressional Record (July 30, 1996, vol. 142, no. 114). In general, the history section for each committee notes its date of creation. This section may also include the names of other panels that were merged with the committee and the dates of the mergers, as well as issues acquired (principally from other committees) after the codification of standing committee jurisdictions in 1946. In cases where a committee is known to have prepared a published history of itself, a bibliographic citation is provided. 

The jurisdictional histories presented for each committee in this report indicate areas acquired by committees as their jurisdictions are currently constituted. They do not indicate the previous jurisdictional assignments of areas that were transferred. The histories use the following three expressions to characterize changes in a committee's responsibility. 

  1. "Added jurisdiction," which refers to new responsibility for the committee; 
  2. "Gained formal responsibility," which refers to areas where a committee appears to have had jurisdiction but for which House rules did not explicitly assign jurisdiction; 
  3. "Enhanced jurisdiction," which refers to areas where a committee's responsibility was expanded. 

Committee on Agriculture

Jurisdiction:

Adulteration of seeds, insect pests, and protection of birds and animals in forest reserves; agriculture generally; agricultural and industrial chemistry; agricultural colleges and experiment stations; agricultural economics and research; agricultural education extension services; agricultural production and marketing and stabilization of prices of agricultural products, and commodities (not including distribution outside of the United States); animal industry and diseases of animals; commodities exchanges; crop insurance and soil conservation; dairy industry; entomology and plant quarantine; extension of farm credit and farm security; forestry in general, and forest reserves other than those created from the public domain; human nutrition and home economics; inspection of livestock, and poultry, and meat products, and seafood and seafood products; plant industry, soils, and agricultural engineering; rural electrification; rural development; and water conservation related to activities of the Department of Agriculture. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Department Operations, Nutrition, and Foreign Agriculture 
  2. General Farm Commodities 
  3. Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry 
  4. Resource Conservation, Research, and Forestry 
  5. Risk Management and Specialty Crops 
Membership:
Majority:  27
Minority:  22
Total: 49

History:
Created in 1820

Added jurisdiction over agricultural commodities, including the Commodity Credit Corporation, effective 1975

Added jurisdiction over inspection of poultry and seafood and seafood products, and water conservation related to the Department of Agriculture, in 1995 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Agriculture. Committee on Agriculture, 150th Anniversary. Washington, G.P.O., 1970. 32 p. (House Document No. 91-350, 91st Congress, 2nd Session.) 

Committee on Appropriations

Jurisdiction:
Appropriation of the revenue for the support of the government; rescissions of appropriations contained in appropriations acts; transfers of unexpended balances; the amount of new spending authority (as described in the Congressional Budget Act of 1974) which is to be effective for a fiscal year, including bills and resolution (reported by other committees) which provide new spending authority and are referred to the committee under House Rule X, clause 4(a). 

General oversight responsibility with respect to the organization and operation of executive departments and other executive agencies (including any agency the majority of the stock of which is owned by the government of the United States) as it deems necessary to assist it in determining matters within its jurisdiction. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies 
  2. Commerce, Justice, State, and Judiciary 
  3. District of Columbia 
  4. Energy and Water Development 
  5. Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
  6. Interior 
  7. Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education 
  8. Legislative Branch 
  9. Military Construction 
  10. National Security 
  11. Transportation 
  12. Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government 
  13. Veterans Affairs, Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies 
Membership:
Majority:  33
Minority:  25
Total: 58

History:
Created in 1865

Added jurisdiction over certain special presidential messages on rescissions and deferrals of budget authority and certain rescission bills and impoundment resolutions under the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, in 1974

Added jurisdiction over rescissions of appropriations, transfers of unexpended balances, and the amount of new spending authority effective for a fiscal year in 1974 (as perfected by H.Res. 988, effective 1975) 

Printed History:
U. S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Appropriations. A History of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives. Washington, G.P.O., 1941. 88p. (House Document No. 77-299, 77th Congress, 1st Session.) 

Committee on Banking and Financial Services

Jurisdiction:
Banks and banking, including deposit insurance and federal monetary policy; bank capital markets activities generally; depository institution securities activities generally, including the activities of any affiliates, except for functional regulation under applicable securities laws not involving safety and soundness; economic stabilization, defense production, renegotiation, and control of the price of commodities, rents, and services; financial aid to commerce and industry (other than transportation); international finance; international financial and monetary organizations; money and credit, including currency and the issuance of notes and redemption thereof; gold and silver, including the coinage thereof; valuation and revaluation of the dollar; public and private housing; urban development. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Capital Markets, Securities, and Government Sponsored Enterprises 
  2. Domestic and International Monetary Policy 
  3. Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit 
  4. General Oversight and Investigations 
  5. Housing and Community Opportunity 
Membership:
Majority:  28
Minority:  23
Other 1
Total: 52

History:
Created in 1865 as the Committee on Banking and Currency

Added jurisdiction of the Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures (created 1864) by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (except for standardization of weights and measures and metric system)

Renamed Committee on Banking, Currency, and Housing effective 1975, and Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs in 1977

Added jurisdiction over international financial and monetary organizations, and renegotiation effective 1975

Gained formal responsibility for bank capital markets activities generally, and depository institution securities activities generally in 1995

Acquired current name in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on the Budget

Jurisdiction:
All concurrent resolutions on the budget (as defined in section 3 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974), other matters required to be referred to the committee under titles III and IV of that act;(1) and other measures setting forth appropriate levels of budget totals for the United States Government. 

Measures relating to the congressional budget process generally. 

Measures relating to the establishment, extension, and enforcement of special controls over the federal budget, including the budgetary treatment of off-budget federal agencies and measures providing exemption from reduction under any order issued under part C of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985. 

In addition, the committee is to 1) report the required matters under titles III and IV of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974,(2) and 2) review, on a continuing basis, the conduct by the Congressional Budget Office of its functions and duties. 

Special oversight responsibility 1) to make continuing studies of the effect on budget outlays of relevant existing and proposed legislation, and to report the results of such studies to the House on a recurring basis, and 2) to request and evaluate continuing studies of tax expenditures; to devise methods of coordinating tax expenditures, policies, and programs with direct budget outlays, and to report the results of such studies to the House on a recurring basis. 

Subcommittees:

None 

Membership:
Majority:  24
Minority:  18
Total: 42

History:
Created in 1974 by the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. Added jurisdiction over the congressional budget process generally; the establishment, extension, and enforcement of special controls over the federal budget; and enhanced jurisdiction over measures setting forth appropriate levels of budget totals for the United States government, in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Commerce

Jurisdiction:
Biomedical research and development; consumer affairs and consumer protection; health and health facilities, except health care supported by payroll deductions; interstate energy compacts; interstate and foreign commerce generally; the exploration, production, storage, supply, marketing, pricing, and regulation of energy resources, including all fossil fuels, solar energy, and other unconventional or renewable energy resources; the conservation of energy resources; energy information generally; the generation and marketing of power (except by federally chartered or federal regional power marketing authorities), the reliability and interstate transmission of, and ratemaking for, all power, and the siting of generation facilities, except the installation of interconnections between government waterpower projects; general management of the Department of Energy, and the management and all functions of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; national energy policy generally; public health and quarantine; regulation of the domestic nuclear energy industry, including regulation of research and development reactors and nuclear regulatory research; regulation of interstate and foreign communications; securities and exchanges; travel and tourism. 

The committee has the same jurisdiction with respect to regulation of nuclear facilities and of use of nuclear energy as it has with respect to regulation of nonnuclear facilities and of use of nonnuclear energy. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to nuclear and other energy, and nonmilitary nuclear energy and research and development including the disposal of nuclear waste. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Commerce, Trade, and Hazardous Materials 
  2. Energy and Power 
  3. Health and Environment 
  4. Oversight and Investigations 
  5. Telecommunications and Finance 
Membership:
Majority:  27
Minority:  22
Total: 49

History:
Created in 1795 as the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures

Separate Committees on Commerce and on Manufactures established in 1819

Committee on Commerce renamed Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce in 1892

Added jurisdiction over health and health facilities (except health care supported by payroll deductions) effective 1975

Added jurisdiction over use of nuclear energy and regulation facilities in 1977

Renamed Committee on Energy and Commerce, and enhanced energy jurisdiction effective 1981

Acquired current name and added jurisdiction over regulation of the domestic nuclear energy industry in 1995

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. 180 Years of Service: A Brief History of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. Washington, G.P.O., 1975. 102 p. (At head of title: Committee Print.) 

Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities

Jurisdiction:
Child labor; Columbia Institution for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind; Howard University; Freedmen's Hospital; convict labor and the entry of goods made by convicts into interstate commerce; food programs for children in schools; labor standards and statistics; education or labor generally; mediation and arbitration of labor disputes; regulation or prevention of importation of foreign laborers under contract; United States Employees' Compensation Commission; vocational rehabilitation; wages and hours of labor; welfare of miners; and work incentive programs. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to domestic educational programs and institutions, and programs of student assistance, which are within the jurisdiction of other committees. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Early Childhood, Youth, and Families 
  2. Employer-Employee Relations 
  3. Oversight and Investigations 
  4. Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-Long Learning 
  5. Workforce Protections 
Membership:
Majority:  24
Minority:  19
Total: 43

History:
Created as the Committee on Education and Labor by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging the Committees on Education (created 1867) and Labor (created 1883)

Added jurisdiction over Indian education and work incentive programs effective 1975

Acquired current name in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Government Reform and Oversight

Jurisdiction:
The federal civil service, including intergovernmental personnel; the status and officers of employees of the United States, including their compensation, classification, and retirement; municipal affairs of the District of Columbia in general, other than appropriations; federal paperwork reduction; budget and accounting measures, generally; holidays and celebrations; the overall economy, efficiency, and management of government operations and activities, including federal procurement; national archives; population and demography generally, including the census; postal service generally, including the transportation of the mails; public information and records; relationship of the federal government to the states and municipalities generally; reorganizations in the executive branch of the government. 

General oversight responsibility with respect to the operation of government activities at all levels, to determine their economy and efficiency. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Civil Service 
  2. District of Columbia 
  3. Government Management, Information, and Technology 
  4. Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations 
  5. National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs 
  6. National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice 
  7. Postal Service 
Membership:
Majority:  29
Minority:  23
Total: 53

History:
Created in 1927 as the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments, when 11 separate Expenditure Committees were combined

Renamed Committee on Government Operations in 1952 Added jurisdiction over general revenue sharing and over the National Archives effective 1975

Acquired current name; gained formal responsibility over public information and records, and federal paperwork reduction; and added jurisdiction of the Committees on the District of Columbia (created 1808) and Post Office and Civil Service (created 1947) (except Franking Commission) in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on House Oversight

Jurisdiction:
Appropriations from accounts for committee salaries and expenses (except for the Committee on Appropriations), House information systems, and allowances and expenses of Members, House officers, and administrative offices of the House; auditing and settling of all accounts described above; employment of persons by the House, including clerks for Members and committees, and reporters of debates; the Library of Congress (including its management) and the House library, the Smithsonian Institution and the incorporation of similar institutions, and the Botanic Gardens, except measures relating to the construction or reconstruction, maintenance, and care of the buildings and grounds of the Botanic Gardens, the Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian Institution; statuary and pictures; acceptance or purchase of works of art for the Capitol; purchase of books and manuscripts; expenditure of accounts described above; Franking Commission; printing and correction of the Congressional Record; accounts of the House generally; assignment of office space for Members and committees; disposition of useless executive papers; election of the President, Vice President, or Members of Congress; corrupt practices; contested elections; credentials and qualifications; and federal elections generally; services to the House, including the House restaurant, parking facilities and administration of the House office buildings and of the House wing of the Capitol; travel of Members of the House; raising, reporting, and use of campaign contributions for candidates for office of Representative in the House of Representatives, of Delegate, and of Resident Commissioner to the United States from Puerto Rico; compensation, retirement, and other benefits of the Members, officers, and employees of the Congress. 

Subcommittees:

None 

Membership:
Majority:  7
Minority:  5
Total: 12

History:
Created as the Committee on House Administration by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging Committees on Enrolled Bills (created 1789 as Joint Committee), Elections (created 1794), Accounts (created 1803), Printing (created 1846), Disposition of Executive Papers (created 1889), Memorials (created 1929), and some functions of the Joint Committee on the Library (created 1806 as Joint Committee)

Added jurisdiction over parking facilities of the House and over campaign contributions to House candidates effective 1975

Acquired current name, and added jurisdiction over the Franking Commission, in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Intelligence, Permanent Select(3)

Jurisdiction:
The Central Intelligence Agency and the director of central intelligence, and the national foreign intelligence program as defined in section 3(6) of the National Security Act of 1947; intelligence and intelligence-related activities of all other departments and agencies of the government, including, but not limited to, the tactical intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the Department of Defense; the organization or reorganization of any department or agency of the government to the extent that the organization or reorganization relates to a function or activity involving intelligence or intelligence-related activities; authorizations for appropriations, both direct and indirect, for the following: 1) Central Intelligence Agency, director of central intelligence, and the national foreign intelligence program as defined in section 3(6) of the National Security Act of 1947; 2) intelligence and intelligence-related activities of all other departments and agencies of the government, including, but not limited to, the tactical intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the Department of Defense; and 3) any department, agency, or subdivision, or program that is a successor to any agency or program named in 1) or 2). 

Any legislation initially reported by the committee (except related to the Central Intelligence Agency, the director of central intelligence, and the national foreign intelligence program, including authorizations therefor) that contains matter within the jurisdiction of any standing committee shall, at the request of the chairman of such standing committee, be referred to the standing committee and reported to the House within the time prescribed by the Speaker. Any legislation reported by any other committee containing matter within the jurisdiction of Intelligence shall, at the request of the chairman, be referred to Intelligence and reported to the House within the time prescribed by the Speaker. 

The committee is to make regular and periodic reports to the House on the nature and extent of the intelligence and intelligence-related activities of the various departments and agencies of the United States. The Committee also is to call to the attention of the House or to any appropriate committee(s) any matters requiring their attention. 

The Committee is to obtain an annual intelligence report from the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, and the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Human Intelligence, Analysis, and Counterintelligence 
  2. Technical and Tactical Intelligence 
Membership:
Majority:  9
Minority:  7
Total: 16

History:
Created in 1977 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on International Relations

Jurisdiction:
Relations of the United States with foreign nations generally; acquisition of land and buildings for embassies and legations in foreign countries; establishment of boundary lines between the United States and foreign nations; export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; foreign loans; international commodity agreements (except sugar), including for cooperation in the export of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; international conferences and congresses; international education; intervention abroad and declarations of war; the diplomatic service; fostering commercial intercourse with foreign nations and safeguarding American business interests abroad; international economic policy; neutrality; protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation; American National Red Cross; trading with the enemy; United Nations Organizations. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to customs administration, intelligence activities relating to foreign policy, international financial and monetary organizations, and international fishing agreements. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Africa 
  2. Asia and the Pacific 
  3. International Economic Policy and Trade 
  4. International Operations and Human Rights 
  5. Western Hemisphere 
Membership:
Majority:  24
Minority:  20
Other 1
Total: 45

History:
Created in 1822 as the Committee on Foreign Affairs

Added jurisdiction over export controls, international commodity agreements (except sugar), international economic policy, trading with the enemy, and international education effective 1975

Renamed Committee on International Relations in 1975, Committee on Foreign Affairs in 1979, and back to Committee on International Relations in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on the Judiciary

Jurisdiction:
Judiciary and judicial proceedings, civil and criminal; administrative practice and procedure; apportionment of Representatives; bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting; civil liberties; constitutional amendments; federal courts and judges, and local courts in the Territories and possessions; immigration and naturalization; interstate compacts, generally; claims against the United States; meetings of Congress, attendance of Members and their acceptance of incompatible offices; national penitentiaries; Patents, the Patent Office, copyrights, and trademarks; presidential succession; protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies; revision and codification of the Statutes of the United States; state and territorial boundaries; subversive activities affecting the internal security of the United States. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Commercial and Administrative Law 
  2. Constitution 
  3. Courts and Intellectual Property 
  4. Crime 
  5. Immigration and Claims 
Membership:
Majority:  20
Minority:  15
Total: 35

History:
Created in 1813

Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 merged Committees on Claims (created 1794), Patents (created 1837), Revision of the Laws (created 1868), War Claims (created 1883), and Immigration and Naturalization (created 1893)

Added jurisdiction over subversive activities affecting the internal security of the United States in 1975, upon the abolition of the Committee on Internal Security (as clarified in 1995)

Gained formal responsibility over administrative practice and procedure in 1995 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. History of the Committee on the Judiciary. Washington, G.P.O., 1982. 235 p. (At head of title: Committee Print No. 15.) 

Committee on National Security

Jurisdiction:
Ammunition depots; forts; arsenals; army, navy, and air force reservations and establishments; common defense generally; conservation; development; and use of naval petroleum and oil shale reserves; the Department of Defense generally, including the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force generally; interoceanic canals generally, including measures relating to the maintenance, operation, and administration of interoceanic canals; Merchant Marine Academy, and state maritime academies; military applications of nuclear energy; tactical intelligence and intelligence related activities of the Department of the Defense; national security aspects of merchant marine, including financial assistance for the construction and operation of vessels, the maintenance of the U.S. shipbuilding and ship repair industrial base, cabotage, cargo preference, and merchant marine officers and seamen as these matters relate to the national security; pay, promotion, retirement, and other benefits and privileges of members of the armed forces; scientific research and development in support of the armed services; selective service; size and composition of the army, navy, marine corps, and air force; soldiers' and sailors' homes; strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to international arms control and disarmament, and to the education of military dependents in schools. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Military Installations and Facilities 
  2. Military Personnel 
  3. Military Procurement 
  4. Military Readiness 
  5. Military Research and Development 
Membership:
Majority:  30
Minority:  25
Total: 55

History:
Created as Committee on Armed Services by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging Committees on Military Affairs and Naval Affairs (both created 1822)

Committee on Militia dissolved and militia matters transferred to Committee on Military Affairs in 1911

Gained formal responsibility over Department of Defense in 1953 Added jurisdiction over military application of nuclear energy in 1977

Acquired current name; gained formal responsibility over size and composition of the marine corps; and added jurisdiction over interoceanic canals generally, Merchant Marine Academy and state maritime academies, tactical intelligence and intelligence related activities of the Department of Defense, and national security aspects of merchant marine in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Resources

Jurisdiction:
Fisheries and wildlife, including research, restoration, refuges, and conservation; forest reserves and national parks created from the public domain; forfeiture of land grants and alien ownership, including alien ownership of mineral lands; Geological Survey; international fishing agreements; interstate compacts relating to apportionment of waters for irrigation purposes; irrigation and reclamation, including water supply for reclamation projects, and easements of public lands for irrigation projects, and acquisition of private lands when necessary to complete irrigation projects; care and management of Indians, including the care and allotment of Indian lands and general and special measures relating to claims which are paid out of Indian funds; insular possessions of the United States, except those affecting the revenue and appropriations; military parks and battlefields, national cemeteries administered by the Secretary of the Interior, parks within the District of Columbia, and the erection of monuments to the memory of individuals; mineral land laws and claims and entries thereunder; mineral resources of the public lands; mining interests generally; mining schools and experimental stations; marine affairs (including coastal zone management), except for measures relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters; oceanography; petroleum conservation on the public lands and conservation of the radium supply in the United States; preservation of prehistoric ruins and objects of interest on the public domain; public lands generally, including entry, easements, and grazing thereon; relations of the United States with the Indians and the Indian tribes; and Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline (except ratemaking). 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to Indians. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Energy and Mineral Resources 
  2. Fisheries, Wildlife, and Oceans 
  3. National Parks, Forests, and Lands 
  4. Native American and Insular Affairs 
  5. Water and Power Resources 
Membership:
Majority:  27
Minority:  22
Total: 49

History:
Created as the Committee on Public Lands by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging the Committees on Public Lands (created 1805), Indian Affairs (created 1821); Territories (created 1825); Mines and Mining (created 1865) (except welfare of mine workers); Irrigation and Reclamation (created 1893); Insular Affairs (created 1899); and certain responsibilities of the Committee on Military Affairs (created 1822), including military parks, battlefields, and the national cemeteries

Renamed Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs in 1951 Added jurisdiction over parks within the District of Columbia effective 1975

Renamed Committee on Natural Resources in 1993 and acquired current name in 1995

Added jurisdiction over fisheries and wildlife; international fishing agreements; erection of monuments to the memory of individuals; marine affairs (including coastal zone management), except for measures relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters; oceanography; and Trans-Alaska Oil pipeline (except ratemaking), in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Rules

Jurisdiction:
The rules and joint rules (except relating to the code of official conduct), and order of business of the House; and recesses and final adjournments of Congress. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to the congressional budget process, and from time to time the Committee is to report its findings and recommendations to the House. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Legislative and Budget Process 
  2. Rules and Organization of the House 
Membership:
Majority:  9
Minority:  4
Total: 13

History:
Created in 1880

Predecessor Select Committee on Rules (created 1789)

Added jurisdiction over emergency waivers of the required reporting date for measures authorizing new budget authority in 1974

Added jurisdiction over rules relating to financial disclosure in 1977 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Rules. A History of the Committee on Rules. Washington, G.P.O., 1983. 298 p. (At head of title: Committee Print.) 

Committee on Science

Jurisdiction:
All energy research, development, and demonstration, and projects therefor, and all federally owned or operated nonmilitary energy laboratories; astronautical research and development, including resources, personnel, equipment, and facilities; civil aviation research and development; environmental research and development; marine research; commercial application of energy technology; National Institute of Standards and Technology, standardization of weights and measures and the metric system; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; National Space Council; National Science Foundation; National Weather Service; outer space, including exploration and control thereof; science scholarships; and scientific research, development, and demonstration, and projects therefor. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to nonmilitary research and development. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Basic Research 
  2. Energy and Environment 
  3. Space and Aeronautics 
  4. Technology 
Membership:
Majority:  27
Minority:  23
Total: 50

History:
Created in 1958 as the Committee on Science and Astronautics

Enhanced jurisdiction over research and development issues, and added jurisdiction over the National Weather Service effective 1975

Added jurisdiction over nuclear research and development in 1977 Renamed Committee on Science and Technology effective 1975; Committee on Science, Space, and Technology in 1987; and acquired current name in 1995

Added jurisdiction over marine research, and the commercial application of energy technology in 1995 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Toward the Endless Frontier: History of the Committee on Science and Technology, 1959-1979. Washington, G.P.O., 1980. 1073 p. (At head of title: Committee Print.) 

Committee on Small Business

Jurisdiction:
Assistance to and protection of small business, including financial aid, regulatory flexibility and paperwork reduction; and participation of small business enterprises in federal procurement and government contracts. 

Special oversight responsibility with respect to the problems of all types of small business. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Government Programs 
  2. Procurement, Exports, and Business Opportunities 
  3. Regulation and Paperwork 
  4. Tax and Finance 
Membership:
Majority:  23
Minority:  19
Total: 42

History:
Created in 1975

Predecessor Select Committee on Small Business (created 1941)

Gained formal responsibility over regulatory flexibility and paperwork reduction in 1995 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Permanent Select Committee on Small Business. A History and Accomplishments of the Permanent Select Committee on Small Business, House of Representatives of the United States: 77th to 92nd Congress, 1941-1972. Washington, G.P.O., 1974. 231 p. (House Document No. 93-197, 93rd Congress, 2nd Session.) 

Committee on Standards of Official Conduct

Jurisdiction:
Measures relating to the code of official conduct. 

Subcommittees:
None 

Membership:
Majority:  5
Minority:  5
Total: 10

History:
Created in 1967

Predecessor Select Committee on Standards (created 1966)

Designated committee to perform functions described in Title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, effective 1979 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

Jurisdiction:
Coast Guard, including lifesaving service, lighthouses, lightships, ocean derelicts, and the Coast Guard Academy; federal management of emergencies and natural disasters; flood control and improvement of rivers and harbors; inland waterways; inspection of merchant marine vessels, lights and signals, lifesaving equipment, and fire protection on such vessels; navigation and the laws relating thereto, including pilotage; registering and licensing of vessels and small boats; rules and international arrangements to prevent collisions at sea; Capitol building and the Senate and House office buildings; construction or maintenance of roads and post roads, other than appropriations therefor, but no bill providing general legislation in relation to roads may contain any provision for any specific road, and no bill relating to a specific road may embrace a provision relating to any other specific road; construction or reconstruction, maintenance, and care of the buildings and grounds of the Botanic Gardens, the Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian Institution; merchant marine, except national security aspects; purchase of sites and construction of post offices, customhouses, federal courthouses, and government buildings within the District of Columbia; oil and other pollution of navigable water, including inland, coastal, and ocean waters; marine affairs (including coastal zone management) as they relate to oil and other pollution of navigable waters; public buildings and occupied or improved grounds of the United States generally; public works for the benefit of navigation, including bridges and dams (other than international bridges and dams); related transportation regulatory agencies; roads and the safety thereof; transportation, including civil aviation, railroads, water transportation, transportation safety (except automobile safety), transportation infrastructure, transportation labor, and railroad retirement and unemployment (except revenue measures related thereto); water power. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Aviation 
  2. Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation 
  3. Public Buildings and Economic Development 
  4. Railroads 
  5. Surface Transportation 
  6. Water Resources and Environment 
Membership:
Majority:  35
Minority:  28
Total: 63

History:
Created as the Committee on Public Works by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging Committees on Public Buildings and Grounds (created 1837), Rivers and Harbors (created 1883), Roads (created 1913), and Flood Control (created 1916)

Renamed Committee on Public Works and Transportation and added jurisdiction over most aspects of transportation effective 1975

Acquired current name, and enhanced jurisdiction over federal management of emergencies and natural disasters, oil and other pollution of navigable waters, and transportation, in 1995

Added jurisdiction over the coast guard and Coast Guard Academy, inland waterways, navigation and related laws, registering and licensing of vessels and small boats, prevention of collisions at sea, merchant marine issues (including inspection and fire protection but excluding national security aspects), and marine affairs relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters, in 1995 

Printed History:
None 

Committee on Veterans' Affairs

Jurisdiction:
Veterans' measures generally; cemeteries of the United States in which veterans of any war or conflict are or may be buried, whether in the United States or abroad, except cemeteries administered by the Secretary of the Interior; compensation, vocational rehabilitation, a education of veterans; life insurance issued by the government on account of service in the armed forces; pensions of all the wars of the United States, general and special; readjustment of servicemen to civil life; soldiers' and sailors' civil relief; and veterans' hospitals, medical care, and treatment of veterans. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Compensation, Pension, Insurance, and Memorial Affairs 
  2. Education, Training, Employment, and Housing 
  3. Hospitals and Health Care 
Membership:
Majority:  18
Minority:  15
Total: 33

History:
Created by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, merging Committees on Pensions (created 1825), Invalid Pensions (created 1831), and World War Veterans' Legislation (created 1924)

Added jurisdiction over veterans' cemeteries administered by the Department of Defense in 1967 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Veterans' Affairs. History of House Committees Considering Veterans' Legislation. Washington, G.P.O., 1990. 41 p. (At head of title: Committee Print.) 

Committee on Ways and Means

Jurisdiction:
Customs, collection districts, and ports of entry and delivery; reciprocal trade agreements; revenue measures generally; revenue measures relating to the insular possessions; the bonded debt of the United States (subject to House Rule X, clause 4(g))4; the deposit of public moneys; transportation of dutiable goods; tax exempt foundations and charitable trusts; national social security, except (1) health care and facilities programs that are supported from general revenues as opposed to payroll deductions and (2) work incentive programs. 

Subcommittees:

  1. Health 
  2. Human Resources 
  3. Oversight 
  4. Social Security 
  5. Trade 
Membership:
Majority:  23
Minority:  16
Total: 39

History:
Created in 1802

Predecessor Select Committee on Ways and Means (created 1789)

Added jurisdiction over tax exempt foundations and charitable trusts effective 1975 

Printed History:
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Ways and Means. The Committee on Ways and Means: A Bicentennial History, 1789-1989. Washington, G.P.O., 1989. 526 p. 

Footnotes

  1. Such matters include reconciliation and other enforcement measures as described. 
  2. Section 306 of the Congressional Budget Act prohibits bills, resolutions, amendments, motions, and conference reports dealing with matter within the jurisdiction of the Committee on the Budget from being considered in the House unless reported by (or discharged from) the Committee on the Budget. 
  3. The Committee on Intelligence is a permanent select committee, whereas the other committees in this report are standing committees. Nevertheless, Intelligence, like the standing committees, has legislative jurisdiction (the authority to consider and report measures). 

  4. Rule X, clause 4(g), in part requires each standing committee to submit annually its views and estimates on matters within its jurisdiction to be contained in the concurrent resolution on the budget. Those of the Committee on Ways and Means are to include a specific recommendation as to the level of public debt which should be set forth in the concurrent resolution on the budget, which level serves as the basis for an increase or decrease in the statutory debt limit. 
     

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