The Pearl Jam Recording Sessions Guide

 

· August 1990 - Reciprocal Recording Studios - Seattle, WA
Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Matt Cameron - drum kit; Chris Friel - drum kit on 'Black' and 'Footsteps'

 

Alive (a.k.a. Dollar Short) {instrumental}

 

Alone (a.k.a. Richard's 'E') {instrumental}

 

Animal (a.k.a. Weird 'A') {instrumental}

 

Black (a.k.a. 'E' Ballad) {instrumental}

 

Breath (a.k.a. Doobie 'E') {instrumental}

 

Even Flow (a.k.a. The King) {instrumental}

 

Folk 'D' {instrumental}

 

Footsteps (a.k.a. Times Of Trouble) {instrumental}

 

Girl (a.k.a. Evil 'E' and Just A Girl) {instrumental}

 

Once (a.k.a. Agytian Crave) {instrumental}

 

Pushin Forward Back (a.k.a. 7Up) {instrumental}

 

unknown (a.k.a. The Wreck Of Edmund Fitzgerald) {instrumental}

 


No
tes: These instrumental demos were labeled The Gossman Project.  They were recorded at different sessions throughout August 1990.  Matt was only present for two or three days.  This version of 'Even Flow' was structured very differently than later versions.

 

 

· October 8 - 23, 1990 - Galleria Potatohead and / or London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Dave Krusen - drum kit

 

Alive

 

Alone

 

Black

 

Breath

 

Even Flow

 

Girl

 

Goat

 

Oceans

 

Once

 

Release

 

Weird A

 

Yellow Ledbetter (a.k.a. Improv)

 


Notes: This session has been a subject of debate recently.  In early 2002, a cassette dated "10/23" surfaced in trading circles and included all of the songs previously thought to have been sourced from a cassette dated "10/13."  The general consensus is that both tapes have the same recordings of the songs, but pinning a date on the session is a mystery.  Five Against One stated the first rehearsals with Ed at the Galleria Potatohead were recorded, but as to whether the songs on the tapes are the recordings from those rehearsals or are from a professional studio session is unknown.  Most of the songs are multi-tracked and contain overdubs so it's more likely they were professionally recorded in a studio rather than being recorded live at a rehearsal, but no information is known for sure.  In June 1995, Ed stated in An Ongoing Affair With My Telecaster, "After five days we had something like ten songs.  On the sixth day, we actually played a show and by the end of the seventh day, we recorded everything," but many people believe the recordings on the above-mentioned tapes could have been made anywhere between October 8 and October 23, 1990.  For that reason, this session is listed here as taking place between October 8 - 23, 1990.  The recording of 'Weird A' found on the "10/23" cassette is rumored to have come from a different session, but since information about this session is already conflicted enough, it is listed here anyways.  More information on this session can be found at http://www.digijam.org/cgi-bin/dj.pl or http://www.raydian.com/~oceans/pj.html.

 

 

· November - December 1990 - London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Chris Cornell - vocals, harmonica, banjo; Ed Vedder - background vocals, vocals on 'Hunger Strike'; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Matt Cameron - drum kit; Rick Parashar - organ, piano

 

All Night Thing [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Call Me A Dog [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Hunger Strike [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Four Walled World [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Pushin Forward Back [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Reach Down [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Say Hello 2 Heaven [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Times Of Trouble [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Wooden Jesus [Temple Of The Dog]

 

Your Savior [Temple Of The Dog]

 


Notes:
Temple Of The Dog was recorded over weekends in November and December 1990.  The project started off as two songs Chris Cornell wrote in memory of Andrew Wood but evolved into a full album after a couple of rehearsals.  Mike's guitar solo on 'Reach Down' was one live take.  His headphones flew off halfway through the solo because he was playing so intensely.  He ended up finishing it without being able to hear his reference track.  The music for 'Times Of Trouble' is the same as 'Footsteps.'  Chris and Ed decided to write separate lyrics over the instrumental and they became two different songs.

 

 

· 1990 or 1991 - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Dave Krusen - percussion

 

Let Me Sleep (It's Christmas Time) [1991 Fan Club single]

 


Notes
: The exact date of this recording is unknown.

 

 

· January 29, 1991 - London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Krusen - drum kit

 

Alive [Alive single]

 

I've Got A Feeling [Ten]

 

? Jeremy

 

Wash [Alive single]

 


No
tes: This session was recorded for the promotional Alive single.  This version of 'Alive' was later released on Ten, but it was remixed and had a lead guitar overdub added in June 1991.  'I've Got A Feeling' was released as the hidden track on the Japanese pressing of Ten.  'Jeremy' was recorded once before it was recorded during the Ten sessions, so it may have been recorded, but no information is known for sure.  'Wash' was released as a B-side on the Alive single.

 

 

· January or February 1991 - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Dave Krusen - drum kit

 

Jeremy

 


No
tes: 'Jeremy' was recorded once before it was recorded during the Ten sessions.  This recording was barer than the version released on Ten in that this version lacked the overdubbed 12-string bass and cello during the outro.

 

 

· March 27, 1991 - London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Krusen - drum kit

 

Alone

 

Black

 

Breath

 

Even Flow

 

Garden

 

Girl

 

Jeremy

 

Oceans

 

Once

 

Porch

 

Release

 

Wash

 

Why Go

 

Yellow Ledbetter (a.k.a. Yellow Letter)

 


No
tes: The first takes of the Ten sessions took place on this day.  Two takes of 'Breath' and 'Why Go' were recorded.

 

 

· March 27 - April 26, 1991 - London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Krusen - drum kit; Rick Parashar - organ, piano, percussion; Walter Gray - cello on 'Jeremy'

 

Alone

 

Black [Ten]

 

Breath (a.k.a. Breathe)

 

Brother

 

Deep [Ten]

 

Even Flow [Ten]

 

Garden [Ten]

 

Girl

 

Jeremy [Ten]

 

Master / Slave [Ten]

 

Oceans (version 1) (a.k.a. Oceans (remix)) [Even Flow single]

 

Once [Ten]

 

Porch [Ten]

 

Release [Ten]

 

State Of Love And Trust

 

Wash

 

Why Go [Ten]

 

Yellow Ledbetter [Jeremy single]

 


No
tes: Ten sessions lasted until April 26, 1991, as a rough mix of potential album songs was made on that day.  On January 5, 1996, a person by the name of Lilly stated on alt.music.pearl-jam, "...I have two other PJ studio outtakes recordings that have also never been released. One features multiple versions of 'Black' (4 takes), 'Jeremy' (3 takes), 'Oceans' etc. from the Ten sessions," so this, along with various other interviews, confirm multiple takes of many songs exist.  Mike had a lot of trouble with the sessions.  The repeated takes frustrated him and he ended up splicing together composites of the best takes of his leads on some songs.  Initially, Jeff recorded all of his bass lines with headphones on but he ended up overdubbing half of them by playing in the same room as his amplifier because he wasn't playing as aggressive as he wanted to.  The rough mix of the album contains outtakes, countdowns, extra feedback, some guitar and drum lines that were later removed from the final versions of the songs, and is missing background vocals on some songs.  On April 11, 1991, Jeff gave a cassette of potential Singles Soundtrack songs, among them 'Breath' and 'State Of Love And Trust,' to Cameron Crowe.  Around thirty takes of 'Even Flow' were recorded before the band was satisfied with it.  Rick Parashar stated in the December 2002 edition of Guitar World, "I heard the bass line [for 'Master / Slave'] and then [Jeff and I] kind of were collaborating on that in the control room, and then I started programming on the keyboard all this stuff; he was jamming with it and it just kind of came about like that."  Mike stated in the August 2001 edition of Spin the recording of 'Yellow Ledbetter' found on the Jeremy single "was probably the second take; when we did that song, Ed just started going for it."

 

 

· June 1991 - Ridge Farm Studios - Dorking, England
Mike McCready - guitar on 'Alive'; Tim Palmer - fire extinguisher and pepper shaker on 'Oceans'

 

 


No
tes: This session was held to mix the tracks recorded in March and April 1991 and while doing so, a few overdubs were added to a couple of songs.  A new guitar solo was overdubbed onto the January 29, 1991 version of 'Alive.'  For that solo, Mike set up in the control room of the studio and recorded a couple of takes of it.  Tim Palmer spliced together a composite of the best parts of the takes but Mike wasn't satisfied with it.  He decided to give the solo one more shot and he ended up playing it flawlessly during this final take so it was used for mixing.  'Oceans' also received some overdubs.  Tim Palmer stated in the December 2002 edition of Guitar World, "I used the pepper mill as a shaker and used drumsticks on the [fire] extinguisher as sort of a bell effect.  The reason I used those items was purely because we were so far from a music rental shop and necessity became the mother of invention."

 

 

· September 1991 - Galleria Potatohead - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Dave Abbruzzese - guitar

 

Angel [1993 Fan Club single]

 


Notes
: 'Angel' was recorded the night after the band gave an interview to Kim Neely during a rehearsal.

 

 

· January 1992 - London Bridge Studios - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Abbruzzese - drum kit

 

Alone [Go single]

 

Breath [Singles Soundtrack]

 

Dirty Frank [Even Flow single]

 

Even Flow [Alive single]

 

? Leash

 

State Of Love And Trust [Singles Soundtrack]

 


N
otes: This session lasted a day and a half.  'Breath' and 'State Of Love And Trust' were re-recorded for the Singles Soundtrack.  'Even Flow' was re-recorded for radio and released on the import Alive single.  'Leash' was written by the time of this session, so it may have been recorded, but no information in known for sure.

 

 

· September 4, 1992 - Southern Tracks Recording - Atlanta, GA
Ed Vedder - vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Abbruzzese - drum kit

 

? Leash

 

Ramblings Continued [1992 Fan Club single]

 

Sonic Reducer [1992 Fan Club single]

 


N
otes: 'Leash' was written by the time of this session, so it's possible it was recorded, but no information is known for sure.  'Ramblings Continued' was a noise collage that featured messages from the band and sound bites from movies, television shows, and songs.

 

 

· February - March 1993 - Galleria Potatohead - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Dave Abbruzzese - drum kit, guitar on 'Go'

 

Better Man

 

Daughter

 

Go

 

? Leash

 

W.M.A.

 

others

 


N
otes: Pearl Jam rehearsed for a couple of weeks before leaving Seattle to record Vs. in California.  Brendan O'Brien was present for at least a couple of rehearsals.  'Better Man' was demoed at one of the first ones.  'Daughter' was worked on but this version featured more toms in the drum line.  'Go' began life as an acoustic riff and quickly evolved into a full song.  'Leash' was written by the time of this session, so it's possible it was worked on, but no information is known for sure.  'W.M.A.' came together after Ed witnessed an incident while walking to a grocery store during a break and began writing lyrics over a jam the band was working on.  This version of the song contained more parts than the version found on Vs.  The band stopped playing the song after a while so its arrangement wouldn't get set in stone.

 

 

· March - May 1993 - The Site - San Rafael, CA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Abbruzzese - drum kit, percussion; Brendan O'Brien - organ; Victoria Williams - guitar and background vocals on 'Crazy Mary'

 

Animal [Vs.]

 

Better Man

 

Blood [Vs.]

 

Crazy Mary [Sweet Relief - A Benefit For Victoria Williams]

 

Daughter [Vs.]

 

Dissident [Vs.]

 

Elderly Woman Behind The Counter In A Small Town (a.k.a. Small Town) [Vs.]

 

Glorified G [Vs.]

 

Go (a.k.a. Don't Go) [Vs.]

 

Hard To Imagine

 

Indifference [Vs.]

 

Leash [Vs.]

 

Rats [Vs.]

 

Real Thing {instrumental} [Judgment Night Soundtrack]

 

Rearviewmirror [Vs.]

 

Whipping

 

W.M.A. [Vs.]

 

? Yellow Ledbetter

 

unknown {instrumental}

 

unknown {instrumental}

 

unknown {instrumental}

 


Notes: Vs. sessions began in mid-March and lasted until early May 1993.  Sessions were completed before May 13, 1993, as Ed stated during a concert on that day Pearl Jam was leaving the San Francisco area the following day.  Everything recorded during these sessions was recorded live except for some lead and vocal overdubs.  The band set up in a semi-circle with the drum kit in the middle to record.  The drum kit was eventually moved into a tiled room because they wanted a different drum sound on some songs.  There were many days where they would record the album all the way through and pick the best takes from those days.  They would usually record two to five takes of each song and move on to the next song if it wasn't sounding the way they wanted it to.  The rough mix of the album contains outtakes, countdowns, extra feedback, and some guitar lines that were later removed from the final versions of the songs.  The first week of recording produced 'Blood,' 'Go,' a slow version of 'Leash,' and 'Rats.'  After awhile, recording hit a snag because Ed began frequently disappearing to work on lyrics.  He would leave for days and come back ready to finish the songs being worked on, but this held up some of the sessions because the band wanted to keep all of the takes live and mix them down immediately after they were recorded.  Without Ed present, those takes could not be finished and everyone would have to wait on him to return to complete them.  This resulted in a number of instrumentals being recorded.  Ed's vocals on 'Blood,' 'Leash,' and 'Indifference' were his reference vocals.  One take of 'Better Man' was recorded, but it didn't sound very good so it was scrapped.  An acoustic take of 'Elderly Woman Behind The Counter In A Small Town' was released on the Go single.  'Glorified G' went through a series of changes before it was finalized.  Mike stated in the February 1995 edition of Guitar World his guitar solo on 'Go' "was probably the second of three or four takes."  Stone, Jeff, and Dave recorded an instrumental and sent it to Cypress Hill, and they later rapped over it and titled the song 'Real Thing.'  'Rearviewmirror' was the last song recorded and was almost left unfinished.  Dave had trouble nailing his drum line for it, so after finally playing it to Brendan O'Brien's satisfaction, he threw his sticks against the wall, punched a hole through the snare drum, and later threw the broken snare off of a nearby cliff.  Ed finished his vocals for the song on the final day of recording.  'Whipping' was recorded, but it ended up being shelved and later re-recorded for Vitalogy.  Many percussion overdubs were added to 'W.M.A.'  Dave stated in the December 1993 edition of Modern Drummer, "I laid down this two-measure drum track and we looped it all the way through the song.  Eddie and Jeff came in to do vocals and bass on it and then I went back with some octobans and a cymbal and just winged it.  I also did some tambourine and sleigh bell thing and then we did some other crazy stuff like using a slapstick and another tambourine and Stone dancing around the hallway with this freaky boinging thing."  An alternate recording of 'Yellow Ledbetter' exists that is different from the version recorded during the Ten sessions, so it may have been recorded, but no information is known for sure.  Three instrumentals were recorded, but Ed never got around to writing lyrics for them so they were left unfinished.  This seemed to be a common problem throughout the Vs. sessions as Jeff commented in the April 1994 edition of Bass Player, "We got to the point where [we] were getting ahead of Eddie; we were getting a lot of musical ideas, and trying to write lyrics for 20 songs in a month and make them mean something is a pretty intense job."

 

 

· November 1993 - Kingsway Studio - New Orleans, LA; January - February 1994 - Seattle, WA; March - April 1994 - Southern Tracks Recording - Atlanta, GA; ? April or May 1994 - Bad Animals Studio - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals, accordion on 'Bugs'; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals, mellotron; Mike McCready - guitar, background vocals; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Dave Abbruzzese - drum kit, percussion; Brendan O'Brien - organ

 

Aye Davinita [Vitalogy]

 

Better Man [Vitalogy]

 

Bugs [Vitalogy]

 

Corduroy [Vitalogy]

 

Hard To Imagine [Chicago Cab Soundtrack]

 

Immortality [Vitalogy]

 

Last Exit [Vitalogy]

 

Not For You [Vitalogy]

 

Nothingman [Vitalogy]

 

Pry, To [Vitalogy]

 

Satan's Bed (a.k.a. Already In Love) [Vitalogy]

 

Spin The Black Circle [Vitalogy]

 

Tremor Christ [Vitalogy]

 

Whipping [Vitalogy]

 

? Yellow Ledbetter

 


No
tes: The date of the April or May 1994 session may be inaccurate.  Most of Vitalogy was written and recorded during the Vs. tour.  Sessions began in November 1993 and came to a close before May 15, 1994, as Kelly Curtis stated in the Los Angeles Times on that day the album was going to be released "as quietly as possible."  However, this quote excluded 'Stupid Mop' as it was recorded at a different session after Dave was fired from the band in August 1994.  The rough mix of the album contains an outtake, some guitar, bass, and drum lines that were later removed from the final versions of the songs, and is missing some guitar lines that were later added to the final versions of the songs.  'Better Man,' 'Hard To Imagine,' 'Last Exit,' 'Nothingman,' 'Tremor Christ,' and 'Whipping' were written by the time of the November 1993 session, but 'Nothingman' and 'Tremor Christ' are the only songs confirmed to have been recorded there.  'Corduroy,' 'Not For You,' 'Satan's Bed,' and 'Spin The Black Circle' were debuted live in March 1994, so it's likely they were recorded during the January - February 1994 session, but no information is known for sure.  'Better Man' was recorded twice during the Vitalogy sessions before Ed was comfortable with releasing it.  The version found on the album is the second take.  'Hard To Imagine' was released on the Chicago Cab Soundtrack in 1998.  The song was always shelved after being recorded because nobody in the band felt it fit any album.  There were some versions with different lyrics but they were just different vocal takes over the same instrumental.  'Immortality' was written and presumably recorded in late March and / or early April 1994, but it featured alternate lyrics when it was debuted live on April 11, 1994, so it's likely Pearl Jam entered the studio sometime later in April or May finish the album.  This theory is backed up in the April 1995 edition of Guitar World where Mike stated, "[Vitalogy] was mostly recorded while we were on tour.  We did a little bit at Bad Animals Studios in Seattle at the end of our Vs. tour."  Stone stated in the May 1995 edition of Musician, "'Tremor Christ' seemed to write itself.  It was just a riff-and-a-half, basically.  On a muggy, beautiful New Orleans afternoon we came into a very cool studio and it poured out.  That and 'Nothingman,' which Jeff wrote, were recorded a day apart," but according to the Vitalogy linear notes, the lyrics for 'Nothingman' were written in February 1994, so it's likely the instrumental was recorded in November 1993 and the vocals were recorded in February 1994.  An alternate recording of 'Yellow Ledbetter' exists that is different from the version recorded during the Ten sessions, so it may have been recorded, but no information is known for sure.

 

 

· September or October 1994 - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Jack Irons - drum kit

 

Stupid Mop (a.k.a. Hey Foxymophandlemama, That's Me) {instrumental} [Vitalogy]

 


Notes
: The exact date of this recording is unknown.  'Stupid Mop' was a last minute addition to Vitalogy.

 

 

· January ? or February ?, 1995 - Bad Animals Studio - Seattle, WA
Jim Carrol - vocals; Ed Vedder - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Chris Friel - drum kit

 

Catholic Boy [Basketball Diaries Soundtrack]

 


Notes
: This session lasted one day.  Jim Carrol stated in the November 12 - 18, 1998 edition of Seattle Weekly, "['Catholic Boy'] was recorded live in the studio, basically.  The thing about recording like that is you really have to sing your ass off with each take.  My voice was out of shape; I couldn't get beyond the sixth take.  The only regret I had was that I should've doubled up on the vocals in some parts to make it a bit different than the original."

 

 

· January 26 - 27, February 7 and 10, 1995 - Bad Animals Studio - Seattle, WA
Neil Young - vocals, guitar, organ, background vocals; Ed Vedder - background vocals, vocals, guitar on 'I Got Shit' and 'Long Road'; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Jack Irons -
drum kit; Brendan O'Brien - background vocals, guitar, piano, bass on 'I Got Shit'

 

Act Of Love [Mirror Ball]

 

Big Green Country [Mirror Ball]

 

Downtown [Mirror Ball]

 

Fallen Angel [Mirror Ball]

 

I Got Shit (a.k.a. I Got Id and I Got ID) [Merkinball]

 

I'm The Ocean [Mirror Ball]

 

Long Road [Merkinball]

 

? Lukin (a.k.a. 1:50 and 100 Pacer)

 

Peace And Love [Mirror Ball]

 

Scenery [Mirror Ball]

 

Song X [Mirror Ball]

 

Throw Your Hatred Down [Mirror Ball]

 

Truth Be Known [Mirror Ball]

 

What Happened Yesterday [Mirror Ball]

 


N
otes: Pearl Jam recorded Mirror Ball with Neil Young over a period of four days.  Ed was only present for the last one or two days of recording.  The January 26 - 27, 1995 session yielded 'Act Of Love,' 'Downtown,' 'Peace And Love,' and 'Song X.'  Neil was out of songs to record by the time the February 7 session ended, but February 10 had already been booked at Bad Animals Studio at that point, so he wrote some more songs from February 8 - 9, 1995 to have something to record on that last day.  Stone and Mike weren't in the studio on the day 'I Got Shit' and 'Long Road' were recorded so Neil and Ed played guitar on them.  'Lukin' was written by the time of this session, so it's possible it was recorded, but no information is known for sure.

 

 

· July 12 - 21, 1995 - Chicago Recording Company - Chicago, IL; September 18 - ?, 1995 - Kingsway Studio - New Orleans, LA; January - February 1996 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA; March 1996 - Chicago Recording Company - Chicago, IL; April ? - 20, 1996 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA; ? May 1996 - Atlanta, GA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals, harmonica on 'Smile'; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals, vocals on 'Mankind,' bass on 'Smile'; Mike McCready - guitar, piano on 'Sometimes'; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals, guitar on 'Smile'; Jack Irons - drum kit, percussion; Brendan O'Brien - piano, guitar on 'Gremmie Out Of Control'

 

All Night

 

Around The Bend [No Code]

 

Black Red Yellow [Hail, Hail single]

 

Brain Of J.

 

Dead Man [Off He Goes single]

 

Gremmie Out Of Control [MOM: Music For Our Mother Ocean]

 

Habit [No Code]

 

Hail, Hail [No Code]

 

Hard To Imagine

 

I'm Open [No Code]

 

In My Tree [No Code]

 

Leaving Here [Home Alive - The Art Of Self Defense]

 

Lukin [No Code]

 

Mankind [No Code]

 

Off He Goes [No Code]

 

Present Tense [No Code]

 

Red Mosquito [No Code]

 

Smile [No Code]

 

Sometimes [No Code]

 

Who You Are [No Code]

 


N
otes: The date of the May 1996 session may be inaccurate.  'Habit,' 'Hard To Imagine,' 'Leaving Here,' and 'Lukin' were debuted live by the time of the July 12 - 21, 1995 session, but 'Leaving Here' and the original drum line for 'In My Tree' are only songs confirmed to have been recorded there.  This session produced five or six complete songs with rhythm tracks and overdubs and most of them were released on No Code.  The vibe in Chicago was especially weird at the time recording took place because it corresponded with the notorious heat wave of 1995 where hundreds of people died.  The band re-entered the studio for a week after their show in New Orleans on September 17, 1995.  'Off He Goes' is the only song confirmed to have been recorded during that session.  The band took a break from recording until late January 1996.  'Brain Of J.,' 'Dead Man,' and 'Red Mosquito' were debuted live by the time of the January - February 1996 session, so it's likely they were recorded there, but no information is known for sure.  The April 1996 session only lasted about a week before the band finished basic tracking on April 20, 1996.  Mixing took place in Atlanta where Brendan O'Brien was located.  According to the linear notes of No Code, part of the album was recorded there, so it's likely Pearl Jam recorded overdubs and possibly full songs while they were mixing, but no information is known for sure.  'All Night' and 'Black Red Yellow' were listed on some promotional No Code posters as being part of the forthcoming album, so this confirms they were slated to be on No Code at one point.  'Hard To Imagine' was recorded but the band was not happy with the way it came out so it was shelved.

 

 

· July 1996 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals; Stone Gossard - drum kit, background vocals; Mike McCready - background vocals; Brendan O'Brien - bass, background vocals; Nick DiDia - keyboard, background vocals

 

Olympic Platinum [1996 Fan Club single]

 


Notes
: 'Olympic Platinum' was recorded around the time of the 1996 Olympics.

 

 

· February - June 1997 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA; August - September 1997 - Studio Litho and Studio X - Seattle, WA and Southern Tracks Recording - Atlanta, GA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals, bass on 'Do The Evolution' and 'No Way'; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Jack Irons - drum kit, percussion, vocals on 'The Whale Song'; Brendan O'Brien - organ, piano

 

All Those Yesterdays [Yield]

 

? Bayleaf

 

Brain Of J. [Yield]

 

Color Red, The (a.k.a. ·) [Yield]

 

Do The Evolution [Yield]

 

Faithfull [Yield]

 

Given To Fly [Yield]

 

Happy When I'm Crying [1997 Fan Club single]

 

Hummus [Yield]

 

In Hiding [Yield]

 

Leatherman [Given To Fly single]

 

Low Light [Yield]

 

MFC (a.k.a. Mini Fast Car) [Yield]

 

No Way [Yield]

 

Of The Girl

 

? Parting Ways

 

Pilate [Yield]

 

Push Me, Pull Me [Yield]

 

? Thin Air

 

Whale Song, The (a.k.a. Whales) [MOM III: Music For Our Mother Ocean]

 

Wishlist [Yield]

 

U [Wishlist single]

 


N
otes: Yield sessions began in late February 1997.  Pearl Jam recorded three month-long sessions over the course of seven months.  Sessions for this album were different than ones for past albums because the band would record a song and then take a break from recording to evaluate it.  This let them come back to a song and decide if they needed to drop it and go on to a different song, re-record it, or leave it as it was.  Around thirty ideas were demoed before they began formally recording.  'Brain Of J.,' 'MFC,' and 'Parting Ways' were debuted either live or in sound check by the time of the February - June 1997 session, so it's likely they were recorded there, but no information is known for sure.  Stone stated in the February - March 1998 edition of Massive, "we probably finished 16 [songs] and 12 made the record," but Kelly Curtis stated more than 16 songs had been recorded in the September 26, 1997 edition of Addicted To Noise and later estimated between 18 and 20 songs were recorded in the October 15, 1997 edition, so the exact number of completed songs is unknown.  This mystery is fueled by the November 14, 1997 edition of the Los Angeles Times in which Ed is quoted as saying, "During one stretch, we came up with something like 32 songs."  Seven songs, including 'Pilate,' were completed at Studio Litho by June 1997.  Sessions came to a close in late September 1997 just before Stone left to go out on a month long tour with Brad.  'Bayleaf,' 'Of The Girl,' and 'Thin Air' were on the 1997 demo tape Stone brought to the sessions, but 'Of The Girl' is the only song on that tape confirmed to have been recorded.  Jack Irons recorded the drum and percussion line for 'The Color Red' at his home.  'Do The Evolution' was the last song recorded.  A small portion of 'Happy When I'm Crying' can be heard in the intro of 'Push Me, Pull Me.'  The instrumental to 'In Hiding' was recorded live early during the sessions and was one of the first takes after the band rehearsed it a bunch of times.  Ed finished his vocals for the song on the final day of recording.

 

 

· November 7 - 10, 1997 - The Warehouse - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Jack Irons - drum kit

 

All Those Yesterdays [Single Video Theory]

 

Brain Of J. [Single Video Theory]

 

Daughter [Single Video Theory]

 

Do The Evolution [Single Video Theory]

 

Faithfull [Single Video Theory]

 

Given To Fly [Single Video Theory]

 

Immortality [Single Video Theory]

 

In Hiding [Single Video Theory]

 

Low Light [Single Video Theory]

 

MFC (a.k.a. Mini Fast Car) [Single Video Theory]

 

No Way [Single Video Theory]

 

Pilate [Single Video Theory]

 

Wishlist [Single Video Theory]

 


Notes
: Single Video Theory was filmed and recorded during rehearsals at the Warehouse.  Rehearsals began in October and lasted until November 10, but November 7 - 10, 1997 are the only days confirmed to have been recorded.  A couple of short jams were recorded in between songs.  There were a lot of other songs listed on various master lists, but it's unknown if any of those were actually recorded.

 

 

· March - May 1999 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Matt Cameron - drum kit, guitar

 

? Evacuation

 

Foldback {instrumental} [Touring Band 2000]

 

Harmony {instrumental} [Touring Band 2000]

 

? Of The Girl

 

? Parting Ways

 

? Thin Air

 

Thunderclap {instrumental} [Touring Band 2000]

 

unknown

 

unknown

 


Notes: These sessions began in early March and ended sometime in May 1999.  By March 31, 1999, Pearl Jam had been in the studio for three weeks, they were working on two of Matt's songs, and Matt was playing guitar at the sessions.  On May 10, 1999, Jeff stated in Addicted To Noise, "
We've been kind of fiddling around a bit.  At this point we're mostly playing each other's demos, and we have a handful of songs we've played together in demo form."  He went into more detail about the sessions during an interview with CDNOW on June 24, 1999, where he stated, "In the spring we got together and played a little bit and gave each other tapes of our stuff.  We actually made a little compilation of about 30 or so ideas."  'Evacuation' was probably one of the songs Matt mentioned in the Boom Theory chat on March 31, 1999, but no information is known for sure.  'Foldback,' 'Harmony,' and 'Thunderclap' were recorded during early Binaural sessions.  'Of The Girl,' 'Parting Ways,' and 'Thin Air' were written by the time of these sessions, so it's possible they were recorded, but no information is known for sure.

 

 

· September - October 1999, November 1999 - January 2000 - Studio Litho - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals, harmonica on 'Drifting,' ukulele on 'Soon Forget,' typewriter on 'Writer's Block'; Stone Gossard - guitar, background vocals; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass, background vocals; Matt Cameron - drum kit, background vocals; April Cameron - viola on 'Parting Ways'; Justine Foy - cello on 'Parting Ways'; Mitchell Froom - keyboard, harmonium; Pete Thomas - percussion; Wendy Melvoin - percussion; Dakota - canine vocals on 'Rival'

 

Breakerfall [Binaural]

 

Drifting [1999 Fan Club single]

 

Education

 

Evacuation [Binaural]

 

Fatal

 

Gods' Dice [Binaural]

 

Grievance [Binaural]

 

Insignificance [Binaural]

 

In The Moonlight

 

Letter To The Dead

 

Light Years [Binaural]

 

Nothing As It Seems [Binaural]

 

Of The Girl [Binaural]

 

Rival [Binaural]

 

Parting Ways [Binaural]

 

Sleight Of Hand [Binaural]

 

Soon Forget [Binaural]

 

Strangest Tribe [1999 Fan Club single]

 

Sweet Lew

 

Thin Air [Binaural]

 

Writer's Block {instrumental} [Binaural]

 

? unknown

 


N
otes: Binaural sessions began in early September 1999.  Pearl Jam took a break towards the end of October, but returned to the studio in November 1999 to finish the album, which was halfway completed at that point.  Ed began suffering from writer's block towards the end of the sessions and with four days left to record, he still didn't have lyrics written for 'Grievance,' 'Insignificance,' and one other song.  He began staying up all night to finish writing lyrics and recording vocals for them, and subsequently, those songs ended up being the last ones finished for the album.  He went into more detail about the problem in an August 2000 interview with New York Rock where he stated, "I kept changing the lyrics and then changed them again, just to write another version.  I ended up with several versions and then used the best and just put them together and that worked surprisingly well.  But before I did that, I thought it would never happen, I'd never be able to finish it."  'Drifting' and 'Strangest Tribe' were recorded in late November and / or early December 1999 while the WTO protests were occurring in Seattle.  An alternate mix of 'Insignificance' was released on the Nothing As It Seems single.  An alternate version of 'Light Years' was recorded before it was reworked into the released version.  The first version was initially mentioned by Ed in an August 2000 interview with Revolver where he stated, "We were excited about it for a while but when we got down to recording it, it was too nice, too right there - it was a little too close to 'Given To Fly.'  We changed the tempos, and then one night Mike and I, after working on it all day and getting frustrated, just flipped it backwards, and in about 35 minutes it became 'Light Years,' with words and everything."  The bridge and most of the lyrics were the only parts of the song to stay intact through the transformation.  An alternate mix of the released version of 'Light Years' was released on the Light Years single.  'Nothing As It Seems' and 'Thin Air' were debuted live in October 1999, so it's likely they were recorded during the September - October 1999 session, but no information is known for sure.  A slightly longer version of 'Nothing As It Seems' was released on the Nothing As It Seems single.  One additional Matt-penned song may have been recorded along with 'Evacuation' and 'In The Moonlight.'  Jeff stated during a radio interview on May 26, 2000, "[Matt] came to the band with two or three songs and we recorded all of them and 'Evacuation' was kind of the only one that fit in with the songs that ended up on the record."

 

 

· February 2002, April 1 - May ?, 2002 - Studio X - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar, background vocals, ukulele; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Matt Cameron - drum kit, percussion, background vocals, guitar on 'Cropduster' and 'You Are'; Kenneth "Boom" Gaspar - organ, piano on 'All Or None'; Adam Kasper - piano on 'You Are'

 

1/2 Full [Riot Act]

 

4/20/02

 

All Or None [Riot Act]

 

April Bear

 

Arc [Riot Act]

 

Backfire

 

Better Days

 

Brokenhearted

 

Bu$hleaguer [Riot Act]

 

Can't Keep [Riot Act]

 

Code Red

 

Cropduster [Riot Act]

 

Don't Follow

 

Down [I Am Mine single]

 

Faster

 

Get Right [Riot Act]

 

Ghost [Riot Act]

 

Green Disease [Riot Act]

 

Had Enough

 

helphelp [Riot Act]

 

I Am Mine [Riot Act]

 

Islands

 

It's Too Late

 

Keep Goin'

 

Levels

 

Longing To Belong

 

Love Boat Captain (a.k.a. Boom B3) {instrumental} [Riot Act]

 

Meteorologist

 

No Good Reason

 

Other Side [Save You single / Love Boat Captain single]

 

? Sad

 

Satellite

 

Save You [Riot Act]

 

Searchlight

 

Spin Cycle

 

Thumbing My Way [Riot Act]

 

Undone [I Am Mine single]

 

Upside Downside

 

You Are (a.k.a. Undone) [Riot Act]

 

You're True

 


Notes: Riot Act was mainly recorded during two two-week sessions in February and April 2002. 
The February session began a couple of days before February 18 and ended before February 25, 2002, as Ed and some other members of Pearl Jam traveled to Los Angeles for the "Concert For Artist's Rights" on that day.  The band focused on pre-production for the album and entered the studio with 11 or 12 songs ready to record.  The instrumental to 'Bu$hleaguer,' I Am Mine,' the instrumental to 'Love Boat Captain,' an incomplete version of 'Other Side,' 'Save You,' and 'Undone' were among the songs recorded at this session.  Jeff stated in an interview with Metal Hammer in December 2002, "That first session was really fast.  We were coming in and recording immediately.  If we started some song, we would have it finished the same day.  We came back to the studio in April and recorded about seven songs.  Hmmm, it was eight songs, because we had about 20 songs to choose from.  During this session, we finished a lot of songs.  But our common day looked like this: we were coming to studio about 12 P.M. and working until 8 P.M., often even until midnight."  The band took a break for a month after the February session before resuming recording on April 1, 2002.  Sessions wrapped up in early May 2002.  Basic tracking lasted for a total of about four weeks.  A lot of the songs recorded during the sessions were recorded live which resulted in a lot of loose takes and tempo fluctuations, or as Matt put it in the November 10, 2002 edition of the Philadelphia Inquirer, "Our anti-Pro Tools record."  Stone went into more detail about that process during an interview with Guitar World in December 2002, where he stated, "[A lot of] the [songs'] arrangements were only hours old a lot of the times.  We'd teach each other a song in the studio, just figuring we'd demo it up to see if we wanted to do it.  But then Ed came in the studio and threw a vocal on it and that was it.  There were several songs that we all thought were only demos, but Ed would say, 'I just sang it, that's the take.'"  Riot Act sessions were different from sessions for past albums in that Ed set up his typewriter in an alcove above the studio to write lyrics while the band played.  In the past, Ed would take the instrumentals home at night to work on lyrics but for these sessions, he would run back and forth from the studio to his typewriter while the band worked on instrumentals.  This enthusiasm motivated the band, as Mike remembered in an interview with the Seattle Post-Intelligencer on November 12, 2002, "I've never seen Ed work harder on lyrics.  He'd run upstairs while we were in the studio and type out his lyrics and then come back down and cut them that night.  And the next day he'd do the same thing.  There wasn't ever a break for him."  Kenneth "Boom" Gaspar was only present for one week of recording.  It is unknown if that week took place during the February session or the April 2002 session.  Guitar overdubbing began during the week beginning April 15, 2002.  Most of the outtakes were confirmed by an anonymous reputable source.  Some of their titles were working titles for instrumentals or incomplete songs.  The instrumental to '1/2 Full' was learned, rehearsed two or three times, and recorded live in less than an hour.  Ed added vocals to it the following week.  '4/20/02' and 'Down' were recorded in April 2002 but were left off of Riot Act because they didn't fit the album and the band already had too many songs to choose from.  'Arc' featured 10 tracks of Ed's chanting.  He originally sang the verses to 'Bu$hleaguer' but later decided to change them to spoken word instead.  He went into more detail about the song in a December 2002 interview with Pulse where he stated, "That song has such a melodic verse but anything I was initially singing over it sounded too pretty.  I kind of pulled [that list of observations] out on the last day of the first sessions, which had gone on for two, three weeks, because I just wanted to put something on [Stone's music].  And it kind of stuck, but if I'd actually thought it was going to be on the record, I might've censored myself a little bit."  'Ghost' was recorded live after it was rehearsed two or three times.  The band attempted recording 'Green Disease' live, but it didn't work out so they stripped it down to drums, bass, and Ed, and overdubbed everything else.  Ed sang through a vocoder to get the keyboard-sounding effects on "helphelp."  The original instrumental demo of 'Love Boat Captain' was around 11 minutes in length.  It ended up being re-arranged once Ed brought it to the band.  On October 25, 2002, Matt stated in Billboard, "There weren't any lyrics when we tracked it, so we did what we thought would be a good, tight instrumental version that would later have vocals on it.  When we tracked it, I was like, 'Huh? What's this?'  It made no sense to me.  But then when the vocals were added, it made perfect sense and it elevated the entire piece."  'Sad' was played at the February 2002 rehearsals, so it's possible it was recorded, but no information is known for sure.  'Save You' was recorded live.  Halfway through the take, Matt's headphones flew off when he hit a cymbal and turned his head because he was playing so intensely.  He ended up finishing the take by watching Jeff's fingers on the bass and hoping he was in time.  'Thumbing My Way' was also recorded live.  As the band was learning it, Adam Kasper re-miked the room so he could capture one of the first live takes once the song was worked up.  Matt recorded the drums and one of the rhythm guitar parts of 'You Are' at Space Studio.  He recorded that guitar line by plugging the guitar into his drum machine to get an effect.  He went into more detail about the song during an interview with Billboard on October 25, 2002, where he stated, "I had gotten a new drum machine that allows you to make up patterns and then they'll play through whatever audio instrument you plug in.  It was more of an experiment to use the parameters of this machine as well.  I took my machine down to the studio, dumped it into the computer, and did an arrangement.  They kept all my rhythm guitar parts.  I added another rhythm guitar part at the studio."  It ended up being one of the only songs on Riot Act to be built one step at a time instead of being recorded live.

 

 

· June ? - 26, 2002 - Studio X - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals on 'Love Boat Captain'

 

 


No
tes: This session was held to mix the tracks recorded in February, April, and May 2002 and while doing so, Ed recorded vocals for 'Love Boat Captain.'  Some other overdubs may have been recorded, but no information is known for sure.

 

 

· December 2002 - Studio X - Seattle, WA
Ed Vedder - vocals, guitar; Stone Gossard - guitar; Mike McCready - guitar; Jeff Ament - bass; Matt Cameron - drum kit, percussion

 

unknown

 


This session was held to finish 'Other Side,' a song started during the February 2002 Riot Act session, but some other songs were recorded and / or finished as well.

 

© Copyright 2000 - 2003 Steve Mutz.  All material copyrighted to Pearl Jam belongs to Pearl Jam.